California Governor signs new super-pollutants legislation into law; black carbon, fluorinated gases and methane

Green Car Congress

signed SB 1383 , establishing the nation’s toughest restrictions on super pollutants including black carbon, fluorinated gases and methane. The law is in addition to California’s existing raft of climate legislation. SB 1383 reduces the emission of super pollutants (also known as short-lived climate pollutants) and promotes renewable gas by requiring a 50% reduction in black carbon and 40% reduction in methane and hydrofluorocarbon from 2013 levels by 2030.

2016 186

NUS researcher links air pollution to increased residential electricity demand

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A study conducted by Associate Professor Alberto Salvo from the Department of Economics at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences found that households respond to ambient air pollution by increasing electricity consumption, which in turn increases the carbon emissions that are co-produced in supplying the electricity. This is important for policymakers when forecasting and influencing future emissions paths in the context of climate change.

2020 231

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Cleaner fuels have replaced more than 3B gallons of diesel under California Low Carbon Fuel Standard

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New 2018 data from the California Air Resources Board (CARB) indicates that the state’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) continues to drive production of a growing volume of cleaner transportation fuels for California consumers. CARB developed the program to help support a return to 1990 levels of climate-changing gases by 2020, as required by AB 32, the 2006 landmark climate bill. The standard provides consumers with a growing variety and volume of cleaner fuels.

2019 186

CMU study finds taxes on emissions would result in more rapid electrification by ridesharing companies

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When life cycle air pollution and greenhouse gas emission externalities are internalized via a Pigovian tax, fleet electrification increases and externalities decrease, suggesting a role for policy. The team estimated the societal impact of emitted greenhouse gasses and conventional pollutants in terms of higher medical costs and premature deaths in surrounding communities, as well as the broader economic and environmental costs.

Tax 181

Latest GHG Inventory shows California remains below 2020 emissions target; much steeper rate of GHG reductions required

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The data shows a slight increase in overall emissions from the previous year, and a slight decline in emissions from transportation, which is the state’s main source of both GHGs and air pollutants. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Policy Regulations

2020 211

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

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The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has posted a revised draft of California’s proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Strategy. SLCPs are a category of pollutants which remain in the atmosphere for a relatively brief period, but have global warming potentials that are much higher than those of CO 2. SLCPs may account for an estimated 40% of global warming, increasing the impacts of climate change. Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2016 198

3 East Coast states and DC first to participate in TCI-P cap-and-invest program for transportation

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The governors of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, and the mayor of the District of Columbia announced that theirs will be the first jurisdictions to launch a new multi-state program that the principals expect will invest some $300 million per year in cleaner transportation choices. Auctioning those allowances would generate $300 million every year among the jurisdictions for investments in equitable, less polluting, and more resilient transportation, according to the program.

2020 187

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

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Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. Preparing the US for the impacts of climate change. In terms of investment in innovation for cleaner energy, the plan calls for: Investment in advanced fossil energy projects. Providing a toolkit for climate resilience.

2013 214

Washington governor proposes slate of measures to curb GHG emissions & transition state to cleaner energy; cap-and-trade and EV incentives

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Washington Governor Jay Inslee announced a set of proposals to transition Washington to cleaner sources of energy and to meet greenhouse gas (GHG) emission limits adopted by the state Legislature in 2008. The proposed “Carbon Pollution Accountability Act” (CPAA) would create a new, market-based program that sets an annual limit CO 2 emissions; major emitters will need to purchase “allowances” for their emissions. Cleaner transportation options for consumers.

2014 195

Next 10 report finds California must increase GHG reductions to 4.9%/year through 2030 to meet target

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California’s progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions has temporarily reversed, with pollution upticks signaling an increasingly difficult path ahead in achieving the state’s 2030 and 2050 climate targets, according to the 12 th annual California Green Innovation Index —released by the nonpartisan nonprofit Next 10 and prepared by Beacon Economics. This year’s Index highlights just how much things need to change.

2020 183

MIT team finds aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate

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Researchers at MIT have determined that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. In an open-access paper in the journal Environmental Research Letters , they examine how this damage can be mitigated, and provide consistent comparative assessments of aviation emissions trade-offs, considering both climate and air quality impacts. Aviation emissions are an increasingly significant contributor to anthropogenic climate change.

2019 225

Mayors of 12 major cities pledge to procure only zero-emission buses from 2025; major areas to be zero-emission by 2030

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Reduce the number of polluting vehicles on city streets. In London, the new T-Charge toll on the most polluting vehicles (pre-Euro 4 / IV) went into effect today. Mayors from more than 30 major cities including Paris, Tokyo, Barcelona, Cape Town and Quito met over the weekend with senior executives of some of the world’s largest companies, including Mastercard, Siemens and Volvo Bus Corporation in order to define solutions to the threats posed by climate change.

