Rhodium Group estimates US GHG fell 2.1% in 2019, driven by coal decline

Green Car Congress

This decline was due almost entirely to a drop in coal consumption. Coal-fired power generation fell by a record 18% year-on-year to its lowest level since 1975. Emissions from buildings, industry and other parts of the economy rose, though less than in 2018. Coal-driven decline.

2020 311

Coal to ethanol project gets green light

Green Cars News

The coal to ethanol process has been boosted after New Zealand based LanzaTech reached a memorandum of understanding with one of the largest coal producers in China to build a demonstration plant to produce ethanol and chemicals. LanzaTech is a developer of gas fermentation technology for producing ethanol and high value chemicals from industrial waste [.].

Coal 40
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Wison-Shell hybrid coal gasification technology successfully enters demonstration phase

Green Car Congress

announced that the Shell-Wison Hybrid Gasification Demonstration Plant has successfully started up in Nanjing, marking the commencement of the demonstration and application phase of the new Shell-Wison hybrid coal gasification technology. The “hybrid” technology, also called “dry-feed, bottom-water quench,” integrates various aspects of Shell’s novel coal gasification design with advanced bottom-water quench technology. China-based Wison Engineering Services Co.

2013 185

Global geothermal industry passes 12,000 MW operational

Green Car Congress

The global geothermal industry surpassed 12,000 MW of geothermal power operational, with about 600 MW of new geothermal power coming online globally, according to a year-end update by the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA). The international geothermal power industry is poised to place between 500 and 1,000 MW on line per year for the rest of the decade, said GEA. In Nevada, NV Energy is looking to replace coal plants with 300 MW of renewable energy, including geothermal.

2013 256

DOE selects 8 new advanced coal projects for funding by University Coal Research Program

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected eight new projects to further advanced coal research under the University Coal Research Program. The selected projects are intended to improve coal conversion and use and will help propel technologies for future advanced coal power systems. The selections mark the 32 nd round of the Department’s longest-running coal research program.

2011 185

West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd: Coal Must Embrace The Future

Green Car Congress

Writing in last Thursday’s West Virginia Metro News that “ the time has come to have an open and honest dialogue about coal’s future in West Virginia ”, US Senator Robert Byrd (D-West Virginia) issued a stinging rebuke of the coal industry’s recent political tactics, challenging the industry to transition away from mountaintop mining, currently practiced in three US states, and towards low-carbon coal production processes.

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

Green Car Congress

The increase from 2012 to 2013 was due to an increase in the carbon intensity of fuels consumed to generate electricity due to an increase in coal consumption, with decreased natural gas consumption, according to the report. Industry and manufacturing were the third largest source, at 21%. CO 2 emissions from passenger cars and light-duty trucks peaked at 1,181.2 US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge.

2015 196

National Research Council Report on Americas Energy Future Highlights Vehicle Efficiency Technologies, Conversion of Biomass and Coal-to-Liquids Fuels, and Electrifying the Light Duty Fleet with PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs

Green Car Congress

Estimates of potential for gasoline consumption reduction in the US light duty fleet in 2020 and 2035 relative to 2007. For the transportation sector, these key technologies include a focus on improving vehicle efficiency; developing technologies for the conversion of biomass and coal-to-liquid fuels; and electrifying the light-duty vehicle fleet through expanded deployment of plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (FCVs).

2009 150

ExxonMobil predicts peak in light-duty vehicle liquid fuels ~2030, but ongoing role for oil in the mix

Green Car Congress

At the same time, total miles traveled per year by cars, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and light trucks will increase about 60%, reaching about 14 trillion in 2040. As personal mobility increases, average new-car fuel economy (including SUVs and light trucks) will improve as well, rising from about 30 miles per gallon (7.83 increasing hybrids and electric vehicles) play a much smaller role in limiting energy demand for light-duty vehicles. C above pre-industrial levels.

2018 163

Naval Research Lab applying pulsed electron beam technology to reduce NOx from coal power plants; fusion research spin-off

Green Car Congress

The US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is partnering with a power company to apply its pulsed electron beam technology to reduce NO x emissions from coal-fired power plants. Today, industry uses Selective Catalytic Reduction to reduce NO x , but the scrubbers are expensive to build and to operate. If the electrons are fired into a KrF gas (instead of into a flue gas, as with the NO x application), they excite the molecules in the gas and produce KrF laser light.

