PCAST suggests 6 key components for climate change strategy to President Obama; adaptation and mitigation

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The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) released a letter to President Obama describing six key components the advisory group believes should be central to the Administration’s strategy for addressing climate change. The first component aims to reduce the damage resulting from changes in climate (“adaptation”), while the last five aim to reduce the pace and magnitude of these changes (“mitigation”).

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policymakers as climate change. Now, with continuous growth in domestic oil and gas production over that period, you just don't hear energy security discussed as much. Scientists agree that the effects of manmade climate change, on the other hand. emissions global warming CO2 climate change carbon dioxide science PollsTen years ago, energy security may have been as much a driving force behind electric cars for U.S.

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Could California climate-change rules raise gas price enough to backfire?

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California has by far the most aggressive climate-change policies in the nation, and the state is a global leader in plans to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions. emissions global warming California CO2 climate change carbon dioxide Zero Emission Vehicle state lawsIt's also the world's eighth-largest economy, with a growing population, soaring economic output, and a resolutely progressive legislature. While its zero-emission vehicle policies may get.

Kobe Steel demonstrates technology that can reduce blast furnace CO2 emissions by ~20%

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The reduction in the amount of coke used, however, makes it more difficult to maintain the stability of gas flows and the temperature of the molten iron within the blast furnace, which must be maintained at about 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit, with minimal fluctuations. Kobe Steel, Ltd.

CO2 222

Roskill: CO2 emissions from lithium production set to triple by 2025

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This calculation includes all CO 2 emissions grouped under Scope 1 and 2 categories as set out by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol as well those associated with transporting material between production and refining sites.

2020 250

EIA projects US energy-related CO2 emissions to remain near current level through 2050; increased natural gas consumption

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The AEO2019 Reference case, which reflects no changes to current laws and regulations and extends current trends in technology, projects that US energy-related CO 2 emissions will be 5,019 million metric tons in 2050—4% below their 2018 value—as emissions associated with coal and petroleum consumption fall and emissions from natural gas consumption rise. Other sectors have also increased their consumption of natural gas.

2019 194

EIA: US energy-related CO2 fell by 2.8% in 2019, slightly below 2017 levels

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The changes in US energy-related CO 2 emissions in 2019 offset the increase in 2018. In 2019, CO 2 emissions from petroleum fuels—nearly half of which are associated with motor gasoline consumption—fell by 0.8%, and CO 2 emissions from the use of natural gas increased by 3.3%.

2020 241

Euro Parliament Environment Committee votes to include shipping CO2 in EU ETS; shipping industry to contribute to climate neutrality

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In addition, MEPs say that market-based emissions reduction policies are not enough, so they also introduced binding requirements for shipping companies to reduce their annual average CO2 emissions per transport work, for all their ships, by at least 40% by 2030. Maritime transport remains the only sector with no specific EU commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In 2015 in the EU, 13% of the overall EU greenhouse gas emissions came from the transport sector.

2020 210

Audi of America launches Internal Carbon Price program to support goal of lowering CO2 footprint 30% by 2025

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The Audi Internal Carbon Price program is a self-imposed fee proportional to the amount of CO 2 and other greenhouse gas emissions that result from US operations, such as: Business travel. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Policy Vehicle ManufacturersAudi of America is among the first in the automotive industry to implement an internal carbon price program as a key initiative in the brand’s pursuit of lower CO 2 emissions.

2020 161

Provisional agreement reached on European CO2 standards for heavy-duty trucks; 30% lower by 2030

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With the first-ever EU emission standards for trucks agreed, we are completing the legal framework to reach the European target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030. —Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete. Even in the case of truck-specific filling stations for natural gas (CNG and LNG), availability remains very low and patchy across Europe, the association said. Climate Change Emissions Europe Heavy-duty Regulations

2019 233

Biden sets 2030 net GHG reduction target for US of 50-52% below 2005 levels

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US President Joe Biden announced a new target for the United States to achieve a 50-52% reduction from 2005 levels in economy-wide net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030. In 2019, US greenhouse gas emissions totaled 6,558 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MMT CO 2 Eq.),

2005 222

Technical brief: transportation overtaking electricity generation as the largest source of US CO2 emissions

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per year over 2007-2015 due to the displacement of coal by natural gas, wind and solar for power production as well as energy efficiency gains. Additional measures, including ways to offset the CO 2 emitted by liquid fuel use, will be needed to address the transportation-climate challenge. Climate Change Emissions Power Generation

2016 249

National Research Council outlines fight against climate change

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The National Research Council has suggested the US needs a measurable domestic greenhouse gas emissions budget target in the range of 170-220gigatons of CO2 for the period 2012-2050. Its report, entitled Limiting the Magnitude of Future Climate Change, outlines the target while also warning that the longer the wait to reduce emissions, the harder it will [.].