2017 207

California Governor orders more stringent GHG reduction target for the state: 40% below 1990 levels by 2030

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The California Air Resources Board (ARB) will also update the Climate Change Scoping Plan to express the 2030 target in terms of million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. The Governor’s executive order aligns California’s greenhouse gas reduction targets with those of leading international governments ahead of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris later this year. Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2015 207

California ARB releases discussion draft of plan to cut GHG by 40% by 2030

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In his January 2015 inaugural address, California Governor Jerry Brown identified five key climate change strategy “pillars,” which recognize that several major areas of the California economy will need to reduce their emissions to meet California’s ambitious climate change goals. Executive Order B-30-15 also calls on ARB, in coordination with sister agencies, to update the AB 32 Climate Change Scoping Plan to incorporate the 2030 target.

2016 216

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

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The state’s latest Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory shows that California emitted 429 million metric tons of climate pollutants in 2016—a drop of 12 million metric tons, or three percent, from 2015. Due to the carbon price signal created by the Cap-and-Trade Program that makes fossil fuel generation more expensive, cleaner out-of-state electricity is increasingly taking the place of fuels such as coal. Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2018 200

Lung Association report highlights health and climate costs of petroleum-based transportation and the benefits of shifting to ZEVs

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A new report produced by the American Lung Association concludes that over-reliance on petroleum-based fuels for transportation costs the 10 ZEV states in the US (California and nine other states that have adopted the California Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program) an estimated $37 billion in health expenses and climate costs every year—with California costs alone hitting $15 billion. in hidden health and climate costs. Climate benefits include $5.5

2016 212

EEA report finds more action needed to protect Europe’s most vulnerable citizens from air pollution, noise and extreme temperatures

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A new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) warns that the health of Europe’s most vulnerable citizens remains disproportionately affected by environmental hazards such as air and noise pollution and extreme temperatures, especially in Europe’s eastern and southern regions, despite overall improvements in Europe’s environmental quality. pollution represented as hatched areas (only the top 20% of PM 2.5 Air and noise pollution.

2019 225

Study: IMO low-sulfur fuel standards will decrease childhood asthma cases, premature deaths; climate tradeoffs

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Marine shipping fuels will get cleaner in 2020 when a regulation by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires a decrease in the allowable amount of sulfur in fuel oil from 3.5% Now, a new open-access study published in Nature Communications quantifies these health benefits and finds cleaner shipping fuels will result in a 3.6% pollution impacts in 2020 with and without the use of low-sulphur fuels.

2018 163

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 202

Black carbon linked to increased cardiovascular risk; exacerbated by co-exposure to motor vehicle emissions

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Black carbon (BC) from incomplete biomass and fossil fuel combustion is the most strongly light-absorbing component of particulate matter (PM) air pollution and a major climate-forcing emission. China’s particulate matter (PM) air pollution significantly exceeds health guidelines and is driven by industrial emissions, motor vehicles, and household use of biomass and coal fuels. Black carbon from wood burning is considered very important for climate warming.

2014 232

WHO report urges greater attention to improved land use, rapid transit, cycling and walking to achieve health co-benefits from transport GHG emissions mitigation

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These strategies need more systematic study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)i in the assessment of transport mitigation measures, according to the report, Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation - Transport sector , released this week during the United Nations Framework on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP-17) in Durban, South Africa. —Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation—Transport sector.

2011 293

EPA: GHG emissions standards for cars and light trucks should be revised; joint process with NHTSA (updated with more reactions)

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Ceres’ BICEP network: “This decision will also increase air pollution, which will raise healthcare costs and lead to less productivity as a result of more missed work and school days.”. Sierra Club: “These roll-backs from Scott Pruitt mean Americans will pay more at the pump while our air gets dirtier, just so Pruitt can help the corporate lobbyists and polluters who give him favors and marching orders. ”. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Policy Regulations

2018 183

Tsinghua/Argonne Study Finds That Mass Use of EVs in China Could Result in Higher CO2 and Criteria Pollutant Emissions Than Conventional and Hybrid Gasoline Vehicles Due to Coal-Fired Generation of Electricity

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A new study by researchers from Tsinghua University (China) and Argonne National Laboratory (US) concludes that the mass use of electric vehicles in China could result in multiple environmental issues, including higher emissions of CO 2 and criteria pollutants than from conventional and hybrid gasoline vehicles, because electricity is generated primarily from coal in China. Tags: China Climate Change Electric (Battery) Emissions Hybrids Lifecycle analysis Plug-ins

2010 242

UCS analysis finds Hyundai-Kia with best sales-weighted new vehicle environmental performance in US in 2013

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The Automaker Rankings report examines the emissions of both global warming and smog-forming pollution from of the automakers. Due to strong federal and state emissions standards, the average new car has gotten 43% cleaner since 1998. Climate Change Coal Emissions Fuel Efficiency Click to enlarge.

