Gevo develops process for low-cost renewable isoprene; building block for rubber and rubber products

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has developed a proprietary catalytic process that transforms low-cost commercially available, or even waste by-product, renewable alcohols into renewable isoprene that would be expected to compete head-to-head on price with natural and petroleum-based chemical equivalents while reducing CO 2 emissions. million tons of potential bio-based waste feedstock. Gevo, Inc.

2019 194

Thai researchers find waste chicken fat a good low-cost feedstock for renewable diesel

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In a study investigating the effect of the water and free fatty acid (FFA) content in waste chicken fat from poultry processing plants on the production of renewable diesel (not biodiesel), researchers in Thailand have found that both higher FFA and water content improved the biohydrogenated diesel (BHD) yield. In Thailand, chicken fat/oil and other wastes from the food industry have been used as important feed stocks for biodiesel production.

2015 214

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Raven SR & Hyzon Motors to build up to 100 waste-to-hydrogen hubs

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At the hubs, which can be built at or near landfills, Raven SR will convert mixed and multiple organic wastes, including municipal solid waste, greenwaste, food waste, medical, paper, etc. Raven SR , a renewable fuels company, and Hyzon Motors Inc.,

Waste 314

New catalytic process turns renewable and waste carbon into cleaner, high-performance diesel biofuel blendstock

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The first-of-its-kind continuous catalytic process was designed to reduce production costs relative to batch chemistry, the prior state-of-the-art technology.

2020 209

Berkeley Lab working with Alphabet Energy to develop a low-cost thermoelectric system

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With a $2-million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC), Berkeley Lab is partnering with Alphabet Energy to create a cost-effective thermoelectric waste heat recovery system to reduce both energy use in the industrial sector and electricity-related carbon emissions. However, most current thermoelectric materials are limited by several factors, including high cost, low efficiency, and the inability to operate reliably at temperatures above 400 degrees Celsius.

2017 150

Gen 2 low-cost flywheel-based Torotrak KERS for buses en route to production in mid-2016

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The KERS captures the kinetic energy that is normally wasted when the bus is braking and stores it in a steel and carbon fibre flywheel weighing 8.5kg and spinning at up to 30,000 rpm. Already undergoing detailed testing on rigs and in a new Euro VI StreetLite bus, the new KERS design is intended to further improve bus fuel efficiency and reduces the KERS weight and cost, helping to improve the bus operator payback.

2016 150

Novel pathway for aviation fuel from food waste–derived volatile fatty acids (VFA) could lead to 70% blends, up to 165% reduction in GHG

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Life cycle analysis showed up to 165% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions relative to fossil jet if the food waste is diverted from landfills to produce VFA-SAF. In the process, anaerobic digestion of west waste is arrested prior to methanogensis to generate VFAs (C 3 -C 8 ).

Waste 222

DOE Coal FIRST Initiative invests $80M in net-zero carbon electricity and hydrogen plants

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has selected four projects for cost-shared research and development under the funding opportunity announcement (FOA), DE-FOA-0002180, Design Development and System Integration Design Studies for Coal FIRST Concepts. DOE’s early stage research for the Coal FIRST Initiative supports the development of electricity and hydrogen energy plants that have net-zero carbon emissions.

2020 170

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. Enabling Production of Low Carbon Emissions Steel Through CO 2 Capture from Blast Furnace Gases.

2020 203

DOE BETO to award $61.4M for low-carbon biofuels research to reduce transportation emissions

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million for technologies that produce low-cost, low-carbon biofuels. ( DE-FOA-0002396 ) Topic areas for the “Bioenergy Technologies Office Scale-Up and Conversion” funding opportunity include high-impact biotechnology research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) to bolster the body of scientific and engineering knowledge needed to produce low-carbon biofuels at lower cost.

DOE awarding $33M for carbon-neutral hybrid electric aviation

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The US Department of Energy announced $33 million in funding for 17 projects as part of the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy’s (ARPA-E) Aviation-class Synergistically Cooled Electric-motors with iNtegrated Drives (ASCEND) and Range Extenders for Electric Aviation with Low Carbon and High Efficiency (REEACH) programs. Both programs work to decrease energy usage and associated carbon emissions for commercial aircraft propulsion systems.

2020 191

DOE to award $35M for bioenergy feedstock and algae R&D

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DE-FOA-0002423 ) Topic Areas ins the FOA support DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO’s) objectives to reduce the minimum selling price of drop-in biofuels, lower the cost of biopower, and enable high-value products from biomass or waste resources. Topic Areas include: Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Enable Production of Conversion-Ready Feedstocks (up to $15M). Improvements in productivity with traditional carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) supply.

