WUSTL researchers demonstrate solar-panel-powered microbial electrosynthesis to produce n-butanol from light, CO2 and power

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A team of biologists and engineers modified Rhodopseudomonas palustris TIE-1 (TIE-1) so that it can produce a biofuel using only three renewable and naturally abundant source ingredients: carbon dioxide, solar panel-generated electricity and light. The form of the microbe they built was unable to grow when nitrogen gas was its only nitrogen source. We hope that it can be a steppingstone for future sustainable solar fuel production. Researchers at Washington University in St.

Solar 263

Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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The researchers and engineers at ETH Zurich have developed innovative processes that make it possible to extract CO 2 from the atmosphere and, together with water and with the help of concentrated sunlight, convert it into a synthesis gas that can be used to produce jet fuel.

2020 244

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New highly efficient catalyst for photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction toward methane

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The work, presented in a paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), offers a unique, highly efficient, and inexpensive route for solar fuels synthesis. The solar-powered catalyst is made from abundant materials and works in a configuration that could be mass-produced.

2020 298

SOLETAIR project produces first 200 liters of synthetic fuel from solar power and atmospheric CO2

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The SOLETAIR project ( earlier post ) has produced its first 200 liters of synthetic fuel from solar energy and the air’s carbon dioxide via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. An electrolysis unit developed by Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) uses solar power to produce the required hydrogen. Afterwards, carbon dioxide and hydrogen are first converted into reactive synthesis gas at high temperature and then into liquid fuels in a microstructured chemical reactor.

2017 307

Audi Hungaria starts operation of Europe’s biggest solar roof installation

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The remainder is compensated by bio-gas certificates. This solar energy park, covering an area of approximately 160,000 square meters, consists of 36,400 solar cells and provides a maximum performance of twelve megawatts. Audi Hungaria, in cooperation with E.ON

2020 355

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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SOLAR-JET concentrated thermochemical reactor. The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. The solar reactor consists of a cavity-receiver containing a porous monolithic ceria cylinder. Concentrated solar radiation enters through a windowed aperture and impinges on the ceria inner walls. Aviation Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar Solar fuels

2014 228

KIT spin-off producing synthetic natural gas from green hydrogen and CO2 from sewage sludge

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Chemical reactor company INERATEC , a spinoff of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), and the Spanish company GAS NATURAL FENOSA have built a plant in Spain that produces synthetic natural gas from CO 2 and renewable hydrogen. The process is based on the production of hydrogen by electrolysis (renewable power-to-gas) and its reaction with CO 2 from biogenic sources—e.g. For the time being, the pilot plant at Sabadell is to produce 100 m 3 gas per day.

2018 174

Molten carbonate electrolysis can produce a range of carbon nanomaterials, including graphene, from CO2 at high yield

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The utilization of the full spectrum of sunlight in STEP results in a higher solar energy efficiency than other solar conversion processes. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Graphene Solar

2019 315

Audi expanding e-gas capacity through partnership with Viessmann; power-to-gas with biological methanation of CO2 and H2

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Audi is expanding capacities for the production of sustainably produced e-gas. Audi e-gas is currently produced using two process steps: electrolysis and methanation. In the Audi e-gas plant in Werlte in the German state of Lower Saxony, this is done using a chemical-catalytic process under high pressure and high temperature. solar and wind), water and CO 2 to produce liquid or gaseous fuels with a very low carbon intensity. Fuels Natural Gas Power-to-Gas

2016 183

UC Berkeley hybrid semiconductor nanowire-bacteria system for direct solar-powered production of chemicals from CO2 and water

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Researchers at UC Berkeley have developed an artificial photosynthetic scheme for the direct solar-powered production of value-added chemicals from CO 2 and water using a two-step process involving a biocompatible light-capturing nanowire array with a direct interface with microbial systems. Consequently, bio-derived CO 2 -reducing catalytic systems are not directly applicable to oxygen- containing CO 2 sources such as flue gas. Biotech Fuels Solar Solar fuels

2015 207

Study finds copper catalysts work better at converting CO2 to renewable fuel when they gain and lose oxygen atoms

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JCAP’s mission is to develop efficient, solar-powered technologies that can convert atmospheric CO 2 into petroleum-alternative fuels. To resolve the debate, the team brought a gas chromatography (GC) system to the X-ray beamline so they could detect ethylene production in real time.

