Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 136

ExxonMobil, UC Berkeley, Berkeley Lab develop new MOF for carbon capture and steam regeneration

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Scientists from ExxonMobil, University of California, Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a new material that could capture more than 90% of CO 2 emitted from industrial sources using low-temperature steam, requiring less energy for the overall carbon capture process.

2020 130

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Occidental Petroleum and Chevron invest in direct air carbon capture and synthetic fuels company Carbon Engineering

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Canada-based Carbon Engineering Ltd. (CE) CE) has received equity investment from two global energy companies: Oxy Low Carbon Ventures, LLC (OLCV), a subsidiary of Occidental Petroleum Corporation; and Chevron Technology Ventures (CTV), the venture capital arm of Chevron Corporation. CE’s AIR TO FUELS products are fully compatible with existing cars, trucks, ships and planes, allowing existing vehicles to reduce their carbon emissions without modification.

2019 113

DOE selects 2 projects to demonstrate feasibility of enhanced water recovery; producing usable water from CO2 storage sites

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected two projects that will test emerging enhanced water recovery (EWR) technologies for their potential to produce useable water from CO 2 storage sites. The two projects set to receive the funding announced today will be managed by the Department’s National Energy Technology Laboratory’s (NETL) Carbon Storage Program: Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Water

Water 60

Molten carbonate electrolysis can produce a range of carbon nanomaterials, including graphene, from CO2 at high yield

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Researchers from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in China and George Washington University in the US report in a new paper in the ACS journal Accounts of Chemical Research that a range of important carbon nanomaterials can be produced at high yield by molten carbonate electrolysis. The sole products of the carbon dioxide electrolysis are straightforward: high yield carbon nanoplatelets and oxygen. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Graphene Solar

2019 97

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). DOE is awarding a total of $21 million to 18 projects for technologies that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a process known as “direct air capture” (DAC). It will also help develop carbon reduction technologies for use in the steel sector.

2020 83

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Renewable methanol is also a low-carbon feedstock for production of synthetic materials. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) China Climate Change Fuels Methanol

2015 85

First carbon-neutral lithium extraction project to start in Germany

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EIT InnoEnergy, the European innovation engine for sustainable energy, announced a partnership with Vulcan Energy Resources Limited (Vulcan), a start-up lithium exploration company, to produce the world’s first completely carbon-neutral lithium in Germany. Vulcan’s “Zero Carbon Lithium” project will be realized in the German part of the Upper Rhine Rift, in the states of Baden-Wuertemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate.

2020 108

Swedish eMethanol startup launches crowd-funding campaign, developing commercial-scale plant

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Liquid Wind is developing its first commercial-scale eMethanol facility in Sweden and plans to establish 6 facilities by 2030 before expanding internationally. The project is supported by the expertise and technology of Axpo, COWI, Carbon Clean Solutions, Haldor Topsoe, Nel Hydrogen and Siemens. Liquid Wind, in partnership with its consortium of experts, Consortium, will convert waste CO 2 and renewable electricity into eMethanol, a carbon-neutral fuel.

2020 65

Shell launches commercial operation of Quest carbon capture and storage in Alberta oil sands

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Shell marked the official opening of the Quest carbon capture and storage (CCS) project in Alberta, Canada, and the start of commercial operations there. The BCS is well below hydrocarbon-bearing formations and potable water zones in the region. Quest is now operating at commercial scale after successful testing earlier this year, during which it captured and stored more than 200,000 tonnes of CO 2. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Oil sands

DOE awarding ~$44M to seven carbon capture projects

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has selected seven projects to receive approximately $44 million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development through the funding opportunity announcement, Design and Testing of Advanced Carbon Capture Technologies. The projects will target one of two areas: 1) engineering-scale testing of transformational solvent- or membrane-based carbon dioxide (CO?)

2018 85

Oleophobic hydrophobic magnetic sponge selectively soaks up oil, sparing water and wildlife

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A Northwestern Engineering-led team has developed a highly porous smart sponge that selectively soaks up oil in water. Currently used solutions include burning the oil, using chemical dispersants to breakdown oil into very small droplets, skimming oil floating on top of water and/or absorbing it with expensive, unrecyclable sorbents. Burning increases carbon emissions and dispersants are terribly harmful for marine wildlife.

