EPA rolls back emissions standards on coal plants

Green Car Reports

On Thursday, EPA Acting Administrator Andrew Wheeler announced a new rule that will allow coal-fired power plants to emit more than 35 percent more global warming pollution than the current law allows. The proposal came on the eve of a climate summit in Poland that started over the weekend where world leaders were set to codify the next steps in. EPA global warming

2018 125

Proposed process for low-emissions coal-to-liquids

Green Car Congress

The EMS (Earth and Mineral Science) Energy Institute at Penn State has developed a conceptual novel process configuration for producing clean middle-distillate fuels from coal with some algal input with minimal emissions. The Institute was involved for about 20 years in a project intended to develop a coal-derived jet fuel; a number of papers and reports have already been published on that work. Principal inputs are coal, water, non-carbon electricity, and make-up solvent.

2015 184
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80x30: U.S. Clean Energy Standard Accelerates Transition to Renewables

Cars That Think

Outlined in Democrats' proposed budget is a national "clean energy standard." This clean energy standard, or CES, would set up a tangible program that pushes utilities to shift towards net zero emissions. Clean energy standard Renewable portfolio standards Energy policy Renewables

Oregon Legislature passes coal transition bill; coal power out by 2035, 50% renewables by 2040

Green Car Congress

The Oregon Legislative Assembly approved a landmark bill that will commit the state to eliminate its use of coal power by 2035 and double the amount of renewable energy serving Oregonians to 50% by 2040. Otherwise known as the Clean Electricity and Coal Transition plan, Senate Bill 1547-B received final approval on the Senate floor Wednesday after the Oregon House approved the bill in a 38-20 bipartisan vote on Tuesday.

2016 150

Battelle, Rare Earth Salts team on DOE project to recover rare earth oxides from coal ash

Green Car Congress

Battelle is teaming with Rare Earth Salts ( RES ) on a project, “Recovery of High Purity Rare Earth Elements (REEs) from Coal Ash via a Novel Separations Process,” to produce valuable rare earth oxides from coal fly ash, converting them to the high purities necessary for a saleable product. Under this project they will validate that they can generate environmentally benign and economically sustainable REE products from domestic coal ash sources at purities above 90%.

2017 163

EPA proposes CO2 emission standards for new fossil fuel-fired power plants

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed Clean Air Act standards to reduce CO 2 emissions from fossil-fuel fired power plants (electric utility generating units, EGUs). In addition, EPA said it is working with state, tribal, and local governments, industry and labor leaders, non-profits, and others to establish CO 2 standards for existing power plants. The proposed rulemaking establishes separate standards for natural gas and coal plants.

2013 203

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

Green Car Congress

Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. Based on data from bench-scale tests, SRI engineers estimate that the capital cost for a full-scale plant using SRI’s process would be less than half that of a conventional coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL

2011 218

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions in 2012 lowest since 1994; reflects drop in coal use

Green Car Congress

The largest drop in emissions in 2012 came from coal, which is used almost exclusively for electricity generation. During 2012, particularly in the spring and early summer, low natural gas prices led to competition between natural gas- and coal-fired electric power generators. To conduct the study, Pratson and his team assessed the cost of electricity generation at plants producing 95% of the nation’s coal-fired electricity and 70% of its natural gas-powered electricity.

2013 226

Accelergy Begins Production of Synthetic Jet Fuel from Coal and Biomass; USAF to Evaluate for 100% Synthetic Fuel Use

Green Car Congress

Accelergy Corporation has begun production of a synthetic fuel from coal and biomass, to be evaluated by the United States Air Force (USAF) as the industry benchmark for 100% synthetic jet fuel. Tim Vail, CEO of Accelergy In 2009, Accelergy entered a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with the USAF for testing fully synthetic fuels that meet or exceed USAF JP-8 military jet fuel standards. Tags: Aviation Biomass Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels

2010 191

Design study for SA underground coal gasification plant underway

Green Car Congress

South Africa state-owned power utility Eskom reports that a design study is currently under way for an underground coal gasification (UCG) demonstration plant, which will include a 250,000 Nm 3 /h gas production plant and a 100 MW to 140 MW gas turbine plant. The coal seam lies between 280 m and 300 m deep. Eskom’s studies show that the gas could be cofired with coal to power the 4,100 MW Majuba power station , providing direct use for the gas. Mining Weekly.

