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Gevo develops process for low-cost renewable isoprene; building block for rubber and rubber products

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has developed a proprietary catalytic process that transforms low-cost commercially available, or even waste by-product, renewable alcohols into renewable isoprene that would be expected to compete head-to-head on price with natural and petroleum-based chemical equivalents while reducing CO 2 emissions. million tons of potential bio-based waste feedstock. I look forward to seeing this one get commercially developed. Gevo, Inc.

2019 77

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. This lowers the system cost of what is essentially an electrolysis process. HyperSolar, Inc.

2014 109

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Berkeley Lab working with Alphabet Energy to develop a low-cost thermoelectric system

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With a $2-million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC), Berkeley Lab is partnering with Alphabet Energy to create a cost-effective thermoelectric waste heat recovery system to reduce both energy use in the industrial sector and electricity-related carbon emissions. However, most current thermoelectric materials are limited by several factors, including high cost, low efficiency, and the inability to operate reliably at temperatures above 400 degrees Celsius.

2017 60

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

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The agreement between the two companies allows for development and supply of a complete hydrogen generation, storage and distribution system with a lower cost product for customers. Hydrexia is entering the European market in partnership with HyGear with the intention of becoming a distributor of the lowest cost hydrogen in Europe. According to Hydrexia, its systems are about half the capital cost ($/kg-H 2 ) of compressed hydrogen storage.

2015 73

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

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Once the water is used, the flowback, or wastewater, must be treated to remove hazardous chemicals before it is stored, reused or disposed, which can be a costly endeavor. It is made from materials such as wood chips, paper, leaves, soybean oil, corn oil and other forms of agricultural waste heated to high temperatures in an oxygen-deprived environment. Currently, biochar is used commercially to improve soil quality by helping soils retain nutrients and water.

2014 87

New ORNL non-precious metal catalyst shows promise as low-cost component for low-temperature exhaust aftertreatment

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Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a ternary mixed oxide catalyst composed of copper oxide, cobalt oxide, and ceria (dubbed “CCC”) that outperforms synthesized and commercial platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts for CO oxidation in simulated exhaust streams while showing no signs of inhibition—i.e., As we make engines more efficient, less wasted heat exits the engine into the exhaust system where catalysts clean up the pollutant emissions.

2015 73

EPA Awards TDA Research, Inc. $225,000 for Development Process to Produce Low-Cost Biodiesel from Waste Feedstocks

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TDA) a $225,000 Phase II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant to develop a process aimed at producing biodiesel from low-cost waste feedstocks. After completion of their EPA Phase I SBIR contract, TDA determined that it can produce biodiesel from waste grease at a cost that is competitive with conventional diesel. Under the Phase II contract, TDA has identified a new process to solve technical problems involving cost and supply.

2009 60

Manchester team greatly broadens thermal window of thermoelectric material using graphene; potential vehicle applications for waste heat recovery

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This increase in operating performance can enable future applications such as thermoelectric generators in vehicles for waste heat recovery and other sectors, the researchers suggested. Furthermore, they are limited in their ability to harvest electricity at high temperatures, such as from solar and industrial waste heat, due to their decomposition and volatilization at elevated temperatures. This low ZT has restricted the commercial application of oxide-based materials.

2015 77

Neste, ReNew ELP and Licella to collaborate in utilization of waste plastic as a raw material for fuels and chemicals

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Neste, the leading producer of renewable diesel, UK-based chemical recycling company ReNew ELP, and Australian technology developer Licella are collaborating in a development project to explore the potential of using mixed waste plastic as a raw material for fuels, chemicals, and new plastics. This will be the first commercial scale plant based on Cat-HTR technology, a catalytic hydro-thermal liquefaction platform developed by Licella over the past ten years.

2018 65

Global Bioenergies reports first isobutene production from waste biomass

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These technologies have now matured to commercial scale, with five plants having started operations in the last 24 months. This industry ultimately has the potential to provide fermentation processes with low-cost sugars derived from abundant resources. Global Bioenergies has produced “second-generation” isobutene, in a push to diversify accessible feedstock towards cheaper resources.

2015 74

UC Riverside team fabricates nanosilicon anodes for Li-ion batteries from waste glass bottles

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to fabricate nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. The UCR Office of Technology Commercialization has filed a patent application for the inventions above.

