Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy. The microstructured optical fiber canes (MOFCs) with photocatalyst generate hydrogen that could power a wide range of sustainable applications. Alongside hydrogen generation from water, the multi-disciplinary research team is investigating photochemical conversion of carbon dioxide into synthetic fuel.

2020 96

DOE Coal FIRST Initiative invests $80M in net-zero carbon electricity and hydrogen plants

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DOE’s early stage research for the Coal FIRST Initiative supports the development of electricity and hydrogen energy plants that have net-zero carbon emissions. These plants will be fueled by coal, natural gas, biomass, and waste plastics and incorporate carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies. The Coal FIRST Initiative recognizes the importance of hydrogen production from coal, biomass, and waste plastics.

2020 69

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ULEMCo delivers water tanker converted to use hydrogen dual fuel

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UK-based ULEMCo has worked with Yorkshire Water to produce what is believed to be the first water tanker anywhere to operate on hydrogen fuel. tonne bowser has been converted from a standard truck to use hydrogen dual fuel, an approach that allows fleet managers to transition more quickly to low carbon operation. Based on an average duty cycle, the new ULEMCo vehicle is expected to deliver a 33% reduction in carbon emissions.

2020 69

Ontario researchers develop new water plasmolysis method for production of hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology are developing a new method to dissociate water vapor into hydrogen gas by microwave-generated plasma (plasmolysis). A) An experimental setup for full microwave hydrogen production and (b) Schematic of the plasma reactor placed inside the microwave. Hydrogen production has become the center of attention for carbon-free solution, and more attention has been given to clean methods of hydrogen production.

2020 95

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 136

Multicomponent catalytic system efficiently converts carbon dioxide to methanol

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Inspired by naturally occurring processes, a team of Boston College chemists used a multi-catalyst system to convert carbon dioxide to methanol at the lowest temperatures reported with high activity and selectivity.

2020 120

S. Korean team develops highly efficient, long-lasting electrocatalyst to boost electrolytic hydrogen production

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Conventional water electrolysis for the production of hydrogen faces technological challenges to improve the efficiency of the water-splitting reaction for the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2020 152

UK awards £28M for 5 demonstration-phase low-carbon hydrogen production projects

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As part of a larger £90 million (US$117 million) package of awards to cut carbon emissions in industry and homes, the UK is awarding £28 million (US$36.5 million) to five demonstration phase projects for low-carbon hydrogen production. The hydrogen projects receiving funding are: Dolphyn. The project concerns the production of hydrogen at scale from offshore floating wind in deep water locations. HyNet – low carbon hydrogen plant.

2020 99

Researchers create hydrogen-producing living droplets

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Researchers at the University of Bristol in the UK and Harbin Institute of Technology in China have built tiny droplet-based algal factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight in air. Normally, algal cells fix carbon dioxide and produce oxygen by photosynthesis.

2020 95

IHS Markit: annual investments in green hydrogen production to exceed $1 billion by 2023

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IHS Markit forecasts that annual global investments in green hydrogen—hydrogen production powered by renewable sources—will exceed US$1 billion by 2023. The elevated investment outlook is attributed to falling costs and policy support from governments looking to shift towards low-carbon economies. The increasing interest has been driven by falling electrolysis and renewable power costs and by increasing government focus on green hydrogen.

2020 98

U Oregon team advances effectiveness of catalytic water dissociation in bipolar membranes

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Researchers at the University of Oregon have advanced the effectiveness of the catalytic water dissociation reaction in bipolar membranes. When a sufficient bias is applies across a BPM, heterolytic water dissociation (WD), H 2 O → H + + OH - , occurs at the AEL/CEL interface with the H + driven through the CEL and the OH - driven through the AEL. The bipolar membrane architecture allows us to isolate the water dissociation chemical step and study it in isolation.

