Liquid Wind to partner with Sundsvall Energi on second electrofuel facility; eMethanol for shipping

Green Car Congress

Sundsvall Energi will partner with Liquid Wind to be the host and provide carbon dioxide for the second commercial-scale—100,000 t—electrofuel facility in Sweden. Sundsvall Energi, biogenic CO2 supplier and host for FlagshipTWO.

Wind 228

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

Green Car Congress

Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Vulcanol is CRI’s brand name for renewable methanol, produced from CO 2 and hydrogen from renewable sources of electricity (hydro, geothermal, wind and solar). Zhejiang Geely Holding Group (Geely Group) will invest a total of US$45.5

2015 215
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PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The process of methanol synthesis requires the input of pure carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water electrolysis, with the only by-product being oxygen and water. Landsvirkjun generates energy from renewable sources: hydro, geothermal and wind.

Anaergia to supply CO2 to European Energy A/S for green e-methanol production as fuel for container ships

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European Energy, a major multinational renewable wind and solar energy producer, will produce green e-methanol from this biogenic CO 2. European Energy develops, finances, constructs and operates wind and solar farms as well as large-scale hydrogen and e-methanol plants. Anaergia was created to eliminate a major source of greenhouse gases by cost effectively turning organic waste into renewable natural gas (RNG), fertilizer and water, using proprietary technologies.

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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Water and oxygen are the only by-products. Even in a comprehensive wheel-to-well analysis that includes the construction and operation of the e-gas plant and the wind turbines, CO 2 emissions are just 20 grams per kilometer (32 g/mile). At this facility, microorganisms use water (brackish, salt or wastewater) sunlight and carbon dioxide to produce high-purity fuels. Audi’s e-gas plant. Click to enlarge.

2013 248

Researchers develop wave-energy-driven CO2 reduction system for production of carbon-based liquid fuels

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Under simulated waves, the system can produce 2.798 µmol of formic acid per day via the wave energy harvested from a water’s surface area of 0.04 mol of formic acid per day at 18 knots wind speed.

2019 311

SunFire acquiring staxera to support development of technology to generate synthetic fuels from renewable energy sources, water and CO2

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The process developed by SunFire begins with the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by using electrolysis, driven by renewable electrical energy (derived from sunlight, wind or water). L) of water are required to produce one liter (0.83 Fuel cells are suitable for both mobile applications and for decentralized, stationary applications such as residential microCHP units using natural gas, biogas or wind gas. Concept of the SunFire process.

2011 208

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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Additionally, it can operate as a dispatchable load, which may match the intermittency of renewable sources such as wind and solar. Running reactions in a single step without the prerequisite of generating hydrogen—having the ability to run water directly—is a very novel platform.

2019 258

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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The team calculated that an area equal to only 4% of the Sahara Desert would be sufficient to bring atmospheric CO 2 concentrations back to pre-industrial levels in ten years, and that a wind speed of 1 km per hour would be sufficient to deliver that CO2 to those STEP (solar thermal electrochemical process (STEP) CNT plants ( earlier post ).

2017 250

2019 Keeling Curve Prize winners include Opus 12; conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals

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water and electricity to produce higher-energy carbon-based products and a co-product of pure oxygen. CalCEF/Nexus (Oakland, California) is forming a Qualified Clean Energy Opportunity Zone Fund to deploy solar, wind, energy storage and other clean economy assets. The Keeling Curve Prize (KCP) has selected 10 winners for 2019, among them Opus 12 (Berkeley, California) which is developing a device that recycles CO? into cost-competitive chemicals and fuels. Earlier post.).

2019 189

Nissan cut CO2 emissions 22.4% over past decade

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Nissan’s measures to reduce emissions include the following: Nissan UK has installed 19,000 solar panels to join 10 wind turbines at its Sunderland plant, generating enough power to build more than 31,000 cars every year. The power derived from the solar panels and wind turbines accounts for 7% of the plant’s total usage. Nissan Motor’s newly published annual Sustainability Report shows that the global automaker’s CO 2 emissions have fallen by 22.4% over the past decade.

2016 150

ETH Zürich, Total team develops new catalyst to convert CO2 and H2 directly to methanol efficiently

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Even at the time, it was encouraging that doing so generated virtually only methanol and almost no by-products other than water. Activity boosting by promotion with palladium, an efficient H 2 -splitter, was partially successful since palladium nanoparticles mediate the parasitic reverse water–gas shift reaction, reducing selectivity, and sinter or alloy with indium, limiting metal utilization and robustness.

