The importance of considering non-exhaust traffic emissions; the role of EVs

Green Car Congress

the criteria pollutants and CO 2 that emerge with the exhaust from the tailpipe. However, there is more than 15 years of research showing that the contribution of non-exhaust primary particles to the total traffic generated primary particles is significant in urban areas. Non-exhaust PM factors include tire wear, brake wear, road surface wear and resuspension of road dust. Non-exhaust emissions require active regulation.

2016 235

DLR: cleaner aircraft emissions reduce the climate impact of contrail cirrus

Green Car Congress

Fewer soot particles in the exhaust stream of aircraft reduces the formation of ice crystals and therefore the climate impact of the resulting contrail cirrus. Halving the ice particles that form in the contrail decreases the climate-warming effect of the contrail cirrus by 20%; the effect is halved if there are 80% fewer ice crystals, according to a study conducted by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR).

2019 231

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Corning expands light-duty vehicle exhaust filter capacity in Germany

Green Car Congress

As North America continues to strive for cleaner air through tighter regulations, there are strong indicators that GPF technology also may expand to the region in the near future. Corning Incorporated has boosted its light-duty vehicle filter capacity at its manufacturing facility in Kaiserslautern, Germany for both gasoline and diesel engined vehicles.

Bombardier introduces new, more efficient and cleaner Evinrude outboards

Green Car Congress

The pistons are full-skirt pistons; the internal design of the block (the intake, exhaust and transfer ports) doesn’t require machining “port windows” into the piston.

2014 196

Study finds “markedly” high levels of diesel exhaust present in commuter trains powered by locomotives in pull-mode

Green Car Congress

However, both measurements also act as proxies for the complex mixture of gases in diesel exhaust, which is an established carcinogen and associated with respiratory, cardiovascular and reproductive health effects. Cars being pushed by diesel trains during a return trip had air that was generally cleaner than that next to busy city streets.

2017 207

California adds $72.5M for cleaner diesel trucks, deployment of advanced vehicle technologies

Green Car Congress

This program provides vouchers of up to $55,000 to help California fleets purchase cleaner, advanced technology trucks and buses. The program has leveraged state funds to provide about $210 million in private financing since 2009 to help truck owners purchase cleaner trucks, exhaust retrofits and truck efficiency upgrades. With this additional funding, the program will continue to support small business truck owners to gain access to cleaner trucks.

2013 210

HEI ACES study of lifetime animal exposure to New Technology Diesel Engine exhaust finds no lung cancer

Green Car Congress

The first study to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of lifetime exposure to new technology diesel exhaust (NTDE)—i.e., exhaust from heavy-duty diesel engines meeting EPA 2007 and later emissions requirements—has found no evidence of carcinogenic lung tumors. Countries like China are already moving toward implementing the ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel that is required for these new cleaner technologies.

2015 245

CMU study finds SOA levels in cities like LA will remain high despite cleaner cars; nonlinear relationship between SOA and NOx

Green Car Congress

intermediate volatility organic compound (IVOC) emissions from vehicles) and atmospheric chemistry (SOA yields due to the photo-oxidation of exhaust). As an example, changing the NMOG:NO x from 4 to 10 ppbC/ppbNOx increased the SOA yield from dilute gasoline vehicle exhaust by a factor of 8. SOA is a major component of those particles, and bringing these areas into compliance—so that all Americans breathe cleaner, safer air—will likely require addressing SOA pollution.

2017 175

Argonne VERIFI researchers applying GSA to investigate combustion engine parameters; seeking cleaner and more efficient engines

Green Car Congress

By gaining a better understanding of how these parameter uncertainties affect outcomes, the VERIFI researchers, along with colleagues at the University of Connecticut, are seeking to create cleaner and more efficient engines. The parameters being investigated include the relationships between the diameter of the nozzle in the fuel injector; the dynamics of the fuel spray; the proportion of fuel to air in the combustion chamber; and the exhaust products.

2014 185

PowerDriver simulations predict thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery output of 300W, -2.5% in fuel consumption; prototyping begins

Green Car Congress

The European Union-funded PowerDriver project—a two-year, €3-million (US$4-million) research project initiated in February 2012 to turn exhaust gas waste heat into electricity using thermoelectric generator (TGEN) technology—has completed simulation work on on a potential automotive application. This is not least due to the fact that the TGEN is located within the exhaust line and is subject to significant thermal cycling.

2013 185

Federal-Mogul develops advanced high-temperature gasket technology to support cleaner, more fuel-efficient engines

Green Car Congress

Federal-Mogul Corporation has developed a portfolio of advanced High Temperature Alloy (HTA) materials that help to ensure reliable long-term exhaust sealing, even on the most demanding powertrain applications with fluctuating high temperatures and dynamic mechanical loads. The dominant strategy in the vehicle industry is to generate more power from smaller engines using turbocharging or other technologies that create extremely high exhaust gas temperatures.

