Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. This highlights the potential of co-beneficial solutions to climate change that not only curb greenhouse gas emissions but also reduce the health burden of harmful air pollution.

White House forms Climate Innovation Working Group; on the way to ARPA-C

Green Car Congress

President Biden has created a new Climate Innovation Working Group as part of the National Climate Task Force to advance his commitment to launching an Advanced Research Projects Agency-Climate (ARPA-C). The working group is intended to help coordinate and strengthen federal government-wide efforts to foster affordable, game-changing technologies that can help achieve the goal of net zero economy-wide emissions by 2050.

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New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

Green Car Congress

Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. The 2019 death toll attributed to air pollution in India accounted for 17.8%

2020 264

When You See Something, Say Something: Climate Emergency Alarm Bells Ringing While Local Electeds Pretend Not To Hear

Creative Greenius

Just four months ago, in October, the UN’s IPCC Climate Report gave us, at best, 12 years to take bold and drastic action in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions if we want to limit the level of already baked-in climate catastrophe. If we continue our head-in-the-sand, business as usual path, we are headed straight for runaway, uncontrollable destruction of our livable climate. economy, environment, and human health and well-being over the coming decades.”.

2019 200

EEA report: EVs are better for climate and air quality

Green Car Congress

Battery electric cars emit less greenhouse gases and air pollutants over their entire life cycle than petrol and diesel cars, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) report. The EEA report ‘ Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives ’ reviews current evidence on electric cars’ impacts on climate change, air quality, noise and ecosystems, compared with conventional cars.

2018 228

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5%

2018 222

The EV100 Initiative: Climate Group’s Ambitious Venture

EV Match

In this article, we look at the Climate Group’s EV100 initiative that is focused on driving an accelerated transition to zero-emission vehicles globally. . The industry is surging and rightly so, because we have a limited amount of time to address climate change.

Nielsen global survey finds concerns about climate change slipping behind concerns over other environmental issues; air and water pollution top worries, pesticide use #3

Green Car Congress

Other environmental concerns have pushed ahead of climate change on a global average basis. Concern about climate change/global warming among online consumers around the world took a back-seat to other environmental issues such as air and water pollution, water shortages, packaging waste and use of pesticides, according to Nielsen’s 2011 Global Online Environment & Sustainability Survey of more than 25,000 Internet respondents in 51 countries.

UCLA–UC Berkeley paper outlines how CA can boost biofuel production to cut pollution and help the economy

Green Car Congress

California has not taken full advantage of opportunities to increase its in-state production of biofuel, despite state policies that encourage biofuel consumption, according to a policy paper by the Climate Change and Business Research Initiative at the UCLA and UC Berkeley law schools. The paper is the sixteenth in a series of reports on how climate change will create opportunities for specific sectors of the business community and how policy-makers can facilitate those opportunities.

2015 150

California ARB soliciting research suggestions for FY 2012-2013 plan; sustainable communities, behavior, pollutant exposure, air pollution science, GHG targets

Green Car Congress

The FY 2011-2012 plan focused primarily on five areas of interest: sustainable communities; behavior and technology adoption; health and air pollution exposures; air pollution science; and greenhouse gas targets. Development of sustainable communities strategies can also provide an opportunity for associated criteria pollutant emission reductions that will be needed to attain air quality standards for ozone and particulate matter as well as reduce near-roadway exposures.

2011 204

OECD: governments should make better use of energy taxation to address climate change; “meaningful” increases limited to road sector

Green Car Congress

Greater reliance on energy taxation is needed to strengthen efforts to tackle the principal source of both greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, according to a new OECD report. Tax rates were below the low-end estimate of climate costs (EUR 30/tCO 2 ) for 97% of emissions. The report found that the share of emissions taxed above climate costs increased from 46% in 2012 to 50% in 2015, and rates exceed €50 per tCO 2 for 47% of emissions in 2015, compared to 37% in 2012.

2018 163

PCAST suggests 6 key components for climate change strategy to President Obama; adaptation and mitigation

Green Car Congress

The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a letter to President Obama describing six key components the advisory group believes should be central to the Administration’s strategy for addressing climate change. The first component aims to reduce the damage resulting from changes in climate (“adaptation”), while the last five aim to reduce the pace and magnitude of these changes (“mitigation”). Climate Change Climate Change Adaptation Policy

IEA finds CO2 emissions flat for third straight year even as global economy grew in 2016

Green Car Congress

Global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions were flat for a third straight year in 2016 even as the global economy grew, according to the International Energy Agency. This was the result of growing renewable power generation, switches from coal to natural gas, improvements in energy efficiency, as well as structural changes in the global economy. gigatonnes last year, the same as the previous two years, while the global economy grew 3.1%, according to estimates from the IEA.

