Proposed process for low-emissions coal-to-liquids

Green Car Congress

The EMS (Earth and Mineral Science) Energy Institute at Penn State has developed a conceptual novel process configuration for producing clean middle-distillate fuels from coal with some algal input with minimal emissions. The Institute was involved for about 20 years in a project intended to develop a coal-derived jet fuel; a number of papers and reports have already been published on that work. Principal inputs are coal, water, non-carbon electricity, and make-up solvent.

2015 184

First crude oil unit train departs Meritage Midstream’s Black Thunder Terminal at Arch coal mine

Green Car Congress

Meritage Midstream Services II, LLC announced that the first crude oil unit train loaded at its Black Thunder Terminal departed the Wyoming terminal on Friday. The 99-car train is carrying 70,000 barrels of crude oil to a refinery on the East Coast for the terminal’s anchor shipper, Black Thunder Marketing, LLC. All of the train’s tank cars are new and meet the safety standards adopted earlier this year by the American Association of Railroads.

2014 191

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80x30: U.S. Clean Energy Standard Accelerates Transition to Renewables

Cars That Think

Outlined in Democrats' proposed budget is a national "clean energy standard." This clean energy standard, or CES, would set up a tangible program that pushes utilities to shift towards net zero emissions. Clean energy standard Renewable portfolio standards Energy policy Renewables

Report finds Coal-to-Liquids and Oil Shale pose significant financial and environmental risks to investors

Green Car Congress

Ceres recently released a new report concluding that coal-to-liquid (CTL) and oil shale technologies face significant environmental and financial obstacles—from water constraints, to technological uncertainties to regulatory and market risks—that pose substantial financial risks for investors involved in such projects. More than 25 companies are involved in oil shale development. Oil shale production requires 1.5

2010 185

EPA proposes CO2 emission standards for new fossil fuel-fired power plants

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed Clean Air Act standards to reduce CO 2 emissions from fossil-fuel fired power plants (electric utility generating units, EGUs). In addition, EPA said it is working with state, tribal, and local governments, industry and labor leaders, non-profits, and others to establish CO 2 standards for existing power plants. The proposed rulemaking establishes separate standards for natural gas and coal plants.

2013 203

Accelergy Begins Production of Synthetic Jet Fuel from Coal and Biomass; USAF to Evaluate for 100% Synthetic Fuel Use

Green Car Congress

Accelergy Corporation has begun production of a synthetic fuel from coal and biomass, to be evaluated by the United States Air Force (USAF) as the industry benchmark for 100% synthetic jet fuel. Tim Vail, CEO of Accelergy In 2009, Accelergy entered a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with the USAF for testing fully synthetic fuels that meet or exceed USAF JP-8 military jet fuel standards. Camelina oil.

2010 191

Pew survey finds a 10 percentage point shift over past year in public opinion toward expanded production of fossil fuels; 78% favor fuel efficiency standards

Green Car Congress

As fuel prices rise, a new Pew Research Center survey has found that 52% of Americans now say the more important priority for addressing the nation’s energy supply is to develop alternative sources, such as wind, solar and hydrogen technology, while 39% see expanding the exploration and production of oil, coal and natural gas as the greater priority. Fully 89% of Republicans favor allowing more offshore oil and gas drilling while only half of Democrats agree.

2012 241

US Fuels acquires coal-to-diesel IP for scalable plants near mine sites

Green Car Congress

Startup US Fuel Corporation (USF), which plans to design, build, own and operate scalable facilities near coal mine sites to convert coal into synthetic fuels, will acquire coal-to-diesel intellectual property (IP) that USF co-developed with an executive team consisting of Paul Adams and Steve Luck. The plant will be designed to process 148 tons of coal per day to produce approximately 8,500 gallons of high grade, low-sulfur diesel.

