TMRC consortium awarded second phase of DOE contract targeting production of mixed rare earth oxides from PA coal waste

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TMRC), an exploration company targeting the heavy rare earths and a variety of other high-value critical elements and industrial minerals, announced that the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technical Laboratory (NETL) has selected a TMRC-led consortium to continue a contract targeting the production of rare earths from Pennsylvania coal waste. TMRC’s project partners include Penn State, Jeddo Coal Company and McCarl’s. Texas Mineral Resources Corp.

Coal 161

DOE Coal FIRST Initiative invests $80M in net-zero carbon electricity and hydrogen plants

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has selected four projects for cost-shared research and development under the funding opportunity announcement (FOA), DE-FOA-0002180, Design Development and System Integration Design Studies for Coal FIRST Concepts. DOE’s early stage research for the Coal FIRST Initiative supports the development of electricity and hydrogen energy plants that have net-zero carbon emissions.

2020 170

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Extracting rare earth elements from coal with plasma assist

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The US National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is collaborating with the University of Kentucky and their subcontractor Virginia Tech to demonstrate a novel process for the extraction of REEs from coal using plasma. Coal Electric (Battery) Manufacturing Market Background Materials

2020 361

New catalyst opens door to CO2 capture in coal-to-liquids process

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World energy consumption projections expect coal to stay one of the world’s main energy sources in the coming decades, and a growing share of it will be used in CT—the conversion of coal to liquid fuels (CTL). The conversion of coal to liquid fuels is especially relevant in coal-rich countries that have to import oil for their supply of liquid fuels—such as China. By 2020, CTL is expected to account for 15% of the coal use in China.

2018 212

DOE to award up to $36M for design and testing of advanced carbon capture technologies for coal-fired power generation

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $36 million ( DE-FOA-0001791 ) to continue the development of carbon capture technologies to either the engineering scale or to a commercial design, with an eye to reducing fossil fuel power plant emissions. Testing will need to be under realistic conditions using actual (not synthetic) coal-fueled generating or similar flue gas. Engineering design is to cover both the carbon capture process and balance of plant.

2017 150

SGH2 building largest green hydrogen production facility in California; gasification of waste into H2

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The plant will feature SGH2’s technology, which will gasify recycled mixed paper waste to produce green hydrogen that reduces carbon emissions by two to three times more than green hydrogen produced using electrolysis and renewable energy, and is five to seven times cheaper.

2020 358

Haldor Topsoe and Aker Carbon Capture to cooperate on low-carbon hydrogen solutions

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Aker Carbon Capture and Haldor Topsoe have signed a memorandum of understanding with the intention to offer a complete solution for low-carbon hydrogen production. The solution combines Haldor Topsoe’s proven hydrogen process and Aker Carbon Capture’s post-combustion carbon capture technology to achieve low-emission and cost-effective production of ‘blue’ hydrogen. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2020 170

ArcelorMittal launches XCarb; commitment to producing carbon-neutral steel

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XCarb will ultimately bring together all of ArcelorMittal’s reduced, low and zero-carbon products and steelmaking activities, as well as wider initiatives and green innovation projects, into a single effort focused on achieving demonstrable progress towards carbon-neutral steel. Across ArcelorMittal Europe - Flat Products operations, the company is investing in a broad range of initiatives to reduce carbon emissions from the blast furnace.

Carbon 179

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. Enabling Production of Low Carbon Emissions Steel Through CO 2 Capture from Blast Furnace Gases.

2020 203

Kyoto team develops two-stage process for direct liquefaction of low-rank coal and biomass under mild conditions

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Researchers at Kyoto University in Japan have proposed a novel two-stage process to convert low-rank coals or biomass wastes under mild conditions to high-quality liquid fuel. One of the issues hampering the development of direct liquefaction of low-grade carbonaceous resources—such as low-rank coals and biomass wastes—to produce liquid fuel is their oxygen content. The carbon basis soluble yields were 19.4−31.2% for low-rank coals and were as high as 36.7−71.7%

2015 192

Algae.Tec signs carbon capture biofuels deal with Australia’s largest coal-fired power company

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Algae.Tec has signed a deal with Australia’s largest power company to site an algae carbon capture and biofuels production facility alongside a 2640MW coal-fired power station near Sydney. million tonnes of coal per year and delivers power to eastern Australia, from South Australia to Northern Queensland. The algae will feed on waste carbon dioxide emitted by the power station and the resulting algal oil is converted to biodiesel and hydrogenated to jet fuel.