2020 212

GWU team develops cost-effective solar process to produce lime for cement without CO2 emission

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Conventional thermal decomposition production of lime (left) versus STEP direct solar conversion of calcium carbonate to calcium oxide (right). A team at George Washington University has demonstrated a new solar process that can produce lime (CaO) for cement without any emission of carbon dioxide, and at lower projected cost than the existing cement industry process. Thus no CO 2 is formed, to eliminate cement’s greenhouse gas contribution to anthropogenic climate change.

2012 240

UTA researchers demonstrate one-step solar process to convert CO2 and H2O directly into renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington have demonstrated a new solar process for the one-step, gas-phase conversion of CO 2 and H 2 O to C 5+ liquid hydrocarbons and O 2 by operating the photocatalytic reaction at elevated temperatures and pressures. Although the efficiency of the current demonstration system is not commercially viable, they team noted, it is also far from optimized and it opens a promising new path by which such solar processes might be realized.

2016 174

IEA: global CO2 emissions rebounded to their highest level in history in 2021; largely driven by China

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The recovery of energy demand in 2021 was compounded by adverse weather and energy market conditions—notably the spikes in natural gas prices—which led to more coal being burned despite renewable power generation registering its largest growth to date.

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CESifo: EVs not the best option for reduction in on-road CO2 in Germany given power mix

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According to the study, natural gas combustion engines are an ideal technology for transitioning to vehicles powered by hydrogen or “green” methane in the long term. They report that even with today’s technology, total emissions from a combustion engine powered by natural gas are already almost one-third lower than those of a diesel engine. Electric (Battery) Emissions Lifecycle analysis Natural Gas

2019 320

RPI researchers to develop novel porous material for air capture of CO2

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With the support of a grant from the Department of Energy, Miao Yu, the Priti and Mukesh Chatter ’82 Career Development Chair of Chemical and Biological Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, will develop a novel porous material capable of capturing even very small concentrations of CO 2 in the air and collecting the gas for further use.

2020 253

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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The work is a further development of their work with STEP (solar thermal electrochemical process)—an efficient solar chemical process, based on a synergy of solar thermal and endothermic electrolyses, introduced by Licht and his colleagues in 2009. In short, STEP uses solar thermal energy to increase the system temperature to decrease electrolysis potentials.). Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Hydrogen Production Solar fuels Water

2014 209

Kopernikus Project P2X integrated container-scale test facility produces first fuels from air-captured CO2 and green power

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Partners of the P2X Kopernikus project on the premises of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany have demonstrated the production of fuel from air-captured CO2 using—for the first time—a container-based test facility integrating all four chemical process steps needed to implement a continuous process. The mixture can be applied as synthesis gas for a number of processes in chemical industry.

2019 243

New photocatalyst for the hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol with high selectivity at atmospheric pressure

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Researchers from Soochow University in China and the University of Toronto have developed a new photocatalyst for the hydrogenation of CO 2 to methanol with 50% selectivity under simulated solar irradiation. The solar methanol production of the defect-laden indium oxide, In 2 O 3-x (OH) y , with a rod-like nanocrystal superstructure, can be stabilized at a rate of 0.06 Catalysts Methanol Power-to-Gas Solar fuels

2018 163

Bosch study highlights potential of e-fuels to reduce CO2 emissions

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In this way, the cost of exhaust-gas treatment can be reduced, Bosch adds. Pilot projects to commercialize synthetic diesel, gasoline, and gas are currently underway in Norway and Germany. Emissions Fuels Power-to-Gas Power-to-Liquids Solar fuelsAccording to a new study by Bosch, the use of e-fuels—synthetic fuels based on renewable energy—in Europe by 2050 as a scheduled supplement to electrification could save up to 2.8

2017 190

EPA finalizes greenhouse gas standards for LDVs MY 2023-2026

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The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is finalizing the federal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for passenger cars and light trucks for Model Years (MY) 2023 through 2026.

