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OECD: governments should make better use of energy taxation to address climate change; “meaningful” increases limited to road sector

Green Car Congress

Greater reliance on energy taxation is needed to strengthen efforts to tackle the principal source of both greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, according to a new OECD report. Tax rates were below the low-end estimate of climate costs (EUR 30/tCO 2 ) for 97% of emissions. The report assesses the magnitude and coverage of taxes on energy use in 2015, and considers change between 2012 and 2015. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2018 163
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US rejects Keystone XL pipeline, citing combatting climate change as critical factor; Kerry: arguments pro and con “overstated”

Green Car Congress

The proposed project would not lead to lower gasoline prices for American consumers. The critical factor in my determination was this: moving forward with this project would significantly undermine our ability to continue leading the world in combatting climate change. The reality is that this decision could not be made solely on the numbers—jobs that would be created, dirty fuel that would be transported here, or carbon pollution that would ultimately be unleashed. …

2015 188
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US rejects Keystone XL pipeline, citing combatting climate change as critical factor; Kerry: arguments pro and con “overstated”

Green Car Congress

The proposed project would not lead to lower gasoline prices for American consumers. The critical factor in my determination was this: moving forward with this project would significantly undermine our ability to continue leading the world in combatting climate change. The reality is that this decision could not be made solely on the numbers—jobs that would be created, dirty fuel that would be transported here, or carbon pollution that would ultimately be unleashed. …

2015 188
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Top 10 Blog Posts of 2022

Energy Institute at HAAS

Uncategorized air pollution climate change electricity featured gasoline solar transportationThe year’s most popular blog posts addressed rooftop solar policy and the path to electrifying homes and transportation.

Energy 60
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Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

Green Car Congress

A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This fuel comprises 8,694 and 2,313 L/day of synthetic diesel and synthetic gasoline, respectively.

2018 222
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EPA finalizes greenhouse gas standards for LDVs MY 2023-2026

Green Car Congress

EPA is planning to initiate a separate rulemaking to establish multi-pollutant emission standards under the Clean Air Act for MY 2027 and later. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Regulations

Standards 227
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3 East Coast states and DC first to participate in TCI-P cap-and-invest program for transportation

Green Car Congress

The Transportation and Climate Initiative Program (TCI-P) expects to cut greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles in the region by an estimated 26% from 2022 to 2032, and generate a total of more than $3 billion dollars over ten years for the participating jurisdictions to invest. The TCI-P will work by requiring large gasoline and diesel fuel suppliers to purchase “allowances” for the greenhouse gas emissions caused by the combustion of fuels they sell in participating jurisdictions.

2020 253
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Study concludes a shift from gasoline to diesel engines is consistent with long-term climate mitigation efforts

Green Car Congress

Global-mean temperature change caused by car exhaust emitted from gasoline and diesel engines specified in the previous and upcoming European vehicle emission standards (EURO 3, 4, 5, and 6). Passenger transport affects climate through various mechanisms involving both long-lived—i.e. black carbon, BC—climate forcers. Many of them have indirect climate effects through chemical reactions or by changing the planetary albedo.

2012 199
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New analysis suggests Uber adding significantly to pollution and traffic in European cities

Green Car Congress

Uber is adding more polluting car trips to already-clogged European cities such as London and Paris, new analysis by European NGOs suggests —contributing to air pollution and climate change and exploding the company’s sustainability claims.

2019 393
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Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

Green Car Congress

Impact pathway approach for modeling policy interventions in (a) air quality and (b) climate impacts. However, CNG conversion was apparently detrimental from a climate change perspective, as CH 4 emissions increased. As the greenhouse gas impacts (costs or benefits) are much smaller than the health benefits, the conversion of petroleum vehicles to CNG can be justified on the basis of local air pollution benefits alone, they concluded.

2013 237
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CMU study finds taxes on emissions would result in more rapid electrification by ridesharing companies

Green Car Congress

When life cycle air pollution and greenhouse gas emission externalities are internalized via a Pigovian tax, fleet electrification increases and externalities decrease, suggesting a role for policy. The team estimated the societal impact of emitted greenhouse gasses and conventional pollutants in terms of higher medical costs and premature deaths in surrounding communities, as well as the broader economic and environmental costs.

