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Rice team demonstrates more efficient photocatalyst for converting ammonia to hydrogen

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Rice University nanoscientists have demonstrated a new catalyst that can convert ammonia into hydrogen fuel at ambient pressure using only light energy, mainly due to a plasmonic effect that makes the catalyst more efficient. Scientists with Rice’s Laboratory for Nanophotonics have shown how a light-driven plasmonic effect allows catalysts of copper and ruthenium to more efficiently break apart ammonia molecules, which each contain one nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms.

2018 96

ARPA-E awarding ~$14.4M to four projects for production of hydrogen and carbon products from methane

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These project teams will pursue methods to create high-value carbon and hydrogen from methane (four projects, $14.4 The methane cohort teams will focus on industrially scalable ways to produce high quality carbon and hydrogen. Converting Hydrocarbons to Recyclable Materials for Metal Replacement with Positive Hydrogen Output, $3,300,000. High Value, Energy Saving Carbon Products and Clean Hydrogen Gas from Methane, $3,479,624.

2018 78

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Waste-to-hydrogen producer Ways2H announces strategic investment by John Molina and Pacific6 Enterprises

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the developer of a gasification-based process that converts waste into clean hydrogen fuel for mobility, microgrids and power generation ( earlier post ), closed an investment from Pacific6 Enterprises, led by founding partner John C. The patented thermochemical process produces clean hydrogen fuel from municipal solid waste, wastewater sludge, plastics and/or other waste materials, without incineration. Gasification Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Market Background

2020 75

HydroWing, Tocardo partner on production of hydrogen from tidal power

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HydroWing, in partnership with Tocardo, introduced the THyPSO (Tidal Hydrogen production, Storage and Offtake), a concept that creates green hydrogen from the sea, contributing to the wider global decarbonization of energy systems. THyPSO has capacity to hold up to two weeks’ worth of hydrogen production in pressurized storage tanks. Roughly 70 million tonnes of hydrogen are already produced annually representing a market worth more than US$121 billion.

2020 112

Project HyTime demonstrates potential for major CO2 savings from hydrogen dual fuel

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More than 14 tonnes of CO 2 was saved in a two-year trial involving just 11 urban trucks and vans running on green hydrogen dual fuel. During the trial period, nearly 60,000 km were covered and 1619 kg of hydrogen used. Engines Fuels Heavy-duty Hydrogen Infrastructure

2020 140

Swedish eMethanol startup launches crowd-funding campaign, developing commercial-scale plant

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Liquid Wind is developing its first commercial-scale eMethanol facility in Sweden and plans to establish 6 facilities by 2030 before expanding internationally. The project is supported by the expertise and technology of Axpo, COWI, Carbon Clean Solutions, Haldor Topsoe, Nel Hydrogen and Siemens. Liquid Wind, in partnership with its consortium of experts, Consortium, will convert waste CO 2 and renewable electricity into eMethanol, a carbon-neutral fuel.

2020 65

SoCalGas, partners developing technology to make carbon fiber during hydrogen production from methane; reducing the cost of H2 and cutting GHG

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SoCalGas) is partnering with a development team to advance a new process that converts natural gas to hydrogen, carbon fiber, and carbon nanotubes. In addition, this technology will virtually eliminate CO 2 emissions from the methane-to-hydrogen process. The technology commercialization team includes SoCalGas, C4, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and West Virginia University (WVU). Emissions Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Materials Natural Gas

2018 94

SoCalGas introduces STARS solar hydrogen generation system at California Air Resources Board Symposium

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SoCalGas) introduced an innovative new solar-powered hydrogen generation system during the California Air Resources Board Technology Expo and Symposium at the University of California, Riverside. The generation system uses sunlight to convert natural gas and water into hydrogen and capture the carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) to prevent carbon emissions. These chemicals trap and use the carbon that would otherwise be emitted. Southern California Gas Co.

