Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. This highlights the potential of co-beneficial solutions to climate change that not only curb greenhouse gas emissions but also reduce the health burden of harmful air pollution.

Study: Crop relocation can help buffer US agriculture from climate change but southern states may face massive loss of productive land

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Projected extreme temperatures under climate change are predicted to reduce average yields for several of the United States’ major crops. These changes in productivity would drive farmers to change crops and move into new areas. Climate Change Forecasts Market Background

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DOE launches major 10-year project to use high performance computing for climate change research; ACME

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Eight national laboratories—Lawrence Livermore, Argonne, Brookhaven, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest and Sandia—are combining forces with the National Center for Atmospheric Research, four academic institutions and one private-sector company in a 10-year project to use high performance computing (HPC) to develop and to apply the most complete climate and Earth system model. Climate Change Climate models High Performance Computing

Report finds says “negative emissions technologies” need to play a large role in mitigating climate change

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To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, “negative emissions technologies” (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change, according to a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Most climate mitigation efforts are intended to decrease the rate at which people add carbon from fossil fuel reservoirs to the atmosphere.

2018 225

Study: annual climate impact of wild pigs could be greater than 1.1M cars

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Their study appears in Global Change Biology. The researchers used predictive population models coupled with advanced mapping techniques to estimate the climate damage wild pigs are causing across five continents. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.15769.

PCAST suggests 6 key components for climate change strategy to President Obama; adaptation and mitigation

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The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a letter to President Obama describing six key components the advisory group believes should be central to the Administration’s strategy for addressing climate change. The first component aims to reduce the damage resulting from changes in climate (“adaptation”), while the last five aim to reduce the pace and magnitude of these changes (“mitigation”).

UGA study finds black carbon aerosols from GDI engines will worsen public health, climate; need for GPFs

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The gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine is one of the most prominent technologies car manufacturers adopted to achieve the fuel economy and carbon dioxide emission goals established in 2012 by the US Environmental Protection Agency. will be equipped with GDI engines by 2025.

2020 292

Study: 2/3 of aviation climate impact due to emissions other than CO2

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of the human-made climate impact; two-thirds of this impact are caused by emissions other than CO 2 , according to a new study by researchers in Europe and the US. Schematic overview of the processes by which aviation emissions and increased cirrus cloudiness affect the climate system.

2020 358

NRC report: US Navy, Marines and Coast Guard need to begin now to prepare for effects of climate change in the Arctic

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In response to the measured and projected effects of climate change, US naval forces—i.e., In response to the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), the National Research Council appointed a committee operating under the auspices of the Naval Studies Board to study the national security implications of climate change for US naval forces. Determine the potential impact climate change will have on allied force operations and capabilities.

Perspective: The Role of Offsets in Climate Change Legislation

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This article shows that including offsets in climate change legislation would likely make an emissions program more cost-effective by: (a) providing an incentive for non-regulated sources to generate emission reductions; and (b) expanding emission compliance opportunities for regulated entities. From a global climate change perspective, it does not matter where or from what source the reduction occurs: the effect on the atmospheric concentration of GHGs would be the same.

Black carbon is a much larger cause of climate change than previously assessed; about twice previous estimates, and 2/3 the effect of CO2

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the distribution of black carbon in the atmosphere and determine its role in the climate system. Black carbon (BC) is the second largest man-made contributor to global warming and its influence on climate has been greatly underestimated, according to the first quantitative and comprehensive analysis of this pollutant’s climate impact. Accounting for all of the ways black carbon can affect climate, it is believed to have a warming effect of about 1.1

Volvo Cars Torslanda becomes company’s first climate-neutral car plant, second in overall network

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Volvo Cars announced that its Torslanda site in Sweden is its first car manufacturing plant to reach fully climate-neutral status. The Torslanda plant, the company’s oldest, has been powered by climate-neutral electricity since 2008. It now also has climate-neutral heating.

US National Research Council reiterates need for action in US to limit magnitude of climate change; final volume in Americas Climate Choices

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Illustration of the steps in an iterative risk management approach for addressing climate change. From: America’s Climate Choices. Warning that the risk of dangerous climate change impacts is growing with every ton of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere, a US National Research Council committee reiterated the pressing need for substantial action to limit the magnitude of climate change and to prepare to adapt to its impacts.

Study projects thermoelectric power in Europe and US vulnerable to climate change due to lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures

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Projected changes in summer mean usable capacity of power plants in the US and Europe for the SRES A2 emissions scenario for the 2040s (2031–2060) relative to the control period (1971–2000). A study published in Nature Climate Change suggests that thermoelectric power plants (i.e., 16% in the United States depending on cooling system type and climate scenario for 2031—2060. Nature Climate Change doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1546.

Study suggests current levels of methane leakage would result in numerous decades of more rapid climate change from a shift to natural gas vehicles

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However, natural gas vehicles could produce climate benefits on all time frames if the well-to-wheels CH 4 leakage were capped at a level 45–70% below current estimates, the authors suggest. Recent reports in the scientific literature and popular press have produced confusion about the climate implications of natural gas. On the one hand, a shift to natural gas is promoted as climate mitigation because it has lower carbon per unit energy than coal or oil.