2017 60

Alphabet Energy closes $23.5M Series C; thermoelectric waste-heat-to-power for oil & gas and automotive

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Alphabet Energy, a startup commercializing low-cost, efficient thermoelectric materials for power generation leveraging technology initially developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ( earlier post , earlier post ), has closed a $23.5-million Series C round of financing.

2016 60

LanzaTech and Swedish Biofuels partnering with Virgin Atlantic on waste gas-to-ethanol-to-jet fuel process; targeting commercial use by 2014

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Virgin Atlantic announced the development of a low-carbon, synthetic jet fuel kerosene produced from industrial waste gases with half the carbon footprint of the standard fossil fuel alternative in partnership with LanzaTech and Swedish Biofuels. Biofuels towards achieving the technical approval required for using new fuel types in commercial aircraft. A demo flight with the new fuel is planned in 12-18 months, with commercialization targeted for 2014.

2011 78

INEOS Bio Begins Advanced Waste-to-Ethanol Plant Feasibility Study

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The INEOS Bio waste-to-ethanol process, originally developed by BRI. INEOS Bio, a subsidiary of INEOS, the world’s third-largest chemicals company, has started a feasibility study for a plant in the UK to convert locally generated biodegradable household and commercial wastes into carbon neutral road transport fuel and clean electricity, using the INEOS Bio technology process. The challenge now, in the current economic environment, is to commercialize in Europe.

2009 94

EU NELLI project delivers new generation solid-oxide fuel cell; efficient and lower cost

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Key challenges such as high costs, production at scale and capital investment have hampered widespread deployment of SOFCs. Optimizing high-performance cells with low temperatures: Stack performance depends on the electrochemical properties of its cells.

2017 90

United Airlines begins commercial-scale use of renewable jet fuel; 15M gallons over 3-year period

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United Airlines has become the first US airline to begin use of commercial-scale volumes of sustainable aviation biofuel for regularly scheduled flights, beginning with the departure of United Flight 708 from Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).

2016 78

GMZ Energy successfully demonstrates 1 kW thermoelectric generator for Bradley Fighting Vehicle

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The company integrated five of its 200W TEGs into a single 1,000 W diesel engine solution that directly converts exhaust waste heat into electrical energy to increase fuel efficiency and lower costs. Fuel Efficiency Thermoelectrics Vehicle Systems Waste Heat Recovery

2014 133

$4M ARPA-E award to Lanzatech to improve design of bioreactors for waste-gas-to-fuels fermentation technology

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LanzaTech, a producer of low-carbon fuels and chemicals from waste gases, was awarded a $4-million grant by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) as one of the 15 REMOTE projects ( earlier post ) receiving a combined $34 million to find advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation. Doing so will enable the reuse of waste methane gases for low carbon fuels and chemicals.

2013 76

Fraunhofer characterizes Alphabet Energy thermoelectric PowerCard; up to 5% fuel economy improvement in automotive

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Alphabet Energy is commercializing low-cost, efficient thermoelectric materials for power generation leveraging technology initially developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Connected vehicles Fuel Efficiency Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2016 95

Waste Management and Genomatica enter strategic joint development agreement to produce chemicals from MSW syngas

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Waste Management and Genomatica, an industrial biotech company targeting sustainable chemicals ( earlier post ), have formed a strategic joint development agreement to research and advance Genomatica’s technology and manufacturing processes to enable production of intermediate and basic chemicals from syngas made from municipal solid waste. Waste Management wants to maximize the value of the materials it manages.

2011 68

Algae biodiesel company AFS BioOil tracking to produce biodiesel at $2/gallon at commercial scale

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AFS BioOil announced that initial tests conducted by the company since startup of the system confirm that production costs of biodiesel will be in the range of $2 per gallon when produced in a commercial system of 1 millon gallons/yr and greater. AFS BioOil has recently partnered with a renewable electricity company that has the technology to convert waste heat into electricity at a cost of 6 cents/kWh and potential of reducing the cost to 4 cents/kWh in the future.

2012 81

Sapphire Energy and Linde Group to commercialize hydrothermal treatment technology used to upgrade algae into crude oil

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and The Linde Group will expand their partnership to commercialize a new industrial-scale conversion technology needed to upgrade algae biomass into crude oil. In addition, they will jointly license and market the technology into an expanded list of industries, including algae, municipal solid waste, and farm waste, in order to upgrade other biomass sources into energy. Sapphire Energy, Inc.