2018 75

UW Madison, ExxonMobil researchers convert alcohols to diesel-range ethers and olefins

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Researchers from the University of Wisconsin Madison and ExxonMobil Research and Engineering have devised a two-stage process by which an alcohol such as ethanol or 1-butanol can be converted with high yields into distillate-range ethers and olefins by combining Guerbet coupling (the coupling of two alcohol molecules) and intermolecular dehydration. Olefin oligomerization is assumed to be 80% selective to jet-range olefins, which can be fully hydrogenated to paraffins.

2019 86

Sandia-led team designs feasible hydrogen fuel-cell coastal research vessel; implications for large hydrogen-fueled vessels

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Sandia National Laboratories partnered with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the naval architect firm Glosten and the class society DNV GL to assess the technical, regulatory and economic feasibility of a hydrogen fuel-cell coastal research vessel. The report found feasible a 10-knot vessel with 2400 nautical mile range, able to perform 14 Scripps science missions, that could be refueled with liquid hydrogen at 4 different ports of call along the US west coast.

2018 103

Lightning Systems converting 35-foot diesel buses to battery-electrics in Boulder; cost-effective electrification

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Lightning Systems, a global developer of zero-emission solutions for commercial fleets, is partnering with the City of Boulder and transit provider Via Mobility Services to repower diesel buses with battery-electric systems. This project will be the first step for the City of Boulder and Via in realizing their combined goal of converting the HOP fleet of 35-foot transit buses to all-electric vehicles.

2018 105

Researchers propose using AC and ventilation systems for decentralized production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

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Via electro-, photo- or thermocatalytic processes, synthesis gas is generated which is further converted to hydrocarbon fuels by miniaturized chemical processes such as the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis plus integrated upgrading processes (e.g. According to Professor Dittmeyer, the necessary technologies are essentially available, and the thermal and material integration of the individual process stages is expected to enable a high level of carbon utilization and a high energy efficiency.

2019 83

New catalyst system for converting castor-oil-derived ricinoleic acid methyl ester into jet fuel; up to 90% carbon selectivity

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The major reason for the low overall yield is the necessity of a hydrocracking step for converting the C 18 or C 16 alkane into jet fuel range paraffin (C 9 –C 15 ), the researchers explained. Castor oil is a special lipid with hydroxyl group in its carbon backbone and is currently mainly used as feedstock for nylon-11 production. Methyl 10-undecenoate was converted into branched paraffin with limited carbon loss.

2016 60

Hyundai Motor Company and Cummins to collaborate on hydrogen fuel cell technology

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have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) jointly to evaluate opportunities to develop and commercialize electric and fuel cell powertrains. The initial development will be focused on the North American commercial vehicle market, including working with North American OEMs on the integration of these systems into their vehicles. Fuel cell back-up power generation is attractive for its reduced carbon footprint. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Vehicle Manufacturers

2019 79

European power-to-methane company Electrochaea opens California subsidiary

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Electrochaea GmbH, a European provider of renewable methane technology, has established a California-based US subsidiary, Electrochaea Corporation, to accelerate the commercial roll-out of its technology in North America.

2020 107

MAHLE developing portfolio of solutions for fuel cell drives in commercial vehicles

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MAHLE is developing a modular fuel cell systems portfolio focused on commercial vehicles, based on its current range of components. New opportunities are opening up for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. When designing commercial vehicles with a fuel cell drive, the high hydrogen storage pressures of around 700 bar are not the only challenge. The charging and discharging of batteries results in a loss of efficiency, with some energy being converted to heat.

2018 79

Western Hydrogen produces first hydrogen from Molten Salt Gasification pilot plant

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Western Hydrogen Limited reported first production of hydrogen from its Molten Salt Gasification (MSG) pilot plant in Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta. The MSG process, under license from Idaho National Laboratory, uses a combination of molten sodium salts (sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide) to convert a carbon feedstock and water into hydrogen. Oil sands operators use Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) to produce hydrogen from natural gas.