2020 262

ARPA-E adds five new funding topics to FOA to advance critical energy innovation

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Waste into X (WiX); $5.0 Direct Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Oceanwater (DOC); $2.0 Direct Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Ambient Air (DAC); $2.0 Schematic showing the solid streams in ARPA-E’s conceptualization of zero waste going to landfill.

2020 281

UC Riverside team fabricates nanosilicon anodes for Li-ion batteries from waste glass bottles

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to fabricate nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Carbon-coated glass derived-silicon (gSi@C) electrodes demonstrated excellent electrochemical performance with a capacity of ~1420 mAh g -1 at C/2 rate after 400 cycles.

2017 150

DOE awards LanzaTech $4M for low-carbon jet & diesel demo plant; 3M gpy; Audi evaluating fuel properties

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LanzaTech has been selected by the Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) to receive a $4-million award to design and plan a demonstration-scale facility using industrial off gases to produce 3 million gallons/year of low-carbon jet and diesel fuels. The LanzaTech facility will recycle industrial waste gases from steel manufacturing to produce a low cost ethanol intermediate: “Lanzanol.”

2016 170

INEOS Bio Begins Advanced Waste-to-Ethanol Plant Feasibility Study

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The INEOS Bio waste-to-ethanol process, originally developed by BRI. INEOS Bio, a subsidiary of INEOS, the world’s third-largest chemicals company, has started a feasibility study for a plant in the UK to convert locally generated biodegradable household and commercial wastes into carbon neutral road transport fuel and clean electricity, using the INEOS Bio technology process. Click to enlarge.

2009 235

$4M ARPA-E award to Lanzatech to improve design of bioreactors for waste-gas-to-fuels fermentation technology

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LanzaTech, a producer of low-carbon fuels and chemicals from waste gases, was awarded a $4-million grant by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) as one of the 15 REMOTE projects ( earlier post ) receiving a combined $34 million to find advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation. Methane has a global warming potential 21 times as high as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

2013 191

DOE to award ~$96M for bioenergy research and development

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Topic areas within this FOA will advance DOE’s Bioenergy Technology Office’s objectives of reducing the price of drop-in biofuels; lowering the cost of biopower; and enabling high-value products from biomass or waste resources. Algae Bioproducts and CO 2 Direct-Air-Capture and Efficiency (ABCDE) (up to $14M): Lowering the cost of algal biofuels by improving carbon efficiency, and/or by employing direct air capture technologies.

2020 170

DOE to award $160M to improve fossil-based hydrogen production, transport, storage, and utilization

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The funding, for cost-shared cooperative agreements, is aimed to develop technologies for the production, transport, storage, and utilization of fossil-based hydrogen, with progress towards net-zero carbon emissions. Fossil fuels currently provide the lowest cost pathway for producing hydrogen, according to cost data in a recent DOE/FE Hydrogen Strategy Document. Carbon Capture. The objective is to develop technologies that improve the cost and performance (e.g.,

Gevo to deploy Shockwave process to lower the carbon intensity of its ethanol, isobutanol

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Shockwave’s Thermodynamic Corn Fractionation Process is a front-end corn fractionation platform that uses high velocity air and pressure changes to fractionate solid materials, providing an novel, low-cost approach to separating the corn kernel into the various fractions including a higher-starch feed for fermentation as well as germ and fiber. We are committed to low-carbon intensity fuels as well as value-added products that can go into the food chain. Gevo, Inc.

2018 174

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

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Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). pre- and post- decarbonization of the electric power sector—to which he referred as pre-CCS and post-CCS, respectively (although decarbonization was not necessarily via CCS—carbon capture and storage).)

2010 200

Stanford team devises new bio-inspired strategy for using CO2 to produce multi-carbon compounds such as plastics and fuels

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Researchers at Stanford University have devised a new strategy for using CO 2 in the synthesis of multi-carbon compounds. Although the concept of using CO 2 as a feedstock for renewable multi-carbon compounds and synthetic fuels is attractive, practical implementation has been hampered by the difficulty of forming carboncarbon (C–C) bonds efficiently. The Stanford team solved the problem using a far more benign compound: carbonate.

