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EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 122

WSU team develops highly-efficient, low-cost nickel-iron nanofoam for OER for water splitting

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WSU researchers can create large amounts of inexpensive nanofoam catalysts that can facilitate the generation of hydrogen on a large scale by water splitting. Electrolysis of water is considered as an easy and clean method to obtain hydrogen. At a potential as low as 1.42V (vs.

2018 90

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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The method, which surpasses previous efforts in terms of stability, performance, lifespan and cost efficiency, is published in the Journal of The Electrochemical Society. Schematic overview of the solar-driven hydrogen generator. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2016 85

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. The theoretical minimum voltage needed to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen is 1.23 V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. HyperSolar, Inc.

2014 111

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

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Researchers at Columbia University are investigating the use of membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. as well as the cost of assembling the electrolyzer.

2016 95

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

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Australia-based hydrogen solid state storage and distribution company Hydrexia has entered an agreement with Netherlands-based HyGear, supplier of industrial gases and on-site generation systems, to supply hydrogen in Europe. The hydrogen will be produced by HyGear’s small-scale Hy.GEN steam methane reforming (SMR) facilities located across Europe. According to Hydrexia, its systems are about half the capital cost ($/kg-H 2 ) of compressed hydrogen storage.

2015 75

Johns Hopkins team plates Pt on cobalt to create low-cost, highly efficient fuel cell catalysts

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Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, with colleagues at Purdue and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), have plated a one nanometer thick coating of platinum on a core of cobalt to create a cost-effective and highly efficient fuel cell catalyst. versus the commercial Pt catalyst.

2018 78

Argonne researchers make vanadium into a useful low-cost catalyst for hydrogenation

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Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory have developed an unusually active form of vanadium for hydrogenation reactions. The vanadium catalyst exhibits unprecedented reactivity in liquid- and gas- phase alkene/alkyne hydrogenation. Catalyst poisoning experiments revealed that 100% of the V sites are active for hydrogenation. Unfortunately, most vanadium on its own will not work for the hydrogenation process.

2017 60

NovCoat consortium develops novel low-cost conductive coatings for PEM fuel cells

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The Centre for Process Innovation (CPI), a UK-based technology innovation center, Intelligent Energy and coatings supplier Haydale have been collaborating to develop novel, conductive coatings for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell bipolar plates with the goal of further cost reductions. These coatings were applied using roll-to-roll techniques to pre-coat low cost stainless steel foils, and post-coat after part fabrication. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Materials

2017 60

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

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In a paper in Nature , they suggest that the use of such redox-active organic molecules instead of redox-active metals represents a new and promising direction for realizing massive electrical energy storage at greatly reduced cost. Commercialization. Cell schematic.

2014 155

Stanford team reports new low-cost, non-precious metal catalyst for water splitting with performance close to platinum

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Researchers at Stanford University, with colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and other institutions, have developed a nickel-based electrocatalyst for low-cost water-splitting for hydrogen production with performance close to that of much more expensive commercial platinum electrocatalysts.

2014 120

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. The improved catalyst has already released four times the amount of hydrogen ever produced by MoS 2 from water.

2015 75

MIT team outlines path to low-cost solar-to-fuels devices; the artificial leaf

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The new analysis follows up on 2011 research that produced a proof of concept of an artificial leaf—a small device that, when placed in a container of water and exposed to sunlight, would produce bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen. Fuels Hydrogen Production Solar

2013 101

Novel bi-metallic palladium-tungsten nano-alloy an efficient low-cost fuel cell catalyst; simple microwave synthesis

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In a paper in the journal Nature Communications , they reported that despite a very low percentage of noble metal (?palladium:tungsten=1:8), Oxygen is represented by red spheres, and hydrogen by white spheres. Considering the cost, it would be 40 times lower.

2014 98

MIT Researchers Identify New Low-Cost Water-Splitting Catalyst

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Nocera pictures small-scale systems in which rooftop solar panels would provide electricity, with any excess going to an electrolyzer to produce hydrogen, which would be stored in tanks. When more energy was needed, the hydrogen would be fed to a fuel cell, where it would combine with oxygen from the air to form water, and generate electricity at the same time. But in further work, “ we have totally gotten rid of the platinum of the hydrogen side ,” Nocera says. MIT Prof.

Georgia Tech team develops simple, low-cost process for oxide nanowires; superior separators for Li-ion batteries

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The process could significantly lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, enabling a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices—and thermally-stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 ˚C. The dissolution process generates hydrogen gas, which could be captured and used to help fuel the heating step.

