Saudi Aramco R&D proposes SuperButol as new low-cost high-octane blend component

Green Car Congress

A team from Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center has developed a novel low-cost, high-octane gasoline blend component it calls SuperButol. SuperButol is made from low-value mixed butenes using a new process the team has named Butenes to Butanol (BTB); it has slightly lower blending RON compared to MTBE but has lower blending vapor pressure and higher energy content compared to ethanol. It is mandated for use in gasoline in many countries.

2017 163

Georgia Tech study suggests unlinking EVs from CAFE and coordinating with power sector for low-cost benefits

Green Car Congress

A team from Georgia Tech suggests, based on their modeling of electric vehicle (EV) adoption scenarios in each of six regions of the Eastern Interconnection (containing 70% of the US population), that coordinating EV adoption with the adoption of controlled EV charging, unlinking EVs from consideration in the CAFE fuel economy regulations; and implementing renewable electricity standards would deliver low-cost reductions in emissions and gasoline usage.

2013 204
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Synthesis Energy Systems and Ambre Energy enter into technical study agreement for coal to gasoline and LPG project; ExxonMobil MTG

Green Car Congress

SES), a global energy and gasification technology company that provides products and solutions to the energy and chemicals industries, has entered into a Technical Study Agreement with Ambre Energy of Australia to supply a proprietary gasification design to support Ambre’s development of a planned Coal to Liquids Project (ambreCTL). The ambreCTL project , when completed, will produce approximately 18,000 bbl/day of gasoline and about 40 million gallons per year of LPG.

2011 170

Zhejiang University team investigates emissions from methanol-gasoline blends

Green Car Congress

Globally, the use of methanol as an alternative fuel has attracted interest because of its low production cost, renewable capacity, and good combustion-related properties (higher thermal efficiency, higher engine power, and lower regulated emissions). In China in particular, there are abundant coal resources, and the technology of using coal to obtain methanol has been perfected with low cost; methanol fuel from coal has become one of the most popular alternative fuels for vehicles.

2016 163

Groundbreaking in Turkmenistan for major synthetic gasoline plant; first full-scale Haldor Topsøe TIGAS facility

Green Car Congress

In August, a groundbreaking ceremony was held in Ovadan-Depe near the capital of Ashgabad in Turkmenistan to launch the construction of a major plant focused on the conversion of natural gas into synthetic gasoline. The plant will be based on Haldor Topsøe’s TIGAS (Topsøe Improved Gasoline Synthesis) technology (earlier post ) and will become the first full-scale large commercial facility using this technology. Topsoe Gasoline Synthesis Catalyst GSK-10.

Altex & Unitel partner to demonstrate a new technology for making synthetic gasoline from biomass

Green Car Congress

Altex Technologies has selected Unitel to provide engineering services to design and build a pilot system that will produce 1 BPD of synthetic gasoline from biomass (Biomass Conversion to Synthetic Gasoline System, BCSGS). coal, biomass, or waste—is heated in the absence of molecular oxygen to produce a solid containing char and ash and volatile gases. It also reduces cost by avoiding the need for hot-gas cleanup and F-T catalysts.

2016 163

GE Energy Financial Services joins $8M investment round in biomass-to-gasoline startup

Green Car Congress

Gas chromatograph traces of conventional 87 octane gasoline (top) and CoolPlanetBioFuels drop-in gasoline produced from corn cobs. GE Energy Financial Services, a unit of GE, has joined an $8-million funding round for CoolPlanetBioFuels , a start-up company developing a technology that converts low-grade biomass into high-grade fuels, including gasoline, and carbon that can be sequestered.

2010 213

CleanFUEL USA partners with Freightliner on new 8.0L propane LPI medium-duty engine

Green Car Congress

Conversion kits also will be available to switch medium-duty gasoline vehicles to run on propane. LPI is a direct replacement of the OEM gasoline injection system. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), also known as propane or autogas, can be used to replace gasoline and diesel. LPG is the fourth most common vehicle fuel in the US behind gasoline, diesel, and natural gas; it powers more than 14 million vehicles around the world, according to CleanFUEL.

2010 205

Report finds says “negative emissions technologies” need to play a large role in mitigating climate change

Green Car Congress

Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. For example, combustion of a gallon of gasoline releases approximately 10 kilograms (kg) of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, it is currently limited by high cost.