2017 183

EPA, NHTSA issue One National Program Rule; EPA withdraws CA waiver for GHG and fuel economy

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final action entitled the “ One National Program Rule ,” which will enable the federal government to provide nationwide uniform fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards for automobiles and light duty trucks. The California waiver authority exists because California has uniquely difficult problems with ozone-forming pollutants.

2019 197

Study: California will hit climate targets >100 years too late at current pace of reductions; transportation, wildfires & landfills

Green Car Congress

California will meet its 2030 climate targets more than three decades late, in 2061, and could be more than 100 years late in meeting its 2050 target if the average rate of emissions reductions from the past year hold steady, according to a new study tracking more than a decade of environmental and economic indicators in the state. California has made tremendous gains cutting pollution without detrimental economic impacts.

2019 232

California Governor signs two bills to strengthen emission standard for trucks; Executive Order leverages $700B portfolio to strengthen climate resiliency

Green Car Congress

California Governor Gavin Newsom signed two bills to strengthen emission standards for trucks, semis and other high-pollution vehicles. As the state transitions to a carbon-neutral economy, and as other states and countries increasingly adopt ambitious climate policy, the state’s investments must align with the reality of this major market shift.

2019 177

Georgia Tech study projects potential mixed impacts of climate change policies on air quality

Green Car Congress

In the study, the researchers assessed the impact of four potential climate mitigation policies—two climate tax scenarios (CT1 and CT2); a combined transportation and energy scenario (TE); a biomass energy (BE) scenario; plus a reference case—on air quality in the US in 2050 using a chemical transport model (CTM) to simulate air pollutant concentrations and applying recent climate downscaling and emissions modeling advancements.

EEA says industrial air pollution cost Europe up to €169 billion in 2009; some 37% attributed to CO2

Green Car Congress

Aggregated damage costs by pollutant. Air pollution from the 10,000 largest polluting facilities in Europe cost citizens between €102–169 billion (US$135–224 billion) in 2009, according to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) which analyzed the costs of harm to health and the environment caused by air pollution. Estimating the magnitude of costs associated with future climate change impacts is very uncertain.

2011 228

US rejects Keystone XL pipeline, citing combatting climate change as critical factor; Kerry: arguments pro and con “overstated”

Green Car Congress

The proposed project’s long-term contribution to the US economy would be marginal. The critical factor in my determination was this: moving forward with this project would significantly undermine our ability to continue leading the world in combatting climate change. The reality is that this decision could not be made solely on the numbers—jobs that would be created, dirty fuel that would be transported here, or carbon pollution that would ultimately be unleashed. …

US rejects Keystone XL pipeline, citing combatting climate change as critical factor; Kerry: arguments pro and con “overstated”

Green Car Congress

The proposed project’s long-term contribution to the US economy would be marginal. The critical factor in my determination was this: moving forward with this project would significantly undermine our ability to continue leading the world in combatting climate change. The reality is that this decision could not be made solely on the numbers—jobs that would be created, dirty fuel that would be transported here, or carbon pollution that would ultimately be unleashed. …

JILA team identifies missing piece in how fossil fuel combustion contributes to air pollution

Green Car Congress

JILA physicists and colleagues have identified a long-missing piece in the puzzle of exactly how fossil fuel combustion contributes to air pollution and a warming climate. By finally understanding the reaction in full, we can model the atmospheric chemical processes much more accurately, including how air pollution forms. Also of interest are studies of engine combustion, which affects fuel economy.

2016 203

Report: sustainable batteries represent the best prospect for meeting Paris climate goals; requires $550B investment over 10 years

Green Car Congress

Advances in the production, use and reuse of batteries mean that the technology could become the most significant intervention to keep global warming within the limits set by the Paris Agreement on climate change between now and 2030, according to a new report commissioned by the Global Battery Alliance, a public-private partnership led by the World Economic Forum. More than half of these would be in emerging economies.