Purdue’s whitest white paint now a Guinness World Record; sub-ambient radiative cooling

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reflective, developed by engineers at Purdue University, has earned a Guinness World Records title for the whitest paint. Xiulin Ruan, a professor of mechanical engineering at Purdue, invented the paint with his graduate students. Climate Change Market Background Materials

Electric-car and climate-change tipping points, Prius details, Audi e-tron drive: The Week in Reverse

Green Car Reports

Which automaker made a commitment to end gas engine production (eventually)? global warming climate change RivianWhat electric car may finally have gotten a name? This is our look back at the Week In Reverse—right here at Green Car Reports—for the week ending Dec. 7, 2018. This week our news came mostly from follow-up insights from the LA Auto Show as well as mainly.

2018 67

Climate Expert: Don't Call It Geoengineering

Cars That Think

The leaders of the world have just returned from the UN's latest climate change summit, COP26 , in which the countries that have signed on to the Paris Agreement upped their commitments to fight climate change. C by the year 2100 , according to Climate Action Tracker.

Study finds carbon emissions benefits of reduction in oil demand depend on size of drop and global oil market structure

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New research led by Mohammad Masnadi, assistant professor of chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering, offers a closer look at the relationship between decreasing demand for oil and a resilient, varied oil market—and the carbon footprint associated with both. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Oil

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MIT researchers conclude fundamental changes in the US energy-innovation system are needed to meet challenges of climate change and energy supply

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A three-year study by a team of researchers based at MIT has concluded that fundamental changes are needed in the US energy-innovation system. Without systematic, transformative changes, the US is unlikely to succeed either in averting the worst economic and environmental consequences of climate change or in achieving a secure, affordable and reliable energy supply. Climate Change Market Background Policy

Five Canadian and developing country teams awarded total of C$12.5M to study climate change adaptation

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The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) together with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) announced that five research teams have been awarded a total of C$12.5 million) under the International Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change (IRIACC). Indigenous Health Adaptation to Climate Change.

US targeting net-zero aviation by 2050; heavy focus on SAF

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At COP26 in Glasgow, US Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg announced the US Aviation Climate Action Plan , published by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which sets out to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions from the US aviation sector by 2050.

American Chemical Society Posts Online Collection of New Resources on Climate Change

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The American Chemical Society (ACS) has posted a new online collection of resources related to climate change, including audio and visual presentations from a recent ACS forum on the science of climate change and video from an ACS press briefing on this forum. Topic: Climate change science. Topic: Observed and anticipated climate change impacts. Topic: Four things I think I know about climate. Topic: America’s climate choices.

MIT team finds aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate

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Researchers at MIT have determined that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. In an open-access paper in the journal Environmental Research Letters , they examine how this damage can be mitigated, and provide consistent comparative assessments of aviation emissions trade-offs, considering both climate and air quality impacts. Aviation emissions are an increasingly significant contributor to anthropogenic climate change.

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Vanderbilt meeting concludes time to begin developing climate change adaptation strategies for transportation sector

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A two-day leadership summit that brought together major stakeholders from the $1-trillion-plus freight transportation sector with climate change researchers emerged with a consensus position that despite the uncertainties surrounding climate change, it is time to start developing effective strategies that will keep the nation’s transportation systems and other critical infrastructure running in the face of the adverse impacts that seem increasingly likely to occur.

US National Research Council to Release Three New Climate Change Reports

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As part of its most comprehensive assessment to date, the US National Research Council—the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering—will release three new reports examining how the nation can combat the effects of global warming. One focuses on the science that supports human-induced climate change, and the others review options for limiting the magnitude of and adapting to the impacts of global warming.

Can Earth's Digital Twins Help Us Navigate the Climate Crisis?

Cars That Think

Powerful climate models have helped dispel any uncertainty about the scale of the climate crisis the world faces. But these models are large global simulations that can't tell us much about how climate change will impact our daily lives or how to respond at a local level. Now chipmaker Nvidia has committed to building the world's most powerful supercomputer dedicated to modeling climate change. Climate change Digital twin Machine learning Modeling

Study finds GHG emissions from corn ethanol now 46% lower than gasoline

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A new study by a team from Environmental Health & Engineering (EH&E) has found that greenhouse gas emissions from corn ethanol are 46% lower than those from gasoline—a decrease in emissions from the estimated 39% done by previous modeling.

DLR: cleaner aircraft emissions reduce the climate impact of contrail cirrus

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Fewer soot particles in the exhaust stream of aircraft reduces the formation of ice crystals and therefore the climate impact of the resulting contrail cirrus. Halving the ice particles that form in the contrail decreases the climate-warming effect of the contrail cirrus by 20%; the effect is halved if there are 80% fewer ice crystals, according to a study conducted by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR).

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UC Riverside researcher awarded $450K grant to study impact of black carbon particles on climate change and air quality

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A University of California, Riverside assistant professor of chemical and environmental engineering has received a $450,000 grant to study the impact of air-polluting black carbon particles as a way to mitigate climate change. Clouds have an important role in climate change. Understanding aerosol-cloud-climate interactions is imperative for predicting the impact of climate change.

