WSU, PNNL researchers develop viable sodium battery

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O 2 –hard carbon full-cells with practical loading (>2.5 As part of the work, the research team created a layered metal oxide cathode and a liquid electrolyte that included extra sodium ions, creating a saltier soup that had a better interaction with their cathode.

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Faradion and Phillips 66 to develop lower cost and higher-performing sodium-ion battery materials

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UK-based Faradion, a developer of sodium-ion battery technology ( earlier post ), and Phillips 66 have launched a new technical collaboration to develop lower-cost and higher-performing anode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

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Faradion demonstrates proof-of-concept sodium-ion electric bike

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British battery R&D company Faradion has demonstrated a proof-of-concept electric bike powered by sodium-ion batteries at the headquarters of Williams Advanced Engineering, which collaborated in the development of the bike. Although lithium-ion batteries are currently the predominant battery technology in electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as other energy storage applications, sodium-ion could offer significant cost, safety and sustainability benefits.

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New high-power, high-capacity, long-life sodium battery

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A team from the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart and the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, has developed a high-power, high-capacity sodium battery with 96% capacity retention after 2,000 cycles. The researchers combined sodium vanadium triphosphate (Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 ) with a mixture of reduced graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes to improve the sodium compound’s conductivity.

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Expanded graphite as a superior anode for sodium-ion batteries

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Researchers at the University of Maryland, with colleagues at the University of Illinois at Chicago, report on a new method for expanding graphite for use as a superior anode for sodium-ion batteries in a paper in Nature Communications. Sodium (Na) is an earth-abundant and inexpensive element, and shares many properties with lithium. to enlarge the interlayer lattice distance to accomodate the larger sodium ions.

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New hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite cathode for high-energy sodium-ion batteries

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Building on earlier work, researchers in China have fabricated a hierarchical metal-organic nanocomposite for use as a cathode in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Their electrode—metal-organic cuprous tetracyanoquino-dimethane (CuTCNQ) in a three-dimensional (3D) conductive carbon nanofibers (CNFs) network (CuTCNQ)—exhibits a capacity of 252 mAh g -1 at 0.1

2017 175

PNNL team develops sodium-manganese oxide electrodes for sodium-ion rechargeable batteries

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A team of scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and visiting researchers from Wuhan University in Wuhan, China have developed single crystalline sodium-manganese oxide (Na 4 Mn 9 O 18 ) nanowires that show a high, reversible sodium ion insertion/extraction capacity, excellent cycling ability, and promising rate capability for sodium-ion battery applications. Sodium-ion batteries have been discussed in the literature.

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GE to expand sodium-halide battery plant with $70M investment

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GE will invest an additional $70 million to expand its sodium-halide battery manufacturing plant in New York, which is part of the company’s new Energy Storage business. The structure of a sodium-metal halide cell consists of a conductive Ni network, molten salt electrolyte, metal current collector, carbon felt electrolyte reservoir, and the active sodium-metal halide salts.

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Sodium-ion energy storage in nanocellular carbon foams shows high capacity and rate retention; not an intercalation battery

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Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) report in a paper in the ACS journal Nano Letters on high-capacity, high-rate sodium-ion (Na-ion) energy storage in functionalized high-surface-area nanocellular carbon foams (NCCF). Sodium-ion intercalation batteries—i.e., Using sodium ions instead of lithium ions in a battery is attractive because it could potentially be much less expensive and safer, and it would be more environmentally benign.

2013 170

BASF investigating sodium-air batteries as alternative to Li-air; patent application filed with USPTO

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In a paper in Nature Materials , a team of researchers from BASF SE and Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen report on the performance of a sodium-air (sodium superoxide) cell. Their work, they suggest, demonstrates that substitution of lithium by sodium may offer an unexpected route towards rechargeable metal–air batteries. However, this system can also suffer from similar high overpotentials and low energy efficiencies when using carbonate-based sodium electrolytes.

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U Waterloo team identifies key reaction in sodium-air batteries; implications for improving Li-air

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Chemists at the University of Waterloo have identified the key reaction that takes place in sodium-air batteries. The researchers from the Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, led by Professor Linda Nazar who holds the Canada Research Chair in Solid State Energy Materials, have described a key mediation pathway that explains why sodium-oxygen batteries are more energy efficient when compared with their lithium-oxygen counterparts.

2015 199

U Alberta team develops hybrid sodium-ion capacitor; intermediate in energy & power between ultracaps and batteries

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A team led by researchers from the University of Alberta (Canada) Scientists has developed a hybrid sodium-ion capacitor (NIC) using active materials in both the anode and the cathode derived entirely from peanut shells—a green and highly economical waste globally generated at more than 6 million tons per year. The low-surface-area ion-intercalation Peanut Shell Ordered Carbon (PSOC) anode delivers a total capacity of 315 mAh g ?1

2014 231

GE Launches Durathon Sodium-Metal Halide Battery for UPS Market

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GE Energy Storage Technologies, a unit of GE Transportation, introduced its Durathon sodium-metal halide battery ( earlier post ) for critical backup power. Sodium-metal halide cell basic chemistry. Durathon technology uses a patented sodium halide chemistry. Sodium battery technology has been in existence for more than 30 years, but GE’s acquisition of Beta R&D in 2007 jump-started applications for mobile and stationary energy storage.

