Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. Vehicle electrification in the United States could prevent hundreds to thousands of premature deaths annually while reducing carbon emissions by hundreds of millions of tons.

Study links increased black carbon pollution to increase in cases of lung adenocarcinoma worldwide

Green Car Congress

An international team of scientists, led by NTU Singapore, has linked increased air pollution to an uptick in cases of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) worldwide. Black carbon is a pollutant that is classified as under PM 2.5. Global statistics have highlighted the trends of lung cancers but understanding what may be causing them has been unclear, until the NTU-led study, which has associated the incidence of the cancers to air pollution and tobacco consumption.

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WHO issues new, lower Global Air Quality Guidelines for classical pollutants

Green Car Congress

New WHO has issued new Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) that reduce levels of key air pollutants, some of which also contribute to climate change. and carbon monoxide (CO)—it also has an impact on other damaging pollutants. Emissions Health Market Background

German High Court Rules Delaying Climate Action Harms Youth

EV Obssesion

Germany’s highest court ruled Thursday that the country’s 2019 climate law unconstitutionally saddles young people with the burden of fighting climate change by “irreversibly offload[ing] major emission reductions burdens onto periods after 2030.”

MIT team finds aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate

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Researchers at MIT have determined that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. In an open-access paper in the journal Environmental Research Letters , they examine how this damage can be mitigated, and provide consistent comparative assessments of aviation emissions trade-offs, considering both climate and air quality impacts. Aviation emissions are an increasingly significant contributor to anthropogenic climate change.

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California introduces first-in-nation rules to reduce climate “super pollutants” from commercial refrigeration, air conditioning equipment

Green Car Congress

HFCs are considered to be super pollutants because they trap heat in the atmosphere thousands of times more effectively than carbon dioxide, the most prevalent greenhouse gas. California is required to reduce HFC emissions 40% below 2013 levels by 2030 under Senate Bill 1383. In other cases, emissions are released when the equipment is dismantled and destroyed at the end of its useful life. Emissions Market Background Regulations

2020 235

Ice core data show why air pollution is dropping more slowly in US and Western Europe despite lower sulfur emissions

Green Car Congress

Despite these successes, sulfate levels in the atmosphere have declined more slowly than sulfur dioxide emissions, especially in wintertime. This unexpected phenomenon suggests sulfur dioxide emission reductions are less efficient than expected for cutting sulfate aerosols.

Tenneco exploring synthetic fuels for climate-neutral mobility; NAMOSYN project

Green Car Congress

A climate-neutral alternative to petroleum-based fuels, they also offer the potential for significantly reduced overall emissions, allowing Tenneco’s Clean Air experts to better manage any remaining pollutants through the aftertreatment process.

Carnegie study finds climate impact of particulates varies greatly depending on where the pollution originated

Green Car Congress

However, while greenhouse gases cause warming by trapping heat in the atmosphere, some aerosols can have a cooling effect on the climate because the aerosol particles cause more of the sun’s light to be reflected away from the planet. Global and regional-mean temperature responses to identical aerosol emissions in different regions. Not all aerosol emissions are created equal. Climate Change Emissions

2018 163

New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

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Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. The 2019 death toll attributed to air pollution in India accounted for 17.8%

2020 260

T&E: Rising use of private jets sends CO2 emissions soaring

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CO 2 emissions from private jets in Europe increased by nearly a third (31%) between 2005 and 2019, rising faster than commercial aviation emissions, according to a new report from environmental campaign group Transport & Environment (T&E).

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NUS researcher links air pollution to increased residential electricity demand

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A study conducted by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo from the Department of Economics at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences found that households respond to ambient air pollution by increasing electricity consumption, which in turn increases the carbon emissions that are co-produced in supplying the electricity. This is important for policymakers when forecasting and influencing future emissions paths in the context of climate change.

2020 229

New analysis suggests Uber adding significantly to pollution and traffic in European cities

Green Car Congress

Uber is adding more polluting car trips to already-clogged European cities such as London and Paris, new analysis by European NGOs suggests —contributing to air pollution and climate change and exploding the company’s sustainability claims.

2019 393

T&E: COP26 pledge to end car emissions needs to be backed by actual targets

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The COP26 pledge by governments, automakers and others to sell only zero-emissions cars and vans from 2035 in leading markets and by 2040 elsewhere ( earlier post ) needs to be backed up with actual targets set down in law, green NGO Transport & Environment (T&E) said. The car industry’s electrification plans place it ahead of regulators on climate action. But these won’t materialize without actual targets to end car emissions by 2035 at the latest.

