Extracting rare earth elements from coal with plasma assist

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The US National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is collaborating with the University of Kentucky and their subcontractor Virginia Tech to demonstrate a novel process for the extraction of REEs from coal using plasma. Coal Electric (Battery) Manufacturing Market Background Material

2020 367

Study finds methane emissions from coal mines ~50% higher than previously thought

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The amount of methane released into the atmosphere as a result of coal mining is likely approximately 50% higher than previously estimated, according to research presented at the recent annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union. The higher estimate is due mainly to two factors: methane that continues to be emitted from thousands of abandoned mines and the higher methane content in coal seams that are ever deeper, according to chief author Nazar Kholod of PNNL.

Coal 264
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DOE Coal FIRST Initiative invests $80M in net-zero carbon electricity and hydrogen plants

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has selected four projects for cost-shared research and development under the funding opportunity announcement (FOA), DE-FOA-0002180, Design Development and System Integration Design Studies for Coal FIRST Concepts. DOE’s early stage research for the Coal FIRST Initiative supports the development of electricity and hydrogen energy plants that have net-zero carbon emissions.

2020 174

DOE awarding $6.5M to 9 large-scale Phase I pilot coal projects

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This FOA, issued in August 2017, is a $50-million funding opportunity for projects supporting cost-shared research and development to design, construct, and operate two large-scale pilots to demonstrate transformational coal technologies. DOE has supported a range of potentially transformational coal technologies aimed at enabling step-change improvements in coal-powered systems. University of Illinois. University of Alaska Fairbanks. Coal Emissions

2018 224

HEI study links fossil fuel combustion with more than 1 million deaths globally

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Fossil fuel combustion, a major source of air pollution, contributed to more than one million deaths globally in 2017, more than 27% of all deaths from outdoor fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), according to a new report published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI).

Global 380

Global Carbon Project: Low growth in global carbon emissions continues for third successive year

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Global carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels did not grow in 2015 and are projected to rise only slightly in 2016, marking three years of almost no growth, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Global Carbon Project. Decreased use of coal in China is the main reason behind the 3-year slowdown. This is the fifth update of the global carbon budget published by ESSD in the living data format.

2016 230

Baker Institute team says fossil fuel subsidies need global reform

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Fossil fuels still receive most of the international government support provided to the energy sector despite their “well-known environmental and public health damage,” according to new research from Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy.

2020 329

Study findings suggest that switching from coal to natural gas would do little for global climate

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Although the burning of natural gas emits far less carbon dioxide than coal, a new study by Tom Wigley, a senior research associate at the US National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and an adjunct professor at the University of Adelaide in Australia, concludes that a greater reliance on natural gas would fail to significantly slow down climate change. But in a high leakage rate scenario of 10% , global warming would not be reduced until 2140.

2011 272

DOE awarding about $16M to four projects for advanced gasification systems; focus on coal

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Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials such as coal into syngas for use as power, chemicals, hydrogen, and transportation fuels. Advanced Gasifier and Water-Gas Shift Technologies for Low-Cost Coal Conversion to High-Hydrogen Syngas. Praxair, OTM-Enhanced Coal Syngas for Carbon Capture Power Systems and Fuel Synthesis Applications. Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gasification

2014 195

Peabody Energy Grants $2M to Develop Coal Energy Technology Lab at the University of Wyoming

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The University of Wyoming (UW) has received a $2 million grant from coal giant Peabody Energy to create the Peabody Energy Clean Coal Technology Laboratory in the UW Energy Resources Center in Laramie. As part of the School of Energy Resources, the Peabody Energy Clean Coal Technology Laboratory will house research facilities to develop coal-fueled energy technologies, with an emphasis on the next generation of low-carbon and near-zero emissions.

Global Carbon Project: Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high

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Driven by rising natural gas and oil consumption, levels of CO 2 are expected to hit 37 billion metric tons this year, according to new estimates from the Global Carbon Project (GCP), an initiative led by Stanford University scientist Rob Jackson.