2020 69

Rice U team creates low-cost, high-efficiency integrated device for solar-driven water splitting; solar leaf

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Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%. A schematic and electron microscope cross-section show the structure of an integrated, solar-powered catalyst to split water into hydrogen fuel and oxygen. It utilizes water and sunlight to get chemical fuels.

2020 69

Researchers in Australia develop low-cost water-splitting catalyst that offers comparable performance to platinum

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A team of researchers in Australia has developed a Janus nanoparticle catalyst with a nickel–iron oxide interface and multi-site functionality for a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction with a comparable performance to the benchmark platinum on carbon catalyst. Iron and nickel, which are found in abundance on Earth, would replace precious metals ruthenium, platinum and iridium that up until now are regarded as benchmark catalysts in the water-splitting process.

2019 69

UBC team uses plasma pretreatment to improve water transport in fuel cell electrodes

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Researchers at the University of British Columbia (UBC) have used a plasma pre-treatment to achieve through-plane wettability of carbon layers in a fuel cell electrode. Porous carbon based layers have become standard electrode materials in many energy conversion and storage applications. For example, fully wetted pore structures are desirable for the porous carbon layer used in supercapacitors. The structure of the carbon layer itself remains unchanged.

2018 76

Researchers propose using AC and ventilation systems for decentralized production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

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Researchers at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the University of Toronto have proposed a method enabling air conditioning and ventilation systems to produce synthetic fuels from CO 2 and water from the ambient air. Counterclockwise from top: Powered by renewable electricity, using modified A/C and ventilation systems CO 2 and water can be captured from ambient air. In addition, they expect carbon efficiency—i.e. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuel

2019 83

PNNL team develops carbon nanotube-silicon microspheres as high-performance Li-ion anodes

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To tackle these issues, a team led by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) researchers Ji-Guang (Jason) Zhang and Xiaolin Li has developed a nanostructure that limits silicon’s expansion while fortifying it with carbon. Here we design and synthesize hierarchical carbon-nanotube@silicon@carbon microspheres with both high porosity and extraordinary mechanical strength (>200?MPa) Next, the nanotubes were put into an emulsion of oil and water.

2020 94

ETH Zurich: carbon-neutral fuel made from sunlight and air

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CO 2 and water are extracted directly from ambient air via an adsorption/desorption process. At the heart of the solar reactor is a ceramic structure made of cerium oxide, which enables a two-step reaction—the redox cycle—to split water and CO 2 into syngas. This mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide can then be processed into liquid hydrocarbon fuels through conventional methanol or Fischer–Tropsch synthesis.

2019 85

NR Canada seeking commercialization partner for methane oxidation catalyst

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Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is seeking expressions of interest from firms which wish to enter into a commercial licensing arrangement to bring to market its methane oxidation catalyst. This catalyzes the oxidation of methane to carbon dioxide and water using excess oxygen in the exhaust stream. Companies interested in commercializing the NRCan technology must submit a letter of interest to NRCan on or before 24 January 2020.

2020 60

Roskill: Green magnesium moving to commercial reality; China’s dominance under threat?

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While China remains, for now, the world’s leading magnesium producer, alternative green technology-driven projects elsewhere are attracting attention as the industry in general looks to reduce its carbon footprint, and even China starts to close inefficient capacities, according to Roskill Information Services. The source of magnesium can be from sea water, brine, dolomite, magnesite, and carnallite.

2020 69

Study finds carbon capture & storage could be financial opportunity for conventional ethanol plants

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To better understand the near-term commercial potential for capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide, researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Stanford University have mapped out how CO 2 might be captured from existing US ethanol biorefineries and permanently stored (or sequestered) underground. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Ethanol

2018 78

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. SOLAR-JET ( S olar chemical reactor demonstration and O ptimization for L ong-term A vailability of R enewable JET fuel) uses sunlight in a concentrated solar reactor to convert CO 2 and water to syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and CO), which is then processed in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to aviation kerosene.

