Satellite method provides insight into ozone-NOx-VOCs sensitivity for different locations

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Ozone pollution near Earth’s surface is one of the main ingredients of summertime smog. It is also not directly measurable from space due to the abundance of ozone higher in the atmosphere, which obscures measurements of surface ozone.

2017 78

Study links ambient PM2.5 and ozone specifically caused by vehicle exhaust emissions to ~361,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2010 and ~385,000 in 2015

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A new study provides the most detailed picture available to date of the global, regional, and local health impacts attributable to emissions from four transportation subsectors: on-road diesel vehicles; other on-road vehicles; shipping; and non-road mobile engines such as agricultural and construction equipment. Transportation-attributable PM 2.5 and ozone deaths, associated mortality rates, and population in G20 economies in 2015.

2019 80

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EPA proposes tightening primary ozone standards to range of 65-70 ppb; final rule by October 2015

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Counties where measured ozone is above proposed range of standards, based on 2011-2013 monitoring data. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing tightening the ground-level 8-hour ozone (O 3 ) National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to within a range of 65 to 70 parts per billion (ppb), while taking comments on a level as low as 60 ppb. EPA will issue final ozone standards by 1 October 2015.

2014 91

Study: surface ozone in India in 2005 damaged 6M tonnes of crops, enough to feed 94M people in poverty

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Ozone, the main component of smog, is a plant-damaging pollutant formed by emissions from vehicles, cooking stoves and other sources. New research shows that ozone pollution damaged millions of tons of wheat, rice, soybean and cotton crops in India in 2005. Surface ozone pollution in India damaged 6 million metric tons (6.7 Rising emissions are causing severe ozone pollution in some of India’s most populated regions. Smog in India.

2005 82

Study Links Springtime Ozone Increases Above Western North America to Emissions in Asia

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Springtime ozone distributions for 1984, 1995–2008 in the mid-troposphere (3.0–8.0 Springtime ozone levels above western North America are rising primarily due to air flowing eastward from the Pacific Ocean, a trend that is largest when the air originates in Asia.

EPA Climate Change Adaptation Plan sees likely increase in tropospheric ozone, with more difficulty in attaining NAAQS in many areas

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Among the many climate-related vulnerabilities that can impact its mission, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cites a likely increase in tropospheric ozone pollution as potentially making it more difficult to attain National Ambient Air Quality Standards ( NAAQS ) in many areas with existing ozone problems. clean air, safe drinking water) are sensitive to changes in weather and climate.

EPA issues ANPR on Clean Trucks Initiative, seeking input from public and stakeholders

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However, 100 million people live in areas of nonattainment for ozone and particulate matter (PM), and according to EPA estimates, heavy-duty vehicles will continue to be one of the largest contributors to NO x emissions—a precursor of ozone and PM formation—from the transportation sector in 2025. The US EPA issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) for the Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI).

2020 60

Fast action on black carbon, ozone and methane could help limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees C

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Fast action on pollutants such as black carbon, ground-level ozone and methane may help limit near term global temperature rise and significantly increase the chances of keeping temperature rise below 2 °C (3.6 °F)—and Extraction and transport of fossil fuel. Transport.

2011 99

Reducing Black Carbon Emissions and Ground-Level Ozone Would Provide Immediate Benefit Against Climate Change

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Reducing emissions of black carbon soot and ground-level ozone would quickly make a considerable dent in the climate change problem and would also contribute to public health and protect crop yields, according to an essay in the September/October issue of Foreign Affairs. Ground level or tropospheric ozone (different than the stratospheric ozone that blocks the sun’s UV rays) is formed by ozone precursor gases such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, methane, and other hydrocarbons.

UNEP study: small number of measures targeting black carbon and tropospheric ozone could yield immediate climate benefits

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Black carbon and tropospheric ozone are harmful air pollutants that also contribute to climate change. Reducing black carbon and tropospheric ozone now will slow the rate of climate change within the first half of this century, the study said.