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 136

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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Startup Mattershift says it has achieved a breakthrough in making carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes at large scale. The paper is a characterization study of commercial prototype carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes consisting of sub–1.27-nm-diameter CNTs traversing a large-area nonporous polysulfone film. Achieving large scale production of carbon nanotube membranes is a breakthrough in the membrane field. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Nanotech Solar fuels

2018 73

UTA researchers demonstrate one-step solar process to convert CO2 and H2O directly into renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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The photothermocatalytic process for the synthesis of hydrocarbons—including liquid alkanes, aromatics, and oxygenates, with carbon numbers (C n ) up to C 13 —ran in a flow photoreactor operating at elevated temperatures (180–200 °C) and pressures (1–6 bar) using a 5% cobalt on TiO 2 catalyst and under UV irradiation. We are the first to use both light and heat to synthesize liquid hydrocarbons in a single stage reactor from carbon dioxide and water.

2016 69

Anellotech Bio-TCat hits commercially-targeted yields during 6 months of continuous operations

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Anellotech ’s Bio-TCat technology has achieved commercially-targeted yields in its TCat-8 pilot unit in Silsbee, Texas during six months of continuous process operations. Cellulosic ethanol or hydrogen can be made from Bio-TCat’s carbon monoxide co-product by using third-party technology. Supplemental carbon monoxide (CO) output provides potential for an additional 3-5% yield by weight of cellulosic ethanol via third-party technologies or production of renewable electricity.

2019 75

Oita team develops new process for producing hydrogen from ammonia without external heat source

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Researchers at Oita University in Japan have developed an innovative process for the production of hydrogen from ammonia without the need for an external heat source to initiate or maintain the reaction. Liquid ammonia (NH 3 ) has been considered as a carrier (storage medium) for hydrogen that could alleviate the challenges of transporting, handling and storing hydrogen for commercial applications. Ammonia Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage

2017 75

KIST team develops membrane reactor system to produce pure H2 from ammonia with high productivity

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This has resulted in a growing demand for a technology that can convert surplus renewable energy into hydrogen and transport the hydrogen to the target destination for utilization. times more hydrogen than liquefied hydrogen under the same volume.

2020 106

New bimetallic copper-titanium hydrogen evolution catalyst outperforms platinum by more than 2x

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The Cu-Ti-Ti hollow site binds hydrogen too strongly. A team from the University of Delaware and Columbia University, with colleagues at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, reports that a new hierarchical nanoporous copper-titanium bimetallic electrocatalyst is able to produce hydrogen from water under a mild overpotential at more than twice the rate of state-of-the-art carbon-supported platinum catalyst. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2015 102

KAIST team develops Rh ensemble catalyst that outperforms commercial diesel oxidation catalyst at low temperatures

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A KAIST research team has developed a fully dispersed Rh ensemble catalyst (ENS) that shows better performance at lower temperatures than commercial diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). Meanwhile, hydrocarbons, such as propylene (C 3 H 6 ) and propane (C 3 H 8 ) are typical automobile exhaust gas pollutants and must be converted to carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water (H 2 O) before they are released as exhaust.

2018 69

University of Wisconsin seeking commercial partners for alkylphenol solvent-based method to convert biomass into furan derivatives for fuels and chemicals

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The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners for a novel, cost-effective method developed by University of Wisconsin, Madison researchers for producing furan derivatives such as hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural, levulinic acid (LA) or γ-valerolactone (GVL) from biomass using alkylphenols as solvents. However, currently it is more expensive to create commercially desirable products from biomass than petroleum feedstocks.