2014 248

Euro Parliament Environment Committee approves 147 g CO2/km target for light commercial vehicles by 2020; caps van speed

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To enable automakers to reach the 147g target, innovation should be encouraged by giving “super-credit” weightings to each maker’s cleaner vehicles, the committee said. Manufacturers would have to produce, in addition to older, heavier or polluting models, a sufficient number of cleaner—or more fuel efficient—models to achieve a balance of 147g in 2020, or face penalties. Climate Change Emissions Europe Fuel Efficiency Policy

2013 280

WHO: 9 out of 10 people worldwide breathe polluted air; 7M deaths per year

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New data from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that 9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high levels of pollutants. Updated estimations reveal a death toll of 7 million people every year caused by ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution. Air pollution threatens us all, but the poorest and most marginalized people bear the brunt of the burden. If we don’t take urgent action on air pollution, we will never come close to achieving sustainable development.

2018 150

EPA releases national assessment of strategies to reduce air pollution at ports

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A new report from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finds that air pollution at US ports can be reduced significantly at all port types and sizes through a variety of strategies and cleaner technologies. This growth means more diesel engines at ports emitting CO 2 , fine particulate matter, NO x , and other pollutants that contribute to serious health problems including heart and lung disease, respiratory illness, and premature mortality.

2016 188

Euro Parliament committee approves new 95 g/km CO2 target for cars; super credits and a switch to WLTP

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Car makers would therefore have to produce, in addition to older, heavier or polluting models, enough cleaner ones to achieve a balance of 95g en 2020, on pain of penalties. Climate Change Emissions Europe Fuel Efficiency Policy The environment committee of the European Parliament approved a draft law setting out a new CO 2 target for cars of 95g CO 2 /km (153 g/mile) by 2020, down from 130 gCO 2 /km (209 g/mile) in 2015.

2013 198

CARB releases summary of results of first CO2 cap-and trade auction; CPUC proposes how to use the revenues

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That means new jobs, cleaner water and air—and a working model for other states, and the nation, to use as we gear up to fight climate change and make our economy more competitive and resilient. If approved by the CPUC, the Proposed Decision would return approximately 85% of the allowance value directly to households as a rate reduction and a semi-annual “climate dividend.” to climate change, while limiting the impact of the Cap-and-Trade program on household.

2012 212

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

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The update identifies eight key sectors for ongoing action: Energy; Transportation, fuels, land use and infrastructure; Agriculture; Water; Waste management; Natural lands; Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (such as methane and black carbon); and Green Buildings. California’s transportation system accounts for about 38% of the state’s GHG emissions and is the primary source of smog-forming and toxic air pollution in the State.

2014 231

South Bay Bicycle Coalition Scores $240,000 Grant! Huge Grassroots Victory for Brand New Bike Group

Creative Greenius

But it’s even better news for the health of our South Bay communities – not just for the obesity-fighting exercise that people on bicycles are going to be getting, but just as importantly, for the cleaner air we’re going to get to breathe thanks to people using pollution-free bicycle transportation instead of driving their cars. citizen volunteer climate change environment South Bay Bicycle Coalition Steve Diels Supervisor Mark Ridley Thomas Todd Dipaola

2010 283

Study suggests operational optimization can maximize the health and climate benefits of public transit investments in new bus technologies

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A study by a team from the University of British Columbia and Metro Vancouver suggests that optimized operational control strategies for transit bus fleets ultimately offer transit agencies a way to maximize the benefits of their capital investments in new, cleaner technologies. First, they have typically analyzed public health and climate impacts independently and not explicitly considered how control strategies targeting one impact may affect another. minimizing climate impacts).