2019 177

BREAKING NEWS: Exxon/Mobil Ordered Out of Torrance, Guilty of Greenhouse Gas Pollution

Creative Greenius

“Pack Up Your Toxic, Fossil Fuel Factory With Its Climate-Changing Products & Get Out of Town By 2020!&# Consider this fair and legal warning, world’s largest and most polluting oil company - I’m giving you 10 years to pack up and hit the road. I’m thinking he likes our carbon-based economy just the way it is. is also the very same company that has paid tens of millions of dollars, year after year to spread FUD about their role in climate change.

2009 245

OECD: rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society; more should be done to reduce transport emissions

Green Car Congress

Deaths from outdoor air pollution by region in 2005 and 2010. Outdoor air pollution kills some 3.5 This pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated US$3.5 The effects of air pollution on people’s health are much higher than previously thought. In turn, we estimate that the costs of air pollution are higher—and they continue to rise.

2014 195

Perspective: The Role of Offsets in Climate Change Legislation

Green Car Congress

This article shows that including offsets in climate change legislation would likely make an emissions program more cost-effective by: (a) providing an incentive for non-regulated sources to generate emission reductions; and (b) expanding emission compliance opportunities for regulated entities. From a global climate change perspective, it does not matter where or from what source the reduction occurs: the effect on the atmospheric concentration of GHGs would be the same.

PNNL modeling study finds climate benefit for cutting soot, methane smaller than previous estimates

Green Car Congress

Cutting the amount of short-lived, climate-warming emissions such as soot and methane won’t limit global warming as much as previous studies have suggested, according to a new study from the Joint Global Change Research Institute in College Park, Md., We find that reductions of methane and black carbon would likely have only a modest impact on near-term global climate warming. More realistic emission reductions would likely provide an even smaller climate benefit.

2013 183

3 East Coast states and DC first to participate in TCI-P cap-and-invest program for transportation

Green Car Congress

The Transportation and Climate Initiative Program (TCI-P) expects to cut greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles in the region by an estimated 26% from 2022 to 2032, and generate a total of more than $3 billion dollars over ten years for the participating jurisdictions to invest. Auctioning those allowances would generate $300 million every year among the jurisdictions for investments in equitable, less polluting, and more resilient transportation, according to the program.

2020 253

California issues draft plan for more efficient, less polluting freight system

Green Car Congress

The Draft Action Plan puts forward a single shared vision to improve the efficiency of California’s freight system while reducing its pollution, while continuing to bolster the competitiveness of California’s goods movement system nationally and internationally. Benefits include meeting the state’s freight infrastructure, public health, air quality and climate goals.

2016 150

President Obama establishes Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, issues executive order

Green Car Congress

President Obama today established a Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience to advise the Administration on how the Federal Government can respond to the needs of communities nationwide that are dealing with the impacts of climate change. The President signed an Executive Order that directs Federal agencies to take a series of steps to make it easier for American communities to strengthen their resilience to extreme weather and prepare for other impacts of climate change.

2013 200

U Toronto team assess the climate trade-off between reduced CO2 and increased Black Carbon from GDI engines

Green Car Congress

The upside of gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines is widely seen as being improved fuel economy coupled with an increase in specific power (especially with turbocharging), enabling significant downsizing. is black carbon (BC)—a pollutant with large positive radiative forcing on the climate due to its ability to absorb incoming sunlight and reduce surface albedo on snow. They assumed a baseline fuel economy of 21.4

2016 163

Devil in the Details: World Leaders Scramble To Salvage and Shape Copenhagens UNFCCC Climate Summit

Green Car Congress

Going into Copenhagen, two key treaty components remain unsettled: (1) the amount of greenhouse gas emissions reductions to which countries are willing to commit, including the manner in which those reductions are calculated, and (2) the willingness of developed countries to finance emissions reduction schemes in developing countries and emerging economies. Climate Change And The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. 5 ] Alister Doyle: Climate talks seek to salvage UN Copenhagen deal.

2009 207

Study: natural gas heavy-duty trucking fleet could benefit economy, but has mixed environmental effects

Green Car Congress

On the environmental side, the team considered what such a change in fuel type would mean both for air quality in terms of criteria pollutants and for cumulative greenhouse gas emissions. NGV engines without aftertreatment have less ability to control formaldehydes and NO x pollution but with appropriate technology they could produce similar or lower levels than diesel.