2011 179

Pertamina to collaborate with Celanese to develop fuel ethanol projects using Celanese TCX process in Indonesia; use of lower-rank coal

Green Car Congress

TCX builds on Celanese’s acetyl platform and integrates new technologies to produce ethanol using basic hydrocarbon feedstocks—natural gas, coal and pet coke now, with biomass and waste planned for the future. In addition, high-octane fuel ethanol, which improves tailpipe emissions, may also assist Pertamina in meeting Indonesia’s goals of improving the country’s gasoline and air quality standards. Coal EthanolCelanese TCX production process. Click to enlarge.

2012 200

DOE to Award Up to $5M in Grants for RD on Hydrogen Production from Coal

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy has issued up to a $5-million Funding Opportunity Announcement (DE-FOA-0000103) to solicit laboratory-level R&D projects to develop novel technologies for producing hydrogen from coal. Issues associated with current membrane development—including resistance to contaminants in syngas, temperature limitations, durability, and cost—have led to the need for alternative methods of producing hydrogen from coal-based facilities.

2009 200

Fatty acid esters can improve cetane number of diesel from direct coal liquefaction

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the Shanghai Institute of Technology report that fatty acid esters can be used as cetane improvers for diesel fuel produced via direct coal liquefaction (DCL). Compared to petrodiesel, diesel from direct coal liquefaction (DDCL) contains almost no sulfur. The Shanghai team explored the use of fatty acid esters—up to 1 vol% of which can be added to diesel fuel under the China V fuel quality standard GB 19147-2013—as potential CN improvers for DDCL.

2015 179

Modified SOFC anodes allow operation at lower temperatures with carbon-containing gases; potential for much more efficient and cleaner generation of electricity from coal

Green Car Congress

The resulting lower-temperature SOFCs could provide a cleaner, more efficient alternative to conventional power plants for generating electricity from coal reserves. Conventional coal-fired electric generating facilities capture about a third of the energy available in the fuel they burn. SOFCs powered by gasified coal are about twice as efficient as current coal-fired power plants, potentially reducing CO 2 emission by 50%, Yang et al.

2011 199

First crude oil unit train departs Meritage Midstream’s Black Thunder Terminal at Arch coal mine

Green Car Congress

All of the train’s tank cars are new and meet the safety standards adopted earlier this year by the American Association of Railroads. The Black Thunder Terminal, LLC is a joint venture between Meritage Midstream and Arch Coal. One of the mine’s high-speed coal loadouts is visible in the background. Meritage Midstream Services II, LLC announced that the first crude oil unit train loaded at its Black Thunder Terminal departed the Wyoming terminal on Friday.

2014 191

US Fuels acquires coal-to-diesel IP for scalable plants near mine sites

Green Car Congress

Startup US Fuel Corporation (USF), which plans to design, build, own and operate scalable facilities near coal mine sites to convert coal into synthetic fuels, will acquire coal-to-diesel intellectual property (IP) that USF co-developed with an executive team consisting of Paul Adams and Steve Luck. The plant will be designed to process 148 tons of coal per day to produce approximately 8,500 gallons of high grade, low-sulfur diesel.

2012 196

Trestle Energy and Larksen partner to reduce CO2 from ethanol and coal power

Green Car Congress

Trestle and Larksen’s integrated approach furthers ethanol producers’ ability to scale up production of low carbon biofuels and allows existing power plants to generate electricity with the cost and reliability of coal and with carbon emissions similar to wind. In January, California’s Air Resources Board officially approved Trestle’s ethanol production process under the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS).

