MECA emissions inventory & air quality modeling shows potential benefits of national cleaner trucks initiative at CARB limits

Green Car Congress

The Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association (MECA) released a new report quantifying a county level MOVES emissions inventory in the continental US (CONUS) 48 states and subsequent air quality modeling report of a potential scenario should the US EPA Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI) be finalized as a national program at the emission limits proposed by CARB in their heavy-duty omnibus regulation.

2020 68

EPA launches Cleaner Trucks Initiative to update NOx standards for heavy-duty trucks

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has launched the Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI) to further decrease NO x emissions from on-highway heavy-duty trucks and engines. EPA expects that any update to the standards will result in significant mobile source NO x reductions, which will aid communities across the country in the attainment of ozone and particulate matter standards.

2018 84

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Toyota Central R&D Labs develops new ferrihydrite material that effectively removes ozone from air

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Japan) report in the journal Angewandte Chemie the development of a mesoporous two-line ferrihydrite (2LFh)—ferrihydrite is a widespread mineral composed of iron, oxygen, and water—that could lead to a new generation of ozone filters in electrostatic devices and aircraft applications. The material can also be used for air-cleaner devices or as a filter in ventilation or air-conditioning ducts in offices and houses. Comparison of O 3.

Ozone 76

EPRI-NRDC report finds widespread vehicle electrification and a cleaner grid could lead to substantial cuts in GHG by 2050

Green Car Congress

Use of electric vehicles would achieve greater reductions in GHG emissions, corresponding to the rate that the electric grid becomes cleaner, through greater reliance on renewables and low- and non-emitting generation. While electric vehicles are cleaner than petroleum-fueled vehicles today, the greenhouse gas reductions can be maximized by charging vehicles from a cleaner grid.

2015 84

US EPA proposes to retain existing NAAQS for ozone

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to retain, without changes, the existing, more stringent 2015 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ozone. The standards, established in 2015, are currently set at 70 parts per billion (ppb), in terms of a 3-year average of the annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hour average ozone concentrations. From 2017 to 2019, ozone concentrations fell 4%.

2020 68

Reducing Black Carbon Emissions and Ground-Level Ozone Would Provide Immediate Benefit Against Climate Change

Green Car Congress

Reducing emissions of black carbon soot and ground-level ozone would quickly make a considerable dent in the climate change problem and would also contribute to public health and protect crop yields, according to an essay in the September/October issue of Foreign Affairs. Available technology such as diesel particulate filters for vehicles and cleaner- burning biomass and solar cookstoves can significantly reduce black carbon emissions.

EPA awards $5M to the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE) for cleaner big rigs

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has awarded $5 million to the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE) to help Southern truckers and small businesses to buy cleaner big rigs. These trucks will run substantially cleaner than other rigs of the same vintage, and the program is designed to make a difference in air quality along Southern roads.

Study finds that current approach to limiting wintertime pollution may initially backfire

Green Car Congress

The processes that create ozone pollution in the summer can also trigger the formation of wintertime air pollution, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder and NOAA, in partnership with the University of Utah. Regulations and cleaner technologies have steadily improved air quality in the United States.

2019 78

Latest GHG Inventory shows California remains below 2020 emissions target; much steeper rate of GHG reductions required

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in 2018 (2000-2018 average year-over-year increase is 6.8%), continuing the increasing trend as they replace Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) being phased out under the 1987 Montreal Protocol.

2020 83

Republic deploys 67 CNG solid waste and recycling trucks in southern NJ and Philadelphia area

Green Car Congress

One of the more lasting contributions we can make in our community is to protect the environment by reducing ozone-forming emissions wherever possible. These trucks run cleaner and quieter, and will help to make the local environment healthier for future generations. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, each new CNG solid waste and recycling truck reduces ozone-forming emissions by as much as 80% when compared to older diesel powered trucks.

CU Boulder study: routine household activities generate air quality on par with major polluted city

Green Car Congress

Furthermore, airborne chemicals that originate inside a house don’t stay there: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from products such as shampoo, perfume and cleaning solutions eventually escape outside and contribute to ozone and fine particle formation, making up an even greater source of global atmospheric air pollution than cars and trucks do. Many traditional sources like fossil fuel-burning vehicles have become much cleaner than they used to be.

2019 74

California ARB moves forward with climate and air quality actions

Green Car Congress

For heavy-duty vehicles, the State SIP Strategy calls for combustion engine technology that is effectively 90% cleaner than today’s standards. Approximately 70% of the reductions needed to meet the ozone standard in the South Coast in 2031 would come from existing or proposed regulatory actions. The remaining 30% of reductions would come from additional efforts to enhance the deployment of these cleaner technologies through new incentive or new regulatory actions.