2013 82

PowerDriver simulations predict thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery output of 300W, -2.5% in fuel consumption; prototyping begins

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The European Union-funded PowerDriver project—a two-year, €3-million (US$4-million) research project initiated in February 2012 to turn exhaust gas waste heat into electricity using thermoelectric generator (TGEN) technology—has completed simulation work on on a potential automotive application. These have a potentially low cost base but need further development to achieve the performance and thermal stability required for the application.

2013 74

INEOS Bio Awarded £7.3M Grant for Waste-to-Ethanol Plant in UK

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million) construction costs for the first commercial plant in Europe using its waste-to-ethanol BioEnergy Process Technology. million gallons US) of carbon-neutral road transport fuel and generate more than 3MW of electricity for export from over 100,000 tonnes per year of biodegradable household and commercial waste. INEOS Bio, a subsidiary of INEOS, the world’s third-largest chemicals company, has received an offer of a £7.3 million (US$10.8

2010 71

Synthesis Energy Systems enters agreement to study feasibility of using gasification technology to produce green chemicals from waste in the US

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The agreement calls for SES to lead an engineering study, commissioned and funded by the undisclosed US company, that will define an optimal use of potential feedstock combinations that may include used tires, auto shredder residue and refuse-derived fuel to efficiently and cost-effectively produce commercially viable chemicals such as methanol and methanol derivatives. Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc. has entered into an agreement with an undisclosed U.S.-based

2013 78

OriginOil analysis suggests production cost as low as $2.28/gallon for algae-derived renewable gasoline or diesel using feedstock blending

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points to a potential production cost as low as $2.28/gallon ($0.60/Liter) for gasoline or diesel using a blend of algae and waste feedstocks, using the latest growth, harvesting and fuel conversion technologies from OriginOil and other innovators. In the lowest-cost scenario, algae harvested using OriginOil’s Algae Appliance is blended with waste feedstocks and converted onsite to achieve a modeled production cost of $2.28

2012 78

Algal Fuels Consortium (AFC) Wins $2.724M Australian Development Grant; Commercial Partner Sancon Has Rights for Commercialization in China

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an environmental services and waste recycling company with operations in both China and Australia, is the founding commercial partner to the AFC and has the right to commercialize the technology for China. Flinders Partners is the commercialization agent for the AFC. This truly collaborative research project will produce biomass from native strains of microalgae, from which biodiesel will be produced on a scale that is commercially viable.

2009 71

STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab spin-off seeking to develop and commercialize a novel solid-state hydrogen storage technology; transportation applications

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Cella notes that the current material, while suitable for proof-of-concept work and potentially useful for the initial demonstrator projects, is not a viable commercial material: it is expensive to make and cannot be easily re-hydrided or chemically recycled.

2011 115

Solar fuels company Joule commissions first plant to demo commercial readiness, launches Joule Fuels subsidiary to advance direct solar-to-fuels platform

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Unlike sugar-based biofuel producers, Joule directly and continuously converts solar energy into liquid fuels, without costly raw materials, pretreatment or downstream processing. The SunSprings plant is designed to demonstrate the complete Joule process with its advantages in cost, scale and efficiency, all at the multi-acre scale that directly translates to full scale through modular replication.

2012 91

NYSERDA Commits $8M to Develop and Commercialize 19 New York Battery and Energy-Storage Technology Projects

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The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) will award $8 million to help develop or commercialize 19 advanced energy storage projects. million in cost-sharing by recipients for a total of $15.3 Funding will support projects in two categories: Industry-led near-term commercialization partnerships (two major awards), and technology development. Industry-Led Commercialization Partnerships: $4.8

2010 76

Microwave plasma company 6K launches division to produce advanced battery materials; demos of high-performance NMC-622 cathodes

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The move follows three years of internal development supported by commercial customers and the US Department of Energy (DOE). The efficiency and elimination of costly steps required with other approaches will allow 6K customers to achieve a significant reduction in cost for NMC production.

2020 88

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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wasted energy in plants into energy-dense fuel molecules. High Performance, Low Cost Superconducting Wires and Coils. for High Power Wind Generators The University of Houston will develop a new, low-cost. yield a several-fold reduction in wire costs, making. with properties exceeding those of scarce and costly rare earth magnets. Advanced Electric Vehicle Motors with Low or No Rare Earth. efficiency at less cost.