Researchers measure actual CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and compare to reported levels

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However, because gas, coal and oil are millions of years old, their carbon has a key difference compared to the carbon cycling through plants. The researchers say that adding this atmospheric monitoring technique to the suite of tools used to monitor climate change can help to better understand greenhouse gas emissions from specific regions and how they are changing over time. Climate Change Emissions Regulations

2018 183

I’ve Done The Math – Now I’m Doing Something About It

Creative Greenius

And so it is that I resigned from my position as Director of Strategic Partnerships and Public Affairs for CBS EcoMedia effective the first of this month and I will now be devoting my full time to working on climate change response with the South Bay 350 Climate Action Group, the South Bay Bicycle Coalition and 350.org. But our friends in the oil, coal and gas industry have 5,795 gigatons of carbon on the books.

2013 289

IIASA: removing fossil fuel subsidies will not reduce CO2 emissions as much as hoped

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Fossil fuel subsidies amount to hundreds of billions of dollars worldwide, and removing them has been held up as a key answer to climate change mitigation. This equates to 0.5-2 gigatonnes (Gt/year) of CO 2 by 2030, significantly less than the voluntary climate pledges made under the Paris climate agreement, which add up to 4-8 Gt/year and are themselves not enough to limit warming to 2°C. First, these subsidies generally apply only to oil, gas, and electricity.

2018 174

ICAO agrees to market-based measure to address aviation CO2

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This will permit the CORSIA to serve as a positive and sustainable contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions reduction. In a statement released after the ICAO announcement, ICSA said that while it recognized the agreement as a hard-fought political compromise to see that aviation contributes its fair share in the climate change fight, critical work remains to ensure environmental integrity and broad participation. Aviation Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2016 179

IEA finds CO2 emissions flat for third straight year even as global economy grew in 2016

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This was the result of growing renewable power generation, switches from coal to natural gas, improvements in energy efficiency, as well as structural changes in the global economy. The decline was driven by a surge in shale gas supplies and more attractive renewable power that displaced coal. For the first time, electricity generation from natural gas was higher than from coal last year in the United States. Climate Change Emissions Market Background

2017 183

EIA: US energy-related CO2 dropped 2.7% in 2015; of end-use sectors, only transportation increased

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Specific circumstances, such as the very warm fourth quarter of 2015 and relatively low natural gas prices, put downward pressure on emissions as natural gas was substituted for coal in electricity generation. Transportation-related CO2 emissions increased by 38 million metric tons (MMmt) (2.1%) in 2015. The trend of declining coal-fired electricity generation in the power sector and increasing non-fossil and natural gas-fired generation continued in 2015.

2017 174

CICERO team finds global temperature will respond slowly to emissions cuts

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Although large emissions cuts are urgently needed to achieve global climate goals, it may take decades before we can measure the effect of the reductions on global temperature evolution, according to a new study by researchers at Norway’s CICERO Center for International Climate Research.

2020 254

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 1.7% in 2016; carbon intensity of economy down 3.1%; transportation emissions up

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decline in energy-related CO2, according to the latest report from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). Among the findings of the EIA analysis: CO 2 emissions form natural gas surpassed those from coal in 2016. Natural gas CO 2 emissions have increased every year since 2009. The natural gas share of electricity generation has grown as the coal share declined, partially offsetting the decline in energy-related CO 2 emissions from coal.

2017 150

EIA: world energy consumption to grow 56% 2010-2040, CO2 up 46%; use of liquid fuels in transportation up 38%

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Natural gas is the fastest-growing fossil fuel, as global supplies of tight gas, shale gas, and coalbed methane increase. million barrels per day from 2010 to 2040, including the production of both petroleum (crude oil and lease condensate, natural gas plant [NGPL], bitumen, extra-heavy oil, and refinery gains), and other liquid fuels (coal-to-liquids [CTL], gas-to-liquids [GTL], biofuels, and kerogen). World energy consumption by fuel type, 2010-2040.