2012 196

Canada targets cutting GHGs 30% below 2005 levels by 2030; new regulations for oil and gas, power, petrochemicals

Green Car Congress

The new regulations include: Regulations aligned with recently proposed actions in the United States to reduce GHG methane from the oil-and-gas sector. Regulations for natural gas-fired electricity, which would build on Canada’s existing coal-fired electricity regulations. Canada Climate Change Emissions Natural Gas Oil Policy Power Generation Regulations

2015 199

Stanford, UC Santa Cruz study explores ramifications of demand-driven peak to conventional oil

Green Car Congress

In contrast to arguments that peak conventional oil production is imminent due to physical resource scarcity, a team from Stanford University and UC Santa Cruz has examined the alternative possibility of reduced oil use due to improved efficiency and oil substitution. Their results showed great increases in passenger and freight transport activity, but less reliance on oil. Third, price-competitive alternatives to conventional oil continue to expand.In

2013 184

DOE to award $9M to promote consensus on future fossil energy technologies

Green Car Congress

The Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) anticipates two awards being made: the first for $7 million in the area of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and fossil-fuel-based Clean Energy Systems (CES); the second for $2 million in the area of international oil and natural gas. turbines, fuel cells, hybrids, novel power generation cycles); coal conversion (e.g., International Oil and Natural Gas. The program also oversees the import and export of oil and natural gas.

2014 204

Wison Engineering signs new engineering contract for Erdos Jinchengtai coal-to-methanol project; commercializing methanol-to-olefins

Green Car Congress

an indirect non-wholly owned subsidiary of the Group, has been awarded a contract for the engineering of Erdos Jinchengtai coal-to-methanol Project (Phase II) for Erdos Jinchengtai Chemical Co., for the second time at the Jinchengtai coal-methanol project, marking a milestone for Erdos Jinchengtai Chemical Co., to achieve its strategic transformation into a coal-to-chemical business. Wison Engineering Services Co.

2013 170

Understanding the variability of GHG life cycle studies of oil sands production

Green Car Congress

In a paper published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology , Stanford University assistant professor Adam Brandt reviews a number of recent life cycle assessment (LCA) studies calculating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from oil sands extraction, upgrading, and refining pathways—the results of which vary considerably. He found that the variation in oil sands GHG estimates is due to a variety of causes. Lifecycle analysis Oil sands

BNEF: Oil price plunge to have only moderate impact on low-carbon electricity development, but likely to slow EV growth

Green Car Congress

The collapse in world oil prices in the second half of 2014 will have only a moderate impact on the fast-developing low-carbon transition in the world electricity system, according to research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance. For example, if lower oil prices last, they are likely to slow the growth of the electric vehicle market, to some extent. The majority of this has gone into renewable electricity generating capacity, which does not compete directly with oil.

2014 225

ASTM aviation fuel standard now specifies bio-derived components

Green Car Congress

The revised standard was approved 1 July 2011. These renewable fuel components, called hydroprocessed esters and fatty acids (HEFA), are identical to hydrocarbons found in jet fuel, but come from vegetable oil-containing feedstocks such as algae, camelina or jatropha, or from animal fats called tallow. The standard already has criteria for fuel produced from coal, natural gas or biomass using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.

2011 192

IEA World Energy Outlook view on the transport sector to 2035; passenger car fleet doubling to almost 1.7B units, driving oil demand up to 99 mb/d; reconfirming the end of cheap oil

Green Car Congress

Change in primary oil demand by sector and region in the central New Policies Scenario, 2010-2035. Under the WEO 2011 central scenario, oil demand rises from 87 million barrels per day (mb/d) in 2010 to 99 mb/d in 2035, with all the net growth coming from the transport sector in emerging economies. Alternative technologies, such as hybrid and electric vehicles that use oil more efficiently or not at all, continue to advance but they take time to penetrate markets.

2011 213

EPA issues first National Standards for mercury and air toxics pollution from power plants

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS), the first national standards for power plant emissions of mercury and toxic air pollutants (also known as hazardous air pollutants, HAPs) such as arsenic, acid gas, nickel, selenium, and cyanide. EPA also signed revisions to the new source performance standards (NSPS) for. EGUs may also show compliance with the HCl and HF limits by limiting the moisture content of their oil.