Catalyx Nanotech Begins Converting Landfill Gas to Nanofibers, Hydrogen at a Southern California Landfill

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has started operating a pilot project to convert landfill gas (LFG) to nanofibers and hydrogen at a closed southern California landfill. kg of high value Platelet Graphite Nanofibers and 2,000 liters of hydrogen from a completely renewable resource. The materials are not being produced for commercial sale and will be used for extensive analyses and tests for design of large-scale commercial production plants. Catalyx Nanotech , Inc.,

2009 60

New fast hydrothermal process converts 65% of wet algae feedstock sample to biocrude in one minute

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Phillip Savage at the University of Michigan has found that with appropriate parameters, hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) can convert 65% of wet algae (a Nannochloropsis species) into biocrude in one minute. An hydrothermal process is one that involves water at elevated temperatures and pressures; hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is one of a number of methods for converting biomass conversion to biofuels or biofuel precursors. Biocrude from Nannochloropsis. Credit: Savage Lab.

2012 99

Iogen proposes new method to increase renewable content of transportation fuels; renewable hydrogen from biogas for refinery hydrogenation units

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The production method involves processing biogas to deliver renewable hydrogen and then incorporating the renewable hydrogen into conventional liquid fuels via selected refinery hydrogenation units. The company estimates there is refining capacity in place to incorporate 5-6 billion gallons per year of renewable hydrogen content into gasoline and diesel fuel. The hydrogen can then be fed into refinery hydrogenation or desulfurization processes for fuels.

2014 73

Ways2H partners with Ford, Bacon & Davis to build waste-to-H2 production facilities for clean fuel in US markets

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a global producer of renewable hydrogen from the world’s worst waste streams, and Ford, Bacon & Davis, a leader in energy facility engineering, procurement and construction (EPC), are collaborating to design and to build waste-to-hydrogen facilities in California and other locations in the United States, to produce renewable hydrogen fuel for customers in the mobility and power generation sectors, and to offer alternative disposal options for waste processing and waste disposal companies.

2020 81

Siluria and Wood launch Modus: process technology to convert low-value offgas into high-octane, low-sulfur gasoline blendstock

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Siluria Technologies, developer of a catalytic oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) process to convert natural gas into liquid fuels or petrochemical building blocks ( earlier post ), and Wood, a leader in the delivery of project, engineering and technical services to energy and industrial markets, announced the availability of the Modus process technology for petroleum refiners.

2017 60

Power-to-gas trial to inject hydrogen into Australia’s gas grid; A$5M award to AquaHydrex

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On behalf of the Australian Government, ARENA has provided A$5 million (US$4 million) in funding to Wollongong-based AquaHydrex to develop commercially its new class of electrolyzer to produce cheap hydrogen from splitting water. Power-to-gas involves converting electricity into hydrogen by splitting water, then injecting this into the gas grid, providing long-term energy storage and stabilization of variable output solar and wind power.

2017 60

Texas utility signs first US Power Purchase Agreement for low-emissions electricity from commercial-scale coal-fired power plant with carbon capture

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The agreement marks the first US purchase by a utility of low-carbon power from a commercial-scale, coal-based power plant utilizing carbon capture. The 400-MW TCEP plant is an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) poly-generation facility capable of capturing 90% of the carbon dioxide it produces, as well as 99% of sulfur dioxide, 90% of nitrogen oxide, and 99% of mercury.

2012 80

Nissan developing electric vehicles powered by ethanol-fueled solid oxide fuel cells; commercialization in 2020

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announced that it is currently researching and developing a Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell (SOFC)-powered system using bio-ethanol as the on-board hydrogen source. The new e-Bio Fuel Cell system—a world-first for automotive use—features an an SOFC stack and an on-board reformer to convert 100% ethanol or ethanol-blended water (55% water, 45% ethanol) to hydrogen. Nissan said it planned commercialization for the technology in 2020. Ethanol Fuel Cells Hydrogen

2016 60

Stanford team devises new bio-inspired strategy for using CO2 to produce multi-carbon compounds such as plastics and fuels

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Researchers at Stanford University have devised a new strategy for using CO 2 in the synthesis of multi-carbon compounds. They first have applied their technology to the production of a plastic—a promising alternative to polyethylene terephthalate (PET) called polyethylene furandicarboxylate (PEF)—but are now working to apply the new chemistry to the production of renewable fuels and other compounds from hydrogen and CO 2.