2011 96

DOE EERE awarding $43.6M for Phase II SBIR projects

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million in Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II Release 2 grants to projects that demonstrate commercial feasibility for innovations during the second phase of their research. Mainstream Engineering Corporation is developing a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) process to convert food wastes to renewable diesel and jet fuels that will improve yield and quality, and reduce aqueous byproducts to advance commercial adoption.

2019 77

BIRD Energy to invest $6.4M in Israel-US projects; biomass, fuel cells, natural gas, water-energy nexus and energy efficiency technologies

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million, which includes $9 million of cost share from the companies selected for funding. Selected projects address energy challenges and opportunities that are of interest to both countries and focus on commercializing clean energy technologies that improve economic competitiveness, create jobs and support innovative companies. Qualified projects must contribute at least 50% to project costs and commit to repayments if the project leads to commercial success.

2019 65

DOE seeking input on H2@scale: hydrogen as centerpiece of future energy system; 50% reduction in energy GHGs by 2050

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commercial viability of fuel cell vehicle technology has been demonstrated (commercial vehicles being sold). Integration of Hydrogen Production with Process Heat, such as from Nuclear Generation, Industrial Waste Heat Sources, or Concentrated Solar Power.

2016 98

Bosch boosts stake in SOFC expert Ceres Power to around 18%; possible expansion into SO electrolysis

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This enabled Bosch to start initial low-volume production of pilot fuel-cell systems in autumn 2019 in Germany. Its strategy is to commercialize its technology through licensing for mass production with partners, and to use this technology for grid-based and distributed power generation.

2020 83

Canada awards Nano One up to $349,000 to improve durability of Li-ion batteries; high-voltage spinel

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We have a proprietary, advantageous and low cost method of applying coatings and dopants to cathode materials and this project will industrialize the process to further differentiate Nano One’s commercial offering.

2018 90

Fulcrum Bioenergy breaks ground on Phase 2 of Sierra Biofuels plant; 1st garbage-to-fuels project

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has started site construction for Phase 2 of its first waste-to-fuels project, the Sierra BioFuels Plant (Sierra). Sierra will be the nation’s first commercial-scale plant converting a municipal solid waste (MSW) feedstock—i.e., Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc.

2018 85

Global Bioenergies reports first production of green isobutene at demo plant

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The demo plant will be ramped up in the first half of 2017, with the goal of reaching performances close to commercial levels by the end of the year. Global Bioenergies is now entering the final phase of demonstrating its technology for converting renewable carbon into hydrocarbons.

2016 109

ARPA-E announces $36M for high-temperature materials projects

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Durable and affordable higher-temperature heat exchangers could make energy conversion much more efficient, which in turn could reduce fuel consumption, system footprint, capital and operational cost, and emissions. Heat exchangers are critical to efficient thermal energy use in a variety of applications, including electricity generation, nuclear reactors, transportation, petrochemical plants, waste heat recovery, and many more.

2019 73

DOE awarding $72M in 73 Phase II SBIR/STTR grants

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Production of C 5 hydrocarbons from waste biomass. Obtaining sustainable sources of chemicals and processing organic waste in an environmentally responsible manner remains a challenge. This proposal aims to solve these problems by converting organic waste into chemicals with widespread use in polymer and transportation industries. This project focuses on the development and US manufacturing of a new battery membrane that enables low-cost and long-lived Li-ion batteries.

2017 60

LanzaTech raises $60M in D Round; Mitsui leads, Siemens comes in

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LanzaTech’s carbon capture and utilization technology provides a capital-efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional carbon capture and storage (CCS). Waste gas streams captured from industrial factories can be directly converted on-site to low-carbon liquid fuels and chemicals by adding a LanzaTech facility at the source, offering the potential to reduce global CO 2 levels while accessing multi-billion dollar commodities markets.

2014 78

DOE awards LanzaTech $4M for low-carbon jet & diesel demo plant; 3M gpy; Audi evaluating fuel properties

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LanzaTech has been selected by the Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) to receive a $4-million award to design and plan a demonstration-scale facility using industrial off gases to produce 3 million gallons/year of low-carbon jet and diesel fuels. The LanzaTech facility will recycle industrial waste gases from steel manufacturing to produce a low cost ethanol intermediate: “Lanzanol.”

2016 68