Ontario researchers develop new water plasmolysis method for production of hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology are developing a new method to dissociate water vapor into hydrogen gas by microwave-generated plasma (plasmolysis). A) An experimental setup for full microwave hydrogen production and (b) Schematic of the plasma reactor placed inside the microwave. Hydrogen production has become the center of attention for carbon-free solution, and more attention has been given to clean methods of hydrogen production.

2020 95

S. Korean team develops highly efficient, long-lasting electrocatalyst to boost electrolytic hydrogen production

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Conventional water electrolysis for the production of hydrogen faces technological challenges to improve the efficiency of the water-splitting reaction for the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2020 152

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Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 136

New catalyst synthesis method for solar water splitting to produce hydrogen

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A research team led by Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute Of Science And Technology (DGIST) Professor Jong-Sung Yu in Korea, with colleagues at UC Berkeley and Xi’an Jiaotong University in China, has successfully developed a new catalyst synthesis method that can efficiently decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen using solar light. 1 ) for solar hydrogen production from methanol-water in the presence of only 0.25% of photodeposited Pt nanoparticles with excellent performance stability.

2018 91

Israeli team develops decoupled PEC water-splitting system for centralized production of H2

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Researchers in Israel have designed a separate-cell photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting system with decoupled hydrogen and oxygen cells for centralized hydrogen production. Photovoltaic-powered water splitting (PV-electrolysis) systems that couple commercially-available photovoltaic and water electrolysis technologies have already been demonstrated in several pilot plants and hydrogen refueling stations.

2020 92

Study shows a much cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial electrolyzer

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown for the first time that a low-cost, non-precious metal cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalyst catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial device. Electrolysis works much like a battery in reverse: Rather than generating electricity, it uses electrical current to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2019 78

MAN presents hydrogen roadmap; use in fuel cells and combustion engines

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Apart from the rapid development of battery technology, hydrogen is a good complementary option as an alternative fuel for long-distance transport. When in use, fuel cells do not cause any climate-damaging emissions, as they only emit water vapor. Engines Fuel Cells Heavy-duty Hydroge

2020 147

USC team finds Li-Al nanoparticles produce hydrogen from water with high rate and yield; potential for industrial scaling

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Aluminum and water react exothermically to form aluminum hydroxide and hydrogen; this basic property has lured numerous researchers interested in generating hydrogen from the aluminum-water reaction for modern transportation systems for at least 35 years. In a two-step thermochemical cycle, an exothermic reaction between metal and water produces hydrogen gas, followed by endothermic reduction of the metal-oxide product assisted by solar energy to regenerate metal fuel.

2014 78

Stanford team sets record for solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of solar water splitting: >30%

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Researchers at Stanford University have demonstrated solar water splitting by photovoltaic-electrolysis with a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of more than 30%—a new record. Hydrogen generation via solar water splitting represents a promising solution to these challenges, as H 2 can be stored, transported and consumed without generating harmful byproducts. However, the thermodynamic minimum voltage required to electrolyse water is only 1.23 V

2016 97

DOE’s $10M Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium accelerating development of green hydrogen production

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The Energy Department (DOE) recently announced $10 million, subject to appropriations, to support the launch of the HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium ( HydroGEN ). This consortium will utilize the expertise and capabilities of the national laboratories to accelerate the development of commercially viable pathways for hydrogen production from renewable energy sources. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Materials

2016 78

Toshiba integrated hydrogen energy system starts operation at Toranomon Hills Business Tower in Tokyo

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Toshiba Energy Systems & Solutions Corporation (Toshiba ESS) announced that its hydrogen-based autonomous energy supply system H2One, which Toshiba ESS delivered and installed on the rooftop of Toranomon Hills Business Tower (Minato-ku, Tokyo), has started full-scale operation with the opening of commercial facilities. H2One consists of a hydrogen generator, a hydrogen storage tank, and hydrogen fuel cells, and batteries.

2020 116

Element 1, CO-WIN road testing medium-duty fuel cell truck with onboard methanol-based hydrogen generation

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Extended road testing of the vehicle is underway in Asia and represents a significant step towards the commercialization of e1’s onboard hydrogen generation technology. The M-Series units are methanol reformers that use water plus methanol to make hydrogen.

