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Texas: From Shale Boom to Water Revolution

Green Car Congress

Now the slick but dry state is becoming famous for water: that precious element that both resolves the drought problem and also makes it possible to pump more oil out of the ground. A Water Revolution Takes Root. Desalination has never been economical on a commercial scale before.

Water 113

CPT launching water-cooled electric supercharger for commercial diesel engines

Green Car Congress

At the 17 th Supercharging conference this week in Dresden, Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) will launch what it says is the first water-cooled electric supercharger developed for “quasi-continuous” boosting of commercial diesel engines, including those developed for off highway applications. Below this GVW the technology has already been acquired by Valeo as a supercharger for cars and light commercial vehicle applications. Cobra electric supercharger. Click to enlarge.

2012 117

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HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. The theoretical minimum voltage needed to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen is 1.23 Nanosystem for water electrolysis. HyperSolar, Inc. announced that it had reached 1.25

2014 109

Novozymes launches commercial enzyme technology to convert waste oils into biodiesel

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Novozymes has launched Eversa Transform, the first commercially available enzymatic solution (a liquid lipase) to convert both glycerides and free fatty acids (FFA) into biodiesel. waste oils with high FFAs have not been a viable feedstock option.

2014 102

The Game-Changing Water Revolution: Interview with Stanley Weiner

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Globally, water demand is threatening to dangerously outpace supply, while in the US, dry states such as Texas and California are suffering from shortages and the future forebodes more suffering. For the North American shale boom, the lack of water is suffocating. The water revolution is here, according to Stanley Weiner, CEO of STW Resources -a Texas-based company that has the exclusive North American license for Dutch-developed next-generation Salttech desalination technology.

Water 88

Lithium Australia produces LFP cathode material and Li-ion batteries from mine waste

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Lithium Australia NL reported that its wholly owned subsidiary VSPC Ltd has successfully produced Li-ion battery cathode material, and Li-ion batteries (LIBs), from tri-lithium phosphate produced directly from mine waste using the SiLeach process. LFP and batteries from waste.

2018 123

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Supercritical water upgrading (SCWU) of heavy oils has been of interest for years in industry and academia; SCWU reduces sulfur content and decreases average molecular weight or crude without rejecting carbon as coke products.

2015 109

ORNL advancing LDH sorbent to recover lithium from geothermal brine wastes

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These plants pump hot water from geothermal deposits and use it to generate electricity. The LDH sorbent is made up of layers of the materials, separated by water molecules and hydroxide ions that create space, allowing lithium chloride to enter more readily than other ions such as sodium and potassium. The technique is very sensitive to hydrogen atoms, making it ideal for studying water.

2020 64

ORCnext project concludes waste heat recovery efficiency can be boosted by 20-25%

Green Car Congress

The four-year projet ORCNext , aimed at developing knowledge and design tools for next generation of Organic Rankine Cycles (ORCs), has concluded that waste heat recovery efficiency can be increased by 20 to 25% through appropriate cycle selection, efficient expanders, appropriate control and less oversizing of the heat exchangers. The Rankine Cycle transfers waste heat to a working fluid at a constant pressure. Current ORCs on the market aimed at a too high a waste energy flow.

2016 65

Dearman-led consortium awarded $3.1M to develop waste-heat-recovery system using liquid air engine

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million) in the latest round of IDP10 funding from the UK’s Technology Strategy Board to support the development of a heat-recovery system for urban commercial vehicles. The Dearman project is to deliver a production-feasible waste-heat recovery system for urban commercial vehicles, which offers life-cycle CO 2 savings of up to 40%; fuel savings of 25%, with the potential of up to almost 50%; and potential payback in less than three years.

2014 84

Stanford team sets record for solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of solar water splitting: >30%

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Researchers at Stanford University have demonstrated solar water splitting by photovoltaic-electrolysis with a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of more than 30%—a new record. To be practical for large-scale deployment, the cost of solar H 2 generation must be significantly reduced.