2010 191

DENSO Develops Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor With Improved Temperature Detection Accuracy

Green Car Congress

DENSO Corporation has improved the temperature detection accuracy of its newly developed diesel exhaust temperature sensor. To improve the sensor’s temperature accuracy, DENSO increased the probe length to almost twice that of the conventional product and extended the sensing tip into the exhaust pipe. DENSO extended the length of the probe and developed a vibration-resistant structure to support it. Click to enlarge.

2009 179

Modified SOFC anodes allow operation at lower temperatures with carbon-containing gases; potential for much more efficient and cleaner generation of electricity from coal

Green Car Congress

The resulting lower-temperature SOFCs could provide a cleaner, more efficient alternative to conventional power plants for generating electricity from coal reserves. And by providing an exhaust stream of pure carbon dioxide, this technique could also facilitate carbon sequestration without the separation and purification steps now required for conventional coal-burning power plants.

2011 199

1970 Clean Car Race: How college teams helped bring about emission limits on new cars (and show up Detroit) after the first Earth Day.

Green Car Reports

In response to growing demands to clean up the air, particularly from automotive exhaust pipes, and growing pushback from automakers, a bunch of college students banded together in 1970 to prove they could make cars cleaner than Detroit could. When it comes to changing the world, never count out a bunch of college students with pens and wrenches.

2018 98

Building materials recycler switches fleet to Neste renewable diesel

Green Car Congress

We have noticed that the exhaust appears cleaner and seems less toxic.

2020 284

IPG to demo Flameless Ceramic Turbine for clean, off-grid power in EV charging

Green Car Congress

IPG‘s flameless combustor uses the turbine exhaust and high heat transfer effectiveness through the IPG regenerator unit. Not only can IPG’s technology deliver low-emission, pollutant-free energy on today’s cleaner fuels.

2020 324

First electric Volvo trucks delivered to customers

Green Car Congress

The absence of motor noise and exhaust emissions contributes to better working conditions for the drivers and a quieter, cleaner urban environment. Volvo Trucks delivered its first all-electric vehicles on 19 February: a refuse truck to waste and recycling company Renova, and a distribution truck to the logistics company DB Schenker and partner haulier TGM, operating in Sweden.

2019 252

SwRI’s ECTO-Lab expands; new bench systems improve accelerated aging of emissions control systems

Green Car Congress

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) has added two test stands to its Exhaust Composition Transient Operation Laboratory — ECTO-Lab. This computer-controlled, multi-fueled burner system simulates engine exhaust conditions to conduct steady-state and transient evaluations, including the ability to age a wide range of emission control systems rapidly.

2020 161

Ricardo partners with Excel Engineering to deliver testing and prototype services; Excel acquiring Ricardo’s Michigan Test Center and Personnel

Green Car Congress

One of our initial steps has been developing a leadership team to help clients in the US, Mexico and Canada close the gap from conventional transportation to a cleaner, connected mobility future. Excel, founded in 2002, tests engines for exhaust emissions compliance, long- and short-term durability and overall performance. Ricardo Inc.,

2020 170

NR Canada seeking commercialization partner for methane oxidation catalyst

Green Car Congress

The ideal licensee would be primarily engaged in manufacturing engine parts and systems, such as catalytic converters and engine exhaust control systems, for the on-road vehicle, off-road vehicle and stationary power sectors. NRCan has filed international patent applications in Canada, US, Germany, India and Sweden, for a robust methane oxidation catalyst that reduces unburned methane contained in exhaust streams (methane slip) from lean burn natural gas vehicles/engines.

2020 150

Toyota’s new three-way catalyst reduces precious metal usage by 20%; improving uniformity of flow with FLAD

Green Car Congress

Toyota Motor Corporation announced the commercial availability of a new, smaller three-way catalyst for the treatment of NO x , CO and unburned hydrocarbons from gasoline engines that uses 20% less precious metal in approximately 20% less volume, while maintaining the same exhaust gas purification performance. The cartoon shows the difference between the structure of a conventional catalyst (left), with a uniform channels for exhaust gas throughout, and the new catalyst (right).

2017 150

Next-generation Cummins 6.7L turbo diesel first in class to deliver 1,000 lb-ft of torque

Green Car Congress

engine include a compacted graphite iron engine block that increases peak cylinder pressure capability; and a new cast-iron cylinder head containing high-temperature capable exhaust valves actuated by all-new hydraulic lash adjusters in the block eliminating the need for valvetrain adjustment service intervals. At NAIAS 2019, Cummins Inc. unveiled its next generation 6.7L turbo diesel engine featuring a first-in-class 1,000 pound-feet (1,356 N·m) of torque.