2020 78

thyssenkrupp offering large-scale water electrolysis

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thyssenkrupp recently introduced industrial-scale water electrolysis for large projects. By splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen, this technology delivers “green” hydrogen, a clean, CO 2 -free energy carrier. The only inputs needed are water and renewable electricity from wind, hydro power or photovoltaics. thyssenkrupp says that its solution makes large-scale hydrogen production from electricity economically attractive.

2018 94

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. The one-pot co-synthesis of hydrogen and carbon and C was carried using a new Li 1.6

2014 83

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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Italy-based Snam, a leading energy infrastructure operator, and Saipem, an Italian multinational oilfield services company, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to start working together to define and to develop initiatives for green hydrogen production and transport, and for carbon dioxide capture, transport and reuse or storage (CCS and CCU). Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Market Background Oil Power-to-Gas

2020 78

Air Liquide takes 18.6% stake in Hydrogenics; “strategic investment” in carbon-free hydrogen

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stake in the capital of Canada-based Hydrogenics Corporation , a leader in electrolytic hydrogen production equipment and fuel cells. million, reaffirms its long-term commitment to the hydrogen energy markets and its ambition to be a major player in the supply of carbon-free hydrogen, particularly for industry and mobility markets. Water electrolysis is one of the key technologies to accelerate the emergence of hydrogen as a sustainable energy carrier.

2019 75

Haldor Topsoe joins ambitious hydrogen and sustainable fuel project in Denmark

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Haldor Topsoe has joined a hydrogen and sustainable fuel project based on electrolysis in the Greater Copenhagen Area. The partnership consists of leading Danish companies covering the whole value chain for the production, distribution, and consumption of renewable hydrogen and sustainable fuels. Together, the partnering companies cover the whole value chain for renewable hydrogen and sustainable fuels.

2020 86

BNEF report finds hydrogen promising decarbonization pathway, but carbon prices and emissions policies required

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The falling cost of making hydrogen from wind and solar power offers a promising route to cutting emissions in some of the most fossil-fuel-dependent sectors of the economy, such as steel, heavy-duty vehicles, shipping and cement, according to a new report from BloombergNEF (BNEF). The report’s findings suggest that renewable hydrogen could be produced for $0.8 Hydrogen has potential to become the fuel that powers a clean economy. Storing and moving hydrogen is challenging.

2020 65

Wärtsilä gas engines to burn 100% hydrogen

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The technology group Wärtsilä is developing the combustion process in its gas engines to enable them to burn 100% hydrogen fuel. Wärtsilä has researched hydrogen as a fuel for 20 years, and has tested its engines with blends of up to 60% hydrogen and 40% natural gas. In addition to hydrogen, other potential renewable fuels are being studied for future applications, and Wärtsilä engines are already capable of combusting 100% synthetic carbon-neutral methane and methanol.

2020 116

EDF launches subsidiary Hynamics to produce and to market low-carbon hydrogen

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France-based global energy generator EDF has launched Hynamics , a new subsidiary for the Group that will be responsible for offering effective low-carbon hydrogen for industry and mobility. EDF’s ambition is to become a key player in the hydrogen sector in France and around the world. According to a report released by McKinsey, hydrogen consumption will represent 18% of the world’s final energy demand in 2050. 95% of hydrogen is currently produced from fossil fuels.

2019 78

ARPA-E awarding ~$14.4M to four projects for production of hydrogen and carbon products from methane

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These project teams will pursue methods to create high-value carbon and hydrogen from methane (four projects, $14.4 The methane cohort teams will focus on industrially scalable ways to produce high quality carbon and hydrogen. Converting Hydrocarbons to Recyclable Materials for Metal Replacement with Positive Hydrogen Output, $3,300,000. High Value, Energy Saving Carbon Products and Clean Hydrogen Gas from Methane, $3,479,624.

