Researchers produce green syngas using CO2, water and sunlight

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Researchers from the University of Michigan and McGill University in Canada report photochemical syngas synthesis using a core/shell Au@Cr 2 O 3 dual cocatalyst in coordination with multistacked InGaN/GaN nanowires (NWs) with the sole inputs of CO 2 , water, and solar light.

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Twelve and Alaska Airlines to collaborate with Microsoft to advance sustainable aviation fuel derived from recaptured CO2 and renewable energy

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Twelve has developed an efficient polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) CO 2 electrolyzer that uses proprietary CO 2 -reducing catalysts to split CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs, syngas (CO and hydrogen) as the output, and pure oxygen as the only byproduct.

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Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. We are making it possible to store renewable energy by converting it into useful substances such as specialty chemicals or fuel. In a first step, carbon dioxide and water are converted into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen in electrolyzers with the aid of electricity.

2019 163

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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CRI, founded in 2006 in Reykjavik, Iceland, is developing technology to produce renewable methanol from clean energy and recycled CO 2 emissions. Geely Group and CRI intend to collaborate on the deployment of renewable methanol fuel production technology in China and explore the development and deployment of 100% methanol-fueled vehicles in China, Iceland and other countries. CRI have a proven track record in renewable methanol, working up and down the value chain.

2015 210

Audi Produces e-Diesel Fuel From Water, CO2, Renewable Energy

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Biofuels Carbon Footprint biodiesel renewable diesel fuel Cars are getting more efficient, but the fuels that power them may soon change too. That''s especially true when it comes to diesel, where the loose "biodiesel" category is being expanded to include a new variety of synthetic fuels. These experimental diesel alternatives are chemically identical to petroleum-based diesel--meaning they can be used.

2015 107

Twelve and LanzaTech successfully convert CO2 to ethanol

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Twelve and LanzaTech are eliminating fossil fuels from ethanol production by converting CO 2 to CO through Twelve’s carbon transformation technology (a new class of CO 2 -reducing catalysts and a novel device that splits CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs), and subsequently using LanzaTech’s small Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) to convert CO to ethanol.

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. 2014), “A One-Pot Synthesis of Hydrogen and Carbon Fuels from Water and Carbon Dioxide,” Adv.

2014 205

PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The production of green methanol requires a renewable carbon source from PCC’s silicon metal plant in Iceland and renewable power from Landsvirkjun´s power stations. Landsvirkjun generates energy from renewable sources: hydro, geothermal and wind.

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials. The patent-pending technology has been developed in collaboration with the Professorship of Renewable Energy Carriers at ETH Zurich.

2014 316

Soletair demo plant produces renewable hydrocarbon fuel from CO2 captured from the air

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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) are beginning testing of the Soletair demo plant, which uses air-captured carbon dioxide to produce renewable fuels and chemicals. Phase 1: Renewable energy. Solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity is used as a renewable energy source in the Soletair system to produce electricity especially for the hydrogen production unit—the most energy intensive part in the system.

2017 212

Johnson Matthey launches HyCOgen; converting CO2 and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel

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By combining HyCOgen with the award-winning FT CANS Fischer Tropsch technology (developed in collaboration with bp), Johnson Matthey offers an integrated, scalable solution for use in the efficient and cost-effective production of renewable-power-based SAF. This synthetic crude oil can be further upgraded into sustainable drop-in fuel products including aviation fuels, renewable diesel and naphtha.

SunFire acquiring staxera to support development of technology to generate synthetic fuels from renewable energy sources, water and CO2

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The acquisition will enable SunFire—the developer of a process to generate renewable fuels from CO 2 and H 2 O—to extend its expertise along the value chain by adding the technical core component for the required electrolysis process. The process developed by SunFire begins with the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by using electrolysis, driven by renewable electrical energy (derived from sunlight, wind or water).

