Carbon Recycling International and Johnson Matthey collaborate on sustainable methanol

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Carbon Recycling International (CRI) and Johnson Matthey (JM) have agreed on a long-term exclusive catalyst supply agreement for the use of JM’s KATALCO methanol catalysts in CRI’s Emissions-To-Liquids (ETL) CO 2 -to-methanol plants.

IEA: global electricity demand growing faster than renewables, driving strong increase in generation from coal

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To achieve this decline, the pathway calls for coal-fired electricity generation to fall by more than 6% a year. Coal Emissions Market Background Power Generation

Coal 212
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BloombergNEF: clean energy investment in developing nations slumps as financing in China slows; coal burn surges to record high

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While the number of new clean power-generating plants completed stayed flat year-to-year, the volume of power derived from coal surged to a new high, according to Climatescope , an annual survey of 104 emerging markets conducted by research firm BloombergNEF (BNEF).

2019 227

Globally, renewables are growing – but so is demand for coal [Update]

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The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released its annual “Global Energy Review” report , and while there is some good news about the adoption of renewables, there is also some rather alarming news about an anticipated emissions surge in 2021.

Coal 112

DOE awarding about $16M to four projects for advanced gasification systems; focus on coal

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Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials such as coal into syngas for use as power, chemicals, hydrogen, and transportation fuels. Advanced Gasifier and Water-Gas Shift Technologies for Low-Cost Coal Conversion to High-Hydrogen Syngas. Working in collaboration with Coanda Research & Development, the Gas Technology Institute, RTI International, and Nexant Inc.,

2014 195

EIA: India’s steel industry dominated by electric-based processes; intensive coal use for DRI

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Two unique features of the steel industry in India are the large-scale use of electric induction furnaces for electric-based steelmaking rather than electric arc furnaces and the reliance on coal, rather than natural gas, to produce DRI. The reducing agents are carbon monoxide and hydrogen, coming from reformed natural gas, syngas or coal. coal-based rotary kiln furnaces (mainly in India), accounting for 17.5% Coal India Manufacturing Materials

2017 150

Carbon Energy to license underground coal gasification technology to Shanxi Coal

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international technology license agreement with Chinese coal giant Shanxi Coal. Transportation and Sales Group (Shanxi Coal), to be its exclusive underground coal gasification (UCG) technology partner for the Shanxi Province. Shanxi Coal is China’s second largest coal company with coal rights across the Shanxi Province, China’s major coal producing area. Shanxi Coal aims to develop UCG projects across the Shanxi region.

2012 200

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. Based on data from bench-scale tests, SRI engineers estimate that the capital cost for a full-scale plant using SRI’s process would be less than half that of a conventional coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL

2011 221

Shell, Shenhua to Partner on RD in Advanced Coal Technology; Shell Qualifies 3 Chinese Companies to Manufacture Gasification Technology

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Shell Coal Gasification Process. Shell (China) Limited and Shenhua Coal to Liquid and Chemical Co. Shenhua) have agreed to seek opportunities for conducting joint research and development in advanced coal technology. Additionally, Shell Global Solutions International B.V. Under a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between Shell and Shenhua, the two parties will explore opportunities to jointly develop more advanced coal gasification technology.

2009 183

SwRI launches International Alternative Fuel Technology Center

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SwRI’s new International Alternative Fuel Technology Center ( IAFTC ) is intended to maximize the Institute’s decades-long expertise in fuels and fluids. With more than 60 years of experience in fuel and engine research and development, SwRI believes it is uniquely positioned as an international expert in the research, development and evaluation of alternative and renewable fuels such as those from shale, tar sands, coal, cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel and synthetic paraffins.

Headwaters Inc and Axens Form Direct Coal Liquefaction Alliance

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Headwaters direct coal liquefaction process. Headwaters Inc and Axens are forming a strategic alliance to provide a single-source solution for producing synthetic fuels by direct coal liquefaction (DCL) alone or in combination with refinery residues or biomass. The two companies will combine their technologies and licensing activities for Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) projects world-wide. Axens will contribute its ebullated-bed H-Coal Process and proprietary catalyst.

Coal 163

Researchers in China investigate use of coal as source of lithium

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Coal could become a major source of the metal lithium, according to a review of the geochemistry by scientists from Hebei University of Engineering in China published in the International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology. Shenjun Qin of Hebei University of Engineering, in Handan, China, and colleagues point out that coal is a highly polluting energy source that is still widely used for electricity generation and other applications.