2017 65

Study shows a much cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial electrolyzer

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown for the first time that a low-cost, non-precious metal cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalyst catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial device. Electrolysis works much like a battery in reverse: Rather than generating electricity, it uses electrical current to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2019 78

New high-activity, low-cost nickel-based catalyst for fuel cells exhibits performance similar to Pt; hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells

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Researchers at the University of Delaware, with a colleague at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, have developed a composite catalyst—nickel nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes—that exhibits hydrogen oxidation activity in alkaline electrolyte similar to platinum-group metals. Owing to its high activity and low cost, the catalyst shows significant potential for use in low-cost, high-performance fuel cells, the team suggested.

2016 60

UCSC team develops novel ruthenium catalyst that outperforms platinum in alkaline hydrogen production

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A novel ruthenium-based catalyst developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz (UCSC) has shown markedly better performance than commercial platinum catalysts in alkaline water electrolysis for hydrogen production. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2019 111

DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $24 million in funding for 77 projects supported by the Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF). The new TCF selections will expand DOE’s efforts to catalyze the commercial impact of the Department’s portfolio of research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities. Hydrogen Contaminant Detector, $150,000 Skyre, Inc.,

2019 85

ARPA-E awarding ~$14.4M to four projects for production of hydrogen and carbon products from methane

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These project teams will pursue methods to create high-value carbon and hydrogen from methane (four projects, $14.4 million), or to produce super strong, durable concrete with lower cost and environmental impact (3 projects, $6.1 The methane cohort teams will focus on industrially scalable ways to produce high quality carbon and hydrogen. Converting Hydrocarbons to Recyclable Materials for Metal Replacement with Positive Hydrogen Output, $3,300,000.

2018 78

DOE seeking input on H2@scale: hydrogen as centerpiece of future energy system; 50% reduction in energy GHGs by 2050

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Earlier this year, The US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories identified the potential of hydrogen to decarbonize deeply a multitude of sectors in a proposal termed “H2@Scale”. Leveraging Stranded Renewables, and Value-Added Applications for Hydrogen.

2016 98

DOE issues RFI for hydrogen delivery R&D, targeting cost of $2-4 gge

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The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Request for Information ( DE-FOA-0000920 ) seeking feedback from stakeholders for hydrogen delivery research and development activities aimed at lowering the cost of hydrogen delivery technologies in order to reach the threshold cost goal of $2-4 per gallon of gasoline equivalent (gge) produced, delivered and dispensed of hydrogen. Among the findings: Compression Cost Reduction Opportunities.

2013 73

DOE to award up to $39M for innovative hydrogen and fuel cell technologies R&D

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) announced up to $39 million in available funding to support early stage research and development (R&D) of innovative hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. ( 2a) Integrated Energy Production and Hydrogen Fueling R&D.

2018 106

DOE SBIR/STTR FY18 BES Phase 1 Release 1 awards include 15 for hydrogen and fuel cells

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has announced the 2018 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 1 awards , including 15 projects focused on high density hydrogen storage, innovative ionomers (ion-containing polymers) in the catalyst layer, gas diffusion layers, and membranes for electrochemical production of hydrogen. Award winners include: High Density Hydrogen Storage. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2018 73

Linear Labs closes $4.5M seed round to fund commercialization of new electric motor technology

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The Linear Labs motor is characterized by two main attributes: (1) very high torque starting at low speeds, and (2) high efficiency throughout the speed range. Linear Labs motors significantly beat Department of Energy and ARPA-E goals for Cost Density and Power Density.

2019 97

DOE reports progress on development of hydrogen storage technologies

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The DOE Hydrogen Storage sub-program has developed a dual strategy. For the near-term, the focus is on improving performance and lowering the cost of high-pressure compressed hydrogen storage systems. Reducing the cost of high-pressure compressed hydrogen.

2014 104

STFC Rutherford Appleton Lab spin-off seeking to develop and commercialize a novel solid-state hydrogen storage technology; transportation applications

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The material could allow hydrogen to be stored in a cheap and practical way for transport applications, the company says. Ammonia borane in its normal state releases 12 wt% of hydrogen at temperatures between 110 °C and 150 °C, but with very slow kinetics. Hydrogen Storage

2011 116

UCSC team develops high-performance nanostructured composite catalyst for water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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A low-cost, nanostructured composite material developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has shown performance comparable to Pt/C as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. Catalysts Hydrogen Production Nanotech

2018 85

EU NELLI project delivers new generation solid-oxide fuel cell; efficient and lower cost

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In an SOFC electrolysis system, fuel cells convert excess power from renewable generation to turn water into hydrogen, addressing intermittency and storage issues for wind and solar. The design was patented during the project and is now commercially available from UK company Flexitallic.