2016 150

Panda Power finances conversion of retired coal plant to natural gas; one of largest power conversion projects in US

Green Car Congress

Panda Power Funds has financed the 1,124 megawatt Panda “Hummel Station” power plant—one of the largest coal-to-natural gas power conversion projects in the United States. The plant will be located at the site of the retired Sunbury coal-fired power plant near Shamokin Dam in Snyder County, Pennsylvania. While the new power station will supply 180% more power than the coal plant it replaces, SO 2 and NO x emissions will be reduced by more than 90%.

2015 184

Pew survey finds a 10 percentage point shift over past year in public opinion toward expanded production of fossil fuels; 78% favor fuel efficiency standards

Green Car Congress

As fuel prices rise, a new Pew Research Center survey has found that 52% of Americans now say the more important priority for addressing the nation’s energy supply is to develop alternative sources, such as wind, solar and hydrogen technology, while 39% see expanding the exploration and production of oil, coal and natural gas as the greater priority. Coal Fuels Hydrogen Natural Gas Nuclear Policy Power Generation Solar Surveys Wind

2012 241

Harvard SPH large-scale study links PM2.5 levels below EPA standards with higher death rates

Green Car Congress

The harmful effects from the particles were observed even in areas where concentrations were less than a third of the current standard set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (12 μg/m 3 of annual average PM 2.5 , 35 μg/m 3 daily). Most of the country is either meeting the EPA standards now, or is expected to meet them in a few years as new power plant controls kick in. A new study by researchers at Harvard T.H.

2015 251

Cloud Peak Energy and Crow Tribe reach tentative agreement for up to 1.4B tons of in-place coal in Montana

Green Car Congress

one of the largest US coal producers, and the Crow Tribe of Indians reached tentative agreements regarding exploration rights and exclusive options to lease and develop up to an estimated 1.4 billion tons of in-place Northern Powder River Basin coal on the Crow Indian Reservation in southeast Montana. to build a coal-to-liquids plant ( earlier post ) had foundered. per ton, depending on the lease and coal deposit and subject to adjustment for inflation.

Siemens providing compressor trains for three LNG plants for liquefying synthetic natural gas produced from coal

Green Car Congress

Siemens Energy will provide compressor trains for three LNG (liquefied natural gas) plants in China for liquefying synthetic natural gas produced from coal. These plants have a capacity of half a million standard cubic meters of gas per day. This enables Siemens to provide nearly the complete value-added for small LNG compressors based on international standards from China.

2013 184

Is The Writing On The Wall For U.S. Coal?

Green Car Reports

If new EPA regulations go into effect, it may not be coal. These new standards may deter the construction of new coal plants. What will power your plug-in car in a few years? Next week, the EPA is expected to set limits on greenhouse gas emissions by new power plants, The New York Times reports. While full details of the proposal have not been

2013 81

Wison Engineering signs new engineering contract for Erdos Jinchengtai coal-to-methanol project; commercializing methanol-to-olefins

Green Car Congress

an indirect non-wholly owned subsidiary of the Group, has been awarded a contract for the engineering of Erdos Jinchengtai coal-to-methanol Project (Phase II) for Erdos Jinchengtai Chemical Co., for the second time at the Jinchengtai coal-methanol project, marking a milestone for Erdos Jinchengtai Chemical Co., to achieve its strategic transformation into a coal-to-chemical business. Wison Engineering Services Co.

2013 170

Los Angeles takes steps to transition out of coal-fired power earlier than required by state law

Green Car Congress

The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) has taken steps to transition out of the use of coal-fired electricity earlier than mandated by California state law. Representatives of LADWP and Salt River Project have reached sufficient progress on the principle terms to sell LADWP’s stake in Navajo Generating Station for the two utilities to move forward to negotiate a definitive agreement that would end LA’s use of coal-fired power from the plant by the end of 2015.