2016 125

Borla Performance Industries developing muffler/membrane unit for exhaust water extraction with ORNL nanopore membrane technology

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Borla will combine this with its diesel exhaust technology to create a low-cost, novel system that doubles as a device to extract potable water from diesel and other internal combustion exhaust. The researchers at ORNL developed the membrane technology for applications such as gas separation, water purification, energy and water recovery from. For the recovery of previously wasted energy from relatively low temperature (. Emissions Materials Water

Water 84

Sorption Energy Seeking to Commercialize Waste Heat-Driven Adsorption Heat Pump Technology for Vehicle Air Conditioning

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A spinout from Warwick University (UK), Sorption Energy , is commercializing vehicle air conditioning systems based on waste heat-driven adsorption heat pump technology developed by Professor Robert Critoph and his team at University of Warwick School of Engineering.

2010 96

BETO report identifies biofuel/bioproducts opportunities from wet and gaseous waste: ~22.2B GGE/year

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Bioenergy Technologies Office has published a report, titled Biofuels and Bioproducts from Wet and Gaseous Waste Streams: Challenges and Opportunities. Also, these waste streams are often located where energy is in highest demand.

2017 78

SITA UK and Cynar to build UKs first commercial plants to convert waste plastic to diesel

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Cynar is a UK company established to commercialize the ThermoFuel technology exclusively licensed to it in the UK and Ireland by its owners, Ozmotech Pty Ltd. The waste plastics to hydrocarbon fuels liquefaction technology is based on pyrolysis and distillation. The objective of the new agreement is to build 10 UK plants dealing with 60,000 tonnes of mixed plastic waste per year and to commission the first plant in London by end 2011.

2010 80

Neste, ReNew ELP and Licella to collaborate in utilization of waste plastic as a raw material for fuels and chemicals

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Neste, the leading producer of renewable diesel, UK-based chemical recycling company ReNew ELP, and Australian technology developer Licella are collaborating in a development project to explore the potential of using mixed waste plastic as a raw material for fuels, chemicals, and new plastics. This will be the first commercial scale plant based on Cat-HTR technology, a catalytic hydro-thermal liquefaction platform developed by Licella over the past ten years.

2018 65

GE providing produced water handling systems to Blackgold Oil Sands Project; new solidification process for disposal of SAGD waste

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GS Engineering & Construction (GS E&C) has selected GE to supply the produced water evaporation and zero liquid discharge (ZLD) system for the Blackgold Oil Sands project, located near Conklin, Alberta. GE’s integrated evaporator and ZLD system enables the facility to cost-effectively produce 10,000 barrels per day of bitumen and maximize recycled water use. This enables speedy installation and significantly lowers total installed costs.

Velocys receives FONSI from USDA for planned Mississippi biorefinery; wood waste to drop-in fuels

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Velocys is pursuing a USDA loan guarantee that could apply up to $200 million of debut as part of the total installed cost of the project. The 160-page environmental assessment report details the impact of the proposed facility across 15 potential aspects, including: land use; water resources; air quality; wildlife; visual impact; noise; transport; and public and occupational health.

MAHLE developing portfolio of solutions for fuel cell drives in commercial vehicles

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MAHLE is developing a modular fuel cell systems portfolio focused on commercial vehicles, based on its current range of components. New opportunities are opening up for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. As a result, the charge air coolers used must be resistant to ionized water.

2018 101

OriginOil to collaborate with PACE to commercialize algae harvesting process for oil recovery and on-site re-use of frac flowback water

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has signed a memorandum of understanding with California-based PACE to collaborate with oil field operators in Texas and elsewhere to improve petroleum recovery and water cleaning for re-use at well sites, using a process it originally developed for algae harvesting.

2012 96

Opcon to Install Waste Heat Recovery System on Wallenius Ship; Targeting an Initial 4-6% in Fuel Savings

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Basic operation of the Opcon Powerbox ORC waste heat recovery system. Opcon, the Sweden-based energy and environmental technology Group, will install an Opcon Powerbox—an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) waste heat recovery system—on one of Wallenius’ ships.

Waste 100

BIRD Energy to invest $6.4M in Israel-US projects; biomass, fuel cells, natural gas, water-energy nexus and energy efficiency technologies

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million, which includes $9 million of cost share from the companies selected for funding. Selected projects address energy challenges and opportunities that are of interest to both countries and focus on commercializing clean energy technologies that improve economic competitiveness, create jobs and support innovative companies. Qualified projects must contribute at least 50% to project costs and commit to repayments if the project leads to commercial success.