2019 195

Comparative genome study finds ancestral fungus may have influenced end of coal formation; potential resource for biofuel production

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Robert Blanchette, University of Minnesota) Click to enlarge. Coal deposits—the fossilized remains of plants—were formed during a 60-million year period from around 360 to 300 million years ago. The evidence, presented in the journal Science , suggests that the evolution of fungi capable of breaking down the polymer lignin, which helps keep plant cell walls rigid, may have played a key role in ending the development of coal deposits. Biomass Coal Enzymes Fuels

2012 224

Zhejiang University team investigates emissions from methanol-gasoline blends

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Globally, the use of methanol as an alternative fuel has attracted interest because of its low production cost, renewable capacity, and good combustion-related properties (higher thermal efficiency, higher engine power, and lower regulated emissions). In China in particular, there are abundant coal resources, and the technology of using coal to obtain methanol has been perfected with low cost; methanol fuel from coal has become one of the most popular alternative fuels for vehicles.

2016 163

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 204

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions in 2012 lowest since 1994; reflects drop in coal use

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The largest drop in emissions in 2012 came from coal, which is used almost exclusively for electricity generation. During 2012, particularly in the spring and early summer, low natural gas prices led to competition between natural gas- and coal-fired electric power generators. To conduct the study, Pratson and his team assessed the cost of electricity generation at plants producing 95% of the nation’s coal-fired electricity and 70% of its natural gas-powered electricity.

2013 227

Sasol and University of Pretoria Collaborating on Synthetic Fuel Research

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A research collaboration between South Africa-based Sasol and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the University of Pretoria (UP) has led to the commissioning of high-tech equipment to gain better insights into the properties and performance of synthetic diesel fuels. This program was initiated a few years ago and is already successfully established, using the framework of a hub-and-spoke collaboration philosophy, at several SA Universities.

2010 163

CMU study finds that coal retirement is needed for EVs to reduce air pollution

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Electric vehicles charged in coal-heavy regions can create more human health and environmental damages from life cycle air emissions than gasoline vehicles, according to a new consequential life cycle analysis by researchers from Carnegie Mellon University. However, the anticipated—albeit now possibly delayed, per the recent Supreme Court decision—retirement of coal-fired power plants will make electric vehicles more competitive on an air emissions basis, the researchers found.

2016 190

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI).

2020 227

Peabody Energy and GreatPoint Energy To Partner on Coal-to-Gas and Coal-to-Hydrogen Facilities with Carbon Capture and Storage

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Overview of the bluegas catalytic coal methanation process. Peabody Energy and GreatPoint Energy signed an agreement to pursue development of coal-to-gas and coal-to-hydrogen projects in the United States and around the world with carbon capture and storage (CCS) that would achieve near-zero carbon emissions, while increasing the production of stranded oil via enhanced oil recovery. Its coal products fuel 10% of all US electricity generation and 2% of worldwide electricity.

2010 174

Researchers Say Mix of Policies and Current or Near-Term Technologies Could Phase Out US CO2 Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants by 2030

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CO 2 emissions from US coal-fired power plant could be phased out entirely by 2030 using existing technologies or ones that could be commercially competitive with coal within about a decade, according to a paper published online 30 April in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. This global climate change problem becomes manageable only if society deals quickly with emissions of carbon dioxide from burning coal in electric power plants, they state.

2010 209

DOE awards $7M to eight oxy-combustion coal technology projects; carbon capture, utilization and storage

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) selected eight projects to advance the development of transformational oxy-combustion technologies capable of high-efficiency, low-cost carbon dioxide capture from coal-fired power plants. As a promising near-term technology, oxy-combustion applied at facilities using pulverized coal-fired boilers for power or industrial applications, will support CCUS efforts and result in ultra-low emissions. University of Kentucky Research Foundation.

2012 217

Agilent Technologies and University of Houston collaborate to advance petroleum research

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and the University of Houston will work together to further understanding of the geology and composition of crude oil. The state-of-the-art instruments that Agilent is furnishing through this collaborative effort will allow the research teams at the University of Houston to move to the forefront of their research areas by generating data that has not been available to them until now. —Wayne Collins, global energy manager, Agilent. Agilent Technologies Inc.