2014 210

Coal Into Cars: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly

Plugs and Cars

The Ugly Coal sucks, there's really no two ways about it. But not all use of coal is alike. The Good About half our electricity comes from coal, and that will change, at best, slowly as we move to renewables. But we need to keep in mind that when we're talking about cars, even coal-generated electricity results in lower greenhouse gas emissions compared with petroleum. That includes the worst, most coal dependent areas.

2007 100

Honeywell UOP’s Methanol To Olefins technology selected for China coal chemical complex

Green Car Congress

has selected Honeywell’s UOP technology to convert methanol into building blocks for chemical products at an existing coal chemical complex in China. The project will be the first commercial-scale installation of Honeywell UOP’s advanced MTO methanol-to-olefins solution, which allows petrochemical producers to use methanol from natural gas or coal, instead of petroleum, to produce high yields of high-value plastics and petrochemicals.

2011 179

EIA: light duty vehicle energy consumption to drop 25% by 2040; increased oil production, vehicle efficiency reduce US oil and liquid imports

Green Car Congress

Energy consumption by light-duty vehicles in the United States, AEO2013 and AEO2014, 1995-2040 (quadrillion Btu). Reflecting slow growth in travel and accelerated vehicle efficiency improvements, US light-duty vehicle (LDV, cars and light trucks) energy use will decline sharply between 2012 and 2040, according to the US Energy Information Administration’s (EIA’s) Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case released today.

2013 241

WVU opens new research facility to extract valuable rare earth elements from acid mine drainage

Green Car Congress

West Virginia University (WVU) researchers are opening a new facility to capture rare earth elements (REEs) from acid mine drainage (AMD) from coal mining. Additional processing and refining separates the oxides from their tight bonds and further groups them into light rare earths and heavy rare earths. He found that acid mine drainage, a byproduct of coal mining, “naturally” concentrates rare earths. Coal Electric (Battery) Materials Motors Power Electronics Sustainability

2018 163

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 200

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

Green Car Congress

Unintentional emission sectors: Coal burning, ferrous- and non-ferrous (Au, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) metal production, cement production. Intentional-use sectors: Disposal and incineration of product waste, cremation emissions, chlor-alkali industry. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and coal burning are the major sources of anthropogenic mercury emissions to air. Use of coal for power generation and industry is increasing, especially in Asia.

2013 221

UCS analysis finds Hyundai-Kia with best sales-weighted new vehicle environmental performance in US in 2013

Green Car Congress

Honda continues to lead the way in many vehicle classes, but it has started to lag the industry average in its midsize fleet—which includes its best-selling Accord, and accounts for a quarter of the company’s sales. To develop the ranking, UCS averaged the per-mile emissions for each light-duty vehicle sold by each automaker. UCS assigned the industry average a score of 100, and then give each automaker a score indexed to the industry average. Click to enlarge.

2014 246

Honda to show EV concept with AI emotion engine from joint project with Softbank

Green Car Congress

For example, Pepper is at ease when around known people, happy when praised, scared when the lights go down. In August 2016, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. Autonomous driving Coal Driver Assistance Systems Electric (Battery At CES 2017, Honda will showcase what it calls a future technology path toward a redefined mobility experience.

2016 192

MIT/RAND Study Concludes Three Types of Alternative Jet Fuel May Be Available in Commercial Quantities Over the Next Decade

Green Car Congress

A joint MIT/RAND study of the near-term commercial feasibility of alternative jet fuels has concluded that three types of alternative jet fuels may be available in commercial quantities over the next decade: Jet A derived from Canadian oil sands and Venezuelan Very Heavy Oils (VHO); Fischer-Tropsch (FT) jet fuel produced from coal, a combination of coal and biomass, or natural gas; and hydrotreated renewable jet fuel (HRJ) produced by hydroprocessing renewable oils.

2009 215

EPA GHG Inventory shows US GHG down 1.7% y-o-y in 2019, down 13% from 2005

Green Car Congress

This decrease was driven largely by a decrease in emissions from fossil fuel combustion resulting from a decrease in total energy use in 2019 compared to 2018 and a continued shift from coal to natural gas and renewables in the electric power sector.