EIA 2035 reference case projects drop in US imports of petroleum due to modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic oil production, and biofuels

Green Car Congress

Among the key findings in this early release of the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (AEO2012) is that US dependence on imported petroleum liquids declines primarily as a result of growth in domestic oil production of more than 1 million barrels per day by 2020; an increase in biofuel use of more than 1 million barrels per day crude oil equivalent by 2024; and modest growth in transportation sector demand through 2035. Over the next 10 years, continued development of tight oil (e.g.,

2012 185

EIA: light duty vehicle energy consumption to drop 25% by 2040; increased oil production, vehicle efficiency reduce US oil and liquid imports

Green Car Congress

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission standards and CAFE standards increase new LDV fuel economy through model year 2025 and beyond, with more fuel-efficient new vehicles gradually replacing older vehicles on the road and raising the fuel efficiency of the LDV stock by an average of 2.0% annual increase in fuel economy from 2012 to 2040 as a result of GHG emission and fuel efficiency standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles and engines.

2013 241

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 200

President’s Jobs Council recommends an “All-in” energy strategy; from fossil fuels and pipelines, to efficiency, renewables and vehicle electrification

Green Car Congress

An all-in approach is imperative if we hope to reduce our reliance on foreign oil and create a more diverse electricity generation portfolio. The council recommended: Allowing more access to oil, natural gas and coal opportunities on federal lands. It also noted that the Federal government can incentivize states to adopt increasingly strict efficiency standards for new residential and commercial buildings.

2012 204

How Much Oil Have We Used?

Green Car Congress

Estimates of how much crude oil humans have extracted from the planet vary wildly (as do estimates on how much remains). UK researchers have published a new estimate of total crude oil extracted in the International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology that suggests we may have used more than we think. Jones says that we have used at least 135 billion barrels of oil since 1870, the period during which J.D. cubic metres) and a crude oil density of 0.9

2009 150

IEA: improving efficiency of road-freight transport critical to reduce oil-demand growth; three areas of focus

Green Car Congress

Improving the efficiency of road-freight transport is critical to reducing the growth in oil demand, carbon emissions and air pollution over the next decades, according to the International Energy Agency’s latest report, The Future of Trucks: Implications for energy and the environment. Only four countries have energy-efficiency standards for heavy trucks, compared with some 40 countries with passenger-vehicle standards.

2017 150

Obama Announces Steps to Boost Biofuels, Clean Coal; RFS2, BCAP, BIWG and Carbon Capture and Storage Task Force

Green Car Congress

First, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the Renewable Fuel Standard Program (RFS2) rule to implement the long-term renewable fuels standard of 36 billion gallons by 2022 established by Congress and also issued the targets for 2010. One of the things that we’re going to be talking about today is investing in the kind of technology that will allow us to use coal, our most bountiful natural resource here in the United States, without polluting our planet.

2010 191

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

Green Car Congress

Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. New energy efficiency standards.

2013 212

BP Energy Outlook: 30% growth in global demand to 2035; fuel demand continues to rise, even with EVs & fuel efficiency

Green Car Congress

While non-fossil fuels are expected to account for half of the growth in energy supplies over the next 20 years, the Outlook projects that oil and gas, together with coal, will remain the main source of energy powering the world economy, accounting for more than 75% of total energy supply in 2035, compared with 86% in 2015. Oil demand grows at an average rate of 0.7% Natural gas grows more quickly than either oil or coal over the Outlook, with demand growing an average 1.6%

2017 190

Japan Researchers Use Liquefied DME to Extract Oil from Algae at Room Temperature at High Yield

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Japan’s Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), in a project funded by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), have successfully developed a method to extract oil from algae using liquefied dimethyl ether (DME) at room temperature in high yield. Both DME synthesized gas and liquid from coal are being utilized more frequently as inexpensive fuels in the People’s Republic of China.