2015 183

BP Statistical Review finds global oil share down for 12th year in a row, coal share up to highest level since 1969; renewables at 2%

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Coal’s market share of 30.3% Oil demand grew by less than 1%—the slowest rate amongst fossil fuels—while gas grew by 2.2%, and coal was the only fossil fuel with above average annual consumption growth at 5.4% Gas prices increased broadly in line with oil prices except in North America where prices reached record discounts both to crude oil and to international gas markets. OECD coal consumption declined by 1.1%, although the EU used 3.6%

2012 224

Syngas Engages Rentech and GE for Clinton Coal and Biomass to Liquids Project in Australia

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Australia’s Syngas Limited has engaged Rentech to provide Fischer-Tropsch fuels production preliminary engineering services for Syngas’ proposed commercial scale coal and biomass to liquids (CBTL) fuels facility in Southern Australia, known as the Clinton Project. The Clinton Project is a large-scale coal-to-liquid (CTL) project with non-food carbon neutral biomass providing supplementary feed (CBTL) as part of the Company’s carbon management plan. Overview of CBTL process.

2009 195

Battelle team developing new hybrid direct coal-to-liquids process to produce jet fuel; lower costs and GHGs

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In a cost-shared program supported by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) of the Ohio Development Services Agency (ODSA), a team at Battelle is demonstrating a new, hybrid, direct coal-to-liquids process for producing jet fuel using biomass-derived coal solvents. The conversion of coal to syncrude is carried out at a relatively low pressure without requiring gaseous hydrogen or a catalyst.

2016 150

MIT study concludes that absent climate policy, coal-to-liquids could account for around a third of global liquid fuels by 2050

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A new assessment of the viability of coal-to-liquids (CTL) technology by researchers from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change (JPSPGC) found that without climate policy, CTL has the potential to account for around a third of global liquid fuels by 2050. Converting coal into liquid fuels is known to be more costly than current energy technologies, both in terms of production costs and the amount of greenhouse gases the process emits. Coal-to-Liquids (CT

2011 214

Stealth Ventures Ltd. and Clean Coal Ltd. Partner on Underground Coal Gasification Project in Nova Scotia

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has entered into an agreement with Clean Coal Ltd., an internationally based company whose technical team is based in the United Kingdom, for the development of an Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) project in Nova Scotia. Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) converts deep seam coals into a combustible syngas used for power generation or as a feedstock for the manufacture of hydrogen, chemicals, or transportation fuels. Clean Coal Ltd. Clean Coal Ltd.

2009 163

Worldwatch: Fossil fuel subsidies continue to outweigh those for renewable energy; international pledges on reform unfulfilled

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Although independent reporting on these subsidies has increased, global efforts to move forward with subsidy reform have been hindered by a variety of causes, leaving international pledges unfulfilled. of the GDP for 2011–12, according to the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Global Subsidies Initiative ( GSI ). million barrels per day, natural gas demand would be cut by 330 billion cubic meters, and coal demand would drop by 230 million tons of coal.

2012 258

Accelergy and A2BE Carbon Capture Form Alliance to Commercialize Integrated-Carbon-to-Liquids (ICTL) Fuel Technologies; Coal and Algae to Fuels

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Accelergy’s Integrated Coal to Liquids platform is the basis for the Integrated Carbon to Liquids initiative. Accelergy Corporation, an advanced coal-to-liquids company, and A2BE Carbon Capture LLC, an algae photobioreactor company, have formed the Carbon Cycle Technology Alliance to commercialize a platform for Integrated Carbon to Liquids (ICTL) fuel production technologies that incorporates recycling of process CO 2 using algal biomass to produce additional fuel production feedstock.

2009 163

DOE to award up to $14M to 6 new projects to advance IGCC with carbon capture technology for coal-fired plants

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The selected projects are intended to improve the economics of IGCC plants and promote the use of the US’abundant coal resources. For example, a 60%-efficient gasification power plant can cut the formation of carbon dioxide by 40% compared to a typical coal combustion plant, the DOE said. The projects support the Department’s goal of using gasification to provide power from coal with 90% carbon capture, utilization, and storage at minimal increase in the cost of electricity.

2011 174

DOE Awarding More Than $3.3M to 7 Universities To Conduct Advanced Turbine Technology Studies for Advanced Coal-Based Power Generation

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The universities—located in Georgia, Texas, North Dakota, Louisiana, California, and New York—will investigate the technology needed for the efficient operation of turbines using coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas) and high hydrogen content (HHC) fuels. This project will investigate degradation mechanisms of hot-turbine hot section component protective oxides and high-temperature TBCs unique to coal-derived syngas and HHC fuel.