2016 150

IACMI, DuPont and Purdue partner on automotive carbon-fiber composites

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and Purdue University, has launched the first project selected with a dual focus on decreasing the cost of manufacture and increasing design flexibility for automotive composites. Multiple factors, including cost and design constraints, present barriers to the adoption of composites in high volume automotive applications. Composite parts made by this process have been shown to have low voids and good mechanical properties when consolidated by traditional techniques.

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CERT) at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a steam hydrogasification process they developed to convert waste into fuels. The CEC grant will allow for the completion of a process demonstration unit at CERT that will provide data needed before a proposed pilot plant is built at the city of Riverside’s waste water treatment facility.

2011 185

DOE awards $97M to 33 bioenergy research and development projects

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These projects will improve the performance and lower the cost and risk of technologies that can be used to produce biofuels, biopower, and bioproducts from biomass and waste resources. Scale-up and Qualification of Net-Zero Sustainable Aviation Fuels from Wet Waste. Topic 2: Waste to Energy Strategies for the Bioeconomy. High Precision Sorting, Fractionation, and Formulation of Municipal Solid Waste for Biochemical Conversion.

2020 170

Hydrogen Production from Waste Tires Using a Catalytic Pyrolysis-Gasification Process

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A team at the University of Leeds (UK) is investigating hydrogen production from waste tires using a two-stage pyrolysis-gasification reactor and Ni-Mg-Al (1:1:1) catalyst. The generation rate of waste tires is increasing, especially with the continued increase in production of cars and trucks, the authors note. In 2007, the amount of waste tires was about 4.6 Regional and national governments use a wide variety of methods to deal with waste tires.

2010 192

Report finds says “negative emissions technologies” need to play a large role in mitigating climate change

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To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, “negative emissions technologies” (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change, according to a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Most climate mitigation efforts are intended to decrease the rate at which people add carbon from fossil fuel reservoirs to the atmosphere.

2018 225

PowerDriver simulations predict thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery output of 300W, -2.5% in fuel consumption; prototyping begins

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The European Union-funded PowerDriver project—a two-year, €3-million (US$4-million) research project initiated in February 2012 to turn exhaust gas waste heat into electricity using thermoelectric generator (TGEN) technology—has completed simulation work on on a potential automotive application. These have a potentially low cost base but need further development to achieve the performance and thermal stability required for the application.

2013 185

INEOS Bio Awarded £7.3M Grant for Waste-to-Ethanol Plant in UK

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million) construction costs for the first commercial plant in Europe using its waste-to-ethanol BioEnergy Process Technology. million gallons US) of carbon-neutral road transport fuel and generate more than 3MW of electricity for export from over 100,000 tonnes per year of biodegradable household and commercial waste. INEOS Bio, a subsidiary of INEOS, the world’s third-largest chemicals company, has received an offer of a £7.3 million (US$10.8

2010 179

Synthesis Energy Systems enters agreement to study feasibility of using gasification technology to produce green chemicals from waste in the US

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The agreement calls for SES to lead an engineering study, commissioned and funded by the undisclosed US company, that will define an optimal use of potential feedstock combinations that may include used tires, auto shredder residue and refuse-derived fuel to efficiently and cost-effectively produce commercially viable chemicals such as methanol and methanol derivatives. In addition, these plants have the potential to include nearly complete carbon capture capability.

2013 196

ALABC showcased three 48V hybrid demonstrators at AABC featuring advanced lead-carbon batteries

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The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) last month showcased three hybrid electric concept vehicles resulting from its R&D program that demonstrate the real-world potential of lead-carbon batteries in 48V architectures. The cars, two of which were produced in association with major OEMs (Ford and Hyundai/Kia), exhibit substantial environmental and fuel-efficient benefits through low-cost hybridization.

2015 185

DOE to award $35M to 24 projects to support early-stage, innovative technologies and solutions in advanced manufacturing

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AK Steel Corporation’s Research & Innovation Center will conduct alloy design, lab validation, manufacture, and testing of novel low density steels that possess mechanical properties exhibited by currently available advanced high strength steels. These low density steels are expected to generate energy savings by bringing efficiencies in the steel manufacturing and lifetime savings by use of lightweight steel in automotive structural applications.

2018 150

LanzaTech and Swedish Biofuels partnering with Virgin Atlantic on waste gas-to-ethanol-to-jet fuel process; targeting commercial use by 2014

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Virgin Atlantic announced the development of a low-carbon, synthetic jet fuel kerosene produced from industrial waste gases with half the carbon footprint of the standard fossil fuel alternative in partnership with LanzaTech and Swedish Biofuels. The new process uses LanzaTech technology to capture and ferment waste gases from industrial steel production into ethanol ( earlier post ), and Swedish Biofuels technology to chemically. lifecycle carbon emissions.