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. The study, involving researchers from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and colleagues in China and the United States, investigated how complex supply chains are distributing energy-intensive industries and their CO 2 emissions throughout the global South.

2018 163

Anesthetic gases have high global warming potential

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A new study conducted by chemists from the University of Copenhagen and NASA, in collaboration with anesthesiologists from the University of Michigan Medical School, found that gasses for surgical anaesthesia have a high global warming potential (GWP). Results of the study of three common gases found global warming potentials of 210, 510 and 1,620; the GWP of CO 2 is 1. —Ole John Nielsen, a Professor of atmospheric chemistry at the University of Copenhagen.

2010 174

GSI/UNEP conference report finds fossil-fuel subsidy reform complex and challenges sobering; ~1% of global GDP spent on fossil-fuel subsidies

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Although momentum behind reforming subsidies for fossil fuels (for both consumers and producers) worldwide has gained significant momentum during the past few years, and although the benefits of subsidy reform seem evident, countries’ experience of reform and the challenges involved are “sobering”, according to a recently published report from a conference convened on the subject last year by the Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

2011 210

UMTRI study shows wide global variability in GHG emissions from operating an EV

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A team at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) study has assessed the relative amounts of greenhouse-gas emissions from driving a battery-electric vehicle (BEV) compared with greenhouse-gas emissions from driving a traditional gasoline-powered vehicle in different countries of the world. L/100 km) for a BEV; on the other extreme are Botswana and Gibraltar (which generate 100% of their electricity from coal and oil), each with 29.0

2017 150

WVU opens new research facility to extract valuable rare earth elements from acid mine drainage

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West Virginia University (WVU) researchers are opening a new facility to capture rare earth elements (REEs) from acid mine drainage (AMD) from coal mining. China has been able to provide a low-cost supply of rare earths using these methods, and therefore, dominates the global market. He found that acid mine drainage, a byproduct of coal mining, “naturally” concentrates rare earths. Coal Electric (Battery) Materials Motors Power Electronics Sustainability

2018 163

MIT report finds China’s actions on climate change crucial; argues for global economy-wide greenhouse gas tax

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A new report from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change shows the importance of all major nations taking part in global efforts to reduce emissions—and in particular, finds China’s role to be crucial. Specifically, the study finds that with China’s help the global community may be—under the most optimistic scenario—able to limit warming to 2 °C, relative to pre-industrial levels.

DOE selects 16 research projects for more than $19M in funding to advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell technology

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The 400 kilowatt SOFC prototype system represents an important advancement in SOFC technology development and demonstration toward the ultimate goal of deploying SOFCs in highly efficient coal-based central generation systems with carbon capture. The University of South Carolina. The Tennessee Technological University. GE Global Research. Montana State University. The University of California, San Diego. The University of Maryland.

2015 209

Study finds global CO2 emissions back on the rise in 2010

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Global carbon dioxide emissions show no sign of abating and may reach record levels in 2010, according to a study led by the University of Exeter (UK). The study, which also involved the University of East Anglia (UK) and other global institutions, is part of the annual carbon budget update by the Global Carbon Project. The global financial crisis severely affected western economies, leading to large reductions in CO 2 emissions.

2010 190

Study finds total greenhouse gas footprint of blue hydrogen “quite high” due to fugitive methane

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“Blue” hydrogen—produced through steam methane reforming (SMR) of natural gas or coal gasification, but with CO 2 capture and storage—is being described as having low or zero carbon emissions.

Study Finds Controlling Soot May Be Fastest Method to Reduce Arctic Ice Loss and Global Warming; Second-Leading Cause of Global Warming After CO2

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Controlling soot from fossil fuels and solid biofuels may be a faster method of reducing Arctic ice loss and global warming than other options, including controlling CH 4 or CO 2 , although all controls are needed, according to a new study by Dr. Mark Z. Jacobson at Stanford University. Results of the study suggest that soot is second only to carbon dioxide in contributing to global warming.