2019 174

German power-to-gas facility opens green methanation plant; €28M STORE&GO project

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This stored energy is then available as backup whenever there is an insufficient supply of solar and wind power. The wind-to-gas pilot plant “WindGas Falkenhagen” was constructed in 2013 to store wind energy in the natural gas grid. Three different demonstration sites—Falkenhagen, Troia (Italy), and Solothurn (Switzerland) offer highly diverse testing grounds for PtG: Available energy sources (high wind power; PV and hydro; PV and wind power).

2018 222

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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To avoid CO 2 emissions associated with H2-production, electrolysis of water powered by solar, wind or hydroelectricity would be a preferred source and has achieved a level of maturity and success. Syngas-enhanced mixotrophy (case IV): hexose and CO:CO2:H 2 are fed to the microorganism.

2016 210

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed an electrocatalyst which operates at room temperature and in water for the electroreduction of dissolved CO 2 with high selectivity for ethanol. With the help of the nanotechnology-based catalyst which contains multiple reaction sites, the solution of carbon dioxide dissolved in water turned into ethanol with a yield of 63%.

2016 237

Risø DTU Investigating Production of Synthetic Transportation Fuel from Renewable Electricity and CO2

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Through electrolysis, water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen (and CO 2 to CO and oxygen) using electricity. This is because at high temperatures water and carbon dioxide can be split into synthesis gas (hydrogen + carbon monoxide) and oxygen using the heat, and the SOEC cell is thereby self-cooling—the heat which is inevitably produced when electricity runs through something is needed for the electrolytic process. Tags: Catalysts Emissions Fuels Methanol Solar Wind

2010 175

GWU team demonstrates one-pot process for optimized synthesis of controlled CNTs from CO2; coupling cement and C2CNT

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht ( earlier post ) have developed a new process that transforms CO 2 into a controlled selection of nanotubes (CNTs) via molten electrolysis; they call the process C2CNT (CO2 into carbon nanotubes). Lower panel: The CNTs and CNFs provide high conductivity and superior carbon composite lightweight structural materials for jets, bridges, wind turbines, and electric vehicle bodies and batteries.

2017 183

Nissan FY 2014 global corporate activities reduce CO2 emissions by 22.6% compared to FY 2005

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Through the use of renewable energy, Nissan Mexicana has prevented 152,800 tons of CO 2 from entering the atmosphere, and has so far assembled 460,000 vehicles with wind power and 57,400 vehicles with biogas power from the city’s landfills. NESCO’s area of focus will expand to include waste water loss and waste reduction, in addition to energy loss and CO 2 reduction. Nissan Motor Co.,

2015 200

US and China jointly announce GHG reduction targets; US to cut net GHG 26-28% by 2025, China to peak CO2 by ~2030

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It will require China to deploy an additional 800-1,000 gigawatts of nuclear, wind, solar and other zero emission generation capacity by 2030—more than all the coal-fired power plants that exist in China today and close to total current electricity generation capacity in the United States. launching a new track on the interaction of energy and water (the energy/water ‘nexus’). The US and China jointly announced greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets.

2014 250

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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Moreover, it is a cheap carbon source which can increase the atom utilization of CO 2 hydrogenation due to the stoichiometric ratio of C and O atoms, as well as reducing the formation of water. … The one-step room-temperature synthesis of liquid fuels and chemicals from the direct reforming of CO 2 with CH 4 was achieved by using a novel atmospheric-pressure non-thermal plasma reactor with a water electrode and a low energy input.

2017 174

Stanford team develops copper catalyst for increased selectivity of production of ethanol via electroreduction of CO2

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You just feed it electricity, water and carbon dioxide, and it makes ethanol. The electrochemical reduction of CO 2 (CO 2 R) is a process that could couple to renewable energy from wind and solar to directly produce fuels and chemicals in a sustainable manner. To compare electrocatalytic performance, the researchers placed the three large electrodes in water, exposed them to carbon dioxide gas and applied a potential to generate an electric current.

2017 150

Audi expanding e-gas capacity through partnership with Viessmann; power-to-gas with biological methanation of CO2 and H2

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In the first step, renewably generated electricity is used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. Initial results presented in 2015 showed lifecycle GHG reduction potential, compared to fossil methane, of 43% using photovoltaic electricity; 75% using wind power; and 83% using hydro power. Audi is expanding capacities for the production of sustainably produced e-gas.

2016 183

Mantra Venture Group and KC Cottrell Sign LOI for CO2 Electroreduction Reactor; CO2 to Products

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Powered by electricity, ERC combines captured carbon dioxide with water to produce high value materials that are conventionally obtained from the thermochemical processing of fossil fuels, including: formic acid, formate salts, oxalic acid, and methanol. Mantra Venture Group Ltd. signed a Letter of Intent (LOI) with KC Cottrell Co., Ltd. (KC KC Cottrell), a global leader in air pollution control based out of Seoul, Korea.