2005 339

EIA projects US energy-related CO2 emissions to remain near current level through 2050; increased natural gas consumption

Green Car Congress

The AEO2019 Reference case, which reflects no changes to current laws and regulations and extends current trends in technology, projects that US energy-related CO 2 emissions will be 5,019 million metric tons in 2050—4% below their 2018 value—as emissions associated with coal and petroleum consumption fall and emissions from natural gas consumption rise. Natural gas surpassed coal to become the most prevalent fuel used to generate electricity in the United States in 2016.

2019 194

BMW Group plans to source steel produced with green power and hydrogen from H2GS in Sweden

Green Car Congress

From 2025 on, the company plans to source steel produced with up to 95% less CO 2 emissions and without requiring fossil resources such as coal. The region is best known for its reindeer and spectacular northern lights, but also provides access to high-quality iron ore, plentiful energy from renewable sources such as hydroelectric and wind power, a major seaport and generations of steel production know-how.

Sweden 273

Why We’re Taking It To The Streets on Friday, December 11 – Shining Our Light On Copenhagen

Creative Greenius

The people who argue against us making these emission cuts – the oil, gas and coal industries – are the people whose products are the mortal enemy of our climate. Tags: Environmental Politics Killer Coal Sustainability Yes We Can! The Copenhagen Climate Treaty talks start next week on Monday, the 7th of December, a day that already lives in infamy but now awaits a new nom de plume.

2009 197

Hydrogen embrittlement in ferritic steels creates complications for clean energy storage, transportation

Green Car Congress

As the global energy market shifts from coal, petroleum fuel, and natural gas to more environmentally friendly primary energy sources, hydrogen is becoming a crucial pillar in the clean energy movement.

2020 336

Transform Materials plasma process converts abundant natural gas into high-value hydrogen and acetylene

Green Car Congress

With its innovative technology, Transform Materials breaks down methane and other similar light hydrocarbon gases without oxygen, recombining the resulting fragments into two high-value end products, acetylene and hydrogen.

2020 325

The Greenius Solution To All California’s Problems: AB 920 + AB 811

Creative Greenius

The dots that other folks were failing to even see, already looked pre-connected to me - like those incredibly real artificial Christmas trees with the lights already set in place and ready to plug-in. My Greenius vision sees billions of dollars pumped into California in good paying jobs, in new clean energy power production, in new industries, and in all the tax revenue that comes with that growth. Tags: Environmental Politics Killer Coal Saving Energy Yes We Can!

2009 174

Mad Power thoughts

EV Info

Wind can indeed be light everywhere and the grid still needs vast extra investment to transfer wind power from northern Scotland to southern England. As for batteries,it would take billions of pounds to build ones that could keep the lights on for a few hours let alone a week. .

Coal 52

New method for extraction and separation of rare earth elements from low-grade sources uses a bacterial protein

Green Car Congress

Low-grade sources of rare earth elements (REE), for example from industrial waste, typically contain many rare earth elements and other metals mixed together.

Waste 209

UK power crisis – entirely the fault of regulators and ministers

EV Info

We have closed most of the coal plants and several the aging nuclear plants are moving offline as they close for repair of reach end of life. Coal 3%. Or in other words we are reliant on Putin to keep the light on and at his mercy on the cost of the gas.

Price 83

Monash team proposes roadmap to renewable ammonia economy; 3 generations of technology

Green Car Congress

Just over a century ago, the discoveries by Haber and Bosch made possible the industrial production of ammonia and ammonia-based fertilizers that today feed the world and are the source of most of our nitrogen-containing chemicals, materials, and pharmaceuticals.

2020 338

New low-temp photocatalytic nanoparticle could shrink carbon footprint for syngas; methane dry reforming

Green Car Congress

Researchers have created a plasmonic photocatalyst consisting of a Cu nanoparticle antenna with single-Ru atomic reactor sites on the nanoparticle surface that proves ideal for low-temperature, light-driven methane dry reforming—one pathway for the production of syngas.

2020 269

BNEF report finds hydrogen promising decarbonization pathway, but carbon prices and emissions policies required

Green Car Congress

Hydrogen Economy Outlook , a new and independent global study from research firm BloombergNEF (BNEF), finds that clean hydrogen could be deployed in the decades to come to cut up to 34% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and industry at a manageable cost.

2020 209

NuScale boosts SMR module output 25%

Green Car Congress

NuScale Power has developed a new modular light water reactor nuclear power plant to supply energy for electrical generation, district heating, desalination, and other process heat applications.