2010 203

Low-lying and other vulnerable countries calling for fast action on non-CO2 global warming pollutants

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Led by the tiny Pacific island of the Federated States of Micronesia, a growing group of low-lying islands and other vulnerable countries are calling for fast action on the approximately 50% of global warming that is caused by pollutants other than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Methane is another potent climate warmer that needs to be targeted; capturing emissions from sources such as landfills and coal mines would benefit the climate system and the gas could then be used as a source of energy.

2010 183

DOE to award $9M to promote consensus on future fossil energy technologies

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turbines, fuel cells, hybrids, novel power generation cycles); coal conversion (e.g., This is to engage recognized experts in CCS and CES to provide advice and assistance to decision makers, stakeholders, state and local government officials, non-profit organizations, universities, non-governmental organizations, and the public as appropriate. The program conducts international activities that support environmental protection and safety of global oil and gas production.

2014 207

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

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A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. a)Map of global PM 2.5

2020 238

US Global Change Research Program Issues Report on Impacts of Climate Change in US; Details Point to Potential Value of Early, Aggressive Action

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Climate change is already having visible impacts in the United States, and the choices we make now will determine the severity of its impacts in the future, according to the final release of the report “Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States”. A product of the interagency US Global Change Research Program, the 190-page report was commissioned in 2007 and completed this spring. Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States.

Failed Local Paper Put Out Of Its Misery - By Creative Greenius!

Creative Greenius

While the Breeze deliberately ignores the biggest environmental news of our day, they offer instead the most lie-filled, disproved, already-rebutted by science, spam-quality propaganda claiming that global warming is a hoax and that global cooling is really the problem. Facts like this from his blog Climate Progress: The University of Illinois’ Arctic Climate Research Center — has become weary of having their data misreported by global warming deniers like Will.

2009 150

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Seven billion people, more than 95% of the world’s population, lived in areas exceeding the WHO Guideline for healthy air in 2016, according to a new global study. Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. coal, wood, and dung) for cooking and heating.

2018 195

Rio Tinto targets low-carbon steel production with new technology; biomass and microwaves

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Rio Tinto is progressing new technology to deliver low-carbon steel, using sustainable biomass in place of coking coal in the steelmaking process, in a potentially cost-effective option to cut industry carbon emissions. Rio Tinto’s process uses lignocellulosic biomass, instead of coal, primarily as a chemical reductant. —University of Nottingham’s Head of Department, Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Professor Chris Dodds.

Carbon 183

Enviva and MOL to develop sail-powered bulk carrier to cut GHG emissions in biomass supply chain; Wind Challenger hard sail

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Enviva, a global renewable energy company specializing in sustainable wood bioenergy, and Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL), a leading global marine transport group, signed a memorandum of understanding agreement to develop and to deploy an environmentally friendly bulk carrier.

Wind 212

Study finds climate impact of hydropower varies widely

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The team found that hydropower emissions on average were far greater and thus worse for the climate than emissions from nuclear, solar and wind power installations, but better for the climate than emissions from coal and natural gas utilities. However, some individual hydropower facilities were worse for the climate than coal and natural gas plants both in the near- and long-term. However, it too needs to be low impact to be useful in meeting global deep decarbonization goals.

2019 188

Anglo American, Aurizon to explore feasibility of hydrogen-powered trains for bulk freight

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Aurizon , Australia’s largest rail freight operator, and leading global mining company Anglo American will work together on a feasibility study to assess the introduction of hydrogen-powered trains for bulk freight. As part of its commitment to carbon-neutral mines by 2040, Anglo American has taken a global lead in the development of green hydrogen solutions for its ultra-class 290 tonne payload mine haul trucking fleet.

Northwestern/Princeton study explores air quality impacts of aggressive conversion to EVs

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Researchers from Northwestern University and Princeton University have explored the impact on US air quality from an aggressive conversion of internal combustion vehicles to battery-powered electric vehicles (EVs). The exponentially increasing global market share of EVs has prompted research on their efficacy in reducing greenhouse gases, but comparatively little effort has focused on their impact on air quality. coal, oil, natural gas, and biomass).

2019 237