2011 99

Study Concludes Warming Climate Will Increase Ozone Levels in Major California Air Basins; Climate Change and Regional Air Quality Are Intertwined Problems

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Illustration of projected ozone changes in the South Coast region due to climate change in 2050. Areas in orange and red could see ozone concentrations elevated by 9 to 18 parts per billion. In a new report released by the California Air Resources Board, scientists from the University of California at Davis and Berkeley estimate that rising temperatures from climate change will increase ozone levels in California’s major air basins.

ARB posts discussion draft of new proposed mobile-source emissions reduction strategy through 2030; Advanced Clean Cars 2 regulation

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The approach described is designed to meet simultaneously federal air quality standards; achieve greenhouse gas emission reduction targets; reduce petroleum consumption; and decrease health risk from transportation sources through 2030. Community design and freight transport.

2015 103

EPA finalizes Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (Transport Rule)

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Transport Rule states. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has finalized the new Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) (also called the Transport Rule). reductions; annual NO x reductions; and ozone-season NO x. Ozone Season NO x Power Plant Emissions.

2011 93

Pennsylvania DEP awards nearly $517,000 in clean diesel grants

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The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PA DEP) awarded $516,637 in clean diesel grants to four organizations. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has designated the five-county Philadelphia region of Bucks, Delaware, Chester, Montgomery and Philadelphia counties as non-attainment for ozone and fine particulate matter air quality standards. Jennings Transportation Corp.:

EPA Proposes Transport Rule to Cut Pollution from Power Plants in 31 States and DC; New Approach for Pollution Reduction

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States covered by the proposed Transport Rule. The proposed Transport Rule sets in place a new approach that can and will be applied again as further pollution reductions are needed to help areas meet air quality health standards, EPA says. Proposed Transport Rule.

2010 99

US DOT to award up to $101.4M to transit projects to reduce emissions and to promote clean-fuel technologies

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The US Department of Transportation will award up to total of $101.4 million to transit projects that improve emissions while supporting emerging clean fuel and advanced propulsion technologies. million from FTA’s Clean Fuels Grant Program and $49.9 The money is being provided competitively through the Federal Transit Administration’s Fiscal Year 2011 Sustainability Initiative, which includes funding from two programs: $51.5

2011 71

EPA Soliciting Proposals for Clean Diesel Projects; Up to $64M in Awards in FY 2009/2010

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The US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program is soliciting proposals nationwide for projects that achieve significant reductions in diesel emissions in terms of tons of pollution produced and diesel emissions exposure, particularly from fleets operating in areas designated by the Administrator as poor air quality areas. million tons of NO x , which contribute to the formation of ozone and additional fine particles.

2009 71

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

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Hydrous ethanol has been used in the United States as a transportation fuel for at least one hundred years. These distilleries made 192-proof alcohol for human consumption, lantern fuel and transportation fuel. Rural America, especially southern rural America, has always used small farm distilleries to process hydrous ethanol for transportation fuel during times of severe oil shortages or high gasoline prices. by Brian J. Donovan, CEO Renergie, Inc.

2009 103

ARB releases proposed cap-and-trade regulation for comment; transportation fuels impacted in 2015

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The program will cover the major sources of GHG emissions in the State, including refineries and power plants, industrial facilities, and transportation fuels. The program will expand in 2015 to include fuel distributors to address emissions from combustion of transportation fuels and combustion of natural gas and propane at sources not covered in the first phase of the program. Transportation fuels.