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Yissum offering novel high-performance anode for sodium-ion batteries; antimony sulphide nanoparticle-coated graphene

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Sodium-ion batteries (Na-ion, NIBs) are seen as an alternative to lithium-ion batteries for large-scale applications due to their lower cost and abundant supply of sodium. Yissum , the Research and Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is offering a novel anode for sodium-ion batteries (Na-ion, NIB) which enables the production of a battery with high capacity, excellent rate capability and good cycle performance.

2014 179

Ceramatec licensing molten sodium technology for heavy oil upgrading; removing the need for diluent for bitumen

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Flowchart of Molten Sodium Upgrading process. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the Molten Sodium Upgrading (MSU) technology. The MSU process involves mixing elemental molten sodium and small quantities of hydrogen or methane to reduce significantly the levels of sulphur, metals, TAN (total acid number) and asphaltenes in heavy oil feedstocks, including oil sands bitumen.

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Hollow carbon nanowires show high capacity and cycle life as anodes for sodium-ion batteries; insight into Na-ion insertion-extraction mechanism

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Researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed hollow carbon nanowires (HCNWs) for use as anode material for Na-ion batteries. This novel carbon nanostructure also displayed reversible capacity of more than 200 mAh g ?1 The researchers attributed the good sodium-ion insertion properties to the short diffusion distance in the HCNWs and the large interlayer distance (0.37 They investigated sodium ion insertion?extraction

2012 199

German team produces hydrocarbons from thermal degradation of free fatty acids and animal fat in water and sodium carbonate; ultimately 43% diesel-range and 14% gasoline-range fractions

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Researchers in Germany have produced a hydrocarbon-based bio-crude and non-condensable gases from the thermal degradation of free fatty acids and animal fat in the presence of water and sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 , a sodium salt of carbonic acid commonly used as a water softener). The process was carried out in a moving bed of sodium carbonate at 5 wt% water at 430± 20 °C at a pilot-scale plant.

2011 191

Univ. of Maryland team develops promising sodium-ion cathode material: FePO4/nanotube composite

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Researchers at the University of Maryland have developed a nanocomposite material of amorphous, porous FePO 4 nanoparticles electrically wired by single-wall carbon nanotubes as a potential cathode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). For instance, compared to lithium, sodium weighs more and has a higher ionization potential and a larger ionic radius. SWNT composite is a promising cathode material for viable sodium-ion batteries.

French researchers develop sodium-ion battery in 18650 format; performance comparable to Li-ion

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Researchers within the RS2E network on electrochemical energy storage (Réseau sur le stockage électrochimique de l’énergie) in France have developed the first sodium-ion battery in an 18650 format. The main advantage of the prototype is that it relies on sodium, an element far more abundant and less costly than lithium. Six partner laboratories of the RS2E were involved in the project with the goal to find the right composition for the sodium cathode.

2015 150

BC Hydro and SC Electric Company partner on sodium-sulfur battery energy storage project

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BC Hydro has selected S&C Electric Company, a renewable energy integration company, for a sodium-sulfur (NaS) battery energy storage project intended to improve service reliability for a remote mountain community in British Columbia. The energy storage system, which is funded, in part, by Natural Resources Canada’s Clean Energy Fund, will also reduce peak load demand for a second community, limiting carbon emissions and enabling deferral of capital expenditures.

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GE posts $63M in orders for Durathon sodium-halide battery systems

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GE’s Energy Storage business announced $63 million in new Durathon sodium-halide battery orders since the business launched in July. GE’s Durathon battery technology works by employing sodium chemistry to capture excess energy from the diesel fuel generators. This costs an average of $20,000 to $30,000 per site and adds more than 50 tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere per year.

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RAL proposes new efficient and low-cost process to crack ammonia for hydrogen using sodium amide; transportation applications

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RAL researchers are proposing a new process for the decomposition of ammonia to release hydrogen that involves the stoichiometric decomposition and formation of sodium amide from Na metal. The new process decomposes ammonia using the concurrent stoichiometric decomposition and regeneration of sodium amide (NaNH 2 ) via sodium metal (Na); this is a significant departure in reaction mechanism compared with traditional surface catalysts.