2011 196

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

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ARPA-E’s first solicitation awarded $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. The second round was focused specifically on three areas of technology representing new approaches for advanced microbial biofuels (electrofuels); much higher capacity and less expensive batteries for electric vehicles; and carbon capture.

2010 212

ARPA-E awards $35M to 16 REFUEL projects for energy-dense carbon-neutral liquid fuels; leveraging ammonia

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The 16 REFUEL projects seek to develop scalable technologies for converting water and molecules from the air into energy-dense, carbon-neutral liquid fuels (CNLFs) using electrical energy from renewable sources. REFUEL projects will convert low-cost renewable energy into a transportable chemical fuel and use these fuels for transportation applications, while reducing production costs and environmental impact.

2016 174

CSIRO joins US sCO2-based power generation project STEP demo

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The STEP project seeks to demonstrate power generation plants enabled by supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO 2 ) technology that can offer dramatically improved efficiencies, economics, and environmental performance, and can play an important role as low-carbon energy evolves. By combining higher cycle efficiencies with lower cost and highly compact turbomachinery, substantial emissions benefits, versatility, scalability, and responsiveness can be achieved.

2020 161

ARPA-E Soliciting Second Round of Proposals; $100 Million for Advanced Energy Research Projects, with Focus on CO2-to-Liquid Fuels, Plug-in Batteries and Carbon Capture

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ARPA-E’s first solicitation, announced earlier this year, was highly competitive and resulted in awarding $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. The second round is focused specifically on three areas of technology representing new approaches for advanced microbial biofuels, carbon capture, and batteries for electric vehicles.

2009 179

UK Consortium to Develop Carbon-Efficient Pyrolysis Biofuel Blendstock for Transport Sector

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The Carbon Trust has created a consortium of British businesses led by Axion Energy, a division of the Axion Group , to pioneer the development of an advanced, commercially viable pyrolysis process to turn municipal and wood waste into transport biofuel. The objective is to process waste biomass to produce a greener and cheaper alternative to existing biofuels at mass scale to blend with fossil fuels. The Carbon Trust is investing £7 million (US$10.6

2010 185

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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The team used a catalyst made of carbon, copper and nitrogen and applied voltage to trigger a chemical reaction that essentially reverses the combustion process. With the help of the nanotechnology-based catalyst which contains multiple reaction sites, the solution of carbon dioxide dissolved in water turned into ethanol with a yield of 63%. Ethanol was a surprise—it’s extremely difficult to go straight from carbon dioxide to ethanol with a single catalyst.

2016 234

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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improved oilseed crop that uses carbon more efficiently than. streamline the process by which green plants convert carbon. several genes that allow the plant to use light more efficiently, increase its carbon uptake, and divert more energy to the. wasted energy in plants into energy-dense fuel molecules. conferring hydrocarbon biosynthesis, enhanced carbon. capture carbon from air and features that allow the plant to. efficiency at less cost.

2011 242

Material Derived From Carbonized Chicken Feathers Could Meet DOE Hydrogen Storage Targets

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Scientists at the University of Delaware are developing a new low-cost material for hydrogen storage—carbonized chicken feathers (CCFF)—that they say could meet the DOE requirements for hydrogen storage and are competitive with carbon nanotubes and metal hydrates at a tiny fraction of their cost. When chicken feathers are heat-treated by controlled pyrolysis, hollow carbon microtubes are formed with nanoporous walls.

2009 194

DOE awards $54M to 13 projects for transformational manufacturing technologies and materials; top two awards go to carbon fiber materials and electrodes for next-gen batteries

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded more than $54 million—leveraging approximately an additional $17 million in cost share from the private sector—for 13 projects to advance transformational technologies and materials that can help manufacturers significantly increase the energy efficiency of their operations and reduce costs. The projects selected for awards include: The Dow Chemical Company, Scale-Up of Novel Low-Cost Carbon Fibers.

2012 185

Los Alamos and Oberon Fuels receive DOE funding to produce renewable hydrogen from renewable DME (rDME)

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DME is a hydrogen-rich molecule that can be produced from waste and/or renewable resources using Oberon’s modular production technology. We are producing a hydrogen-rich molecule, moving it using existing, low-cost infrastructure, and converting it to hydrogen fuel on demand.