Penn State Researchers Use Ionic Liquids to Improve Efficiency of Direct Coal Liquefaction

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Penn State University have shown that certain ionic liquids can be used to fragment, disperse, and partially dissolve coal to such an extent that good contact can be made with catalyst particles by simply mixing these particles with the ionic liquid/coal dispersion for improved efficiency of liquefaction. 6 coal as extremely fine particles to a remarkable extent. This process also significantly enhances the solubility of these two coals.

2010 170

Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne Successfully Completes First in Series of Performance Tests on Compact Gasifier with Coal

Green Car Congress

Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne successfully completed the first in a series of performance tests on its compact gasifier, which is designed to help reduce the cost of coal gasification. The tests, conducted using Illinois coal, each lasted 12 to 37 hours at the pilot plant in Des Plaines, Ill., Additional testing will be conducted throughout 2010 using Illinois coal, petroleum coke and sub-bituminous coal.

2010 179

ASTM aviation fuel standard now specifies bio-derived components

Green Car Congress

The revised standard was approved 1 July 2011. The standard already has criteria for fuel produced from coal, natural gas or biomass using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. on Aviation Fuels in ASTM International Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, which consists of more than 2,000 members representing 66 countries, revised the D7566 standard.

2011 192

Siemens Completes Successful First Firing of PetroAlgae’s Biomass Fuel in Pilot Plant-scale Pulverized Coal Burner

Green Car Congress

The biocrude fuel was combined with pulverized coal in a pilot-scale burner with a thermal capacity of approximately 4 MBtu/hr. In the pilot-scale test at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah, which was conducted in a scaled-down version of Siemens’ current pulverized coal burner design, the biocrude was blown into the fuel injector separately from the pulverized coal. The biomass and coal mixture produced lower emissions with staging than without, as expected.

2010 199

Report finds Coal-to-Liquids and Oil Shale pose significant financial and environmental risks to investors

Green Car Congress

Ceres recently released a new report concluding that coal-to-liquid (CTL) and oil shale technologies face significant environmental and financial obstacles—from water constraints, to technological uncertainties to regulatory and market risks—that pose substantial financial risks for investors involved in such projects. Investor risks from Development of Oil Shale and Coal-to-Liquids.

2010 185

EPA issues first National Standards for mercury and air toxics pollution from power plants

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS), the first national standards for power plant emissions of mercury and toxic air pollutants (also known as hazardous air pollutants, HAPs) such as arsenic, acid gas, nickel, selenium, and cyanide. EPA also signed revisions to the new source performance standards (NSPS) for. The standards also set work practices for limited-use oil-fired EGUs in the continental US.

Siemens Energy to Supply Advanced Coal Gasification Technology to Taylorville Energy Center; 50% CO2 Capture

Green Car Congress

has been chosen to provide the coal gasification technology for the Taylorville Energy Center (TEC), a 730-megawatt (gross) advanced coal generating plant being developed near Taylorville, Ill. TEC will be one of the first commercial-scale, coal gasification plants with carbon capture and storage (CCS) capability in the US. . Siemens Energy, Inc.

2009 170

Berkeley study finds renewable portfolio standards insufficient to meet 2030 GHG emission targets; new policy required

Green Car Congress

The least expensive way for the Western US to reduce greenhouse gas emissions enough to help prevent the worst consequences of global warming is to replace coal with renewable and other sources of energy that may include nuclear power, according to a new study by University of California, Berkeley, researchers. Their analysis also found that current renewable portfolio standards (RPS) are insufficient to meet emission reduction targets by 2030 without new policy.