2019 273

BorgWarner R2S two-stage turbo boosts performance of new top-end Ford 2.0L diesel

Green Car Congress

One compact KP35 high-pressure turbocharger generates boost pressure at low exhaust gas flow rates for rapid acceleration at low engine speeds without delay or turbo lag. As engine speed increases, the exhaust gas stream is split, and the larger K04 low-pressure turbocharger works in series with the KP35 high-pressure turbocharger.

2015 204

Big Blue Bus receives nearly $900K to purchase 58 new Cummins-Westport Near-Zero NOx engines

Green Car Congress

The ISL G NZ features the same Stoichiometric cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation (SEGR) combustion technology, spark ignition, and simple TWC aftertreatment as the ISL G natural gas engine. Nationally recognized for its long-standing commitment to a cleaner environment, the entire fleet operates on alternative fuels, including renewable natural gas (RNG).

2016 249

Polish study links pollution and winter with rise in heart attack treatment

Green Car Congress

We also show for the first time that patients from areas with cleaner air are more sensitive to changes in pollution, while those from more polluted cities can adapt to fluctuations. Sources include industrial processes such as iron making and quarrying, lawn mowing, wood and coal stoves, bushfires, dust storms, and vehicle exhaust emissions.

2019 204

Volvo Trucks presents Vera autonomous electric vehicle for future transport solutions

Green Car Congress

Volvo Trucks unveiled Vera : an autonomous, electric vehicle that can operate with significantly less exhaust emissions and low noise levels. Vera is controlled and monitored via a cloud-based service, and has the potential to make transportation safer, cleaner and more efficient. Since we use autonomous vehicles with no exhaust emissions and low noise, their operation can take place at any time of day or night.

2018 262

Altalto waste-to-jet fuel plant advances in UK; BA, Shell, Velocys

Green Car Congress

million gallons US) of cleaner-burning sustainable jet and road fuel each year. The fuel will also improve air quality with up to 90% reduction in soot from aircraft engine exhausts and almost 100% reduction in sulfur oxides; and the technology offers a lower emissions route to process UK waste than incineration or landfill.

2019 203

CARB puts HVIP on hold after receiving voucher requests for entire $142M budget

Green Car Congress

CARB, in partnership with CALSTART, launched HVIP and Low NO x Engine Incentives in 2009 to accelerate the purchase of cleaner, more-efficient trucks and buses in California. While funding for HVIP is currently exhausted, California maintains a portfolio of other state and local funding programs that can support medium- and heavy-duty clean vehicles. In total, the program has helped more than 1,500 California fleets buy cleaner vehicles.

2019 184

Wärtsilä and partners to pursue greater fuel efficiency for shipping in 3-year EU-funded project SeaTech

Green Car Congress

By working in close collaboration with highly competent partners, we intend to play an important role in facilitating a cleaner and more profitable future for the marine sector. It involves precise controlling of the engine to achieve extreme reductions in exhaust emission levels.

2020 254

CARB adopts electric truck rule: Advanced Clean Trucks

Green Car Congress

This will require that new trucks that still use fossil fuels include the most effective exhaust control technology during the transition to electric trucks. The adoption of the new rule was preceded by multiple CARB regulations to transition to zero-emission passenger cars, cleaner diesel fuel and improved technologies to limit diesel emissions for all trucks and buses.

2020 231

Shanghai to spend $1.63B over next 3 years to target air pollution, especially PM2.5

Green Car Congress

Exhaust from motor vehicles and boats account for 25% of the PM 2.5 , according to the Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau said yesterday. Their exhaust discharge is 20 to 30 times that of new cars. It will also adopt a stricter National V emission standard, equivalent to European V, on new cars, as well as require cleaner fuel, next year. Shanghai Daily. The city of Shanghai, China will spend 10.3 billion yuan (US$1.63

2012 218

Is the VW TDI technology THE bridge to energy independence?

National Green Transportation

The combination of high fuel efficiency and cleaner exhaust is attractive. VW, in their Green Diesel brochure, claims their TDI technology is the bridge on the path to energy independence tomorrow. The bridge. Anyone who knows

Dürr building smart paint shop for JAC plant for electric vehicles in China

Green Car Congress

In order to reduce the solvent emissions as much as possible, the exhaust air flow is purified from the clear coat booths as well as the paint mixing rooms. Usually the painting process generates large volumes of exhaust air which contain low amounts of contaminants. For this reason, a highly efficient VOC adsorption concentration system (Ecopure KPR) with a downstream thermal exhaust air control system (Ecopure TAR) should be installed.