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

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A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5%

2018 222

EPA proposes first US greenhouse gas emissions standards for aircraft

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for airplanes used in commercial aviation and large business jets. Aviation Climate Change Emissions Market Background Regulations

2020 326

White House forms Climate Innovation Working Group; on the way to ARPA-C

Green Car Congress

President Biden has created a new Climate Innovation Working Group as part of the National Climate Task Force to advance his commitment to launching an Advanced Research Projects Agency-Climate (ARPA-C). The working group is intended to help coordinate and strengthen federal government-wide efforts to foster affordable, game-changing technologies that can help achieve the goal of net zero economy-wide emissions by 2050.

Climate Expert: Don't Call It Geoengineering

Cars That Think

The leaders of the world have just returned from the UN's latest climate change summit, COP26 , in which the countries that have signed on to the Paris Agreement upped their commitments to fight climate change. C by the year 2100 , according to Climate Action Tracker.

Harvard/Nanjing study: China’s war on PM2.5 pollution is causing more severe ozone pollution

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In early 2013, the Chinese government declared a war on air pollution and began instituting stringent policies to regulate the emissions of PM 2.5. Cities restricted the number of cars on the road, coal-fired power plants reduced emissions or were shuttered and replaced with natural gas. pollution is falling, harmful ground-level ozone pollution is on the rise, especially in large cities. Emissions Policy Regulations

2019 221

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

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A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. 2020) Half the world’s population are exposed to increasing air pollution.

2020 232

Congressman introduces “Super Pollutant” emissions act

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US Congressman Scott Peters (CA-52) introduced the Super Pollutant Emissions Reduction Act (SUPER Act) of 2013, legislation aimed at combating short-lived climate pollutants, which are only somewhat addressed by disparate government programs. The short-lived climate pollutants (also called super pollutants) include black carbon, a primary component of soot; tropospheric ozone, the principle component of urban smog; methane; and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

2013 179

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. The climate change benefit is estimated for a given year (2050) and human health and crop benefits are. Such pollutants together account for approximately one-third of current global warming, have significant impacts on public health, the environment, and world food productivity. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2012 185

CICERO team finds global temperature will respond slowly to emissions cuts

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Although large emissions cuts are urgently needed to achieve global climate goals, it may take decades before we can measure the effect of the reductions on global temperature evolution, according to a new study by researchers at Norway’s CICERO Center for International Climate Research.

2020 254

Researchers find air pollution impacts the health of wild pollinators

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In some of the first research to try to address the physiological and molecular impacts of air pollution on wild plants and animals, scientists from the Bangalore Life Science Cluster in India report that air pollution could be devastating for organisms we rely on most for our own survival—like the honey bee. Perhaps most strikingly, the researchers found more than 80% of the bees collected from the moderate and highly polluted sites died within 24 hours.

2020 179

Study suggests future climate changes to worsen air quality for >85% of China’s population; ~20k+ additional deaths each year

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A study by a team of researchers from China, the US and Germany suggests that future climate change may worsen air quality for more than 85% of China’s population, leading to an additional 20,000 deaths each year. The team used a combination of climate, air quality, and epidemiological models to assess future air pollution deaths in a changing climate under Representative Concentration Pathway 4.5 (RCP China Climate Change Emissions Health

Studies find global COVID-19 lockdowns have significantly reduced PM2.5 and NO2 pollution, but ozone up

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Levels of two major air pollutants have been reduced significantly since lockdowns began in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but a secondary pollutant—ground-level ozone—has increased in China, according to new research. China COVID-19 Emissions

2020 254

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

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Atmospheric aerosols play an important but as-yet poorly understood role in climate and air quality, with significant impacts on the environment, health, and air traffic. The current iSPEX-EU project, which runs until 15 October, is a scaled-up version of the original iSPEX-project that enlisted the general public to contribute to the understanding of air pollution. Climate Change Climate models Emissions Health

2015 221

World Bank to focus on reducing short-lived climate pollutants; transport projects

Green Car Congress

A new report prepared by the World Bank at the request of the G8 identifies ways that the World Bank can do more through its projects to reduce the emission of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs): black carbon, methane, tropospheric ozone, and fluorinated gases known as HFCs. rice irrigation and wastewater management that can lower methane emissions and have global benefits to agricultural productivity and health. Black carbon Climate Change Emissions

2013 185

U Toronto studies find traffic emissions spread farther than thought; 25% of cars causing 90% of pollution

Green Car Congress

A trio of recently published studies from a team of University of Toronto engineers has found that air pollution could be spreading up to three times farther than thought, contributing to varying levels of air quality across cities. Past research on tailpipe criteria pollutants has shown poor air quality anywhere between 100 to 250 meters of major roadways. We used to think that living near a major road meant that you lived near a lot of air pollution. Emissions Health

2015 290

Environmental Markets and Environmental Justice

Energy Institute at HAAS

Offset markets for air pollution don’t worsen environmental inequality, though they also don’t improve it. Uncategorized air pollution climate climate change emissions market featured(This blog is co-authored with Reed Walker).