2011 203

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. SOLAR-JET ( S olar chemical reactor demonstration and O ptimization for L ong-term A vailability of R enewable JET fuel) uses sunlight in a concentrated solar reactor to convert CO 2 and water to syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and CO), which is then processed in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to aviation kerosene.

2014 225

Researchers develop new stable artificial photosynthesis device to produce ethylene and hydrogen from sunlight and CO2

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A research team has developed a new artificial photosynthesis device component with remarkable stability and longevity as it selectively converts sunlight and carbon dioxide into two promising sources of renewable fuels: ethylene and hydrogen. Electron microscopy experiments at the Molecular Foundry confirmed that cuprous oxide quickly oxidizes or corrodes within minutes of exposure to light and water.

MIT researchers propose mechanism for overcoming bottleneck in electroreduction of CO2

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The novel use of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) electroreduction to generate carbon-based products which do not contribute to the greenhouse effect has promoted the vision of carbon dioxide as a renewable feedstock for future clean fuel production.

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Renewable-methanol fueled Geely cars in fleet testing in Iceland; 70% reduction in WTW CO2 compared to gasoline

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Geely is a shareholder ($45.5-million investment in 2015) in Carbon Recycling International ( CRI ), an Icelandic company which produces renewable methanol using recycled CO 2 emissions sourced from a local thermal power plant and hydrogen made by splitting water with electrolysis (Power-to-Methanol). The average in-use emissions were calculated as 46 g CO2 per kilometer, accounting for the consumption of both fuels.

2017 163

Algenol signs MOU with ZYNE to produce renewable fuels in China using industrial CO2 emissions

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ZYNE) to develop projects throughout Southern China, utilizing carbon emissions to create renewable fuels. The goal is to provide solutions for China’s three biggest challenges: access to clean air, clean water and sustainable fuels. This partnership unites the economic and environmental benefits of Algenol’s technologies with ZYNE’s existing expertise in delivering renewable fuels in China.

2015 192

Texas A&M team developing photocatalyst to turn CO2 into renewable hydrocarbon fuels

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Researchers with the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Texas A&M University, led by Dr. Ying Li, associate professor of mechanical engineering, are developing a photocatalyst to convert CO 2 into renewable hydrocarbon fuels. One of the challenges with this technology is that the current conversion efficiency of converting CO 2 and water into renewable solar fuels remains low, less than a few percent.

2017 163

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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The Audi e-gas plant, which can convert 6MW of input power, utilizes renewable electricity for electrolysis to produce oxygen and hydrogen. Because there is not yet a widespread hydrogen infrastructure, the hydrogen is reacted with CO 2 in a methanation unit to generate renewable synthetic methane, or Audi e-gas. Water and oxygen are the only by-products. Audi’s e-gas plant. Click to enlarge.

2013 244

BMW i Ventures invests in Prometheus Fuels; CO2 air-capture and conversion to carbon-neutral gasoline

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In a commentary in the journal Joule , published in January, McGinnis outlined the technology advances that could lead to the potential price-competitiveness of renewable gasoline and jet with fossil fuels. The conversion of CO 2 to fuels in these inexpensive water-based systems has shown high faradic efficiencies for reduction of CO 2. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water.

2020 260

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Evonik and Siemens Energy commissioned a pilot plant—sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)—that uses carbon dioxide and water to produce chemicals. The necessary energy is supplied by electricity from renewable sources.

2020 222

Twelve produces first batch of E-Jet fuel from CO2 electrolysis; partnership with USAF; electrifying fuel, not planes

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Twelve has developed an efficient polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) CO 2 electrolyzer that uses proprietary CO 2 -reducing catalysts to split CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs, syngas (CO and hydrogen) as the output, and pure oxygen as the only byproduct.

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Joule expands solar CO2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline and jet hydrocarbons

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Joule, the developer of a direct, single-step, continuous process for the production of solar hydrocarbon fuels ( earlier post ), has extended its solar CO 2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline- and jet fuel-range hydrocarbons. The entire process takes place in a modular SolarConverter system, from photon capture to product creation and initial separation, with no requirement for arable land, fresh water or crops.