2018 78

Water splitting using iron oxide nanotruss structures

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Researchers at Linköping University and Umeå University in Sweden have developed a new and efficient way to use electrocatalysis to produce hydrogen gas from water using electrodes with nanotruss structures of iron oxide. The researchers used a cathode with iron oxide nanostructures on the surface of a conducting layer of carbon paper to break down water into hydrogen and oxygen. iron, oxygen and carbon. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2018 73

DOE’s $10M Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium accelerating development of green hydrogen production

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The Energy Department (DOE) recently announced $10 million, subject to appropriations, to support the launch of the HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium ( HydroGEN ). This consortium will utilize the expertise and capabilities of the national laboratories to accelerate the development of commercially viable pathways for hydrogen production from renewable energy sources. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Materials

2016 78

U Tokyo team demonstrates H2 production by steam electrolysis in SAECs at intermediate temps

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A team at the University of Tokyo has demonstrated steam electrolysis using a solid acid electrolysis cell (SAEC) for the production of hydrogen. The SAEC used a CsH 2 PO 4 /SiP 2 O 7 composite electrolyte and Pt/C electrodes; hydrogen production was successfully demonstrated with Faraday efficiencies around 80%. According to thermodynamics, enthalpy change of the water electrolysis reaction (H 2 O ? Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Water

2020 81

DOE announces $11.5M in Phase 1 funding for carbon capture and storage program; ARPA-E FLECCS

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million in funding for 12 projects as part of Phase 1 of the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy’s (ARPA-E’s) FLExible Carbon Capture and Storage (FLECCS) program. FLECCS project teams will work to develop carbon capture and storage (CCS) processes that better enable technologies, such as natural gas power generators, to be responsive to grid conditions in a high variable renewable energy (VRE) penetration environment. ARPA-E Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Market Background

2020 106

Occidental Petroleum and Chevron invest in direct air carbon capture and synthetic fuels company Carbon Engineering

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Canada-based Carbon Engineering Ltd. (CE) CE) has received equity investment from two global energy companies: Oxy Low Carbon Ventures, LLC (OLCV), a subsidiary of Occidental Petroleum Corporation; and Chevron Technology Ventures (CTV), the venture capital arm of Chevron Corporation. CE’s AIR TO FUELS products are fully compatible with existing cars, trucks, ships and planes, allowing existing vehicles to reduce their carbon emissions without modification.

2019 113

EPRI and GTI launch Low-Carbon Resources Initiative (LCRI) to accelerate low-carbon energy technologies

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The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and Gas Technology Institute (GTI) are embarking on a five-year initiative to accelerate the development and demonstration of low-carbon energy technologies. The Low-Carbon Resources Initiative (LCRI) is an international collaborative spanning the electric and gas sectors that will help advance global, economy-wide deep decarbonization. Ammonia Biomass Fuels Hydrogen

2020 71

New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF).

2016 78

Air Liquide inaugurates HyBalance pilot site in Denmark for production of carbon-free hydrogen

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In Denmark, Air Liquide inaugurated HyBalance, a pilot site for the production of carbon-free hydrogen. The facility uses electrolysis technology to balance the electricity grid and to store surplus electricity in the form of hydrogen that will be used in industry and transportation. MW, enables the production of around 500 kg of hydrogen a day without releasing CO 2. Emissions Hydrogen Production Power Generation

2018 78

Element 1, CO-WIN road testing medium-duty fuel cell truck with onboard methanol-based hydrogen generation

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Extended road testing of the vehicle is underway in Asia and represents a significant step towards the commercialization of e1’s onboard hydrogen generation technology. The M-Series units are methanol reformers that use water plus methanol to make hydrogen.

2020 103

Graz researchers develop cost-effective chemical looping process for decentralized production of high-purity hydrogen

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Hydrogen researchers at Graz University of Technology (Austria), together with the Graz-based start-up Rouge H2 Engineering , have developed a cost-effective process for the decentralized production of high-purity hydrogen using chemical looping. Currently, hydrogen is mainly produced centrally from fossil resources and compressed or liquefied in an expensive and energy-intensive process in order to be able to supply it to filling stations.

2020 71

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. The discovery—described in a paper in the journal Science —could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydrogen fuel but can be poisoned by CO. Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature.