2020 103

Molybdenum coating improves the efficiency of water-splitting catalysts for producing hydrogen

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Researchers at KAUST have developed a novel molybdenum-coated catalyst that can efficiently split water in acidic electrolytes and that could help with the efficient production of hydrogen. Scientists are searching for ways of improving the water-splitting reaction by developing an optimal catalyst. While many different materials have been tried, they are usually adversely affected by the oxygen that is also created alongside the hydrogen during the process.

2017 65

QUT team develops stable, bi-functional cobalt-nickel catalyst for water-splitting

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Researchers at Australia’s have developed less expensive and more efficient catalysts for producing hydrogen from water-splitting. Ni(OH) 2 composite active in overall water splitting. 2 for overall water splitting could be readily achieved at an applied voltage of 1.90 V in a commercially relevant electrolyte of 6 m NaOH. Activity for hydrogen evolution or oxygen evolution can be achieved by tuning the gold content between 0.1

2018 83

DOE awards Cummins $1M to develop hydrogen rescue truck

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approximately $1 million in federal funds to develop H2Rescue, a hydrogen fuel cell truck that will travel to disaster relief sites and provide power, heat, and water. With contributions from EERE’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Offices, and an equal match from industry, this investment aims to support transformational research, development, and demonstration activities in advanced fuel transportation technologies.

2020 101

Rice U team creates low-cost, high-efficiency integrated device for solar-driven water splitting; solar leaf

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Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%. A schematic and electron microscope cross-section show the structure of an integrated, solar-powered catalyst to split water into hydrogen fuel and oxygen. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2020 69

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst. The combination of the two delivers a water-splitting photocurrent density of around 10 milliamperes per square centimeter, corresponding to a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Sola

2014 94

New molybdenum-coated catalyst produces hydrogen from water-splitting more efficiently; preventing the back reaction

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Water-splitting systems require a very efficient catalyst to speed up the chemical reaction that splits water into hydrogen and oxygen, while preventing the two gases from recombining back into water. Therefore, inhibition of these back reactions is of paramount importance for photocatalytic water splitting. The Mo coating was stable in acidic media for multiple hours of overall water splitting by membrane-less electrolysis and photocatalysis.

2017 60

Researchers in Australia develop low-cost water-splitting catalyst that offers comparable performance to platinum

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A team of researchers in Australia has developed a Janus nanoparticle catalyst with a nickel–iron oxide interface and multi-site functionality for a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction with a comparable performance to the benchmark platinum on carbon catalyst. Iron and nickel, which are found in abundance on Earth, would replace precious metals ruthenium, platinum and iridium that up until now are regarded as benchmark catalysts in the water-splitting process.

2019 69

UCSC team develops high-performance nanostructured composite catalyst for water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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A low-cost, nanostructured composite material developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has shown performance comparable to Pt/C as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. An efficient, low-cost catalyst is essential for realizing the promise of hydrogen as a clean, environmentally friendly fuel. Performance Catalysts for Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution” ChemSusChem 11, 130 doi: 10.1002/cssc.201701880.

2018 65

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side. The LIG-based electrodes exhibit high performance for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with excellent long-term stability. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 60

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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Using commercially available solar cells and none of the usual rare metals, researchers at the Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM) and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have designed an intrinsically stable and scalable solar water splitting device that is fully based on earth-abundant materials, with a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 14.2%. Schematic overview of the solar-driven hydrogen generator.

2016 65

Australian startup H2X launches to produce hydrogen-powered hybrid vehicles

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Australian startup H2X has launched with the mission of producing a range of hydrogen-powered hybrid vehicles targeting different applications and markets. The core of the team has co-founded and participated in a commercial and passenger vehicle company and reformed with Australia as a home, taking advantage of the rise of hydrogen as a potential major new energy source in Australia. This will give significant support to the hydrogen production industry.

2020 94

University of Houston team demonstrates new efficient solar water-splitting catalyst for hydrogen production

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Researchers from the University of Houston (UH) have developed a cobalt(II) oxide (CoO) nanocrystalline catalyst that can carry out overall water splitting with a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of around 5%. The generation of hydrogen from water using sunlight could potentially form the basis of a clean and renewable source of energy. Even with an improved solar-to-hydrogen efficiency rate of around 5%, the conversion rate is still too low to be commercially viable.