Tax 183
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UK ONS report finds significant challenge remains to reduce road transport emissions; sector GHG emissions up 6% from 1990-2017

Green Car Congress

Patterns in the fuel used by newly registered cars are changing. New registrations of gasoline-fueled cars continued to increase in 2018, while those of diesel continued to decrease, leading to the proportion of all licensed cars that were diesel falling for the first time in 20 years. Diesel use exceeded gasoline use from 2005 onwards. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2019 177
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Global Carbon Project: Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high

Green Car Congress

The findings are outlined in three new papers published in Earth System Science Data , Environmental Research Letters , and Nature Climate Change. Carbon dioxide emissions continue to grow despite emerging climate policies by G.P. Climate Change Emissions

2019 195
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Tsinghua/Argonne Study Finds That Mass Use of EVs in China Could Result in Higher CO2 and Criteria Pollutant Emissions Than Conventional and Hybrid Gasoline Vehicles Due to Coal-Fired Generation of Electricity

Green Car Congress

Fuel-cycle SO 2 emissions of EVs compared to those of gasoline ICEVs and HEVs in China, current (left) and future (right). The study examined the fuel-cycle CO 2 , SO 2 , and NO x emissions of EVs in China in both current (2008) and future (2030) periods and compared them with those of conventional gasoline vehicles and gasoline hybrids. Gasoline vehicle exhausts contribute very little to total national SO 2 emission (0.2%

2010 244
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California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced that greenhouse gas emissions in California in 2016 fell below 1990 levels for the first time since emissions peaked in 2004—a reduction roughly equivalent to taking 12 million cars off the road or saving 6 billion gallons of gasoline a year. However, this inventory demonstrates that our policies are working to incentivize GHG-free energy sources and ensure the state remains on track to meet its climate targets in 2020 and beyond.

2018 200
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California Assemblymembers introduce bill phasing out gasoline-fueled small off-road engines

Green Car Congress

Today, operating the best-selling gas-powered commercial leaf blower for one hour emits air pollutants comparable to driving a 2017 Toyota Camry from Los Angeles to Denver. We must look beyond transportation if we are to achieve the emissions reductions needed to fight climate change and improve air quality and health in our communities. It’s time to phase out these super polluters.

Gasoline 264
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BREAKING NEWS: Exxon/Mobil Ordered Out of Torrance, Guilty of Greenhouse Gas Pollution

Creative Greenius

“Pack Up Your Toxic, Fossil Fuel Factory With Its Climate-Changing Products & Get Out of Town By 2020!&# Consider this fair and legal warning, world’s largest and most polluting oil company - I’m giving you 10 years to pack up and hit the road. He makes his living off cars that run out of gas or break down because of the inadequacies of the internal combustion gasoline powered engine. Let’s try any of those for a change.

2009 245
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Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

Green Car Congress

A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 204
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Ice core data show why air pollution is dropping more slowly in US and Western Europe despite lower sulfur emissions

Green Car Congress

Low-sulfur gasoline standards and regulations on power plants have successfully cut sulfate concentrations in the air, reducing the fine particulate matter that harms human health and cleaning up the environmental hazard of acid rain.

Pollution 212
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WHO report urges greater attention to improved land use, rapid transit, cycling and walking to achieve health co-benefits from transport GHG emissions mitigation

Green Car Congress

These strategies need more systematic study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)i in the assessment of transport mitigation measures, according to the report, Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation - Transport sector , released this week during the United Nations Framework on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP-17) in Durban, South Africa. —Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation—Transport sector.

2011 293
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Study finds fleet switch from PFI to GDI engines will result in net reduction in global warming

Green Car Congress

A new study quantifying emissions from a fleet of gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines and port fuel injection (PFI) engines finds that the measured decrease in CO 2 emissions from GDIs is much greater than the potential climate forcing associated with higher black carbon emissions from GDI engines. Gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engines have higher fuel economy compared to the more widely used port fuel injection (PFI) engines.

2017 188
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EEA report: EVs are better for climate and air quality

Green Car Congress

Battery electric cars emit less greenhouse gases and air pollutants over their entire life cycle than petrol and diesel cars, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) report. The EEA report ‘ Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives ’ reviews current evidence on electric cars’ impacts on climate change, air quality, noise and ecosystems, compared with conventional cars.

2018 228
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Separate MIT, IEA reports both outline major expansion in role of natural gas; caution on climate benefits

Green Car Congress

The new report, part of the World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2011 series, examines the key factors that could result in a more prominent role for natural gas in the global energy mix, and the implications for other fuels, energy security and climate change. Speaking at the launch of the IEA report in London, IEA Executive Director Nobuo Tanaka said that “ An expansion of gas use alone is no panacea for climate change. Climate Change Emissions Natural Gas

2011 190
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Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

Green Car Congress

Methanol-powered vehicles are one pillar of Geely Auto’s diversified new-energy strategy, which also encompasses ethanol, CNG, gasoline-electric hybrid, plug-in hybrid, pure-electric, and extended-range solutions. Vulcanol is fuel-grade methanol, a clean burning, high-octane fuel that can be blended with gasoline for automobiles and used in the production of biodiesel or fuel ethers (DME, MTBE, OME etc.). There were no evident changes of THC and NO x emissions.