2010 190

Hyperbaric Centrifuge Technology Successfully Dewaters Coal Fines

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A dewatering technology developed at Virginia Tech has succeeded in reducing the moisture content of ultrafine coal to less than 20%, transforming it to a salable product. Camicia Professor of Mining and Mineral Engineering in Virginia Tech’s College of Engineering, and his colleagues developed a hyperbaric centrifuge that can efficiently dewater coal as fine as talcum powder. During recent prototype tests at Arch Coal Company’s Cardinal plant in Logan County, W.Va.,

2009 150

Sasol willing to acquire minority stake in CTL JV with Coal India Ltd and NMDC

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Sasol Ltd has expressed its willingness to acquire a minority stake in a coal-to-liquids joint venture with Coal India Ltd (CIL) and NMDC Ltd, a little more than one year after it formed a 50:50 venture with Tata Steel Ltd for a similar project. Sasol is pursuing global opportunities to commercialize its coal-to-liquids technology through its arm, Sasol Synfuels International (Pty) Ltd. Livemint.

2011 174

DOE Selects Seven Projects for University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy has selected 7 projects to participate in the University Coal Research (UCR) program. The projects aim to improve the basic understanding of the chemical and physical processes that govern coal conversion and utilization, by-product utilization, and technological development for advanced energy systems.

2010 190

DOE, RTI to Design and Build Coal Syngas Cleanup System for IGCC Power Plants to Reduce Cost of Removing Contaminants, Capturing CO2; Potential for Synthetic Chemicals and Fuels

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Extending a relationship of more than a decade, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Research Triangle Institute (RTI) International will collaborate on a project designed to advance the development of coal power plants with near-zero emissions by reducing the cost and improving the efficiency of capturing CO 2 and removing contaminants from syngas derived from coal. Tags: Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gasification Power Generation

2009 150

Siemens providing compressor trains for three LNG plants for liquefying synthetic natural gas produced from coal

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Siemens Energy will provide compressor trains for three LNG (liquefied natural gas) plants in China for liquefying synthetic natural gas produced from coal. This enables Siemens to provide nearly the complete value-added for small LNG compressors based on international standards from China. The customer is the Hangzhou Zhongtai Cryogenic Technology Corporation. This marks the fifth follow-up order for Siemens from this company.

2013 188

Sustainable Rail International, U of Minnesota partner to develop most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive, using new steam engine and biocoal

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The Coalition for Sustainable Rail (CSR)—a collaboration of the University of Minnesota’s Institute on the Environment (IonE) and the nonprofit Sustainable Rail International (SRI)— plans to develop what it calls the most powerful carbon-neutral locomotive to date, proving the viability of solid biofuel and modern steam locomotive technology.

DKRW Advanced Fuels secures EPC contract with Sinopec Engineering for Medicine Bow coal-to-liquids project in Wyoming

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Using bituminous coal from southern Wyoming, the Medicine Bow facility will produce 11,600 barrels per day of very low sulfur gasoline using GE gasification technology and methanol?to?gasoline SEG was selected to build the Medicine Bow facility after an international competitive tender based on its extensive experience in coal gasification and liquefaction technology. ton Carbon Basin coal reserve owned by Arch Coal, which is also an equity investor in the project.

Sasol and Origin Energy form JV for coal bed methane exploration in Botswana

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Sasol recently signed a joint venture agreement with Australia-based Origin Energy Limited for the purposes of exploring for coal bed methane (CBM) in Botswana. The joint venture, through Sasol Petroleum International Pty Limited (SPI), the wholly owned upstream oil and gas subsidiary of Sasol Limited, will be known as Kubu Energy Resources (Pty) Ltd (the Kubu Joint Venture).

New Zealand LM Energy Applies for Underground Coal Gasification Prospecting Permit

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As part of its long term strategy to secure substantial energy resources in New Zealand L&M Energy Limited (LME) has lodged an application for an underground coal gasification (UCG) prospecting permit over a 2.112 sq km area containing in excess of 2 billion tonnes of Waikato coal measures. The application area is located north and south of the Huntly coal mines, which produce coal for supply to power generation and New Zealand Steel.

Altona Energy enters into coal and biomass gasification cooperation agreement with Rentech

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In addition, Rentech has a strategic partnership agreement with UOP, LLC, a division of Honeywell International, which provides for UOP to offer access for the use of UOP’s technologies for syngas conditioning and for upgrading FT intermediate hydrocarbon products into commercial grade products such as transportation fuels and chemical grade naphtha. billion tonne Arckaringa coal resource (of which 1.287 billion tonnes is JORC compliant).