2019 65

QUB team converts aluminum foil waste to highly active alumina; biofuel catalyst, other applications

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Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast have developed a novel green route to convert aluminium foil waste into highly active nano-mesoporous alumina (γ-Al 2 O 3 ) (designated as ACFL550). The material shows higher surface area, larger pore volume, and stronger acidity compared to γ-Al 2 O 3 that is produced from the commercial AlCl 3 precursor, AC550. In the UK, around 20,000 tonnes of aluminium foil packaging is wasted each year.

2017 69

DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office updates Multi-Year Program Plan; focus on wet wastes

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The latest version of the MYPP presents a merged conversion R&D section; the renaming of the demonstration and market transformation area; and emerging work in wet waste-to-energy feedstocks. BETO says that wet wastes represent an underused feedstock and an emerging pathway to advanced biofuels that has the potential to greatly contribute to BETO’s near-term and long-term advanced biofuel and bioproduct goals.

2015 78

NextFuels introduces hydrothermal process to produce biofuels from wet, unprocessed waste; solution for palm plantation residue

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Biofuels company NextFuels introduced its hydrothermal process for economically producing transportation and industrial fuels from wet, unprocessed agricultural waste. to 6 metric tons of agricultural waste is generated for each metric ton of oil. There is no such thing as waste.

2013 100

Clean water company Ostara raises $14.5M for major expansion

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a clean water company that recovers phosphorus and nitrogen from industrial and municipal wastewaters to create premium fertilizers, completed a US$14.5-million private equity financing. Led by VantagePoint Capital Partners, a global investor in energy innovation and efficiency, the financing also included existing Ostara investor, London-based Frog Capital and a group of new investors including Waste Resources Fund L.P., Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies Inc.,

2012 78

EU NELLI project delivers new generation solid-oxide fuel cell; efficient and lower cost

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In an SOFC electrolysis system, fuel cells convert excess power from renewable generation to turn water into hydrogen, addressing intermittency and storage issues for wind and solar. The design was patented during the project and is now commercially available from UK company Flexitallic.

2017 90

Solar Energy - A Way To Cut Down On High Energy Costs

DIY Electric Car

It was expensive to commercially exploit solar energy few decades ago. But over time due to rapid advancements in solar technology and the corresponding increase in conventional fuels solar energy cost has become comparable to other energy sources. With fuel prices going up it is inevitable that you are faced with high utility bills due to higher heating and cooling costs. This discount can work out to nearly 30 % of the cost installing your new solar electric system.

2011 109

Start-up commercializing NC State technology for drop-in biofuels; full commercial production targeted for 2016

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Red Wolf, formed in 2010, is in the process of raising $3 million through an equity offering to commercialize the thermal-chemical catalytic process. Two product streams exit this reactor, free fatty acids (mixed with water) and sweet water (glycerol mixed with water).

2011 93

ARPA-E to award $60M to 2 programs: enhancing biomass yield and dry-cooling for thermoelectric power

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The Advanced Research In Dry cooling (ARID) program ( DE-FOA-0001197 ) aims to develop low-cost, highly efficient and scalable dry-cooling technologies for thermoelectric power plants. Increased information and analytics could improve crop yields to help lower the cost of biofuel production.

2014 115

Novozymes and Fiberight Showcase Ethanol Produced from Waste Office Paper and Cardboard in Drive Demonstration in Washington

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At the Washington Auto Show, Novozymes, in partnership with US-based advanced biofuel manufacturer Fiberight , demonstrated two flex-fuel vehicles—a Chevy HHR and a Ford F150—running on E85, with the ethanol produced from government office waste paper and waste cardboard.

2010 93

JBEI team develops one-pot, wash-free process for pretreatment and saccharification of switchgrass; avenues for driving down biofuel cost

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Conventional separate pretreatment and saccharification of biofuel feedstock (a) entails water and waste disposal that the new one-pot system (b) eliminates. If advanced biofuels are to be a commercial success, they must be cost-competitive with fossil fuels.

2013 122

Coskata Unveils Semi-Commercial Feedstock-Flexible Ethanol Facility; Springboard for Full-Scale Commercial Rollout

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Coskata’s semi-commercial facility in Madison, Pa. a syngas to ethanol company, officially launched its semi-commercial “Flexethanol” facility located in Madison, PA. Actual production cost will vary, either below or above $1.00 gallons of water per gallon of ethanol.