2015 214
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Senators Kerry and Lieberman Release Details of Energy and Climate Bill; Incentives for Electric Drive and Natural Gas Vehicles

Green Car Congress

Chairman of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, released the details of their long-anticipated energy and climate change legislation on Wednesday, 12 May. In the event that no global agreement on climate change is reached, the bill requires imports from countries that have not taken action to limit emissions to pay a comparable amount at the border to avoid carbon leakage and ensure we are able to achieve our environmental objectives.

2010 190
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@MisterFleming Says, “It’s Not About The Environment,” As He Pimps More Porsche Pollution In @LATimes. How Bad Does Climate Have To Crater Before Charley Gets A Clue? #JoeTakesOnTheNews

Creative Greenius

carbon producers climate change electric cars environment environmental justice, environmental racism fossil fuels greenwashing News News Media plug-in cars Sustainability Truth & Reality car porn Charles Fleming gasoline pimp Los Angeles Times

2018 163
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California Governor signs two bills to strengthen emission standard for trucks; Executive Order leverages $700B portfolio to strengthen climate resiliency

Green Car Congress

California Governor Gavin Newsom signed two bills to strengthen emission standards for trucks, semis and other high-pollution vehicles. SB 210 by Senator Connie Leyva (D-Chino) requires the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to develop and implement a Heavy-Duty Inspection and Maintenance Program for non-gasoline, heavy-duty trucks—the first ‘smog check’ program of its kind in the nation.

2019 177
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California ARB to hold community meetings on coming LEV III combined tailpipe and GHG regulations

Green Car Congress

Combining the control of criteria pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions into a single coordinated package of standards is a new approach to ARB’s motor vehicle standards. The first workshop focused on preliminary elements of the proposed criteria pollutant emission standards and involved a presentation of technical information from several studies that are under evaluation for potential GHG emission reduction. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Policy

2011 240
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We Are ALL Tongan

Creative Greenius

But surprisingly, a subject Elizabeth didn’t know a lot about is Tonga’s frontline role as a victim of the climate change crisis. Today all 3000 inhabitants of the Carteret Islands have been relocated as they become the first climate change refugees. Here’s what I learned that you need to know too… Climate change is happening much faster and much more severely than expected just two years ago when the big UN IPCC report came out.

2009 220
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UC Berkeley study concludes demand reduction policies on light-duty vehicles essential to meeting GHG reduction targets by 2050

Green Car Congress

A team from the University of California, Berkeley concludes that reducing demand for light-duty vehicle (LDV) travel will likely be essential to meeting the international greenhouse gas emission and climate targets for the year 2050. However, in their study they decomposed transport sector emissions into technological and behavioral drivers, and showed that even significant technological advances will be insufficient to meet climate goals, unless the growth in LDV use slows or reverses.

2011 218
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California’s Advanced Clean Cars program: transforming the light-duty fleet to zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell and electric vehicles with an eye on 2050

Green Car Congress

Beyond 2025, ARB notes, the driving force for lowering emissions in California will thus be climate change. Advanced Clean Car (ACC) package, the ZEV regulation along with new LEV III smog-forming pollutant and GHG standards can be the catalyst to that transformative process. The Low Emission Vehicle Program (LEV) has two elements: more stringent regulations for criteria pollutants (enhancements to the older LEV program, i.e., LEV-III) and the GHG regulations.

2011 200
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Study Finds Controlling Soot May Be Fastest Method to Reduce Arctic Ice Loss and Global Warming; Second-Leading Cause of Global Warming After CO2

Green Car Congress

However, climate models to date have mischaracterized the effects of soot in the atmosphere, according to Jacobson, director of Stanford’s Atmosphere/Energy Program. We have to start taking its effects into account in planning our mitigation efforts and the sooner we start making changes, the better. 1990; Anisimov, 2007] and chemical production of ozone in already-polluted locations [Jacobson, 2008b]. Tags: Climate Change Emissions

2010 203
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National Academies Report Examines Hidden Cost of Energy Production and Use in US; Estimates $120B in 2005

Green Car Congress

Health and other non-climate damages by life-cycle component for different combinations of fuels and light-duty automobiles in 2005 (top) and 2030 (bottom). A new report from the National Research Council examines and, when possible, estimates, “hidden” costs of energy production and use—such as the damage air pollution imposes on human health—that are not reflected in market prices of coal, oil, other energy sources, or the electricity and gasoline produced from them.