2018 225

Study concludes that NG leakage higher than reflected in inventories; transportation fuel climate benefits questioned

Green Car Congress

In contrast to the “green light” for coal-to-NG substitution for power generation, the authors suggest that climate benefits from vehicle fuel substitution are uncertain (gasoline, light-duty) or improbable (diesel, heavy-duty). Modeling has shown climate benefits from coal to NG switching for power generation over all time periods (i.e., for 100 year assessment periods (gasoline and diesel substitution, respectively).

2014 210

CMU study finds that HEVs and PHEVs with small battery packs offer more emissions and oil displacement benefits per dollar spent than large pack PHEVs and BEVs; policy implications

Green Car Congress

Value of life-cycle emissions externality damages and oil premium costs from vehicles in 2010 $. In this study we assess, under a wide range of scenarios, how much externality damage reduction plug-in vehicles can offer in the US and at what cost. We compare externality and oil consumption costs to the costs of owning and operating these vehicles and to subsidies designed to encourage their adoption.

2011 170

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

Green Car Congress

This project will develop and optimize a novel, engineered microorganism that produces a biodiesel-equivalent fuel from renewable hydrogen and carbon dioxide, at costs of less than $2.50 This process will repurpose carbon dioxide for use as a liquid fuel that can be readily used as a high octane gasoline substitute. The team anticipates at least a twofold productivity improvement over current levels and a cost that can be competitive with gasoline.

2010 212

Maverick Synfuels introduces affordable small-scale methane gas-to-liquid modular methanol plants

Green Car Congress

The plants are designed to be low-cost, highly efficient facilities optimized to generate an attractive project rate of return. The Maverick Oasis system uses proprietary technology to convert a variety of methane-containing feedstocks—biogas, natural gas (including stranded gas and flare gas), coal bed methane, and landfill gas—into AA grade methanol that meets ASTM D1152 specifications.

2014 185

Using the PHEV (Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle) to Transition Society Seamlessly and Profitably From Fossil Fuel to 100% Renewable Energy

Green Car Congress

The PHEV does not require the heavy, costly batteries required by other electric cars, nor does it suffer from a limited range or poor freeway performance. Though the PHEV combines the two types of energy and power, it is not merely a temporary “transition” between gasoline and diesel cars to pure electric cars. Since it can refuel from a standard household outlet and from a gasoline station, it needs no new infrastructure. This means 900 fewer gallons of gasoline used!

2015 300

From Scooters to High Speed Rail, China is Electrifying

Plugs and Cars

While I think selling gasoline cars by the tens of millions to the domestic market is perceived to be of prime economic importance, I hope they choose to forgo following the Japanese and Korean model of aggressively competing on the low end in the export market. With some attention to fit and finish, the Chinese could use their low-cost advantages (labor and a huge battery industry) in a market segment that sells at a premium outside their borders.

2011 122

ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

Green Car Congress

Eagle Picher, in partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will develop a new generation of high energy, low cost planar liquid sodium beta batteries for grid scale electrical power storage applications. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology will develop a paradigm shifting new all-liquid metal grid scale battery for low cost, large scale storage of electrical energy. High Yielding, Low Input Energy Crops.

2009 200

Separate MIT, IEA reports both outline major expansion in role of natural gas; caution on climate benefits

Green Car Congress

” The MIT report said that natural gas should be seen as a “ bridge ” to a low-carbon regime, rather than as the ultimate long-term solution itself. High-level findings of the MIT study include: There are abundant supplies of natural gas in the world, and many of these supplies can be developed and produced at relatively low cost. Analysis of the infrastructure demands associated with potential shift from coal to gas-fired power should be undertaken.

2011 185

Study Finds Availability of Low-CO2 Electricity and Hydrogen May Paradoxically Delay Large-Scale Transition to Electric and/or Hydrogen Vehicle Fleet

Green Car Congress

In both electric- and hydrogen-favoring cases, availability of low-carbon electricity and hydrogen prolonged the use of petroleum-fueled ICE vehicles. Increased availability of low CO 2 sources of electricity and hydrogen could counter-intuitively delay, rather than accelerate, a large-scale transition to an electric and/or hydrogen vehicle fleet, according to a new study by researchers from Ford Motor Company and Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden.