2017 73

ROUSH CleanTech develops near-zero NOx propane autogas engine; CARB-certified at 0.02 g/bhp-hr

Green Car Congress

The engine is 90% cleaner than the current Environmental Protection Agency’s most stringent 0.2 Last year, we introduced a propane autogas engine that was 75% cleaner than the EPA’s emissions standard. NO x emissions are known to be harmful to human health and to the environment, contributing to regional ozone attainment challenges, smog and other air-quality issues.

2018 80

Study: consumer products overtake transportation as largest source of VOCs air pollution in cities

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The results, published in an open-access paper in the journal Science , suggest that the focus of efforts to mitigate ozone formation and toxic chemical burdens need to be adjusted, the authors suggested. Further, oxidation of VOCs in the presence of nitrogen oxides (NO x = NO + NO 2 ) also contributes to tropospheric ozone (O 3 ), which increases risks of mortality from respiratory diseases. As transportation gets cleaner, those other sources become more and more important.

2018 90

Plug-in Hybrid Study: Electricity Better

Plugs and Cars

And the grid is getting cleaner and more renewable every year. UCS advocates relentlessly for cleaner gasoline vehicles and dismisses plug-ins of all sorts, the Sierra Club strikes deals with Ford to promote a few thousand gasoline-dependent hybrids in exchange for advertising dollars, and the NRDC jumped on the biofuels bandwagon just as the cost of corn ethanol became impossible to ignore.

2007 100

NOAA, partners find about 98% decline in VOCs concentrations in LA Basin over last 50 years despite 3x increase in use of gasoline and diesel

Green Car Congress

VOCs, primarily emitted from the tailpipes of vehicles, are a key ingredient in the formation of ground-level ozone which, at high levels, can harm people’s lungs and damage crops and other plants. The reason is simple: cars are getting cleaner. The 98% drop in VOCs in the last 50 years does not mean that ozone levels have dropped that steeply; the air chemistry that leads from VOCs to ozone is more complex than that.

2012 94

Study finds marine workboat engines staying in service two times longer than estimated by EPA; emissions reduction implications

Green Car Congress

A longer service life reduces the fleet’s turnover rate to cleaner, lower-emitting engines, therefore increasing future-year emission estimates. Despite the widespread availability of the new, cleaner diesel engines for workboats, the cost and downtime required to upgrade to new engines and other factors have likely delayed investments in the newest technologies.

2019 78

EPA releases national assessment of strategies to reduce air pollution at ports

Green Car Congress

A new report from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finds that air pollution at US ports can be reduced significantly at all port types and sizes through a variety of strategies and cleaner technologies. Many ports and related freight corridors and facilities are located in nonattainment or maintenance areas for EPA’s ozone and PM 2.5

2016 74

ARB posts discussion draft of new proposed mobile-source emissions reduction strategy through 2030; Advanced Clean Cars 2 regulation

Green Car Congress

ARB staff developed this strategy using a multi-pollutant scenario planning tool ( Vision 2.0 ) that quantifies changes in ozone and PM 2.5 Building on the baseline analysis of existing programs, ARB developed a scenario through the iterative Vision modeling process to evaluate the emission and petroleum reduction benefits resulting from deploying the types of cleaner vehicle technologies and fuels identified through technology assessments.

2015 79

California ARB Expands Assistance Program for Truckers to Reduce Diesel Emissions

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board approved changes to an existing $28 million financial assistance program this week that will significantly help more California independent truckers qualify for the purchase of a cleaner-running vehicle. VIP, which is part of the Carl Moyer air quality program, is a streamlined, diesel on-road voucher program that helps the small independent truck owner get a cleaner-running truck sooner.

2010 68

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

Green Car Congress

Improving access to cleaner forms of transportation, like electrified public transport and active commuting by cycling and walking, would not only bring down NO 2 levels, but would also reduce asthma, enhance physical fitness, and cut greenhouse gas emissions. NO 2 is just one component of air pollution, which is made up of many pollutants (including particulate matter, ozone, carbon monoxide), which are known to have numerous adverse effects on health.

2019 116

EEA report finds more action needed to protect Europe’s most vulnerable citizens from air pollution, noise and extreme temperatures

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Eastern European regions (including Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria) and regions in southern Europe (including Spain, Portugal, Italy and Greece), where incomes and education are lower and unemployment rates higher than European averages, were more exposed to air pollutants including particulate matter (PM) and ground level ozone (O 3 ). However, it needs to be combined with subsidies for switching to cleaner heating options for low-income households.