2017 90

DOE’s $10M Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium accelerating development of green hydrogen production

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The Energy Department (DOE) recently announced $10 million, subject to appropriations, to support the launch of the HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium ( HydroGEN ). This consortium will utilize the expertise and capabilities of the national laboratories to accelerate the development of commercially viable pathways for hydrogen production from renewable energy sources. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Materials

2016 78

Kawasaki Heavy and Shell to partner on technologies for transporting liquefied hydrogen by sea

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The Nikkei reports that Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Royal Dutch Shell will partner to develop technologies for transporting large volumes of liquefied hydrogen by sea. Kawasaki is also currently developing a small test vessel for the marine transportation of liquefied hydrogen.

2016 85

DOE announces $30M in funding for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced approximately $30 million in available funding ( DE-FOA-0001647 ), subject to appropriations, for research and development of low-cost hydrogen production, onboard hydrogen storage, and proton exchange membrane fuel cells to advance the widespread commercialization of fuel cell electric vehicles. Hydrogen Storage Materials Discovery. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage

2016 83

ITM Power reports completion of HydroGEN alkaline electrolyzer project; prototype stack 43% the cost of its PEM counterpart

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This material, together with the low-cost catalysts and injection moulded components developed, offer a prototype stack costing 43% of its PEM counterpart. The HydroGEN project focused on the realization of electrolyzer cost reduction through advances in materials technology and system simplification. The important achievements realized within the project include: A low-cost alkaline membrane based on ITM Power’s suite of hydrocarbon polymers.

2011 78

UK supports Gigastack feasibility study with ITM Power, Ørsted, Element Energy; gigawatt-scale PEM electrolysis

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Gigastack, funded by the BEIS Hydrogen Supply Competition, will demonstrate the delivery of bulk, low-cost and zero-carbon hydrogen through gigawatt-scale polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolysis, manufactured in the UK. The project aims to reduce the cost of electrolytic hydrogen through: Development of a new 5MW stack module design to reduce material costs. 1GW/year to increase throughput and decrease labour costs.

2019 65

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 78

Toyota Aims to Reduce Fuel Cell Vehicle Cost to 1/10 of Current By Commercialization in 2015; Reduction to Another 1/10 With Scale

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Toyota’s targeted cost reductions in fuel cell vehicles. The 2015 date for fuel cell vehicles reinforced remarks made in June by vice president Masatami Takimoto about commercialization prospects.( Design of the fuel cell system and hydrogen storage system plays a critical role in achieving the cost reduction, Yokoyama said. Toyota is also seeking to reduce the cost of fuel-cell system specific materials, through cooperation with materials manufacturers.

2009 104

Virginia Tech team develops process for high-yield production of hydrogen from xylose under mild conditions

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Percival Zhang, has developed a process to convert xylose—the second-most abundant sugar in plants—into hydrogen with approaching 100% of the theoretical yield. The findings of their study, published in the journal Angewandte Chemie, International Edition , suggest that cell-free biosystems could produce hydrogen from biomass xylose at low cost. Despite its abundance, the use of xylose for releasing hydrogen has been limited.

New bimetallic copper-titanium hydrogen evolution catalyst outperforms platinum by more than 2x

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The Cu-Ti-Ti hollow site binds hydrogen too strongly. A team from the University of Delaware and Columbia University, with colleagues at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, reports that a new hierarchical nanoporous copper-titanium bimetallic electrocatalyst is able to produce hydrogen from water under a mild overpotential at more than twice the rate of state-of-the-art carbon-supported platinum catalyst. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2015 102

Nissan developing electric vehicles powered by ethanol-fueled solid oxide fuel cells; commercialization in 2020

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announced that it is currently researching and developing a Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell (SOFC)-powered system using bio-ethanol as the on-board hydrogen source. Nissan said it planned commercialization for the technology in 2020. Ethanol Fuel Cells HydrogenNissan Motor Co.,

2016 78

DOE seeking feedback on findings of hydrogen production and delivery workshops

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The US Department of Energy''s Fuel Cell Technologies Office has issued two requests for information (RFIs) seeking feedback from the research community and relevant stakeholders about electrolytic hydrogen production ( DE-FOA-0001188 ) and hydrogen delivery research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) activities ( DE-FOA-0001187 ) aimed at developing technologies that can ultimately produce and deliver low-cost hydrogen. Electrolytic Hydrogen Production.

2014 78

DOE issues $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $35 million in available funding to advance hydrogen and fuel cell technologies ( earlier post ) to support research and development, early market deployments, and domestic manufacturing.

2015 78

Ceramic pump moves molten metal at a record 1,400 ?C; new avenues for energy storage and hydrogen production

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The new pump could facilitate high efficiency, low-cost thermal storage, providing a new way to store renewable energy generated by wind and solar power, and facilitate an improved process for generating hydrogen directly from fuels such as methane without producing carbon dioxide.

2017 85