2009 184

New highly selective and efficient catalyst for reduction of CO2 to CO

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Over the last 20 years, electrocatalytic carbon dioxide reduction has attracted attention because of the ability to use electricity from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and wave. Testing under identical conditions confirmed the non-porous silver catalyst’s significant advantages over other silver catalysts in water environments.

2014 190

Stanford faculty awarded $2.2 million for innovative energy research; fuel cells, hybrids, splitting CO2

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The TomKat Center looks at generation and conversion, transmission and distribution, storage, and land and water as they pertain to energy for electricity and transportation. The TomKat Center is supporting three investigations this year aimed to boost the output of wind farms, invent a new kind of solar cell and use carbon dioxide as a way of storing electricity. Making Large Wind Farms More Productive, Less Expensive.

2013 190

Study for European Parliament assesses options for turning CO2 into methanol for use in transport

Green Car Congress

Further, open standards could increase the “food or fuel” dilemma associated to the use of first generation biofuels, i.e. biocrops, and the competition for land and water resources. Further key elements for bringing down production cost for methanol from CO 2 include the use of electricity from wind farms that cannot be evacuated to the grid or employing solar electricity generated in isolated, but sun-rich regions for hydrogen and methanol production.

2014 213

“Energiewende” in a tank; Audi e-fuels targeting carbon-neutral driving with synthetic fuels from renewables, H2O and CO2; Swiss policy test case

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solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. to the realization of the renewable energy + water + CO 2 formula. At this facility, the engineered microorganisms use water (brackish, salt or wastewater), sunlight and carbon dioxide to produce the fuels. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials.

2015 229

Co-Electrolysis of CO2 and H2O for the Production of Liquid Fuels

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There is no need for a separate reverse water-gas shift reactor to produce syngas, and the waste heat from exothermic fuel synthesis is useful in the process. Dominant costs of the process are the electricity cost and the capital cost of the electrolyzer; this capital cost is significantly increased when operating intermittently (on renewable power sources such as solar and wind). Diagram of the proposed closed-loop fuel cycle.

2010 221

Study finds removing corn residue for biofuel production can decrease soil organic carbon and increase CO2 emissions; may miss mandated 60% GHG reduction

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Changes in SOC occur via two dominant processes: soil erosion by water and wind; and soil respiration where SOC is oxidized to CO 2. Contribution of modeled CO 2 emissions from SOC to the life cycle of biofuel from corn residue. Error bars are ± one standard deviation. Liska et al. Click to enlarge.

2014 197

Researchers Show Direct Bacterial Production of Methane from Electricity and CO2

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The results show that electromethanogenesis can be used to convert electrical current produced from renewable energy sources (such as wind, solar, or biomass) into a biofuel (methane) as well as serving as a method for the capture of carbon dioxide. The researchers found that Archaea, using about the same electrical input, could use the current to convert carbon dioxide and water to methane without any organic material, bacteria or hydrogen usually found in microbial electrolysis cells. “We

2009 207

Researchers use ionic liquid electrolyte for a more efficient electroreduction of CO2 to CO; potential for synthetic fuel pathways

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formation is very negative in water and in most common solvents. In artificial photosynthesis, an electrochemical cell uses energy from a solar collector or a wind turbine to convert CO 2 to simple carbon fuels such as formic acid or methanol, which can be further refined to make ethanol and other fuels. A plot of the Faradaic efficiency of the process to. form the desired CO and the undesired hydrogen, and the. turnover rate as a function of the applied cell potential.

2011 175

UK study finds Bio-SNG could offer 90% reduction in lifecycle CO2; lower cost of carbon abatement than electrical solutions for transport applications

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Downstream of the gasifier the gas processing operations are conventional technology: heat recovery and power generation, gas scrubbing, water gas shift, methanation, conditioning and compression. For transport applications, Bio-SNG is significantly more cost effective than electrical solutions (either using grid electricity - £1,000/ te CO 2 e, or presuming offshore wind derived renewable electricity - £600/ te CO 2 e). Cost of carbon abated for transport applications.

2010 190

Air Products, ACWA Power and NEOM sign agreement for $5B production facility for production and export of green ammonia to global markets for H2 delivery

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It is based on proven, world-class technology and will include the innovative integration of over four gigawatts of renewable power from solar, wind and storage; production of 650 tons per day of hydrogen by electrolysis using thyssenkrupp technology; production of nitrogen by air separation using Air Products technology; and production of 1.2

2020 175

Review finds encouraging progress in electrochemical reduction of CO2 to organic compounds; substantial advances in catalysts, electrolytes and reactors still required

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The storage of electrical energy in chemical form is potentially useful in two key areas, (1) leveling the output from intermittent electricity sources such as wind and solar and (2) allowing the production of liquid fuels for the transportation sector with renewable electricity. The electrochemical reduction of CO 2 can produce several products, including formic acid, carbon monoxide, methane, ethylene, and methanol. Credit; ACS, Whipple and Kenis. Click to enlarge.