Researchers develop large-scale, economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands and oil fields

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Canadian researchers have developed a large-scale economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands (natural bitumen) and oil fields. This can be used to power hydrogen-powered vehicles, which are already marketed in some countries, as well as to generate electricity. The process can extract hydrogen from existing oil sands reservoirs, with huge existing supplies found in Canada and Venezuela. Proton Technologies is commercializing the process.

HyperSolar working with Suzhou GH New Energy to accelerate manufacturing of renewable solar hydrogen panels

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the developer of a technology to produce renewable hydrogen using sunlight and water ( earlier post ), is working with Suzhou GH New Energy Co. a division of GCL Poly, in China to make the final modifications to the solar cells required to manufacture the Gen 1 hydrogen production panels to be used in demonstration pilot plants. The panel produces oxygen on the catalyst in the frontside and hydrogen in the backside of the panel. HyperSolar, Inc.,

2020 93

Hyundai Motor accelerates hydrogen technology development through 3 strategic investments

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Hyundai Motor Company announced key investments into three hydrogen companies—Impact Coatings, H2Pro and GRZ Technologies—to strengthen its leadership position in the global hydrogen fuel cell ecosystem. The collaborations will enable Hyundai to expand its hydrogen infrastructure and enhance the efficiency of its fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) manufacturing. GRZ Technologies is a company based in Switzerland specializing in energy storage in hydrogen form.

2019 92

Denyo and Toyota jointly develop and start verification tests for fuel cell power supply vehicle that uses hydrogen to generate electricity

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and Toyota Motor Corporation have jointly developed a fuel cell power supply vehicle that uses hydrogen to generate electricity. As a leading manufacturer of mobile (portable) generators, Denyo will work with Toyota to start verification tests with the aim of commercializing it.

2020 121

Australian company introducing on-board hydrogen electrolysis unit to reduce diesel consumption and emissions

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South Australian manufacturer Hydrogen Direct Injection’s ( HYDI ) systems have been in various stages of development and testing since 2013 but are now on the verge of commercialization following encouraging testing results from the University of South Australia. HYDI Managing Director John Wilson said other hydrogen systems on the market used electrolytes or alkaline solutions that were potentially volatile and raised safety concerns with operators.

2020 96

Air Liquide takes 18.6% stake in Hydrogenics; “strategic investment” in carbon-free hydrogen

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stake in the capital of Canada-based Hydrogenics Corporation , a leader in electrolytic hydrogen production equipment and fuel cells. million, reaffirms its long-term commitment to the hydrogen energy markets and its ambition to be a major player in the supply of carbon-free hydrogen, particularly for industry and mobility markets. Water electrolysis is one of the key technologies to accelerate the emergence of hydrogen as a sustainable energy carrier.

2019 75

Gigastack renewable hydrogen from offshore wind project advances to next phase; 100MW electrolyzer system

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million for the next phase of Gigastack, a new renewable hydrogen project, as part of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Hydrogen Supply Competition. The Gigastack project, led by ITM Power, Ørsted, Phillips 66 Limited and Element Energy, will show how renewable hydrogen derived from offshore wind can support the UK’s 2050 net-zero greenhouse gas emission target. This project aims to do the same with hydrogen. The UK has awarded £7.5

2020 97

US/China team develops robust, stable Ni/Fe OER catalyst for water-splitting at low overpotentials

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A team from the University of Houston and Hunan Normal University in China has developed an active and durable oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst for water splitting that meets commercial crtieria for current densities at low overpotentials. The researchers said that their discovery sets the stage for large-scale hydrogen production by water splitting using excess electrical power whenever and wherever available. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2018 65

Intermountain Power Agency orders MHPS JAC Gas Turbine technology for renewable-hydrogen energy hub, operated by LA DWP

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This award marks the first Advanced Class Gas Turbines in the industry specifically designed and purchased as part of a comprehensive plan to sequentially transition from coal, to natural gas and finally to renewable hydrogen fuel, and creates a roadmap for the global industry to follow. This transition will start in 2025, when the turbines will be commercially guaranteed capable of using a mix of 30% hydrogen and 70% natural gas fuel.