2013 258

US and China jointly announce GHG reduction targets; US to cut net GHG 26-28% by 2025, China to peak CO2 by ~2030

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The US and China jointly announced greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets. US President Barack Obama said the US will cut net greenhouse gas emissions in the US by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025. Together, the US and China account for more than one third of global greenhouse gas emissions. To further support the achievement of the goals announced today, the United States and China pledged to strengthen cooperation on climate and clean energy.

2014 249

GWU team demonstrates one-pot process for optimized synthesis of controlled CNTs from CO2; coupling cement and C2CNT

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht ( earlier post ) have developed a new process that transforms CO 2 into a controlled selection of nanotubes (CNTs) via molten electrolysis; they call the process C2CNT (CO2 into carbon nanotubes). Cement production is the largest producer of CO 2 of any current manufacturing process, generating 5–6% of the global anthropogenic emissions of this greenhouse gas.

2017 183

EPA says methane emissions from natural gas production have dropped 36% from 2007-2011

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In its recently released Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990 – 2011 ( earlier post ), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that methane (CH 4 ) emissions from the field production of natural gas have declined by 36% from 2007 to 2011 (from 83.1 The finding may have an impact on future regulation of fracking for natural gas production, as opponents of the technology have pointed to higher rates of methane leak as being an argument against it.

2013 236

IEA working paper highlights potential role of natural gas in reducing global road transport CO2

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The global natural gas vehicle fleet has grown rapidly in the last 10 years, but still represents less than 1% of global transport fuel consumption. A new working paper published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) concludes that natural gas can play a significant role in cutting on-road vehicle carbon dioxide emissions, but that over the long term there will need to be a commitment to transition to very low CO 2. gas sources, such as biogas or bio-synthetic gas.

2010 184

EPA proposes CO2 emission standards for new fossil fuel-fired power plants

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For purposes of this rule, fossil fuel-fired EGUs include utility boilers, IGCC units and certain natural gas-fired stationary combustion turbine EGUs that generate electricity for sale and are larger than 25 megawatts (MW). The proposed rulemaking establishes separate standards for natural gas and coal plants. The proposed limits for natural gas units are based on the performance of modern natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) units.

2013 203

Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row

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The annual assessment of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the JRC and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) confirms that CO 2 emissions have stalled for the third year in a row. CH 4 is mainly generated by agricultural activities, the production of coal and gas, as well as waste treatment and disposal. Over the past two decades, the EU28 has steadily decreased its CO 2 emissions, which still represent two thirds of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions.

2017 150

EPA’s annual automotive trends report shows slight increase in fuel economy from MY2017 to MY2018

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In model year 2018, the average estimated real-world CO2 emission rate for all new vehicles fell by 4 grams per mile (g/mi) to 353 g/mi, the lowest level measured since 1975, when EPA data collection began. In the US, Model Year (MY) 2018 vehicle fuel economy was 25.1 miles per gallon, 0.8%

2020 209

Researchers propose harvesting CO2 mixing energy to generate electricity

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To harvest the mixing energy from CO 2 containing gas emissions, they propose using pairs of porous electrodes, one selective for anions and the other selective to cations. This means that mixing combustion gas with air is an unexplored source of energy. An increase of the CO 2 pressure in the gas leads to an increase of the concentration of the ions in the aqueous solution. One tank was flushed with air while the other was flushed with 100% pure CO 2 gas.

2013 229

EPA releases final Clean Power Plan; 32% reduction in CO2 from power plants by 2030

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Carbon dioxide is the most prevalent greenhouse gas pollutant, accounting for nearly three-quarters of global greenhouse gas emissions and 82% of US greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuel-fired power plants are by far the largest source of US CO 2 emissions, making up 32% of US total greenhouse gas emissions. EPA said that in addition to its projected climate benefits, the CPP will result in the avoidance each year of : 1,500 to 3,600 premature deaths.