2012 200

Linc Energy Acquires Wyoming Coal Assets for Underground Gasification and Gas-to-Liquids

Green Car Congress

Australia-based Linc Energy Limited has signed a purchase agreement to acquire a 100% interest in 92,059 acres of coal tenement lease areas in the Powder River Basin in Wyoming USA from GasTech Inc, a company based in Casper Wyoming. Linc Energy will establish an office in Wyoming to ensure completion of an underground coal gasification (UCG) pilot program and to support its planned commercialization of UCG to Gas to Liquid (GTL) in the USA.

Trump relaxes coal emissions standards (again) over holiday week

Green Car Reports

For the second time in a month, the Trump administration has rolled back emissions restrictions on coal-fired power plants. Early in December, the EPA announced a new proposal that would undo carbon-dioxide limits on coal plants, overturning one of President Obama's signature climate change programs, the Clean Power Plan, which never went into.

2019 122

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 200

U-M study finds current CAFE standards create profit incentive for larger vehicles

Green Car Congress

The current vehicle footprint-based Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards create a financial incentive for automakers to increase vehicle size, except under certain limited conditions of consumer preference for vehicle size, according to a study by University of Michigan researchers Kate Whitefoot and Steven Skerlos. 10 11 kg with no size changes)—the equivalent to adding three to ten coal-fired power plants to the electricity grid each year.

2011 207

Obama Announces Steps to Boost Biofuels, Clean Coal; RFS2, BCAP, BIWG and Carbon Capture and Storage Task Force

Green Car Congress

First, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the Renewable Fuel Standard Program (RFS2) rule to implement the long-term renewable fuels standard of 36 billion gallons by 2022 established by Congress and also issued the targets for 2010. One of the things that we’re going to be talking about today is investing in the kind of technology that will allow us to use coal, our most bountiful natural resource here in the United States, without polluting our planet.

2010 191

Tsinghua/Argonne Study Finds That Mass Use of EVs in China Could Result in Higher CO2 and Criteria Pollutant Emissions Than Conventional and Hybrid Gasoline Vehicles Due to Coal-Fired Generation of Electricity

Green Car Congress

A new study by researchers from Tsinghua University (China) and Argonne National Laboratory (US) concludes that the mass use of electric vehicles in China could result in multiple environmental issues, including higher emissions of CO 2 and criteria pollutants than from conventional and hybrid gasoline vehicles, because electricity is generated primarily from coal in China. Coal-based power dominates in the Northeast and North generation mixes, with a proportion as high as 95-98%.

2010 240

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

Green Car Congress

Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. New energy efficiency standards.

2013 212

NASA and Partners Testing Coal and Gas F-T Synthetic Jet Fuels at 100% and 50% Blend

Green Car Congress

The National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) and 11 other research groups, including researchers from the US Department of Defense (DoD), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), are testing two synthetic jet fuels derived from gasified coal and natural gas using the Fischer-Tropsch process (Jet CTL and GTL). It is thought that synthetic fuels create fewer particles and other harmful emissions than standard jet fuel.

2009 161

Kawasaki Heavy to build first ocean-going liquid hydrogen tanker with demo in 2017; H2 for transport, industry, power in Japan

Green Car Congress

KHI is envisioning gasifying Australian brown coal (with carbon capture and sequestration) to produce the hydrogen, followed by liquefaction and shipment via the LH 2 tankers. The Nikkei report notes that the Japanese government plans to support hydrogen procurement by drawing up safety standards in the near future. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Coal Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Infrastructure Ports and Marine Power Generation KHI’s view of a “CO 2 -free hydrogen chain”.

2013 282

UCS analysis finds Hyundai-Kia with best sales-weighted new vehicle environmental performance in US in 2013

Green Car Congress

Due to strong federal and state emissions standards, the average new car has gotten 43% cleaner since 1998. Stronger tailpipe emissions standards have led to an 87% reduction in smog-forming tailpipe emissions from the average car or truck since 2000, while global warming emissions from the average vehicle have decreased by nearly 20% percent since 1998. Climate Change Coal Emissions Fuel Efficiency Click to enlarge.

2014 246