2013 229

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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CO can then be reacted with H 2 O via the water?gas The combination, suggests the team in paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society , could integrate into energy storage and distribution networks to provide a means for renewable energy storage. The renewable production of reduced carbon compounds is especially attractive, as liquid fuels can directly address energy needs associated with transportation, which account for nearly 30% of the US energy demand.

2013 211

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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Snam and Saipem have already started working together, focusing in particular on developing the technology of water electrolysis, a process that makes it possible to reduce CO 2 emissions to zero in the production of green hydrogen.

2020 261

EPFL team develops on-board system to capture CO2 from trucks; reducing emissions by 90%

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The liquid CO 2 would then be delivered to a service station and where it will be turned back into fuel using renewable energy. First, the vehicle’s flue gases in the exhaust pipe are cooled down and the water is separated from the gases.

2019 286

Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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The researchers and engineers at ETH Zurich have developed innovative processes that make it possible to extract CO 2 from the atmosphere and, together with water and with the help of concentrated sunlight, convert it into a synthesis gas that can be used to produce jet fuel.

2020 240

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. The use of natural gas (CH 4 ) eliminates the need to add water as a source of hydrogen, reduces the need to add energy to drive the gasification reaction, and results in the use of a smaller gasifier. Water consumption less than 235 kg/barrel. Top: Conventional F-T process. Bottom: SRI process.

2011 218

Researchers Propose a Renewable Energy Cycle Based on Co-electrolysis of Water and CO2 to Produce Syngas

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Schematic illustration of a generic liquid-fuel energy cycle utilizing a renewable electrical source. Researchers at Northwestern University are proposing, and have begun experimental validation of, a renewable liquid-fuel energy storage cycle based on the co-electrolysis of H 2 O and CO 2 using a solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) powered by renewable electricity to produce syngas.

2009 150

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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When illuminated by light, these QDs drive the renewable production of different biofuels and chemicals using carbon-dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and nitrogen (from air) as substrates. The microbes, which lie dormant in water, release their resulting product to the surface, where it can be skimmed off and harvested for manufacturing.

2019 269

PSI and Empa launch $6.9M SynFuels project to produce kerosene from CO2 and hydrogen

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If we can manage to produce them from renewable resources, then we will also be able to synthesise all other kinds of fuel. A synthesis process that produces such fuels from renewable resources is thus highly sought after. The hydrogen required, in turn, is generated from water with the help of renewable electric power. ESI tests renewable energy alternatives in their complex interaction.

CO2 170

UTA researchers demonstrate one-step solar process to convert CO2 and H2O directly into renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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We are the first to use both light and heat to synthesize liquid hydrocarbons in a single stage reactor from carbon dioxide and water. The least disruptive technology would replace oil-derived hydrocarbons with liquid hydrocarbon fuels derived from CO 2 , water, and a clean energy source, such as the sun, leading to a carbon-neutral fuel cycle. Hydrogen, carbon monoxide, C 1 hydrocarbons, and syngas are the most commonly produced fuels and are derived from water or water and CO 2.

2016 174

“Energiewende” in a tank; Audi e-fuels targeting carbon-neutral driving with synthetic fuels from renewables, H2O and CO2; Swiss policy test case

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Audi’s basic goal is to combine renewable energy (e.g. solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. Energiewende”, the term applied to Germany’s policy of transitioning to an energy portfolio dominated by renewable energy (as well as a shift to more distributed generation), thus also applies to the vehicle fuel tank for Audi’s e-fuels, Mangold suggests. to the realization of the renewable energy + water + CO 2 formula.

2015 224

Kopernikus Project P2X integrated container-scale test facility produces first fuels from air-captured CO2 and green power

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Partners of the P2X Kopernikus project on the premises of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany have demonstrated the production of fuel from air-captured CO2 using—for the first time—a container-based test facility integrating all four chemical process steps needed to implement a continuous process. In the second step, the electrolytic splitting of carbon dioxide and water vapor takes place simultaneously.