2010 74

San José International deploys 10 Proterra electric buses in airport fleet

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Mineta San José International Airport’s (SJC) has deployed a fleet of 10 Proterra battery-electric buses that will transport passengers and their luggage between SJC’s parking lots, rental car center, and terminals. The electric bus fleet is anticipated to reduce ozone emissions by 1.1

2019 137

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

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Among the actions proposed or considered in the transportation sector include aggressive implementation of the light-duty Zero Emission Vehicle standard; LEV IV emissions regulations for the light-duty fleet post-2025 (GHG reductions of about 5% per year); Phase 2 GHG regulations for medium and heavy-duty (MD and HD) vehicles; a possible ZEV regulation for trucks; more stringent carbon reduction targets for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard; and others. Transportation.

2014 91

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

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The on-road transportation (ORT) and power generation (PG) sectors are major contributors to CO 2 emissions and a host of short-lived radiatively-active air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone and fine aerosol particles, that exert complex influences on global climate.

2009 78

Northwestern/Princeton study explores air quality impacts of aggressive conversion to EVs

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This despite evidence that suggests air pollution impacts from the transportation sector exceed those from greenhouse gases. … Thus to fully account for the complexity of changes to air pollution chemistry, emission changes should be used to drive a chemical transport model (CTM).

2019 121

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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To make further progress, we should start focusing on road transportation and commercial and residential emissions. We can figure out, for example, how much NO x emissions from road transportation in Arizona in July affects human health in Texas, and we can do those calculations instantly.

2020 106

CU Boulder study: routine household activities generate air quality on par with major polluted city

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Cooking, cleaning and other routine household activities generate significant levels of volatile and particulate chemicals inside the average home, leading to indoor air quality levels on par with a polluted major city, according to a study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder. We wanted to know: How do basic activities like cooking and cleaning change the chemistry of a house?

2019 74

EPA, NHTSA issue One National Program Rule; EPA withdraws CA waiver for GHG and fuel economy

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The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final action entitled the “ One National Program Rule ,” which will enable the federal government to provide nationwide uniform fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards for automobiles and light duty trucks. The California waiver authority exists because California has uniquely difficult problems with ozone-forming pollutants.

2019 77

EPA launches Cleaner Trucks Initiative to update NOx standards for heavy-duty trucks

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Through rulemaking and a comprehensive review of existing requirements, we will capitalize on these gains and incentivize new technologies to ensure our heavy-duty trucks are clean and remain a competitive method of transportation. It is estimated that heavy-duty trucks will be responsible for one-third of NO x emissions from the transportation sector in 2025.

2018 84

EEA report finds most Europeans in cities still exposed to levels of air pollution exceeding WHO guidelines

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20 % of stations registered concentrations above the EU ozone (O 3 ) target value for the protection of human health. Road transport, power plants, industry, agriculture and households are the main sources of air pollutants.

2019 85

New international study finds lab testing of diesel NOx emissions underestimates real-world levels by up to 50%

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The research, led by the International Council on Clean Transportation and Environmental Health Analytics, LLC., —Josh Miller, researcher at the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT).

2017 104

Study first to quantify amount of US pollution resulting from Chinese manufacturing for exports

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Dust, ozone and carbon can accumulate in valleys and basins in California and other Western states. The study authors suggest the findings could be used to more effectively negotiate clean-air treaties. Average annual percentage of black carbon pollution related to Chinese exports.

2014 134

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

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Improving access to cleaner forms of transportation, like electrified public transport and active commuting by cycling and walking, would not only bring down NO 2 levels, but would also reduce asthma, enhance physical fitness, and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

2019 150

Automakers agree on common plug to recharge electric vehicles

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

like people driving futuristic electric cars and everything being clean! Reply Neutral Elodie @ Apr 19th 2009 4:38PM How clean is an electrical car, really? Once weve consolidated everything to depend on the grid, we can clean up everything by cleaning up the grid.