2014 91

New photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system doubles efficiency of solar water splitting

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Researchers in Canada have demonstrated a new photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system that can enable efficient, unassisted overall pure water splitting without using any sacrificial reagent. overall water splitting reaction. nm), the energy conversion efficiency and apparent quantum yield reaches ~8.75% and ~20%, respectively—the highest values ever reported for one-step visible-light driven photocatalytic overall pure water splitting.

2018 69

DGIST, PNNL team develops efficient, low-cost anode material for water electrolysis

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Korea’s DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology), with colleagues at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), have developed a low-cost, highly efficient and ultra-durable core-shell nanostructured electrocatalyst that exhibits an improved oxygen evolution activity and stability compared to that of the commercial noble metal electrodes. A commercial Pt/C cathode-assisted, core–shell Co@NC–anode water electrolyzer delivers 10 mA cm ?2 Researchers at S.

2018 60

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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Startup Mattershift says it has achieved a breakthrough in making carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes at large scale. The paper is a characterization study of commercial prototype carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes consisting of sub–1.27-nm-diameter CNTs traversing a large-area nonporous polysulfone film. Water flow through the membranes was 1000 times higher than predicted by Hagen-Poiseuille flow, in agreement with previous CNT membrane studies.

2018 73

UH team develops new, highly efficient and durable OER catalyst for water splitting

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Researchers at the University of Houston have developed a catalyst—composed of easily available, low-cost materials and operating far more efficiently than previous catalyst—that can split water into hydrogen and oxygen. The robust oxygen-evolving electrocatalyst consists of ferrous metaphosphate on self-supported conductive nickel foam that is commercially available in large scale.

2017 69

DOE’s $10M Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium accelerating development of green hydrogen production

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The Energy Department (DOE) recently announced $10 million, subject to appropriations, to support the launch of the HydroGEN Advanced Water Splitting Materials Consortium ( HydroGEN ). This consortium will utilize the expertise and capabilities of the national laboratories to accelerate the development of commercially viable pathways for hydrogen production from renewable energy sources.

2016 78

Study shows a much cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial electrolyzer

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have shown for the first time that a low-cost, non-precious metal cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalyst catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial device. Electrolysis works much like a battery in reverse: Rather than generating electricity, it uses electrical current to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2019 78

UCSC team develops high-performance nanostructured composite catalyst for water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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A low-cost, nanostructured composite material developed by researchers at UC Santa Cruz has shown performance comparable to Pt/C as a catalyst for the electrochemical splitting of water to produce hydrogen. Researchers led by Shaowei Chen, professor of chemistry and biochemistry at UC Santa Cruz, incorporated ruthenium ions into graphitic carbon nitride/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) hybrids to form Ru?C

2018 65

MAHLE developing portfolio of solutions for fuel cell drives in commercial vehicles

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MAHLE is developing a modular fuel cell systems portfolio focused on commercial vehicles, based on its current range of components. New opportunities are opening up for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. When designing commercial vehicles with a fuel cell drive, the high hydrogen storage pressures of around 700 bar are not the only challenge. The water balance of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell significantly affects efficiency and service life. Water separators.

2018 79

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side. A two-sided electrocatalyst developed at Rice University splits water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other. Illustration of the integration of catalytic LIG electrodes as a full water electrolyzer. (a)

2017 60

EDF launches subsidiary Hynamics to produce and to market low-carbon hydrogen

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France-based global energy generator EDF has launched Hynamics , a new subsidiary for the Group that will be responsible for offering effective low-carbon hydrogen for industry and mobility. Unlike this method, Hynamics has opted for water electrolysis to produce its hydrogen, a technology that does not emit very much CO 2 at all, as long as the electricity used itself comes from low-carbon production methods.

2019 78

Single Pt atom catalysts show enhanced catalytic activity for water-splitting; potential to drive down electrolysis cost

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A research team from University of Western Ontario, McMaster University and Beijing Computational Science Research Center has developed an effective synthesis method to produce isolated single platinum (Pt) atoms and clusters for use as catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in water splitting to produce hydrogen. Unfortunately, Pt is expensive and scarce, limiting the commercial potential for such catalysts.