2013 179

W2C Rotterdam welcomes Shell as partner in waste-to-chemicals project

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Shell will join a consortium comprising Air Liquide, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals), Enerkem and the Port of Rotterdam in an effort to build Europe’s first advanced waste-to-chemicals facility in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Shell will become an equal equity partner in the proposed commercial-scale waste-to-chemicals ( W2C ) project, which will be the first of its kind in Europe to make valuable chemicals and bio-fuels out of non-recyclable waste materials.

2019 170

DOE to award $160M to improve fossil-based hydrogen production, transport, storage, and utilization

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The funding, for cost-shared cooperative agreements, is aimed to develop technologies for the production, transport, storage, and utilization of fossil-based hydrogen, with progress towards net-zero carbon emissions. Program areas include: Net-Zero or Negative Carbon Hydrogen Production from Modular Gasification and Co-Gasification of Mixed Wastes, Biomass, and Traditional Feedstocks. Carbon Capture.

DOE selects 10 projects to enhance research into recovery of rare earth elements from coal and coal byproducts

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected 10 projects to receive funding for research in support of the lab’s program on Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts. The selected research projects will further program goals by focusing on the development of cost-effective and environmentally benign approaches for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from domestic coal and coal byproducts.

2015 150

It’s Time To Go To The Mattresses

Creative Greenius

So let me get this straight - while those of us who are trying to lead greener lives, have been cutting our carbon footprints and working with our cities, states and the rest of the USA to help them do likewise, Killer Coal has been playing us for chumps and wiping out all our efforts every single second of every day. The Killer Coal Family is waging war against the rest of our families - and those gangsters will not stop until we take them down. Coal-POW!

2009 183

Canada Nickel launches subsidiary to develop zero-carbon production of nickel, cobalt and iron

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has created a wholly-owned subsidiary, NetZero Metals, to begin the research and development of a processing facility that would be located in the Timmins, Ontario region with the goal of utilizing existing technologies to produce zero-carbon nickel, cobalt and iron products. The Company has applied for trademarks for the terms NetZero Nickel, NetZero Cobalt, and NetZero Iron in the US, Canada, and other jurisdictions related to zero-carbon production of nickel, cobalt, and iron products.

2020 195

LanzaTech in Coal to Ethanol Project in China; New Bio Energy Research Center

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MEK, Butadiene) from industrial waste gases, has signed a memorandum of understanding with one of the largest coal producers in China, Henan Coal and Chemical Industrial Corporation, to build a demonstration plant to produce ethanol and chemicals via LanzaTech’s fermentation process using syngas resulting from the gasification of coal. LanzaTech says that its microbe is able to use gas feeds containing mainly carbon monoxide and little to no hydrogen.

2010 185

Steelmaker ArcelorMittal Europe targets 30% cut in carbon emissions by 30% by 2030

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The target for ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products is in line with an ambition announced in May to be carbon neutral in Europe by 2050. Once completed, it will capture ~15% of available waste gases and convert those into 80 million liters of ethanol annually.

2019 195

Sasol, GE develop new anaerobic microbial technology for cleaning of Fischer-Tropsch waste water; boosting gas-to-liquids (GTL) value proposition

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Sasol and General Electric (GE: NYSE)’s GE Power & Water have together developed new technology that will clean waste water from Fischer-Tropsch plants used to produce synthetic fuels and chemicals, while also providing biogas as a by-product for power generation. Sasol currently uses aerobic microbes to treat GTL and coal-to-liquids (CTL) effluents in ORYX GTL, Qatar and Synfuels, Secunda facilities. Biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) Biotech Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gas-to-Liquids (GTL

2013 185

DOE selects 8 new advanced coal projects for funding by University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected eight new projects to further advanced coal research under the University Coal Research Program. The selected projects are intended to improve coal conversion and use and will help propel technologies for future advanced coal power systems. The selections mark the 32 nd round of the Department’s longest-running coal research program.

2011 185

EU TyGRE project investigating production of silicon carbide and fuels from waste tires

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Europe’s tire waste production is 3 million tonnes per year; currently 65% to 70% of used tires end up in landfills. Tires have a better heating value than biomass or coal, and they contain a high content of volatile gasses. The gasification/pyrolysis treatment of waste tires—apart from yielding a hydrogen-rich syngas—produces a high carbon-rich char fraction, which has been tested in the past as a semi-reinforcing filler for new tires or as an active carbon.