2013 198

California Air Resources Board unanimously adopts Advanced Clean Cars Package

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In a unanimous vote on Friday, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) adopted the Advanced Clean Cars (ACC) regulatory package ( earlier post ), launching California into another round of major automotive regulations for model years 2015-2025 that are designed to deliver cleaner air, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to help build the future market for battery-electric and fuel-cell electric vehicles. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Hybrids Plug-ins Policy

2012 225

California Assemblymembers introduce bill phasing out gasoline-fueled small off-road engines

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Today, operating the best-selling gas-powered commercial leaf blower for one hour emits air pollutants comparable to driving a 2017 Toyota Camry from Los Angeles to Denver. We must look beyond transportation if we are to achieve the emissions reductions needed to fight climate change and improve air quality and health in our communities. It’s time to phase out these super polluters.

California Air Resources Board adopts GHG cap-and-trade program; first auctions slated for Aug/Nov 2012

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The cap-and-trade joins a suite of other major climate program measures including standards for ultra-clean cars (Advanced Clean Cars, earlier post ), low-carbon fuels (Low Carbon Fuel Standard, earlier post ) and renewable electricity. The program also complements and supports California’s existing efforts to reduce smog-forming and toxic air pollutants and improve energy efficiency in homes and businesses. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2011 193

GCP Carbon Budget Finds Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Rose 2% in 2008 Despite Global Financial Crisis; Natural Sinks Not Keeping Pace With Increasing Emissions

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Emissions from land use change have remained almost constant since 2000, but now account for a significantly smaller proportion of total anthropogenic CO 2 emissions (20% in 2000 to 12% in 2008). The fraction of total CO 2 emissions remaining in the atmosphere has likely increased from 40 to 45% since 1959; models suggests this is due to the response of the natural CO 2 sinks to climate change and variability. Tags: Climate Change Emissions

2009 193

Perspective: The UN Approval Process for Carbon Offsets

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The other goal, of course, is the system’s ultimate purpose: to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by channeling funds into cleaner technologies. Verification of the emission reduction or carbon sequestration is critical in efforts to mitigate climate change. One question is who will be responsible for verifying changes in carbon, which raises questions about the role of a regulatory agency for accrediting claimed changes in carbon levels from an activity.

2010 218

California ARB greenlights states GHG cap-and-trade program

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The regulation—which is a key measure to achieve the greenhouse gas reduction goals of AB 32, California’s climate change law signed by Governor Schwarzenegger in 2006—sets a statewide limit on the emissions from sources responsible for 80% of California’s greenhouse gas emissions and establishes a price signal to drive long-term investment in cleaner fuels and more efficient use of energy. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2010 193

National Academies Report Examines Hidden Cost of Energy Production and Use in US; Estimates $120B in 2005

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Health and other non-climate damages by life-cycle component for different combinations of fuels and light-duty automobiles in 2005 (top) and 2030 (bottom). A new report from the National Research Council examines and, when possible, estimates, “hidden” costs of energy production and use—such as the damage air pollution imposes on human health—that are not reflected in market prices of coal, oil, other energy sources, or the electricity and gasoline produced from them.

2005 212

Perspective: Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Programs May be the Solution

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Cap-and-trade was first tried on a significant scale twenty years ago under the first Bush administration as a way to address the problem of airborne sulfur dioxide pollution–widely known as acid rain–from coal-burning power plants in the eastern United States. Markey of Massachusetts, both Democrats, built their climate change bill last year in large measure around it. Western Climate Initiative (WCI). Fuel-Substitution and Opportunities for Process Change.

2010 212

Study finds that worldwide SO2 emissions rose between 2000-2005 after decade of decline; China, shipping topped growth

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Sulfur aerosols impact human health, ecosystems, agriculture, and global and regional climate. grid by sector for use in coordinated climate model experiments. Sulfur dioxide forms sulfate aerosols that have a significant effect on global and regional climate. Sulfate aerosols reflect sunlight into space and also act as condensation nuclei, which tend to make clouds more reflective and change their lifetimes, causing a net cooling.

2011 172

EEA TERM Report Finds Efficiency Gains of Clean Vehicle Technology Being Offset By Ongoing Increases in Travel

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While technological advances are producing cleaner vehicles, more and more passengers and goods are travelling further distances in Europe, thereby offsetting efficiency gains. The report’s findings for the period 1997–2007 present a mixed picture, with some improvements in air pollutants and serious concerns regarding persistent growth in transport’s greenhouse gas emissions. On the other hand, implementing such changes will require a paradigm shift in planning approaches.

2010 172

ARB releases proposed cap-and-trade regulation for comment; transportation fuels impacted in 2015

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During the public comment period, ARB staff will continue to meet with stakeholders to refine the regulation and develop proposed changes to present at the Board hearing. The design of the California cap-and-trade program allows linkage with programs established by partner jurisdictions in the Western Climate Initiative (WCI) to create a regional market system. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Fuels Policy

2010 188