2014 185

Amorphous titanium dioxide nanotube anodes for sodium-ion batteries show ability to self-improve specific capacity

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A team of researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory has synthesized amorphous titanium dioxide nanotube (TiO 2 NT) electrodes directly grown on current collectors without binders and additives to use as an anode for sodium-ion batteries. Sodium-ion batteries ( earlier post ) are considered a potential attractive alternative to lithium-ion batteries. Johnson, and Tijana Rajh (2011) Amorphous TiO 2 Nanotube Anode for Rechargeable Sodium Ion Batteries.

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Researchers find tin nanoparticles promising electrode material for sodium-ion batteries

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Tin (Sn) shows promise as a robust electrode material for rechargeable sodium-ion (Na-ion) batteries, according to a new study by a team from the University of Pittsburgh and Sandia National Laboratory. reversible and rapid ion insertion and extraction, but using sodium ions rather than lithium. Mao, and Jian Yu Huang (2012) Microstructural Evolution of Tin Nanoparticles during In Situ Sodium Insertion and Extraction.

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Low-cost 5V dual carbon battery development for EV 

Electric Vehicles India

Low-cost 5V dual carbon battery development for EV . A 5V Dual Carbon Battery that uses self-standing carbon fibre mats as both electrodes such as cathode and anode has been developed by the Electrochemical Energy Storage Lab at the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH).

Rio Tinto declares maiden ore reserve at Jadar; major potential source of battery-grade lithium carbonate

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Pre-feasibility studies have shown that the Jadar project has the potential to produce both battery-grade lithium carbonate and boric acid. Jadar, one of the largest greenfield lithium projects in development, would be capable of producing approximately 55 thousand tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate, as well as 160 thousand tonnes of boric acid (B 2 O 3 units) and 255 thousand tonnes of sodium sulfate as by-products per annum.

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Polymer microcapsules with liquid carbonate cores and silicone shells offer a new approach to carbon capture

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The approach, described in a paper in the journal Nature Communications , could be an important advance in carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). They have significant performance advantages over the carbon-absorbing materials used in current CCS technology. Polymer microcapsules composed of liquid carbonate cores and highly permeable silicone shells are produced by microfluidic assembly. carbon dioxide uptake and release over repeated cycles.

2015 185

Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Researchers from George Washington University and Vanderbilt University have demonstrated the conversion of atmospheric CO 2 into carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as high-performance anodes in both lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. STEP is an efficient solar chemical process, based on a synergy of solar thermal and endothermic electrolyses, designed to convert greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into a useful carbon commodity.

2016 190

UNSW team demonstrates high reversible hydrogen storage capacity under mild conditions for sodium borohydride using novel core-shell nanostructure; potential for vehicles

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A team from the University of New South Wales (Australia) reports on a novel core-shell strategy leading to high and stable hydrogen absorption/desorption cycling for sodium borohydride (NaBH 4 ) under mild pressure conditions (4 MPa) in an open-access paper in the journal ACS Nano. mass %), sodium borohydride is a promising hydrogen storage material. The core-shell NaBH 4 @Ni nanoparticles show high reversible hydrogen storage under reasonable conditions.

2012 216

EPA opens door to consider Carbon Capture and Utilization as part of new Clean Power Plan; algae industry locks on

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Within the text of the final CPP rules, EPA opened up the possibility of allowing “ affected EGU (Electric Generating Units) to use qualifying CCU [Carbon Capture and Utilization] technologies to reduce CO 2 emissions that are subject to an emission standard, or those that are counted when demonstrating achievement of the CO 2 emission performance rates or a state rate-based or mass-based CO 2 emission. ”. Algae Algal Fuels Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Climate Change Regulations

2015 210

Univ. of Texas researchers propose lithium- or sodium-water batteries as next generation of high-capacity battery technology; applicable for EVs and grid storage

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Researchers at the University of Texas, including Dr. John Goodenough, are proposing a strategy for high-capacity next-generation alkali (lithium or sodium)-ion batteries using water-soluble redox couples as the cathode. The present sodium-sulfur battery operates above 300 °C. A = lithium or sodium (Li or Na), M represents a metal and 1 ≤ n < z. Also, sodium rather than lithium might be used as the anode. Example of a lithium-water rechargeable battery.

2011 191

Carbon-Neutral Gasoline Out Of Air? Yes, There's A Caveat

Green Car Reports

Indeed, it appears to be so--if you add energy (and sodium hydroxide). Here's how it works: The process starts by blowing atmospheric air into a tower containing the sodium hydroxide, which Call it last week's most unexpected headline: the idea that a group of engineers in Britain had managed to create gasoline ("petrol") out of. thin air?