2010 179

Algae harvesting company OriginOil’s second CLEAN-FRAC licensing agreement targets Canadian oil sands market; urban algae demo project in Paris

Green Car Congress

the developer of a process for harvesting algae and cleaning up oil & gas water, announced that its second original equipment manufacturer’s (OEM) agreement will target oil service companies in the Canadian oil sands market. In October, OriginOil announced its first agreement to license the CLEAN-FRAC process with oil and gas water treatment firm Pearl H 2 O. LH was an early private investor in Athabasca Oil Corporation. OriginOil, Inc.,

2012 196

Obama sets goal of reducing US oil imports by 1/3 by 2025; domestic and Western Hemisphere production, natural gas, biofuels, electric vehicles, fleet purchases

Green Car Congress

Warning that “ there are no quick fixes ” and that “ we will keep on being a victim to shifts in the oil market until we get serious about a long-term policy for secure, affordable energy ”, US President Barack Obama announced a goal of cutting US oil imports by one-third by 2025 from the 2008 level of 11 million barrels of oil per day. The Administration is pushing the oil industry to produce on leases already held.

2011 224

US and China Presidents Announce US-China Electric Vehicles Initiative, Six Other Measures to Strengthen Cooperation Between the Countries on Energy Issues

Green Car Congress

In Beijing, US President Barack Obama and China President Hu Jintao announced a package of seven measures to strengthen cooperation between the United States and China on clean energy, including: a Clean Energy Research Center; Electric Vehicles Initiative; Energy Efficiency Action Plan; Renewable Energy Partnership; 21 st Century Coal; Shale Gas Initiative; and Energy Cooperation Program. Activities under the initiative will include : Joint standards development.

2009 235

MIT/RAND Study Concludes Three Types of Alternative Jet Fuel May Be Available in Commercial Quantities Over the Next Decade

Green Car Congress

A joint MIT/RAND study of the near-term commercial feasibility of alternative jet fuels has concluded that three types of alternative jet fuels may be available in commercial quantities over the next decade: Jet A derived from Canadian oil sands and Venezuelan Very Heavy Oils (VHO); Fischer-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel produced from coal, a combination of coal and biomass, or natural gas; and hydrotreated renewable jet fuel (HRJ) produced by hydroprocessing renewable oils.

2009 215

New petroleum refining lifecycle model finds the variability in GHG emissions from refining different crudes as significant as magnitude expected in upstream operations

Green Car Congress

PRELIM uses a more comprehensive range of crude oil quality and refinery configurations than used in earlier models and can quantify energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with detail and transparency the better to inform policy analysis, the duo suggests. Annual GHG emissions from a large refinery are comparable to the emissions of a typical 500 MW coal-fired power plant. A wider range of GHG emissions estimates is seen for oil sands products (2.5?26

2012 204

ExxonMobil Outlook: 35% growth in energy demand by 2040; hybrids to account for ~50% of new vehicle sales

Green Car Congress

Driven by increasing population, urbanization and rising living standards, the world will require some 35% more energy in 2040, according to ExxonMobil’s annual forecast report: Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040. China will see the largest increase—more than 4 million oil-equivalent barrels per day. Diesel will also play a more significant role in the marine sector in the latter half of the Outlook period, in response to stricter marine emissions standards.

2013 253

FT and FT blends significantly reduce gaseous and particulate emissions compared to conventional JP-8 fuel in helicopter engine

Green Car Congress

Using Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthetic fuel or blend can significantly reduce gaseous particulate matter and gaseous emissions compared to standard military jet (JP-8) fuel when used in a T63 gas-turbine helicopter engine, according to a new study by a team from the Center for Atmospheric Particle Studies, Carnegie Mellon University and their colleagues from Penn State Grater Allegheny, the University of Miami, and the US Air Force Research Laboratory.

2012 207

NRC report concludes US LDVs could cut oil consumption and GHGs by 80% by 2050; reliance on plug-ins, biofuels and hydrogen; strong policies mandatory

Green Car Congress

Projected rates of fuel consumption improvement under different scenarios relative to past experience and the 2016 and 2025 CAFE standards. Continued improvement in vehicle efficiency, beyond that required by the 2025 CAFE standards, is an important part of each successful combination. CAFE standards) or technology mandates (e.g., The use of petroleum must be greatly reduced, implying retirement of crude oil production and distribution infrastructure.