2016 91

SGL Carbon produces prototypes of fully integrated composite battery enclosures for NIO; battery swapping

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In collaboration with SGL Carbon, Chinese automotive manufacturer NIO has developed prototypes for battery enclosures made of carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) for its NIO high performance electric vehicles. Commercial battery enclosures for electric vehicles are mainly made of aluminum and steel. Plus, the composite also offers excellent values in terms of water and gas leakage tightness and corrosion resistance.

2019 75

ARPA-E awarding ~$14.4M to four projects for production of hydrogen and carbon products from methane

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These project teams will pursue methods to create high-value carbon and hydrogen from methane (four projects, $14.4 The methane cohort teams will focus on industrially scalable ways to produce high quality carbon and hydrogen. The team will convert natural gas into carbon nanotubes with concurrent production of hydrogen, spin them into fibers, and evaluate the fiber performance and properties with the target of displacing metals.

2018 78

New robust triple-layer bifunctional catalyst for water splitting with earth-abundant materials

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A new robust and highly active bifunctional catalyst developed by Rice University and the University of Houston splits water into hydrogen and oxygen without the need for expensive metals such as platinum. The work, the team suggests, provides a facile strategy for fabricating highly efficient electrocatalysts from earth-abundant materials for overall water splitting. The lower you can get it, the closer you come to making it as efficient as possible for water splitting.

2017 60

KAIST team develops Rh ensemble catalyst that outperforms commercial diesel oxidation catalyst at low temperatures

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A KAIST research team has developed a fully dispersed Rh ensemble catalyst (ENS) that shows better performance at lower temperatures than commercial diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). Meanwhile, hydrocarbons, such as propylene (C 3 H 6 ) and propane (C 3 H 8 ) are typical automobile exhaust gas pollutants and must be converted to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water (H 2 O) before they are released as exhaust.

2018 69

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Findings by MIT researchers could help advance the commercialization of supercritical water technology for the desulfurization and upgrading of high-sulfur crude oil into high-value, cleaner fuels such as gasoline without using hydrogen—a major change in refining technology that would reduce costs, energy use, and CO 2 emissions. Despite these advantages, HTW technologies have yet to achieve sustained commercial success.

2015 85

CU-Boulder team develops more efficient isothermal solar-thermal water splitting technique for H2 production

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A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a new solar-thermal water-splitting (STWS) system for the efficient production of hydrogen. STWS cycles have long been recognized as a desirable means of generating hydrogen gas (H 2 ) from water and sunlight, the team notes. Splitting water with sunlight is the Holy Grail of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Weimer (2013) Efficient Generation of H2 by Splitting Water with an Isothermal Redox Cycle.

2013 96

Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Researchers from George Washington University and Vanderbilt University have demonstrated the conversion of atmospheric CO 2 into carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as high-performance anodes in both lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. STEP is an efficient solar chemical process, based on a synergy of solar thermal and endothermic electrolyses, designed to convert greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into a useful carbon commodity.

2016 76

DOE awards LanzaTech $4M for low-carbon jet & diesel demo plant; 3M gpy; Audi evaluating fuel properties

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LanzaTech has been selected by the Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) to receive a $4-million award to design and plan a demonstration-scale facility using industrial off gases to produce 3 million gallons/year of low-carbon jet and diesel fuels. The catalyst first removes water from the ethanol (dehydration), leaving behind ethylene. The fuel meets all the specifications required for use in commercial aviation.

2016 69

DOE to award up to $36M for design and testing of advanced carbon capture technologies for coal-fired power generation

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $36 million ( DE-FOA-0001791 ) to continue the development of carbon capture technologies to either the engineering scale or to a commercial design, with an eye to reducing fossil fuel power plant emissions. intended for commercial operation. Engineering design is to cover both the carbon capture process and balance of plant. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Coal Power Generation

2017 60

Air Liquide takes 18.6% stake in Hydrogenics; “strategic investment” in carbon-free hydrogen

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million, reaffirms its long-term commitment to the hydrogen energy markets and its ambition to be a major player in the supply of carbon-free hydrogen, particularly for industry and mobility markets. Air Liquide and Hydrogenics have also entered into a technology and commercial agreement to jointly develop PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) electrolysis technologies for the rapidly growing hydrogen energy markets around the world. Air Liquide has acquired an 18.6%

2019 75