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California Governor signs two bills to strengthen emission standard for trucks; Executive Order leverages $700B portfolio to strengthen climate resiliency

Green Car Congress

California Governor Gavin Newsom signed two bills to strengthen emission standards for trucks, semis and other high-pollution vehicles. CARB is tasked with developing new grant criteria for clean vehicle programs to encourage manufacturers to produce clean, affordable cars and propose new strategies to increase demand in the primary and secondary markets for zero emission vehicles. Truck emissions. Electric (Battery) Emissions Heavy-duty

2019 175

EPA proposes new GHG rules for light-duty vehicles; updating emission standards for heavy-duty trucks

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a proposed rulemaking for model year 2023-2026 light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas emissions standards, and outlined its plans to initiate a subsequent rulemaking to set standards for MY 2027 and beyond, to speed the transition of the light-duty vehicle fleet toward a zero emissions future. In addition, EPA announced plans to update air pollution standards for heavy-duty vehicles.

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EPA proposes new rulemaking for sharp cuts in methane emissions from oil and gas industry

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing comprehensive new regulations to reduce methane emissions from the oil and natural gas industry—including, for the first time, reductions from existing sources nationwide. Emissions Market Background Natural Gas Oil Regulations

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Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

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Researchers at Columbia University, with colleagues at Boston University and Abt Associates, have identified concentration-response (C-R) functions for a number of adverse health outcomes in children associated with air pollutants largely from fossil fuel combustion. The study, led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH), organized the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health. Emissions Health

2018 211

UCS: ride-hailing trips can produce nearly 70% greater emissions compared to private car trips

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A new report by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) finds that the rising use of ride-hailing services is increasing carbon emissions, with ride-hailing trips producing nearly 70% greater emissions compared to the trips they are replacing.

2020 427

Study finds air pollution caused by corn production increases mortality rate in US

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The paper, published in Nature Sustainability , presents how researchers have estimated for the first time the health damages caused by corn production using detailed information on pollution emissions, pollution transport by wind, and human exposure to increased air pollution levels. Production-weighted national average human mortality per million tonnes of maize produced, by pollutant and supply chain stage. Emissions Ethanol Health

2019 263

ICCT life-cycle analysis finds no climate benefit in using LNG as marine fuel

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Additionally, LNG engines are tuned to either emit low nitrogen oxide (NO x ) emissions—at the cost of higher methane emissions in some cases—or to incorporate NO x reduction technologies such as exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) or selective catalytic reduction (SCR).

2020 345

Study: air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide

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Air pollution could be causing double the number of excess deaths a year in Europe than has been estimated previously, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal. Using a new method of modeling the effects of various sources of outdoor air pollution on death rates, the researchers found that it caused an estimated 790,000 extra deaths in the whole of Europe in 2015 and 659,000 deaths in the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU-28). Emissions Health

2019 235

California ARB releases draft plan to cut short-lived climate pollutants

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The California Air Resources Board (ARB) released a draft Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy. The draft strategy describes proposed actions the State will take to move forward aggressively to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). Black carbon is not one of the climate pollutants originally included in international climate frameworks, and is not included in California’s AB 32 inventory.

2015 184

Study measures the effect of regional change in clouds caused by ships’ emissions; masking GHG warming

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This puffy line is not just exhaust from the engine, but a change in the clouds that’s caused by small airborne particles of pollution. The result implies that globally, cloud changes caused by particles from all forms of industrial pollution block 1 Watt of solar energy per square meter of Earth’s surface, masking almost a third of the present-day warming from greenhouse gases. Pollution from ships creates lines of clouds that can stretch hundreds of miles.

2020 195

T&E study finds plug-in hybrids show higher CO2 emissions than claimed

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T&E has commissioned Emissions Analytics to test three of the most popular PHEVs sold in 2019: a BMW X5 (longest EV range PHEV available), a Volvo XC60 and the Mitsubishi Outlander. Our tests show that even in optimal conditions, with a full battery, the cars pollute more than advertised.

2020 222

When You See Something, Say Something: Climate Emergency Alarm Bells Ringing While Local Electeds Pretend Not To Hear

Creative Greenius

Just four months ago, in October, the UN’s IPCC Climate Report gave us, at best, 12 years to take bold and drastic action in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions if we want to limit the level of already baked-in climate catastrophe. If we continue our head-in-the-sand, business as usual path, we are headed straight for runaway, uncontrollable destruction of our livable climate. In 2019 alone more easy-to-connect climate crisis dots have made worldwide news: .

2019 200

Study links PM2.5 pollution with millions of preterm births globally

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Recent research has suggested that exposure to air pollution could also be a risk factor. exposures, inclusion of provider-initiated preterm births, and exposure to indoor air pollution. This study highlights that air pollution may not just harm people who are breathing the air directly—it may also seriously affect a baby in its mother’s womb. problem, you need to control many different sources, but in many developing countries, certain emission sources dominate.

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