UI, Argonne develop catalyst for more efficient solar-powered reduction of CO2 to CO for conversion to fuel

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Electrochemical or photochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) could in principle conveniently recycle the greenhouse gas back into fuels. Although carbon monoxide is also a greenhouse gas, it is much more reactive than carbon dioxide and scientists already have ways of converting carbon monoxide into usable fuel, such as methanol. C) Calculated solar-to-fuel efficiency (SFE) of photochemical process. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Solar fuels

2016 150

EIA: US energy-related CO2 fell by 2.8% in 2019, slightly below 2017 levels

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In 2019, CO 2 emissions from petroleum fuels—nearly half of which are associated with motor gasoline consumption—fell by 0.8%, and CO 2 emissions from the use of natural gas increased by 3.3%. In 2019, the transportation sector’s energy-related CO2 emissions declined by 0.7%

2020 247

German power-to-gas facility opens green methanation plant; €28M STORE&GO project

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A methanation plant expansion to the existing power-to-gas (PtG) facility in Falkenhagen, Germany has officially opened as part of the international €28-million (US$33.5-million) STORE&GO research project. While the current facility feeds pure hydrogen (“WindGas”) directly into the gas grid, the new methanation plant provides for the generation of “green” methane. Moreover, it provides for unrestricted use of the natural gas infrastructure, including for transport and storage.

2018 222

Alliance Formed to Commercialize Solar Reforming Technologies to Convert Waste CO2 into Synthetic Fuel

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An alliance of industry, academic and government organizations has formed to commercialize technologies that will utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels. The solar reforming technology platform will be co-located next to industrial facilities that have waste CO 2 streams such as coal power plants, natural gas processing facilities, ethanol plants, cement production facilities and other stationary sources of CO 2.

2010 228

Soletair demo plant produces renewable hydrocarbon fuel from CO2 captured from the air

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The pilot plant is coupled to LUT’s solar power plant in Lappeenranta. The demo plant incorporates the entire process chain, and comprises four separate units: a solar power plant; equipment for separating carbon dioxide and water from the air; a section that uses electrolysis to produce hydrogen; and synthesis equipment for producing a crude-oil substitute from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The system produces high-purity hydrogen gas at elevated pressures.

2017 212

EIA: CO2 emissions from US power sector have declined 28% since 2005

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The power sector has become less carbon-intensive as natural gas-fired generation displaced coal-fired and petroleum-fired generation and as the noncarbon sources of electricity generation—especially renewables such as wind and solar—have grown. In 2016, natural gas generation surpassed coal as the largest source of electricity generation.

2018 326

Bauhaus Luftfahrt analysis finds solar thermochemical jet fuel production viable only if CO2 captured from renewable sources and not flue gases

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A team from Bauhaus Luftfahrt in Germany has analyzed the climate impact and economic performance of solar thermochemical jet fuel production. Schematic of solar thermochemical fuel production path. Direct solar radiation is concentrated by a field of heliostats and drives the high-temperature thermochemical conversion of H 2 O and CO 2 to H 2 and CO (syngas). A solar tower or dish concentration system can deliver the required level of radiative flux.

2015 150

DGIST-led team improves efficiency of photocatalyst for conversion of atmospheric CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels

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Some photocatalysts are being tested for their ability to recycle carbon dioxide into hydrocarbon fuels such as methane, the main component found in natural gas. Carbon dioxide gas and water vapor moved through the chamber, passing over the catalyst. Catalysts Fuels Solar fuels

2019 177

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Just as plants use solar energy to produce sugar, for example, from carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water in several steps, artificial photosynthesis uses renewable energies to produce valuable chemicals from CO 2 and water through electrolysis with the help of bacteria.

2020 227

I’ve Done The Math – Now I’m Doing Something About It

Creative Greenius

You’ve got to be willing to go up against the fossil fuel industry – whose established business model is designed to give you asthma, emphysema or cancer as a warm-up act before pumping so much greenhouse gas into the air that climate change spirals out-of-control with global temperature increases of 6-7-8° and a climate that no longer supports a civilization remotely compatible with the one we’ve enjoyed for the last 100 years. .

2013 289

New black silicon-supported catalyst for photoreduction of CO2 to methane

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Researchers at the University of Toronto have developed a catalyst comprising of black silicon nanowire supported ruthenium ( Ru/SiNW) for the photochemical and thermochemical reduction of gaseous CO 2 to methane (methanation) in the presence of hydrogen under solar-simulated light. suns intensity of solar-simulated irradiation in a hydrogen atmosphere at 15 psi and a H 2 :CO 2 ratio of 4:1. eV, they can potentially absorb 85% of the solar irradiance, the team noted.