2020 343

EPA: US GHG fell 0.5% y-o-y in 2017; power sector down by 4.2%, transportation up 1.21%

Green Car Congress

This decrease was largely driven by a decrease in emissions from fossil fuel combustion, which was a result of multiple factors including a continued shift from coal to natural gas and increased use of renewables in the electric power sector, and milder weather that contributed to less overall electricity use. The number of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by light-duty motor vehicles (passenger cars and light-duty trucks) increased by 45.9%

2019 179

SGH2 building largest green hydrogen production facility in California; gasification of waste into H2

Green Car Congress

Unlike other renewable energy sources, hydrogen can fuel hard-to-decarbonize heavy industrial sectors like steel, heavy transport, and cement. Bloomberg New Energy Finance reports that clean hydrogen could cut up to 34% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and industry.

2020 358

Australian researchers discover photo-sensitive MOF that could be a low-energy, cost-effective carbon capture tool

Green Car Congress

Pairing the new MOF with CO 2 capture from coal-based power generation could reduce the parasitic energy load of adsorbent regeneration, leading to a cost-effective new tool to capture and store, or potentially recycle, carbon dioxide. PhD student Richelle Lyndon and lead author of the paper said the technology, known as dynamic photo-switching was accomplished using light-sensitive azobenzene molecules. The study was supported by the Science and Industry Endowment Fund.

2013 204

New 3-step process for conversion of kraft lignin from black liquor into green diesel

Green Car Congress

Pöyry Forest Industry Oy in Finland, noted that: The magnitude of the recovery process is often not fully appreciated. This makes black liquor the fifth most important fuel in the world, next to coal, oil, natural gas, and gasoline. An organocatalyzed esterification of the lignin residue with an in situ prepared tall oil fatty acid anhydride gives an esterified lignin residue that was soluble in light gas oil.

2016 224

Altex & Unitel partner to demonstrate a new technology for making synthetic gasoline from biomass

Green Car Congress

coal, biomass, or waste—is heated in the absence of molecular oxygen to produce a solid containing char and ash and volatile gases. This reactor converts a portion of the volatile gases into a mixture of light olefins, predominantly ethylene and propylene. This use of light olefins as building blocks results in good control of the product composition as with a traditional gasification/F-T process.

2016 163

Black carbon linked to increased cardiovascular risk; exacerbated by co-exposure to motor vehicle emissions

Green Car Congress

Black carbon (BC) from incomplete biomass and fossil fuel combustion is the most strongly light-absorbing component of particulate matter (PM) air pollution and a major climate-forcing emission. China’s particulate matter (PM) air pollution significantly exceeds health guidelines and is driven by industrial emissions, motor vehicles, and household use of biomass and coal fuels.

2014 229

Study from Thuringia shows 50% of harmful soot comes from local sources, 50% from long-distance transport

Green Car Congress

Black carbon is associated with primary emissions from combustion processes from anthropogenic sources (car, domestic heating and industry) or biogenic sources (e.g. The main sources were combustion emissions, probably from wood and coal-fired heating systems.

New catalysts enable photocatalytic version of water gas shift reaction for H2 production

Green Car Congress

Politécnica de Valencia (Spain) have found that noble metal nanoparticles supported on titanium dioxide or cerium dioxide can catalyze the industrially important water gas shift (WGS) reaction for hydrogen production at ambient temperatures using visible light irradiation. Currently, most hydrogen is produced via the steam reforming of natural gas, hydrocarbons and coal. Researchers at the Univ.

2013 170

Argonne releases GREET 2020

Green Car Congress

Blended with a petroleum gasoline blendstock, these bio-blendstocks are designed to improve engine efficiency for light-duty, boosted-spark ignition (BSI) engines. These pathways include methanol derived from natural gas, flare gas, biomass, renewable natural gas, coal, and black liquor.

2020 275

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

Green Car Congress

Geely’s Englon SC7 sedan was the first methanol-fueled car to receive approval from China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. Methanol can be produced from a range of renewable sources and fossil-fuel based feed-stocks; in practice methanol is mainly produced in coal-rich China from coal. From 2009, led by the Ministry of Industry and Information, the pilot work of methanol gasoline implement is Shanxi province started.

2015 210