2009 214
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OECD: rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society; more should be done to reduce transport emissions

Green Car Congress

Deaths from outdoor air pollution by region in 2005 and 2010. Outdoor air pollution kills some 3.5 This pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated US$3.5 The effects of air pollution on people’s health are much higher than previously thought. In turn, we estimate that the costs of air pollution are higher—and they continue to rise. Taxing diesel less than gasoline does not make sense environmentally or economically.

2014 195
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Oxford University Study Finds Downscaling of Vehicle Size and Weight the Best Way to Reduce Transport GHG Emissions in the Short Term

Green Car Congress

An new study from the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford University suggests that best way to reduce transport greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the short term is a “drastic downscaling of both size and weight” of conventional gasoline and diesel cars. The report identifies a number of myths surrounding low-carbon road transport: “Diesel cars are highly polluting.” Behavioral Change.

2010 204
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The EV100 Initiative: Climate Group’s Ambitious Venture

EV Match

In this article, we look at the Climate Group’s EV100 initiative that is focused on driving an accelerated transition to zero-emission vehicles globally. . The industry is surging and rightly so, because we have a limited amount of time to address climate change.

Climate 52
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EPAs GHG Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles; Special Credits To Encourage PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs

Green Car Congress

The CO 2 emissions compliance levels for advanced technology vehicles sold beyond these cumulative vehicle production caps will reflect the net increase in upstream CO 2 emissions relative to a comparable gasoline vehicle. This has not raised any issues for criteria pollutants, as upstream emissions associated with production and distribution of the fuel are addressed by comprehensive regulatory programs focused on the upstream sources of those emissions.

2010 207
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ARB releases proposed cap-and-trade regulation for comment; transportation fuels impacted in 2015

Green Car Congress

During the public comment period, ARB staff will continue to meet with stakeholders to refine the regulation and develop proposed changes to present at the Board hearing. The design of the California cap-and-trade program allows linkage with programs established by partner jurisdictions in the Western Climate Initiative (WCI) to create a regional market system. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Fuels Policy

2010 190
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UCLA–UC Berkeley paper outlines how CA can boost biofuel production to cut pollution and help the economy

Green Car Congress

California has not taken full advantage of opportunities to increase its in-state production of biofuel, despite state policies that encourage biofuel consumption, according to a policy paper by the Climate Change and Business Research Initiative at the UCLA and UC Berkeley law schools. These high-carbon emitting fuels power our cars, trucks and airplanes, but pollute the air, pose widespread health risks and threaten the stability of the earth’s climate.

2015 150
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California Energy Commission Adopts $176M Green Transportation Plan

Green Car Congress

The Alternative and Renewable Fuels and Vehicle Technology Program’s Investment Plan allocates $176 million over the next two years to stimulate green transportation projects and encourage innovation to help meet the state’s aggressive climate change policies. The Alternative and Renewable Fuels Vehicle Technology Program was established by Assembly Bill 118 (Núñez, Chapter 750, Statutes of 2007) and is an essential element of the California's climate change and energy policies.

2009 150
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Study on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Global Cities Highlights Importance of Geophysical and Technical Factors

Green Car Congress

An international study of 10 global cities found that a balance of geophysical factors (climate, access to resources, and gateway status) and technical factors (power generation, urban design, and waste processing) determine the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) attributable to cities. The greatest changes in life-cycle emissions are observed for the North American cities, since they have higher upstream GHG intensity factors.

2009 183
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Researchers describe the “where” and “when” of life cycle emissions from gasoline and ethanol in the US

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University of Minnesota have produced a spatially and temporally explicit life cycle inventory (LCI) of air pollutants from gasoline, ethanol derived from corn grain, and ethanol from corn stover for the contiguous US (the lower 48 states). We focus on transportation fuels in the US and analyze three fuels pathways: gasoline, ethanol from corn grain, and cellulosic ethanol from corn stover. The researchers included a sixth pollutant, ammonia (NH 3 ).

2012 207
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Study finds that environmental impact of corn-ethanol E85 is 23% to 33% higher than that of gasoline; environmental problem-shifting

Green Car Congress

Environmental impacts of gasoline and E85. When 12 different environmental impacts and the regional differences among 19-corn growing states are taken into consideration, E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) blends made with corn ethanol from dry mills show a worse total environmental impact than gasoline, according to a new study by a team from the Universities of Minnesota, Troyes (France), and California, Santa Barbara. Process flow diagrams for E85 and gasoline.

2012 288