2015 195

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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Carbon dioxide is the sole reactant in this CNT transformation, providing a financial impetus for the removal of this greenhouse gas. Larger scale C2CNT can be achieved through direct elimination of atmospheric CO 2 using solar heat and solar to electric PVs. Schematic representation of an ocean-based solar thermal and photovoltaic field to drive both water purification and C2CNT splitting of CO 2 to useful products.

2017 250

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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ReactWell , LLC, has licensed a novel waste-to-fuel technology from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to improve energy conversion methods for cleaner, more efficient oil and gas, chemical and bioenergy production. ORNL’s method involves nanofabrication and catalysis science, using tiny spikes of carbon and copper to turn the greenhouse gas into a sustainable liquid.

2019 257

Study suggests energy and GHG impacts of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels from CO2 are greater than impacts of existing hydrocarbon fuels

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Synthetic fuel production from fuel-combustion-based energy and CO 2 (top) and from atmospheric CO 2 using solar electricity (bottom). That solar fuels offer the promise of solar energy storage—a key challenge in a world predominantly relying on renewables. It is the purpose of this paper to hold the claims up to quantitative scrutiny and review the general merit of the idea of solar fuels, subject to the definition above.

2014 207

New efficient catalytic system for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbons

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After five cycles measurement during a 34-hour test, the CH 4 gas-evolution rate decreases from 15.49 The large surface area of the nanotube bundles and the porosity of the nanotube walls facilitate a high degree of gas diffusion and ensure efficient charge transport. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Solar Solar fuels Photocatalytic reduction products formed on various catalysts.

2014 195

Empa researchers investigating new process for production of synthetic methane

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Due to the high reaction temperatures, a proportion of the water is converted back into hydrogen by the water-gas shift reaction. The gaseous product of the methanization reaction thus contains a few percent hydrogen, which prevents direct feeding into the gas grid; the hydrogen must first be removed. By means of a clever heat management, we want to cover the heat requirements of the CO2 collector as much as possible with this waste heat —Christian Bach.

Water 183

Photo-activated catalyst converts CO2 to CO for clean fuel technology; no unwanted byproducts

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When exposed to visible light, the material, a “spongy” nickel organic crystalline structure, converted the CO 2 in a reaction chamber exclusively into carbon monoxide (CO) gas, which can be further turned into liquid fuels, solvents, and other useful products. The achievement marks a significant step forward in developing technology that could help generate fuel and other energy-rich products using a solar-powered catalyst while mitigating levels of a potent greenhouse gas.

2017 150

Air Products, ACWA Power and NEOM sign agreement for $5B production facility for production and export of green ammonia to global markets for H2 delivery

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It is based on proven, world-class technology and will include the innovative integration of over four gigawatts of renewable power from solar, wind and storage; production of 650 tons per day of hydrogen by electrolysis using thyssenkrupp technology; production of nitrogen by air separation using Air Products technology; and production of 1.2 Ammonia Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage Power-to-Gas Solar

2020 174

UT Arlington researchers use polyaniline to split CO2 into alcohols

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While in the gas phase, only hydrogen was detected, but potential fuels such as methanol and ethanol were both detected in the solution for carbon dioxide-saturated samples. This opens up a new field of research into new applications for inexpensive, readily available organic semiconducting polymers within solar fuel cells.

DirectFuel Project Targeting Direct Conversion of Solar Energy and CO2 to Engine-ready Hydrocarbon Fuels

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To capture solar energy to drive fuel biosynthesis, the synthetic pathways will at first be assembled in the photosynthetic model organism Synechocystis sp. Successful construction of the intended strains would allow low-cost production of transport fuel in a potentially neutral greenhouse gas emitting process that does not compete for agricultural land.

2010 200

2019 Keeling Curve Prize winners include Opus 12; conversion of CO2 into fuels and chemicals

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The prize recognizes promising projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions or promote carbon uptake. Solar Sister (Great Falls, Virginia) invests in women’s enterprises in off-grid communities in Africa. African Clean Energy (Lesotho) produces cookstoves that reduce smoke emissions and solar electricity for small electronics and LED lighting.

2019 188

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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natural gas, shale gas, biogas and flared gas). Non-thermal plasma (NTP) offers a unique way to enable thermodynamically unfavorable chemical reactions to occur at low temperatures due to its non-equilibrium character: the overall gas temperature in a NTP remains low, while the generated electrons are highly energetic with a typical electron temperature of 1-10 e; sufficient to activate inert molecules (e.g. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Natural Gas

2017 174