2017 69

UCSC team develops high-performance nanostructured composite catalyst for water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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A low-cost, nanostructured composite material developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has shown performance comparable to Pt/C as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. An efficient, low-cost catalyst is essential for realizing the promise of hydrogen as a clean, environmentally friendly fuel. Carbon-based materials (such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and amorphous carbon) have also been explored as viable catalysts for HER.

2018 65

Rice U team creates low-cost, high-efficiency integrated device for solar-driven water splitting; solar leaf

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Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%. A schematic and electron microscope cross-section show the structure of an integrated, solar-powered catalyst to split water into hydrogen fuel and oxygen. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2020 69

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Vulcanol is CRI’s brand name for renewable methanol, produced from CO 2 and hydrogen from renewable sources of electricity (hydro, geothermal, wind and solar).

2015 85

Researchers in Australia develop low-cost water-splitting catalyst that offers comparable performance to platinum

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A team of researchers in Australia has developed a Janus nanoparticle catalyst with a nickel–iron oxide interface and multi-site functionality for a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction with a comparable performance to the benchmark platinum on carbon catalyst. Iron and nickel, which are found in abundance on Earth, would replace precious metals ruthenium, platinum and iridium that up until now are regarded as benchmark catalysts in the water-splitting process.

2019 69

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side. The LIG-based electrodes exhibit high performance for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with excellent long-term stability. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 60

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). DOE is awarding a total of $21 million to 18 projects for technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a process known as “direct air capture” (DAC). It will also help develop carbon reduction technologies for use in the steel sector.

2020 83

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen. In the reported study, the new catalyst achieved 10 mA cm −2 water-splitting current at only 1.51 V Currently, the state-of-the-art catalysts to split water are IrO 2 and Pt for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), respectively, with ~1.5 V Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2015 78

New catalyst supports ultra-low-temperature water-gas-shift reaction for hydrogen production

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Researchers from China and the US have synthesized gold layered clusters on an α-MoC substrate to create an interfacial catalyst system for the ultra-low-temperature water-gas shift (WGS) reaction for the production of high-purity hydrogen and concomitant utilization of carbon monoxide (CO). The discovery, described in a paper in the journal Science , could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydrogen fuel but can be poisoned by CO.

2017 60

ARPA-E announces $11M for innovations in energy-water processing and agricultural sensing technologies; fourth, fifth OPEN+ cohorts

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced $11 million in funding for 7 projects in the fourth and fifth cohorts of the agency’s OPEN+ program: Energy-Water Technologies and Sensors for Bioenergy and Agriculture. Energy-Water cohort teams will develop new, energy-efficient processing technologies for industrial (particularly oil and gas) and municipal wastewater. Energy-Water Technologies cohort. ARPA-E Sensors Water

2019 65

Researchers develop large-scale, economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands and oil fields

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Canadian researchers have developed a large-scale economical method to extract hydrogen from oil sands (natural bitumen) and oil fields. This can be used to power hydrogen-powered vehicles, which are already marketed in some countries, as well as to generate electricity. The process can extract hydrogen from existing oil sands reservoirs, with huge existing supplies found in Canada and Venezuela. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Oil Oil sands

Snam and RINA team up to accelerate the development of hydrogen sector

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Italy-based Snam, a global energy infrastructure company, and RINA, a global testing, inspection, certification and engineering consultancy services firm, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to collaborate in the hydrogen sector, in order to realize the significant potential of hydrogen as a fundamental energy carrier. From a presentation given by Faith Birol, Executive Director, International Energy Agency, on hydrogen’s role in tackling energy and climate challenges.

2020 83

Researchers increase carbon efficiency of BtL process from 38 to >90% by adding hydrogen from renewable sources; 2.4x more fuel produced

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Researchers in Norway report that the carbon efficiency of a conventional Biomass-to-Liquid (BtL) process can be increased from 38 to more than 90% by adding hydrogen from renewable energy sources. The increased carbon efficiency is possible because the water gas shift reaction is avoided and instead a reversed water gas shift is introduced to convert CO 2 to CO. Biomass Biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Power Generation Power-to-Gas

2018 85