2013 210

IEA WEO-2012 finds major shift in global energy balance but not onto a more sustainable path; identifies potential for transformative shift in global energy efficiency

Green Car Congress

The WEO finds that the extraordinary growth in oil and natural gas output in the United States will mean a sea-change in global energy flows. barely rises in OECD countries, although there is a pronounced shift away from oil, coal (and, in some countries, nuclear) towards natural gas and renewables. Oil demand reaches 99.7 mb/d in 2011, and the average IEA crude oil import price rises to $125/barrel (in year-2011 dollars) in 2035 (over $215/barrel in nominal terms).

2012 196

ExxonMobil: global GDP up ~140% by 2040, but energy demand ~35% due to efficiency; LDV energy demand to rise only slightly despite doubling parc

Green Car Congress

ExxonMobil focused particularly on three groups of countries in projecting future energy trends: China and India, which are expected to account for half the growth in global energy demand because these two developing economies will lead the world in terms of population size and the pace of growth in standards of living. The Outlook for Energy identifies a significant evolution in the trade of oil and other liquids. Forecasts Fuel Efficiency Fuels Market Background Oil

2014 214

Opinion: The End Of An Era: Is The US Petrodollar Under Threat?

Green Car Congress

Recent trade deals and high-level cooperation between Russia and China have set off alarm bells in the West as policymakers and oil and gas executives watch the balance of power in global energy markets shift to the East. But in 1971, US President Richard Nixon took the country off the gold standard, which formally ended the linkage between the world’s major currencies and gold. Market Background Oil Opinion Policy by Andrew Topf of

2014 196

EIA Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projects Moderate Growth in US Energy Consumption, Greater Use of Renewables, and Reduced Oil and Natural Gas Imports

Green Car Congress

The full AEO2010 report, including projections with differing assumptions on the price of oil, the rate of economic growth, and the characteristics of new technologies, will be released in early 2010, along with regional projections. It does include the revised handling of fuel economy standards to reflect the proposal for light-duty vehicles in model years 2012-2016. As a result, reliance on imported oil declines significantly over the next 25 years.

2009 179

Car Companies Standardize Plug for Electric Vehicles : Gas 2.0

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Car Companies Standardize Plug for Electric Vehicles Written by Jerry James Stone Published on April 19th, 2009 34 Comments Posted in Electric Cars (EVs) , Plug-in hybrid EVs Just a few hours after General Motors called for a standardized EV plug , one has been created! Caroline Reichert, a spokeswoman for the Germany energy company RWE , said leading automotive and energy companies have reached an agreement for a standardized plug for electric cars.

2009 53

House Chairmen Waxman, Markey Release Draft of Energy and Climate Legislation; Among the Many Provisions Are Cap-and-Trade, Harmonization of CAFE and California Vehicle Regulations, and Low Carbon Fuel Standard

Green Car Congress

Among the direct transportation-related provisions in the extensive package are a low-carbon fuel standard for all transportation fuels; financial support for large scale demonstrations of electric vehicles; and financial support for automakers retooling plants to make electric vehicles. Any Federal vehicle standards are to achieve at least the results of the California standards. The draft establishes a Renewable Portfolio Standard—i.e., Chairman Henry A.

2009 174

The Dirty Truth of Petrol & Diesel Vehicles

Plug In India

Diesel or petrol starts as oil, on average 1,798 meters below the surface of the earth. A great deal of oil is extracted using what is called a pumpjack. The electricity usage for the 1,42,054 onshore wells that supply oil to India is over 1,415 GWh a month! Oil refining!

SRI wins $925,000 DOE award to liquefy biomass for production of transportation fuels

Green Car Congress

Southern Research Institute (SRI) entered into a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a mild liquefaction process that will economically convert biomass to petroleum refinery-ready bio-oils. The process will convert biomass to stabilized bio-oils that can be directly blended with hydrotreater and cracker input streams in a petroleum refinery for production of gasoline and diesel range hydrocarbons.

2013 204