2011 174

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

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Unintentional emission sectors: Coal burning, ferrous- and non-ferrous (Au, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) metal production, cement production. The fifth and final session of negotiations on the establishment of an international mercury convention—International Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC5)—is taking place this coming week in Geneva. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and coal burning are the major sources of anthropogenic mercury emissions to air.

2013 224

Wison signs long-term cooperation agreement with Foster Wheeler and Clariant on SNG pilot plant in China; coal or coke to methane

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China’s largest private chemical engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contractor, has signed a cooperation agreement with a subsidiary in Foster Wheeler’s Global Engineering and Construction Group and Clariant International AG to build a pilot plant to demonstrate Foster Wheeler’s VESTA substitute natural gas (SNG) technology. It has been active in growing its presence in the coal-to-chemicals business segment over the years. Wison Engineering Ltd.,

2013 174

ConocoPhillips announces sanction of $6B second train for Australia Pacific coal seam gas to LNG project; Sinopec interest to increase

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million tonnes per annum (MTPA) production train for its Australia Pacific LNG coal seam gas (CSG) to liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Queensland, Australia. The majority of the scope will be executed under pre-agreed options to extend existing contracts related to the first LNG train, including the Bechtel International, Inc. ConocoPhillips announced the sanction of development of a second 4.5

2012 200

Linc Energy Acquires Wyoming Coal Assets for Underground Gasification and Gas-to-Liquids

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Australia-based Linc Energy Limited has signed a purchase agreement to acquire a 100% interest in 92,059 acres of coal tenement lease areas in the Powder River Basin in Wyoming USA from GasTech Inc, a company based in Casper Wyoming. Linc Energy will establish an office in Wyoming to ensure completion of an underground coal gasification (UCG) pilot program and to support its planned commercialization of UCG to Gas to Liquid (GTL) in the USA.

China Datang Begins Construction on Chinas First Large Coal to Synthetic Natural Gas Project

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China Datang Corporation began construction of China’s first major coal to synthetic natural gas project. Located in Chifeng city of the coal-rich Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, the project is designed to transmit four billion cubic meters of natural gas to the Chinese capital annually through a 381-kilometer-pipeline when the project is completed in 2012, according to the China Datang Corporation, the builder of the project. Xinhua.

2009 174

PNNL, NETL and Chinese Academy Begin Cooperative Work on Coal Conversion, Emissions Capture and Carbon Storage

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Researchers from the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have formed the Clean Energy Partnership to accelerate the development and deployment of coal conversion, emissions capture and carbon storage technologies.

2010 163

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 204

Accelergy Licenses EERC Technology for Coal Biomass to Synthetic Jet Fuels Process

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Accelergy Corporation, an advanced coal-to-liquids company, has formed a strategic partnership with the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota. Under the terms of a new agreement, Accelergy will license EERC’s proprietary technology as part of its Coal Biomass to Liquids (CBTL) process to accelerate the development of specialty liquid jet fuels used by the military from non-petroleum sources.

2009 174

Sparton and NuCoal to Evaluate NuCoals Saskatchewan Coal Holdings and CTL Residue for Germanium and Uranium Commercialization Potential

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and NuCoal Energy Corporation recently executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) wherein Sparton and NuCoal will jointly evaluate the potential of NuCoal’s lignitic coal holdings in Saskatchewan to host commercial germanium and uranium mineralization. In addition the program will also test the feasibility of recovering valuable metals from residue material produced by the coal-to-liquids (CTL) program being developed by NuCoal in this area. Sparton Resources Inc.

2009 183

Study finds that dry-feed gasification for coal-to-liquids is more efficient, lower-emitting and cheaper than slurry-feed; CCS cost-effective for reduction of CO2

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Comparison of coal consumption and CO 2 emissions for co-production and separate production of liquids and power. Conventional CTL plant gasifies coal to produce a syngas which is then converted in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to products. The Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) conference series was formed in 1997 following the merger of the earlier series of International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Removal (ICCDR) and the Greenhouse Gas Mitigation options conference.

2010 204

Fuel provisions in the Tax Relief bill

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Refined Coal. The bill extends through 2011 the placed-in-service deadline for qualifying refined coal facilities. Biodiesel Biomass Biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Ethanol Fuels PolicyUS President Barack Obama on Friday signed H.R. 4853 , the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (“Middle Class Tax Relief Act of 2010”).

2010 204

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C Seven measures target CH 4 emissions, covering coal mining, oil and gas production, long-distance gas transmission, municipal waste and landfills, wastewater, livestock manure, and rice paddies.

2012 221