2009 78

TMO Renewables Signs 20-Year, Multi-site Waste-to-Ethanol Plant Contract with Fiberight

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UK-based TMO Renewables Ltd, the developer of a novel thermophilic bacterium and process for converting biomass into fuel ethanol ( earlier post ), has entered into an exclusive contract with Fiberight LLC to design and build waste to bioethanol plants in the US. Fiberight uses a cost-effective process involving digestion and fractionation to sort non-recyclable MSW, 102 million tonnes of which is generated each year in the US, into a ‘clean fibre’ stream.

2010 68

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

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The agreement between the two companies allows for development and supply of a complete hydrogen generation, storage and distribution system with a lower cost product for customers. Hydrexia is entering the European market in partnership with HyGear with the intention of becoming a distributor of the lowest cost hydrogen in Europe. According to Hydrexia, its systems are about half the capital cost ($/kg-H 2 ) of compressed hydrogen storage.

2015 73

Successful demonstration of advanced hyperbaric centrifuge technology for recovering fine coal particles from waste slurries

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coal-cleaning plant in Alabama successfully reduced moisture from ultrafine coal waste. The test builds on an eight-year cooperative effort between the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy’s (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) to use the patented process to effectively remove water from very fine coal slurries (a mixture of waste coal fines and water).

2011 68

EPA announces 2016 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award winners

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This could reduce the mining of ore which reduces costs, greenhouse gas emissions and waste. This technology could cut energy usage by 85 billion BTUs/year, waste generation by 8.5 It is commercially successful, with contracts for almost 30 billion pounds of product and a 50 million pounds per year expansion plant that is already sold out. Nutrient pollution is one of America’s most widespread, costly and challenging environmental problems.

2016 65

New LLNL membrane bridges operational gap between low- and high-temperature PEM fuel cells; potential for lower cost systems

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A Los Alamos National Laboratory team, in collaboration with Yoong-Kee Choe at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Japan and Cy Fujimoto of Sandia National Laboratories, has discovered that fuel cells based on a new phosphate-quaternary ammonium ion-pair membrane can be operated between 80 °C and 200 °C with and without water, enhancing the fuel cells’ usability under a range of conditions.

2016 60

STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab spin-off seeking to develop and commercialize a novel solid-state hydrogen storage technology; transportation applications

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Example of micro fibers produced with 20 wt % AB (ammonia borane) in water as core solution, showing smooth (nonporous) and cylindrical (noncollapsed) fibers; from a 2010 paper by the scientific team. It also protects the hydrides from oxygen and water, making it possible to handle it in air.

2011 115

QUB spin-out to commercialize to technique for production of MOFs; storage for natural gas vehicles

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The technology is to be commercialized by a spin-out from the University, MOF Technologies. MOF manufacturing techniques have been limited as they are costly, slow and require large quantities of solvents, which can be toxic and harmful to the environment. Seed funding has been provided by both QUBIS and NetScientific, which specializes in commercializing technologies developed within university laboratories. Example of mechanochemical production of a MOF. Pichon et al.

2012 76

Argonne, Nalco strike licensing deal on resin wafer deionization technology; applications for lower-cost processing of biomass-based chemicals and fuels

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Water splitting provides ions that continuously regenerate the ion exchange resin and enables electrochemical solution pH control. These projects have already demonstrated advantages in impaired water purification and in capture of CO 2 from air. (In Top: RW-EDI stack.

2011 96

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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wasted energy in plants into energy-dense fuel molecules. that produces large quantities of sugar and requires less water. High Performance, Low Cost Superconducting Wires and Coils. for High Power Wind Generators The University of Houston will develop a new, low-cost. yield a several-fold reduction in wire costs, making. with properties exceeding those of scarce and costly rare earth magnets. efficiency at less cost. substantially lower cost.

2011 96

National Academies Report Examines Hidden Cost of Energy Production and Use in US; Estimates $120B in 2005

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Source: “Hidden Costs of Energy”. The report estimates dollar values for several major components of these costs. Source: “Hidden Costs of Energy”. Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use.

2005 109