FTA to award up to $24.9M to low- or no-emissions transit bus projects

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An Eligible Area for the awards is either: Designated as a non-attainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. A maintenance area, as defined in section 5303, for ozone or carbon monoxide. The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) announced the availability of $24.9 million of Fiscal Year 2013 funds ( FTA-2014-001-TRI ) for the deployment of low- or no-emission (LoNo) transit buses. Of that amount, $21.6

2014 89

California ARB and NOAA Collaborating in $20M Research on Interaction of Air Pollution and Climate Change; One Atmosphere Approach

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These connections arise because in many cases the agents of concern are the same, and in many cases the sources of the agents are the same or intimately connected.For example, surface ozone is both an air pollutant and a greenhouse gas.

ICCT study finds that transitioning to low-GWP MAC refrigerants in China could avoid up to US$150B in costs

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A new study from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) assesses the feasibility, benefits, and costs of phasing out HFC-134a as the refrigerant in mobile air conditioning (MAC) systems in the Chinese LDV fleet, focusing on three alternatives with lower global warming potential (GWP) most likely to be adopted by automakers with a global supply chain: HFO-1234yf, HFC-152a, and CO 2.

2016 76

California ARB releases final version of proposed update to Climate Change Scoping Plan; LEV IV

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Among the actions proposed or considered in the transportation sector include: aggressive implementation of the light-duty Zero Emission Vehicle standard; LEV IV emissions regulations for the light-duty fleet post-2025 (GHG reductions of about 5% per year); Phase 2 GHG regulations for medium and heavy-duty (MD and HD) vehicles; a possible ZEV regulation for trucks; more stringent carbon reduction targets for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard; and others.

MECA report finds additional NOx emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks achievable and cost-effective

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The transportation sector was responsible for over 7 million tons of NO x emissions in the US in 2014, with 50% of this sector’s NO x attributed to heavy-duty on- and off-road vehicles and equipment. NO x is a precursor for both ground level ozone and secondary PM 2.5

2020 101

MIT study finds air quality co-benefits of US carbon policies can significantly offset costs, depending upon the policy

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Selin and colleagues compared the health benefits to the economic costs of three climate policies: a clean-energy standard, a transportation policy, and a cap-and-trade program. The three were designed to resemble proposed US climate policies, with the clean-energy standard requiring emissions reductions from power plants similar to those proposed in the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Plan.

2014 80

Report argues advanced HD natural gas vehicles foundational for California to hit air and climate goals; near zero-emission potential

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Compared to the 2010 “Business as Usual” scenario—which includes all adopted emission control measures for the South Coast—NO x levels must be reduced by 65% and by 75% to meet the 2023 and 2032 ozone standards, respectively.

2014 113

US EPA proposing allowing high-octane, higher ethanol content fuels as part of Tier 3 regs; E30 as example

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This in turn could help provide a market incentive to increase ethanol use beyond E10 by overcoming the disincentive of lower fuel economy associated with increasing ethanol concentrations in fuel, and enhance the environmental performance of ethanol as a transportation fuel by using it to enable more fuel efficient engines. Currently, the Clean Air Act limits the volatility of gasoline to 9.0

2013 86

California to award $23.6M for zero-emission drayage trucks at seaports; BYD, Kenworth, Peterbilt, Volvo

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They are also designed to accelerate the commercialization of heavy-duty advanced, zero-emission technologies, establishing a path for implementing SCAQMD’s clean air plan currently under development. Freight transport in California is a major economic engine for the state but also accounts for about half of toxic diesel particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), 45% of the emissions of NO x that form ozone and fine particulate matter in the atmosphere, and 6% of all GHG emissions in California.

Study suggests cap and trade programs do not provide sufficient incentives for energy technology innovation; implications for climate policy

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Policies incentivizing the private sector to push to develop innovative “clean” technologies are likely to play a key role in achieving climate stabilization. Respectively, Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act and the Ozone Transport Commission/NO x Budget Program.). The lower-than-expected price signal did cause emissions sources to reassess their clean technology investments, however, and led to significant cancellations, Taylor reported.

2012 88

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

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More than three-quarters of HFC emissions in California come from the use of refrigerants in the commercial, industrial, residential, and transportation sectors.

2016 102