2013 204

DOE to award $37M to four projects for carbon capture from coal power plants; targeting 90% removal with 35% max increase in electricity cost

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) has selected four projects aimed at reducing the energy and cost penalties of advanced carbon capture systems applied to power plants for further development. Existing carbon capture systems currently require large amounts of energy for their operation, resulting in decreased efficiency and reduced net power output when compared to plants without carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technology.

2011 179

$4M ARPA-E award to Lanzatech to improve design of bioreactors for waste-gas-to-fuels fermentation technology

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LanzaTech, a producer of low-carbon fuels and chemicals from waste gases, was awarded a $4-million grant by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) as one of the 15 REMOTE projects ( earlier post ) receiving a combined $34 million to find advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation. Methane has a global warming potential 21 times as high as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

2013 191

Obama Announces Steps to Boost Biofuels, Clean Coal; RFS2, BCAP, BIWG and Carbon Capture and Storage Task Force

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In addition, President Obama issued a Presidential Memorandum creating an Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage to develop a comprehensive and coordinated federal strategy to speed the development and deployment of advanced lower-emission coal technologies. It’s been said that the United States is the Saudi Arabia of coal—and that’s because, as I said, it’s one of our most abundant energy resources. Presidential Memorandum on Carbon Capture and Storage.

2010 191

New inventory of black carbon emissions from China finds 2007 levels higher than previously reported

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A new black carbon (BC) emissions inventory from China found BC emissions levels in 2007 of 1,957 Gg BC—higher than reported in earlier studies. Black carbon is released into the atmosphere via incomplete combustion of carbonaceous fuel and is of major concern because of the impact on climate systems. As a result, the use of coal from small local mines is included in the provincial statistics, but not in the national statistics. Black carbon China Emissions

2007 229

I’ve Done The Math – Now I’m Doing Something About It

Creative Greenius

Bill McKibben’s “Do The Math” article in 2012′s Rolling Stone magazine taught us that we cannot burn any more than 565 gigatons of carbon if we want to stay at 2° or lower. But our friends in the oil, coal and gas industry have 5,795 gigatons of carbon on the books. We need to stop burning carbon completely and a perfect place to start that locally is a power plant that’s slated to be closed, torn down and rebuilt.

2013 289

JetBlue to go carbon neutral on all domestic flights by offsetting emissions starting in 2020; flying with SAF from SFO

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JetBlue will offset carbon dioxide emissions from jet fuel for all domestic JetBlue flights beginning in July 2020, making it the first major US airline to take this measurable step toward reducing its contribution to global warming. JetBlue first began offsetting carbon dioxide emissions with programs to balance customer flying during specific times of year. JetBlue’s new carbon offsetting partners now also include established experts in the space: EcoAct and South Pole.

2020 150

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CERT) at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a steam hydrogasification process they developed to convert waste into fuels. The CEC grant will allow for the completion of a process demonstration unit at CERT that will provide data needed before a proposed pilot plant is built at the city of Riverside’s waste water treatment facility.

2011 185

DOE awards $19M to 13 initiatives in fossil-fuel areas to produce rare earth elements and critical minerals

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Appalachian Basin — North (Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia): Pennsylvania State University aims to assess and catalog Northern Appalachian Basin rare earth elements and critical minerals resources and waste streams, develop strategies to recover minerals from these streams, and assess the infrastructure, industries and businesses in the Northern Appalachian Basin to determine supply chain gaps.

Alliance Formed to Commercialize Solar Reforming Technologies to Convert Waste CO2 into Synthetic Fuel

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An alliance of industry, academic and government organizations has formed to commercialize technologies that will utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels. The alliance team members believe that the best way to accomplish CO 2 reduction goals is to commercialize platforms that will utilize CO 2 as a carbon feedstock for the production of valuable products, such as diesel fuel.”. —Dr.

2010 224

Report finds says “negative emissions technologies” need to play a large role in mitigating climate change

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To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, “negative emissions technologies” (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change, according to a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Most climate mitigation efforts are intended to decrease the rate at which people add carbon from fossil fuel reservoirs to the atmosphere.

2018 225

Synthesis Energy Systems enters agreement to study feasibility of using gasification technology to produce green chemicals from waste in the US

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The plants being contemplated are expected to have an attractive environmental footprint as they would process these waste streams with a low emissions profile. In addition, these plants have the potential to include nearly complete carbon capture capability. We believe that our technology offers the ability to cleanly use these waste and landfill materials in an environmentally responsible way to produce a variety of high value products. Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc.