2019 89

Automakers agree on common plug to recharge electric vehicles

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Im gonna post a couple excerpts here: Most ozone pollution is caused by motor vehicles, which account for 72% of nitrogen oxides and 52% of reactive hydrocarbons (principal components of smog). (7, like i said in the first place, for me, this makes me think of one step in the right direction and makes me think of a greener cleaner future.

2009 59

California Air Resources Board Unveils $3.7M in Rebates for Plug-in Hybrid and Zero-Emission Vehicles

Green Car Congress

million to fund air quality improvement programs that will pay for cleaner equipment such as hybrid truck and buses, zero-emission and plug-in hybrid cars, and motorcycles. Cars and trucks account for over half of the emissions that contribute to ozone and particulate matter as well as about 30% of the total greenhouse gas emissions in California. Cleaner vehicles reduce California smog and climate change emissions, and save consumers money.

2010 78

New CE-CERT report finds Cummins Wesport ISL G near-zero gas engine performs with lower NOx than EPA certification standard over range of cycles

Green Car Congress

g/bhp-hr, which is 90% cleaner than EPA’s current NO x emission standard and 90% cleaner than the cleanest available diesel engine. NO x emissions lead to the formation of ozone and small particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), each of which contributes to significant health impacts, including asthma and heart disease. A report released by the University of California Riverside’s College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT), found that the new 8.9L

2017 69

Study: more stringent O3 and PM2.5 air pollution standards could save thousands of lives, greatly improve public health

Green Car Congress

Reducing outdoor concentrations of two air pollutants, ozone (O 3 ) and fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), to levels below those set by the US Environmental Protection Agency would likely save thousands of lives each year, result in far fewer serious illnesses and reduce missed days of school and work, according to a new analysis conducted by the American Thoracic Society and the Marron Institute of Urban Management at New York University.

2016 60

Pennsylvania DEP awards nearly $517,000 in clean diesel grants

Green Car Congress

Each of the four recipients will match a percentage of the grant amount with their own funds to purchase compressed natural gas-powered vehicles; retrofit diesel engines with cleaner technology; replace older, more polluting diesel buses with cleaner diesel buses; or purchase hybrid electric-powered buses. Berks, Lehigh and Northampton counties recently achieved attainment status for federal ozone standards.

EPA Administrator Outlines Seven Key Themes for Agency in 2010 and Beyond

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ABuilding on the proposed stronger ambient air quality standards for ozone ( earlier post ), EPA will develop a strategy for a cleaner and more efficient power sector, with strong emission reduction goals for SO 2 , NO x , mercury and other air toxics. Lisa P Jackson, Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency, issued a public memo to EPA employees detaling “ seven key themes to focus the work of our agency ” in 2010 and beyond.

2010 64

Research shows clean fuel-use for ships off California coast extremely effective in reducing sulfur dioxide pollution

Green Car Congress

More findings from the CalNex research on a variety of subjects, from the formation of ozone to the interactions of particles and clouds, are being presented at a four-day workshop May 16 through 19 in Sacramento, California.

2011 68

Report argues advanced HD natural gas vehicles foundational for California to hit air and climate goals; near zero-emission potential

Green Car Congress

Compared to the 2010 “Business as Usual” scenario—which includes all adopted emission control measures for the South Coast—NO x levels must be reduced by 65% and by 75% to meet the 2023 and 2032 ozone standards, respectively. According to the GNA report, heavy-duty diesel trucks are the largest contributors to the NO x inventories of the South Coast and San Joaquin Valley ozone non-attainment areas.

2014 87

EPA Soliciting Proposals for Clean Diesel Projects; Up to $64M in Awards in FY 2009/2010

Green Car Congress

Eligible diesel emission reduction solutions include verified emission control technologies such as retrofit devices, cleaner fuels, and engine upgrades, verified idle reduction technologies, verified aerodynamic technologies and low rolling resistance tires, certified engine repowers, and/or vehicle or equipment replacement. million tons of NO x , which contribute to the formation of ozone and additional fine particles.

2009 71

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

Green Car Congress

Finally, the State should provide incentives to accelerate market transitions to cleaner technologies that foster significant system-wide solutions to cut emissions of SLCPs. Research now shows that immediate action to cut super pollutants in California will reduce damage to forests and crops, lower background ozone and help clean the air in the state’s most polluted regions, including the Central Valley.

2016 78

Study finds power law scaling relationship between urban population and NO2 pollution

Green Car Congress

The researchers used tropospheric NO 2 columns retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA’s Aura satellite, which measures NO 2 throughout the atmosphere in the afternoon around the world. Despite large populations, Indian cities seem cleaner in terms of NO 2 pollution than the study’s other regions. log relationship between NO 2 mixing ratios and the total population of urban areas for the four regions.