2018 163

Ricardo to collaborate with Kailong on clean heavy-duty diesel aftertreatment technology

Green Car Congress

Located in the city of Wuxi, Kailong is one of China’s leading exhaust aftertreatment technology suppliers to the expanding Chinese heavy-duty diesel sector. With the impending implementation of the China 6 heavy-duty diesel emissions requirements, Kailong has selected Ricardo as technology and engineering partner to assist it in developing new products for the next generation of much cleaner heavy-duty engines. Ricardo and China’s Kailong High Technology Co.,

2017 150

Faurecia Emissions Control reorients strategy, becomes Faurecia Clean Mobility

Green Car Congress

Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies developed exhaust systems and components, including mufflers, manifolds, catalytic converters, emissions control systems and complete exhaust systems. Faurecia is the market leader for valves used in cold-end exhaust components. Its self-adjusting “adaptive” valve addresses the growing market demand for lighter-weight vehicles: by cutting muffler size in half, it provides significant savings in exhaust system weight.

2017 150

EPA making $20M available for clean diesel projects

Green Car Congress

EPA will provide funding for: Verified Exhaust Control Technologies: up to 100% of the cost of eligible verified. Verified/Certified Cleaner Fuel Use: the cost differential between the eligible cleaner fuels. technology if that technology is combined on the same vehicle with a new eligible verified exhaust control. vehicle with a new eligible verified exhaust control technology.

2012 196

Ford introduces second-generation 6.7L Power Stroke V8 Diesel for F-Series Super Duty; Gen 1 hits 500,000 mark

Green Car Congress

The advanced design places the exhaust inside the engine’s V-shape while the air intake is positioned on the outside of the V. This segment-exclusive design naturally improves a variety of attributes: Shorter airflow from the exhaust system to the turbocharger sitting between the engine’s cylinder banks improves turbo responsiveness. millimeters from 64 millimeters, so exhaust gases have a larger surface area to spin the turbo, providing extra power.

2013 236

EPA to award up to $4M for projects to reduce diesel emissions from port fleets

Green Car Congress

EPA will fund: Verified Exhaust Control Technologies: EPA will fund up to 100% of the cost of eligible verified exhaust control technologies. Non-road Diesel Vehicles and Equipment: EPA will fund the incremental cost of a newer, cleaner vehicle or piece of equipment powered by a 2013 or newer model year certified non-road diesel engine, up to 25% of the cost of an eligible replacement vehicle or piece of equipment.

2014 218

California ARB Expands Assistance Program for Truckers to Reduce Diesel Emissions

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board approved changes to an existing $28 million financial assistance program this week that will significantly help more California independent truckers qualify for the purchase of a cleaner-running vehicle. VIP, which is part of the Carl Moyer air quality program, is a streamlined, diesel on-road voucher program that helps the small independent truck owner get a cleaner-running truck sooner.

2010 170

California ARB fines two companies $507K for selling illegal aftermarket parts for cars & trucks

Green Car Congress

The affected parts replaced original emission components on cars and trucks such as the intake and exhaust systems, or employed different engine calibration software to increase vehicle power. As directed by the settlement agreement, Derive Systems paid $211,380 to the California Air Pollution Control Fund, which supports efforts to decrease air pollution through education and the adoption of cleaner technologies. The California Air Resources Board reached.

2017 170

KCL study finds London air pollution from traffic improving, but continues to exceed limits in many parts of city

Green Car Congress

Fitting new exhaust clean-up technology to older buses helped to curb nitrogen dioxide along some of London’s roads. The overall downward trend in NO x and NO 2 in 2010–2014 was likely due to a variety of factors including a general decrease in the traffic flow; a reduction of primary NO 2 emissions from aging diesel passenger cars; and the introduction of the Low Emissions Zone with cleaner HGVs.

2016 150

EPA to award up to $5M to reduce diesel emissions at ports

Green Car Congress

Eligible diesel emission reduction solutions include verified emission control technologies such as exhaust controls and engine upgrades, verified idle reduction technologies, certified engine repowers, and/or certified vehicle or equipment replacements. Summary of what EPA will fund: Verified Exhaust Control Technologies: EPA will fund up to 100% of the cost of eligible verified exhaust control technologies.

2014 185

EPA to award up to $5M for projects to reduce diesel emissions at ports

Green Car Congress

EPA will fund: Verified Exhaust Control Technologies: up to 100% of the cost of eligible verified exhaust control technologies. Non-road Diesel Vehicles and Equipment: the incremental cost of a newer, cleaner vehicle or piece of equipment powered by a model year 2013 or newer certified non-road diesel engine, up to 25% of the cost of an eligible replacement vehicle or piece of equipment.

2014 221