2015 236

EPA, DOT unveil the next generation of fuel economy labels

Green Car Congress

Sample label for a plug-in gasoline hybrid-electric vehicle, which features fuel economy ratings for both electricity and gasoline. The US Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) unveiled the next-generation of fuel economy labels. Ratings of how a model compares to all others for smog emissions and emissions of pollution that contribute to climate change.

2011 200

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 204

ICCT: gap between official and real-world fuel economy figures in Europe reaches ~38%; call to implement WLTP ASAP

Green Car Congress

The gap between official and real-world fuel-economy figures in Europe has risen to about 38%, according to a new report published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). The increasing gap also more than halves the official CO 2 reductions achieved during the last ten years, making it more challenging to meet the EU’s climate change mitigation objectives.

2014 268

Report argues advanced HD natural gas vehicles foundational for California to hit air and climate goals; near zero-emission potential

Green Car Congress

Gladstein, Neandross & Associates (GNA), a consulting firm specializing in market development for low emission and alternative fuel vehicle technologies, infrastructure, and fuels for both on- and off-road applications, released a report examining the critical role that ultra-low-emission heavy-duty (HD) natural gas engines can play in helping California achieve its air quality, climate protection and petroleum-displacement goals.

2014 221

Latest GHG Inventory shows California remains below 2020 emissions target; much steeper rate of GHG reductions required

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board released GHG emissions data for 2018 showing that emissions remain below 1990 levels but are effectively flat compared to 2017, while the economy grew by 4.3%. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Policy Regulations

2020 212

Heidi On The Hot Seat

Creative Greenius

The South Bay is defined by the LAX Airport to the north and the Port of Los Angeles to the south - two of the biggest polluters in Southern California. The Exxon/Mobil refinery in Torrance and the Chevron refinery in El Segundo are both located in the South Bay and are each a big part of the carbon-based economy that causes the majority of climate change - although you’ll never get either of these corporations to admit this truth or take responsibility for it.

2009 183

Study: Cash-for-Clunkers Programs Should Use Fuel Economy Rather Than Age to Maximize GHG Reductions

Green Car Congress

Cash for Clunkers”) program could maximize greenhouse gas emissions savings by using fuel-economy based eligibility requirements rather than age-based requirements. Although no program to date has focused solely on GHG emissions reduction, a number of recent scrappage programs make GHG emissions reduction an ancillary goal by setting fuel economy or grams of CO 2 e per km requirements on the replacement vehicles. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Policy

CMU study finds taxes on emissions would result in more rapid electrification by ridesharing companies

Green Car Congress

When life cycle air pollution and greenhouse gas emission externalities are internalized via a Pigovian tax, fleet electrification increases and externalities decrease, suggesting a role for policy. The team estimated the societal impact of emitted greenhouse gasses and conventional pollutants in terms of higher medical costs and premature deaths in surrounding communities, as well as the broader economic and environmental costs.

Tax 183

US EPA rates Nissan LEAF fuel economy as 99 mpg-equivalent (combined); 73-mile range

Green Car Congress

The new fuel economy label also notes consumption of 34 kWh per 100 miles. EPA fuel economy label for the LEAF. The label also puts the LEAF as best in the mid-size car class in terms of fuel economy, greenhouse gas emissions, and emissions of criteria pollutants. After completion of five-cycle testing, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has rated the battery-electric Nissan LEAF with an mpg-equivalent rating of 106 city, 92 highway for a combined 99 mpge.

2010 195

Separate MIT, IEA reports both outline major expansion in role of natural gas; caution on climate benefits

Green Car Congress

The new report, part of the World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2011 series, examines the key factors that could result in a more prominent role for natural gas in the global energy mix, and the implications for other fuels, energy security and climate change. Speaking at the launch of the IEA report in London, IEA Executive Director Nobuo Tanaka said that “ An expansion of gas use alone is no panacea for climate change. Climate Change Emissions Natural Gas

2011 190

ICCT: incremental technology can cut vehicle CO2 by half and increase fuel economy >60% through 2030 with ~5% increase in price

Green Car Congress

With the EPA re-opening its Mid-Term Review of GHG standards for 2022-2025 for light-duty vehicles ( earlier post ), and with NHTSA yet to weigh in on its Mid-Term evaluation of fuel economy standards for the same period, a team from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) has published a report analyzing emerging vehicle efficiency technologies; their ability to achieve lower emission levels; and their costs in the 2025–2030 timeframe.

2017 190