2011 179

3 East Coast states and DC first to participate in TCI-P cap-and-invest program for transportation

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The Transportation and Climate Initiative Program (TCI-P) expects to cut greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles in the region by an estimated 26% from 2022 to 2032, and generate a total of more than $3 billion dollars over ten years for the participating jurisdictions to invest. The TCI-P Memorandum of Understanding grew out of the Transportation and Climate Initiative, and was informed by extensive outreach and input from thousands of people, businesses, and organizations.

2020 251

Polestar releases LCA reports for long-range and standard-range single-motor versions of Polestar 2 EV

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The new LCAs represent a continuation of that work; the two new Polestar 2 variants, “Long-range Single-motor” and “Standard-range Single-motor” are assessed and compared with the original Polestar 2 and with the internal combustion engine gasoline vehicle Volvo XC40 ICE.

CliMA consortium seeks to build more precise climate model from ground up

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A consortium of researchers led by Caltech, in partnership with MIT; the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS); and JPL, which Caltech manages for NASA, seeks to build a new type of climate model that is designed to provide more precise and actionable predictions. The goal is a climate model that projects future changes in critical variables such as cloud cover, rainfall, and sea ice extent more accurately, with uncertainties at least two times smaller than existing models.

2018 192

Perspective: Why Carbon Emissions Should Not Have Been the Focus of the UN Climate Change Summit and Why the 15th Conference of the Parties Should Have Focused on Technology Transfer

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Oceans, already expanding from warmth and melting glaciers, would rise, increasing coastal flooding; a chain reaction of climate changes is projected to lead to harsher, more widespread droughts and more powerful storms. US intelligence and defense agencies say such environmental changes can lead to energy insecurity, water and food shortages, and social instability. It’s about time we changed course. COP15 , United Nations Climate Change Conference Copenhagen 2009.

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Polestar announces goal of climate-neutral car by 2030

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Polestar, the premium electric performance car brand founded by Volvo Cars and Geely Holding, has set a goal of creating the first climate-neutral car by 2030. By pushing ourselves to create a completely climate-neutral car, we are forced to reach beyond what is possible today.

EPA proposes first US greenhouse gas emissions standards for aircraft

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This metric is a mathematical function that incorporates the specific air range (SAR) of an airplane/engine combination (a traditional measure of airplane cruise performance in units of kilometer/kilogram of fuel) and the reference geometric factor (RGF), a measure of fuselage size.

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Study finds methane emissions from coal mines ~50% higher than previously thought

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The results have important implications for Earth’s climate because methane is about 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide when it comes to warming the planet over a long period. Kholod is a scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership between PNNL and the University of Maryland where researchers explore the interactions between human, energy and environmental systems. Climate Change Coal Emissions

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UN Sustainable Transport Conference calls for accelerated action to achieve net-zero emissions

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The Conference participants agreed that without a profound shift to sustainable mobility, achieving the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals—already off-track—would be impossible. Warning that the door on climate action was closing, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called for the decarbonization of all means of transport, in order to get to net-zero emissions by 2050 globally.

MIT and Caltech Study Finds Climate Change Will Result In More Extreme Rainfall

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A new MIT and Caltech study on the impact that global climate change will have on precipitation patterns concludes that extreme rainfall will increase in the future. The analysis shows that while the pattern is clear and consistent outside of the tropics, climate models give conflicting results within the tropics and more research will be needed to determine the likely outcomes in tropical regions.

2009 179

Cummins announces PLANET 2050 strategy; net-zero carbon emissions by 2050

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announced its next environmental sustainability strategy—PLANET 2050—which includes science-based goals that meet or exceed the goals in the United Nations Paris agreement on climate change. PLANET 2050 focuses on three priority areas: addressing climate change and air emissions; using natural resources in the most sustainable way; and improving communities. Climate Change Emissions Engines Environmental JusticeCummins Inc.

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Biden sets 2030 net GHG reduction target for US of 50-52% below 2005 levels

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However, despite a raft of recent announcements by vehicle manufactures and policymakers on phasing out internal combustion engines, GlobalData currently expects only around 20% of new light vehicles to be fully electric globally by 2030. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2005 222

ClearFlame Engine Technologies secures $17M in Series A financing

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ClearFlame Engine Technologies , a startup developing net-zero engine technology ( earlier post ), has secured $17 million in Series A financing, which will enable commercialization of the company’s innovative engine technology for the long-haul trucking, agriculture and power generation sectors. Without soot from diesel fuels, compression ignition engines are no longer limited to lean operation and can instead use the chemically correct (i.e.,

France launches new climate plan; Euro 7 lead; targeting ending the sale of vehicles emitting GHGs by 2040

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Nicolas Hulot, France’s new minister responsible for environment and energy, presented the country’s new climate plan at a press conference at the Ministry. Climate Change Electric (Battery) Emissions Engines Europe Oil Policy

2017 174