2015 212

EPA staffers told how to downplay climate change in leaked memo

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EPA administrator Scott Pruitt would be controversial even if he hadn't flown to Morocco in December (first-class, on the taxpayer dime) to lobby the country on the benefits of liquified natural gas while living in a condo owned by a lobbyist for the country's largest LNG exporter. EPA global warming CO2 climate change carbon dioxide regulation science Donald Trump

Global CO2 emissions up 3% in 2011; per capita CO2 emissions in China reach EU levels

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The United States remain one of the largest emitters of CO2, with 17.3 tonnes per capita, despite a decline due to the recession in 2008-2009, high oil prices and an increased share of natural gas. Some of the findings of the report include: Global consumption of coal (responsible for about 40% total CO 2 emissions) grew in 2011 by 5%, whereas global consumption of natural gas and oil products increased by only 2% and 1%, respectively. Climate Change Emissions

2012 204

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources). There were no evident changes of THC and NO x emissions. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) China Climate Change Fuels MethanolZhejiang Geely Holding Group (Geely Group) will invest a total of US$45.5

2015 210

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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As one of the first companies in the world to experiment with introducing hydrogen into a gas transport network, Snam is highly committed to ensuring that its infrastructure is compatible with increasing hydrogen volumes and to supporting the growth of the Italian hydrogen value chain by developing technologies in order to promote its use in a variety of sectors, from industry to transport.

2020 192

Volkswagen to use CO2 as refrigerant for future air conditioning systems

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Reducing the greenhouse gas emissions from MACs have been under investigation since the late 1990s; cars equipped with R134a (tetrafluoroethane) MAC systems produce emissions corresponding to 7 grams of CO 2 per driven kilometer. With its GWP of 1, it is also the refrigerant that has the least impact on climate. In addition, a CO 2 leak into the passenger compartment is a safety hazard since the gas can displace a significant amount of oxygen.

2013 255

PBL/JRC: Global CO2 emissions increase to new all-time record in 2013, but growth is slowing down

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Global CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production reached a new all-time high in 2013, according to the annual report “Trends in global CO2 emissions”, released by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and the European Joint Research Centre (JRC). The emissions increase in the United States in 2013 (+2.5%) was mainly due to a shift in power production from gas back to coal together with an increase in gas consumption due to a higher demand for space heating.

2014 207

Aramco opens R&D center in Detroit area; fuels research with focus on novel fuels/engines systems for reduced CO2

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Fuels technology is a critical area of research for Saudi Aramco where we are leveraging on our leading position in integrated oil and gas production and refining to invest in innovative solutions that will significantly improve efficiency and lower emissions from the (production) well-head to the (car) wheel. Climate Change Emissions Engines Fuels

2015 192

GWU team develops cost-effective solar process to produce lime for cement without CO2 emission

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Production of cement accounts for 5-6% of all anthropogenic CO 2 emissions, generating 9 kg of the greenhouse gas for each 10 kg of cement produced, notes Dr. Stuart Licht and his colleagues in a paper on their process accepted for publication in the RSC journal Chemical Communications. Thus no CO 2 is formed, to eliminate cement’s greenhouse gas contribution to anthropogenic climate change. Climate Change Emissions Solar

2012 236

Royal Society Report Concludes Geoengineering and its Consequences May be the Price for Failure to Act on Climate Change; Recommendations for Plan B

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From: Geoengineering the Climate (2009) Click to enlarge. unless future efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are much more successful then they have been so far—potentially dangerous and unproven geoengineering will be required to cool the Earth this century, according to the latest report from the UK’s Royal Society. Geoengineering is defined as the deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climate system in order to moderate global warming.

2009 170

Final EPA report shows total US GHG emissions up 3.2% in 2010, total CO2 up 3.5%, total transportation CO2 up 1%

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has released the 17 th annual US greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory. As the largest source of US greenhouse gas emissions, CO 2 from fossil fuel combustion has accounted for. The inventory tracks annual greenhouse gas emissions at the national level and presents historical emissions from 1990 to 2010. 2012 US Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report. Climate Change Emissions

2012 214

EPA annual US GHG inventory shows 1.6% drop in 2011 from previous year; transportation CO2 down 1.1%

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Total US greenhouse gas emissions by economic sector in 2011. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its 18 th annual report of overall US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions showing a 1.6% Recent trends can be attributed to multiple factors including reduced emissions from electricity generation, improvements in fuel efficiency in vehicles with reductions in miles traveled, and year-to-year changes in the prevailing weather, EPA said.

2013 191

JBEI researchers engineer bacterium to produce diesel-range biofuel using CO2 as sole carbon source

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We’ve shown that the bacterium Ralstonia eutropha growing with carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas is able to generate significant quantities of diesel-range methyl ketones. Bio-hydrocarbons Biotech Climate Change Emissions Fuels

2013 203