2020 130

Researchers Discover Inexpensive Catalyst That Generates Hydrogen from Buffered Water or Sea Water

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[(PY5Me 2 )Mo(CF 3 SO 3 )] 1+ reacts with water to form. A team of researchers with the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California, Berkeley has discovered an inexpensive metal catalyst that can effectively generate hydrogen gas from water at neutral pH or from sea water. The electrolytic production of water requires a water-splitting catalyst.

2010 83

Evonik develops novel anion exchange membrane for electrolytic production of hydrogen; CHANNEL project

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Evonik has now developed a novel anion exchange membrane (AEM), which should contribute to the breakthrough of electrolytic production of hydrogen. a low cost, raw materials that do not raise concerns in terms of supply bottlenecks (electrodes that do not include PGMs, stainless steel current collectors), a compact design, the adoption of feeds based on non-corrosive liquids (low concentration alkali or DI water), and differential pressure operation.

2020 89

H2-Share hydrogen-powered heavy-duty rigid truck starts trials in the Netherlands; mobile refueler

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A 27-tonne hydrogen fuel cell rigid truck built by VDL started its first demonstration with BREYTNER as part of the EU-funded H2-Share project in Schelluinen, the Netherlands. Wystrach GmbH built a low-energy mobile hydrogen refueler to accompany the truck on its demonstration sites. This hydrogen truck is unique in the Benelux. We are very excited to be one of the few companies worldwide that can demonstrate a hydrogen rigid in real-time operation.

2020 105

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. The improved catalyst has already released four times the amount of hydrogen ever produced by MoS 2 from water. Water splitting is a challenging reaction.

2015 75

Hydrogenics and Alstom Transport to develop and commercialize H2 fuel-cell commuter trains in Europe; €50M, 10-year agreement

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Hydrogenics Corporation, a leading developer and manufacturer of hydrogen generation and hydrogen-based power modules, signed a 10-year exclusive agreement to supply Alstom Transport with hydrogen fuel cell systems for Regional Commuter Trains in Europe. The fuel cell systems, based on Hydrogenics’s Heavy-Duty HD series fuel cells, will be developed to meet European train compliance regulations. The power module does not require onboard water for humidification.

2015 102

DOE collaborating with AIChE CHS on hydrogen safety

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At the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ (AIChE’s) Spring Meeting, US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) Director Sunita Satyapal announced a planned collaboration with the new Center for Hydrogen Safety (CHS), launched by AIChE. The Center aligns with recommendations made by the DOE’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Committee, with roots back to a previously DOE-funded effort called the Hydrogen Safety Panel established in 2003.

2019 87

HyperSolar Reaches Voltage To Produce Hydrogen With Solar Energy

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HyperSolar claims to have reached a major milestone in its quest to produce hydrogen using solar energy. The startup hopes to produce hydrogen gas from water using artificial photosynthesis, on a commercial scale. volts it views as the practical voltage needed for commercial hydrogen production. hydrogen hydrogen fuel cell renewable energy solar

2015 87

New photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system doubles efficiency of solar water splitting

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Researchers in Canada have demonstrated a new photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system that can enable efficient, unassisted overall pure water splitting without using any sacrificial reagent. As reported in an open-access paper in Nature Communications, the wafer-level photochemical diode arrays exhibited solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of ~3.3% overall water splitting reaction. These free charges split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. …

2018 69

Univ of Illinois team mixed metals with perchloric acid to create stable, efficient catalyst for water splitting

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Electrolyzers use electricity to break water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen. In a recent study, we found if a compound has two metal elements—yttrium and ruthenium—-and oxygen, the rate of water-splitting reaction increased. Yao Qin, a co-author and former member of Yang’s group, first experimented with the procedure for making this new material by using different acids and heating temperatures to increase the rate of the water-splitting reaction.

2018 83

SunHydrogen extends research agreement with University of Iowa; development of Gen 2 multi-junction nanoparticles for hydrogen production

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SunHydrogen , the developer of a technology to produce renewable hydrogen using sunlight and water, has extended its sponsored research agreement with the University of Iowa through 31 August 2020. The current extension will allow the company to increase focus on its more efficient GEN 2 hydrogen production technology which is intended to reduce the cost of producing renewable hydrogen significantly. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2020 65