2010 175

Researchers Propose New F-T Process for Synfuels; Less Work Required Could Result in 15% Reduction in CO2 Emissions Compared to Conventional Route

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The new process, which uses a carbon dioxide and hydrogen route rather than the traditional carbon monoxide and hydrogen route, could also open up a pathway for the direct use of CO 2 and H 2 derived from low-carbon processes (nuclear, wind, solar, bio). The synthesis reaction may not go directly via the new gas mixture, but when combined with the reverse water-gas shift reaction, which converts CO 2 and H 2 to CO and H 2 O, the process is feasible.

2009 164

IISA study proposes using airships for efficient cargo or hydrogen transportation

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These projections necessitate finding new approaches to transporting cargo with a lower demand for energy and lower CO2 emissions. The jet stream is a core of strong winds that flows from west to east, around 8 to 12 kilometers above the Earth’s surface. Given that renewable electricity, for example, excess wind power, can be transformed into hydrogen, there is some optimism that the hydrogen economy will form a fundamental part of a clean and sustainable future.

2019 229

Why Hydrogen power is not the answer

EV Info

Note the clarification of Zero Co2 at the point of use. Most of the hydrogen on Earth exists in molecular forms such as water and organic compounds. In water or H2O, the Hydrogen and Oxygen molecules are very, very reluctant to let go of each other.

Biofeedstock company Proterro hits milestones with bioreactor for sucrose produced via cyanobacteria; commissioning pilot plant

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The modular photobioreactors, which are made from off-the-shelf materials, including polyethylene, can withstand category 1 hurricane winds,” she explained, adding, “Because of the materials used and the innovative design, we also have been able to validate low fabrication costs. Water and nutrients are trickled into the photobioreactor, creating a controlled cultivation environment. Proterro, Inc.,

2013 190

Audi e-gas plant qualified to participate in balancing market to stabilize grid

Green Car Congress

The Audi e-gas plant in the city of Werlte in Lower Saxony ( earlier post ) produces CO 2 neutral-fuel (synthetic methane from water, renewable electricity and CO 2 ); it now also contributes toward stabilizing the public power grid. However, regional expansion of wind and photovoltaic generation plants leads to increasingly larger load fluctuations. the amount of CO2 that is emitted during vehicle operation is equal to the amount that is chemically bound to produce the fuel.

2015 283

DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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Low Cost Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Reusable Sorbents for Energy and Water Industries, $150,000 Qualification of SAS4A/SASSYS-1 for Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Authorization and Licensing, $674,484 Advanced Reactor Concepts LLC, Chevy Chase, Md. Neutron Spectrum Generator, $75,000 Rapid Field Chemical Detection and Determination of Actinides, $42,500 Switchable Solvent Water Extraction for Material Processing and Isolation, $150,000 Trevi Systems Inc.,

2019 215

DOE announces more than $65M in public and private funding to commercialize promising energy technologies

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Highly Efficient Electrocatalysts for Direct Conversion Of CO2 To Chemicals, $250,000. Offshore Wind Turbine Digital Twin for the Prediction of Component Failures, $200,000. Robust Carbonic Anhydrases for Novel Biological, Sustainable and Low Energy CO2 Scrubbing Process from Waste Gases, $250,000. Mesofluidic Inline Separation for Produced Water Treatment, $246,979. Alkaline Water Electrolysis, $100,000.

NSF to award up to $13M for fundamental work on sustainable production of electricity and transportation fuels

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Specific areas of interest include: nano-enabled PV devices containing nanostructured semiconductors, plasmonic materials, photonic structures, or conducting polymers; earth-abundant and environmentally benign materials for photovoltaic devices; photocatalytic or photoelectrochemical processe for the splitting of water into H 2 gas, or for the reduction of CO2 to liquid or gaseous fuels. Wind Energy.

2013 207

Honda launches new “Green Path” initiatives for manufacturing and operations; new $210M paint line at Marysville with new 4C2B process

Green Car Congress

Significantly to reduce the CO 2 intensity and water use of its manufacturing operations. The new MAP Line 1 paint facility will utilize numerous new technologies to significantly reduce energy use, water use and chemical emissions from the vehicle painting process while at the same time improving the quality of Honda and Acura vehicles produced at MAP. Honda is using a new 3-coat/2-bake (3C2B), water-based painting process at its Honda de Mexico, S.A.

2015 280