2016 60

thyssenkrupp produces ammonia from steel mill gases; Carbon2Chem

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For the first time thyssenkrupp has produced ammonia from steel mill gases, marking the first time in the world that steel mill gases, including the CO 2 they contain, have been converted into ammonia. Our Carbon2Chem concept has shown that it is possible to use steel mill gases for the production of various chemicals and thus achieve a circular carbon economy. Steel mill gas comprises 44% nitrogen, 23% carbon monoxide, 21% carbon dioxide, 10% hydrogen and 2% methane.

2019 118

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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The solicitation was designed as a call for early-stage clean energy innovations that fall within five defined technology areas: energy efficiency; energy storage; AI/machine learning; advanced power electronics/power conditioning; and zero- and negative-carbon emission generation. Their goal is to test an innovative electrolyzer concept for the cheap production of green (CO 2 -free) hydrogen for a decarbonized future.

2020 87

DOE to issue $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technology; Class 1-2 fuel cell plug-in hybrids

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In particular, the R&D areas of interest for this FOA will include hydrogen production via microbial biomass conversion; low PGM (Platinum Group Metal) catalyst development for PEM fuel cell applications; development of an integrated intelligent hydrogen dispenser; and fuel cell and hydrogen manufacturing R&D focusing on hydrogen delivery pipeline manufacturing R&D. Hydrogen Production R&D: Microbial Biomass Conversion.

2015 80

SOLETAIR project produces first 200 liters of synthetic fuel from solar power and atmospheric CO2

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The SOLETAIR project ( earlier post ) has produced its first 200 liters of synthetic fuel from solar energy and the air’s carbon dioxide via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The mobile chemical pilot plant produces gasoline, diesel, and kerosene from regenerative hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The “Direct Air Capture” Unit developed by the Technical Research Center of Finland (VTT) captures carbon dioxide from air.

2017 123

Ceramic pump moves molten metal at a record 1,400 ?C; new avenues for energy storage and hydrogen production

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The new pump could facilitate high efficiency, low-cost thermal storage, providing a new way to store renewable energy generated by wind and solar power, and facilitate an improved process for generating hydrogen directly from fuels such as methane without producing carbon dioxide. Thermal energy is of greatest value—that is, has the highest available work or ‘exergy’—when it can be transported, stored and converted at the highest possible temperatures.

2017 65

Novel catalyst technology helps convert diesel to syngas for use in SOFCs

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Unfortunately, no economically feasible reforming catalyst is available for converting diesel and coal-based fuels into hydrogen-rich synthesis gas necessary for use in SOFCs. Together these inventions help overcome the limitations of current catalysts by efficiently reforming diesel fuel while maintaining thermal stability and resistance to sulfur, aromatics, and carbon formation.

2011 73

ZeaChem begins production of cellulosic chemicals and ethanol, advances toward commercialization

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Zeachem’s C 2 platform uses an acetogenic organism to ferment sugars to acetic acid, which is converted to ethanol. has produced commercial-grade cellulosic chemicals and ethanol at its 250,000 gallons per year (GPY) demonstration biorefinery in Boardman, Ore. The demonstration facility is intended to showcase the scalability of ZeaChem’s biorefining process and serve as a stepping-stone toward large-scale commercial production.

2013 83

Wisconsin Researchers Devise Process to Convert Biomass Intermediate Product into Drop-in Transportation Fuels Without Use of External Hydrogen or Precious Metal Catalysts

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin, led by Dr. James Dumesic, have developed a process to convert aqueous solutions of ?-valerolactone valerolactone (GVL), an intermediate produced from biomass-derived carbohydrates, to liquid alkenes in the molecular weight range appropriate for drop-in replacement transportation fuels by using an integrated catalytic system that does not require an external source of hydrogen or precious metal catalysts.