2012 128

Researchers synthesize new Li-S cathode based on “carbon compartments”

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Researchers from Texas A&M and Purdue have developed a new cathode material for Li-S batteries based on what they call carbon compartments (CCs)—conductive 3D carbon mesostructures that possess macro- and meso-pores that allow for high loading of sulfur nanoparticles and enhanced electrolyte-sulfur contact. b) SEM micrograph of the carbon-sulfur composite produced via the sonochemical sulfur deposition process. (c)

2016 150

Antimony/carbon nanocomposite anode for Na-ion battery shows high capacity and stability

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Researchers at Wuhan University (China) have synthesized a Sb/C (antimony/carbon) nanocomposite for use as an anode material in a room-temperature sodium-ion (Na-ion) battery. A sodium disk served as the counter and reference electrode. Sodium-ion batteries are considered a potential attractive alternative to lithium-ion batteries, and members of the Wuhan team have worked with the US Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) on cathode materials ( earlier post ).

2012 207

ORNL-led team uses carbon material derived from tire waste to convert used cooking oil to biofuel

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Using a novel, reusable carbon material derived from old rubber tires, an Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-led research team has developed a simple method to convert used cooking oil into biofuel. The team’s approach combines modified, recovered carbon with sulfuric acids, which is then mixed with free fatty acids in household vegetable oil to produce usable methyl ester biofuel.

2017 150

Phillips 66 progressing its conversion of California refinery to renewable fuels

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The conversion is expected to reduce the facility’s greenhouse gas emissions by 50% and help California meet its lower-carbon objectives. In August 2020, Phillips 66 announced that it planned to reconfigure its San Francisco Refinery in Rodeo, California, to produce renewable fuels.

Study looks at electrical energy storage

Green Cars News

Electric cars Green cars Latest news Lithium-ion batteries EES electrical energy storage lead carbon batteries sodium batteries US Department of EnergyWith the increased penetration of renewable energy, it seems it is widely accepted that electrical energy storage is becoming more important along with the implementation of smart grids and an improvement in power reliability and quality.

Skyonic awards $117M construction contract to Toyo-Thai-USA for commercial-scale carbon capture and utilization plant

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Skyonic’s electrolytic carbon capture technology, SkyMine, selectively captures CO 2 , acid gases and heavy metals from flue gas. The captured pollutants are mineralized into solid products, including sodium bicarbonate, which are stored, transported and sold as safe, stable solids. The funds will also help support the advancement of Skyonic’s global IP portfolio of profitable carbon chemistry solutions and other R&D and operations expenses.

2013 161

Stanford team develops efficient electrochemical cells for CO2 conversion

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Scientists at Stanford University have developed electrochemical cells that convert carbon monoxide (CO) derived from CO 2 into commercially viable compounds more effectively and efficiently than existing technologies. The electrochemical cells created by Kanan and his team combat these inefficiencies with a modified design that produces a concentrated stream of ethylene gas and a sodium acetate solution 1,000 times more concentrated than product obtained with previous cells.

2018 195

Navigant: automotive segment about 10.5% of global advanced battery shipments in 2013

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The chemistries included in the report are all lithium-ion (Li-ion) chemistries, flow battery chemistries, sodium metal halide, sodium sulfur (NaS), aqueous sodium-ion, and advanced lead-carbon. share in 2013), where some systems utilize flow, sodium metal halide, sodium sulfur, and aqueous sodium ion batteries. The automotive segment accounted for about 10.5% (4,972.2

2014 191

Researchers develop rechargeable hybrid-seawater fuel cell; highly energy density, stable cycling

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The circulating seawater in the open-cathode system results in a continuous supply of sodium ions, endowing the system with superior cycling stability that allows the application of various alternative anodes to sodium metal by compensating for irreversible charge losses. Hard carbon and Sn-C nanocomposite electrodes were successfully applied as anode materials, yielding highly stable cycling performance and reversible capacities exceeding 110?mAh?g

2014 236

Researchers Show Carbon Nanostructures Can Function as Catalysts for Solid-State Hydrogen Storage

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Screening study results of NaAlH 4 /carbon mixtures. Sample key: (a) 8 nm CNT, (b) 10-20 nm CNT, (c) 10-20 nm CNT with 4 mol % Ti, (d) 50 nm CNT, (e) graphite, (f) C60[1] (g) C60[2] (h) C60[3], (i) control no carbon, ball mill 4 mol % TiCl3, and (j) control no carbon or Ti. Among these, the researchers noted, sodium aluminum hydride (NaAlH 4 ) is the most widely studied material. 2009) Carbon Nanomaterials as Catalysts for Hydrogen Uptake and Release in NaAlH 4.

2009 150

PARC building cleantech portfolio; co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes and carbon-neutral renewable liquid fuels from atmospheric CO2

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Two of the projects Elrod and PARC were discussing at last week’s ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit in Washington DC were a technology for the co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes, enabling higher energy and/or power densities; and an approach to producing carbon-neutral renewable hydrocarbon fuels using air, water and CO 2 captured from the atmosphere. Carbon-neutral liquid fuel. Schematic of the HP-BPMED device used in the renewable fuels research. (a)

2011 204