2019 239

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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Additionally, it can operate as a dispatchable load, which may match the intermittency of renewable sources such as wind and solar. Running reactions in a single step without the prerequisite of generating hydrogen—having the ability to run water directly—is a very novel platform.

2019 254

Ford hits CO2 manufacturing emissions reduction target of 30% per vehicle 8 years early

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In MQL, a machining tool is lubricated with a very small amount of oil sprayed directly on the tip of the tool in a finely atomized mist, instead of with a large quantity of coolant/water mixture. Ford now is working on setting a new goal focused on increasing it use of renewable energy while maintaining its energy efficiencies. Ford Motor Company has met its goal to reduce manufacturing CO 2 emissions eight years ahead of schedule.

2018 249

Zinc Orthogermanate Nanoribbons Support Improved Photocatalytic Reduction of CO2 to Renewable Methane

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Researchers at Nanjing University and Anhui Polytechnic University in China have synthesized zinc orthogermanate (Zn 2 GeO 4 ) ultralong nanoribbons which show promising photocatalytic activity toward the reduction of CO 2 into renewable methane (CH 4 ) and water. The ultralong and ultrathin geometry of the Zn 2 GeO 4 nanoribbon greatly improves the photocatalytic activity toward reduction of CO 2 into renewable hydrocarbon fuel (CH 4 ) in the presence of water vapor.

2010 170

Joule Awarded Patent on Renewable Diesel Production Directly from Sunlight and CO2

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Joule’s microorganisms function as biocatalysts that use only sunlight, waste CO 2 and non-fresh water to directly and continuously produce diesel-range hydrocarbons, which are chemically distinct from biodiesel and are compatible with existing infrastructure. Joule Unlimited, Inc., has been awarded a US patent covering its conversion of sunlight and waste carbon dioxide directly into liquid hydrocarbons that are fungible with conventional diesel fuel.

2010 210

EPFL team develops low-cost catalyst for splitting CO2

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EPFL scientists have developed an Earth-abundant and low-cost catalytic system for splitting CO 2 into CO and oxygen—an important step towards achieving the conversion of renewable energy into hydrocarbon fuels. The system uses the same catalyst for the cathode that reduces CO 2 to CO and for the anode that oxidizes water to oxygen through the oxygen evolution reaction. The system was able to selectively convert CO2 to CO with an efficiency of 13.4%

2017 150

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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A team led by Professor Jae Sung Lee at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), with colleagues at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), have developed a new pathway for the direct conversion of CO 2 to liquid transportation fuels by reaction with renewable hydrogen produced by solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

2016 219

PARC building cleantech portfolio; co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes and carbon-neutral renewable liquid fuels from atmospheric CO2

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Schematic of the HP-BPMED device used in the renewable fuels research. (a) Dr. Scott Elrod, VP and Director of PARC’s Hardware Systems Laboratory (HSL) research organization also directs the Cleantech Innovation Program at PARC, which develops solutions for delivering affordable solar energy, increasing solar cell efficiency, purifying water, managing energy utilization, and producing renewable fuels.

2011 204

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Electrocatalysis and photocatalysis (artificial photosynthesis) are among the most promising ways to achieve effective storage for renewable energy. Recent research in electrocatalytic CO 2 conversion points the way to using CO 2 as a feedstock and renewable electricity as an energy supply for the synthesis of different types of fuel and value-added chemicals such as ethylene, ethanol, and propane.

2018 179

DOE awarding up to $80M for supercritical CO2 pilot plant

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At this state, sCO 2 can be used efficiently as the working fluid throughout the entire Brayton cycle, enabling a power plant to generate the same amount of electricity from less fuel when compared to traditional steam and water (Rankine cycle) systems commonly used today. Low cooling water consumption. The project is part of DOE’s sCO 2 crosscutting initiative that includes the Offices of Fossil Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, and Nuclear Energy.

2016 170