2010 204

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

Green Car Congress

The steam hydrogasification reaction, which CERT engineers began developing in 2005, has been found to be 12% more efficient, with 18% lower capital costs, compared to other mainstream gasification technologies when evaluated by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NREL) of the US Department of Energy. diesel, gasoline, jet) at low cost. The steam hydrogasification reaction is one component of a three-step process for the production of fuels. Click to enlarge.

2011 185

Study Finds Controlling Soot May Be Fastest Method to Reduce Arctic Ice Loss and Global Warming; Second-Leading Cause of Global Warming After CO2

Green Car Congress

Soot—black and brown particles that absorb solar radiation—comes from two types of sources: fossil fuels such as diesel, coal, gasoline, jet fuel; and solid biofuels such as wood, manure, dung, and other solid biomass used for home heating and cooking around the world. The most immediate, effective and low-cost way to reduce soot emissions is to put particle traps on vehicles, diesel trucks, buses, and construction equipment.

2010 199

Renewable Energy Generation: Change is not a destination, just as hope is not a strategy, a lesson exported from Detroit

Green Car Congress

As private companies, automobile manufacturers look for the lowest cost means of getting from A to B and the premiums that they can charge for getting from A to B faster. Power plant capital costs. Their business model dictates that they pursue the lowest-cost power source and charge the highest premiums they can for the product in an open, but federally controlled, market. Even ruling Hawaii out as an outlier, the cost of electricity in Connecticut was 17.79

2011 192

NRC report concludes US LDVs could cut oil consumption and GHGs by 80% by 2050; reliance on plug-ins, biofuels and hydrogen; strong policies mandatory

Green Car Congress

Achieving those goals will will be difficult—but not impossible to meet—and will necessitate a combination of more efficient vehicles; the use of alternative fuels such as biofuels, electricity, and hydrogen; and strong government policies to overcome high costs and influence consumer choices. In addition, alternative fuels to petroleum must be readily available, cost-effective and produced with low emissions of greenhouse gases.

2013 210

EPA Awards $2M to Small Businesses to Develop Sustainable Technologies; Includes Biofuel, Emissions Reduction Projects

Green Car Congress

The diesel made from biomass will be a direct substitute for ultra low-sulfur diesel (defined by ASTM D 975). MFCs are an attractive candidate for treating the soluble (liquid) portion of stillage because they operate optimally at diffused wastewater ranges, thus precluding the need for costly dewatering or concentration steps, and produce small amounts of electricity, thus creating an energy-efficient combined process. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has awarded $2.38

2010 196

Report from the REFF-Wall Street; Themes in Renewable Energy Finance

Green Car Congress

Attendees believe that renewable energy needs two elements to be successful: technical progress leading to lower costs and a price on carbon. Lowering costs by helping technologies cross the Valley of Death between pilot scale production and commercialization is the charter of the proposed Clean Energy Deployment Administration (CEDA) which was discussed by attendees. Costs are also falling due to classic economics. It is not how can we get low cost capital to take more risk.

Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD - Apr. 13, 2009

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

BYD has also begun selling a plug-in electric car with a backup gasoline engine, a move putting it ahead of GM, Nissan, and Toyota. BYDs plug-in, called the F3DM (for "dual mode"), goes farther on a single charge - 62 miles - than other electric vehicles and sells for about $22,000, less than the plug-in Prius and much-hyped Chevy Volt are expected to cost when they hit the market in late 2010. "With better technology, we can reduce the costs."

2009 51

Electric Car Makers: Oregon Wants You - Green Inc. Blog - NYTimes.com

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Furthermore, changing the battery pack on say a Toyota Prius often costs a fortune, at least in most European countries, so such cars better be VERY cheap, but they’re not. And, if you consider lifetime costs of owning an EV versus owning a traditional internal combustion car, even if the initial purchase price of the EV is much more than your combustion car and you have to replace a battery for $4,000 after 7-10 years, the EV still costs less to operate.

How Carmakers Are Responding to the Plug-In Hybrid Opportunity

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Company says its focusing on gasoline and hydrogen. Carmakers response to real and specific concerns about battery lifetime, up-front costs, and safety issues is to focus on engineering and testing for an unspecified number of years. BYD said the F6DM (dual mode) sedan will go on sale in China in the fourth quarter for $20,000 to $30,000.The F6 DM uses ferrous batteries, with no lithium content, that BYD says are high-energy density and low cost.

2009 39