2013 88

The importance of considering non-exhaust traffic emissions; the role of EVs

Green Car Congress

As the trend toward cleaner technologies with reduced exhaust emissions continues through the use of catalytic converters, diesel particulate filters (DPF), and improved fuels and engines, non-exhaust PM will soon surpass exhaust emissions and may well become dominant by 2020 both in terms of emissions and contributions to air quality. Regulatory regimes seeking to reduce emissions from transport have largely focused on tailpipe emissions—i.e.,

2016 94

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

Green Car Congress

Many of the strategies employed to reduce GHG emissions will also work to meet the national ambient air quality standard for ozone in 2032. Since its launch in 2011, the regulation has generated a multitude of unique approaches for cleaner fuels. However, to achieve the needed transportation GHG reductions and the corresponding 2032 ozone standards, the market uptake of advanced technologies will need to be accelerated.

2014 91

Emissions of Air Pollutants down in EU-27

Green Car Congress

The downward emission trend of three main pollutants which cause ground-level ozone continued in 2007: carbon monoxide (CO) fell by 57%, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) were down by 47% and nitrogen oxides (NO x ) have dropped 36%. Power plants producing heat and electricity have reduced emissions significantly since 1990 by improving abatement equipment, switching to cleaner fuels and through improved energy efficiency.

2009 81

California Energy Commission adopts $100M investment plan for 2013-2014 for green vehicles and fuels

Green Car Congress

The program is an important component of California’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050, as required by AB 32; decrease petroleum fuel use to 15% below 2003 levels by 2020; increase the use of alternative fuels to 26% of all fuel consumed by 2022; and reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides to 80% of 2010 levels by 2023 to help meet federal ozone standards in areas of California such as the San Joaquin Valley and South Coast air basins.

2013 98

California ARB greenlights states GHG cap-and-trade program

Green Car Congress

The regulation—which is a key measure to achieve the greenhouse gas reduction goals of AB 32, California’s climate change law signed by Governor Schwarzenegger in 2006—sets a statewide limit on the emissions from sources responsible for 80% of California’s greenhouse gas emissions and establishes a price signal to drive long-term investment in cleaner fuels and more efficient use of energy.

2010 76

NASA Administrator Bolden Highlights Importance of Green Aviation to Future of NASA

Green Car Congress

The Green Aviation Summit is highlighting the depth and breadth of NASA’s work to develop aviation technologies that are designed to make air transportation cleaner and quieter for the environment, with fewer delays for travelers. Cutting engine emissions of nitric oxide and nitrogen oxide, which contribute to ozone creation, 20% by 2015, 50% by 2020, and better than 50% by 2025—when compared with today’s best engines.

2010 68

HEI ACES study of lifetime animal exposure to New Technology Diesel Engine exhaust finds no lung cancer

Green Car Congress

Countries like China are already moving toward implementing the ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel that is required for these new cleaner technologies. HEI has funded more than 330 research projects in North America, Europe, Asia, and Latin America, the results of which have informed decisions regarding carbon monoxide, air toxics, nitrogen oxides, diesel exhaust, ozone, particulate matter, and other pollutants.

2015 98

California Air Resources Board adopts GHG cap-and-trade program; first auctions slated for Aug/Nov 2012

Green Car Congress

The regulation sets a statewide limit on sources responsible for 85% of California’s greenhouse gas emissions and establishes a price signal needed to drive long-term investment in cleaner fuels and more efficient use of energy. the destruction of existing stores of ozone-depleting substances in the U.S. The California Air Resources Board on Thursday adopted the final greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions cap-and-trade regulation. Earlier post.)

2011 76

California ARB Seeks Further Reductions of Diesel Emissions at State Rail Yards

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While current state and federal measures are on target to reduce toxic diesel locomotive emissions 65% or more by 2020, additional measures recommended by ARB staff would ultimately provide up to 85% or greater emissions reductions within the rail yards over the same period, resulting in cleaner air for nearby residential neighborhoods as well. Accelerating the introduction of cleaner new Tier 4 interstate line-haul locomotives to operate in California and other western states (2015-2025).

2009 64

New Comprehensive Lifecycle Energy and Emissions Inventory Includes Non-Operational Components; Large Aircraft Can Perform Better than Light Rail

Green Car Congress

Mikhail Chester and Arpad Horvath inventoried on-road, rail, and air travel to determine energy consumption, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and criteria air pollutant (CAP) emissions (excluding PM, lead, and ozone due to lack of data). Energy consumption and GHG emissions per PKT (passenger kilometer travelled). The vehicle operation components are shown with gray patterns. Other vehicle components are shown in shades of blue.

2009 60