2013 196

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C Black carbon, a product of burning fossil fuels or biomass such as wood or dung, can worsen a number of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. All 14 would curb the release of either black carbon or methane.

2012 218

SUTD team proposes low-temperature thermionic converter with graphene cathode; about 45% efficiency

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If realized, an efficient, low-temperature TIC could provide a supplementary or an alternative approach to thermoelectric devices for waste heat recovery using low grade waste heat—i.e, Although the majority of the work with TICs was then related to space exploration, the focus of that report was the use of TICs with coal combustion. Graphene Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2015 286

AHEAD proposing carbon-free ammonia fuel strategy to bring electricity rapidly to developing countries

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As a “waste” byproduct of petroleum production, associated gas has conventionally been released to the atmosphere or flared. Coal and water could be used as input where natural gas is not available. The three elements of the plan are: Co-produce electricity, ammonia, hydrogen and CO 2 using the associated gas (or gasified coal and water in the absence of gas).

2012 207

GM reduced energy intensity and carbon intensity per vehicle in 2013

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The carbon intensity (CI) per vehicle dropped to 0.87 CI includes all manufacturing and non-manufacturing CO 2 e emissions reported in the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) Scope 1 & 2 categories ( earlier post ), normalized by vehicle production. Carbon intensity per vehicle. The 3 MW installation will cut carbon emissions by 2,400 metric tons annually. This agreement also eliminates the use of coal, saves money and reduces GHG emissions by 57,000 metric tons.

2014 229

DOE Makes First Awards from $1.4B for Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Projects

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billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for the capture carbon dioxide from industrial sources for storage or beneficial use. Projects selected include large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage projects that capture carbon dioxide emissions from industrial sources—such as cement plants, chemical plants, refineries, paper mills, and manufacturing facilities—and store the carbon dioxide in deep saline formations and other geologic systems.

2009 185

Construction begins on DOE-sponsored carbon-capture project at Kentucky Power Plant

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Construction began on an innovative $19.5-million carbon-capture pilot, funded in part by the US Department of Energy (DOE), at Kentucky Utilities’ E.W. The 2 megawatt thermal system will be the first megawatt-scale carbon-capture pilot unit in the Commonwealth. The project is part of DOE’s Carbon Capture Program, which is developing technologies for both pre- and post-combustion carbon capture.

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

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ARPA-E’s first solicitation awarded $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. The second round was focused specifically on three areas of technology representing new approaches for advanced microbial biofuels (electrofuels); much higher capacity and less expensive batteries for electric vehicles; and carbon capture.

2010 212

The Greenius Misplaces His Mojo… Momentarily

Creative Greenius

I’d say “No More Mr. Nice Guy,&# but hell I’m such an inherently nice guy at heart that no one would believe that… well, except maybe the gasholes who I’ll be metaphorically skewering like a razor sharp steel spike through a marinated lamb shish-kabob over burning hot coals. It would be a shameful waste of the vast comedic possibilities to fail to mine this rich vein of valuable endorphins.

2011 203

Perspective: The UN Approval Process for Carbon Offsets

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Since 2005, when major greenhouse-gas emitters among the Kyoto signatories were issued caps on their emissions and permitted to buy credits to meet those caps, there has been more than $300 billion worth of carbon transactions. According to the market-analysis firm Point Carbon, if a cap-and-trade system is instituted in the United States, the demand for carbon credits could explode into a $2 to $3 trillion market. The approval process for carbon offsets has two goals.

2010 216

ARPA-E Soliciting Second Round of Proposals; $100 Million for Advanced Energy Research Projects, with Focus on CO2-to-Liquid Fuels, Plug-in Batteries and Carbon Capture

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ARPA-E’s first solicitation, announced earlier this year, was highly competitive and resulted in awarding $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. The second round is focused specifically on three areas of technology representing new approaches for advanced microbial biofuels, carbon capture, and batteries for electric vehicles.

2009 179

RAND study concludes use of alternative fuels by US military would convey no direct military benefit; recommends energy efficiency instead

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If the US military increases its use of alternative jet and naval fuels that can be produced from coal or various renewable resources, including seed oils, waste oils and algae, there will be no direct benefit to the nation’s armed forces, according to a new RAND Corporation study. For coal-derived FT fuels , carbon dioxide emissions at the FT fuel production facility must be captured and sequestered.

2011 210