Study: 25% EV adoption would save US $17B annually from avoided climate change & pollution damages

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers from Northwestern University projects that if electric vehicles replaced 25% of combustion engine cars currently on the road, the United States would save approximately $17 billion annually by avoiding damages from climate change and air pollution. Vehicle electrification in the United States could prevent hundreds to thousands of premature deaths annually while reducing carbon emissions by hundreds of millions of tons.

U of Toronto study finds US electrification of LDV fleet not a silver bullet for tackling climate change in vehicle sector

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GtCO 2 (28% of the projected 2015–2050 light-duty vehicle fleet emissions). 2015–2050 US light-duty fleet cumulative CO 2 emissions versus CO 2 budget under prospective future developments. The paper is published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Chang.

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ACEA study finds 100-fold increase in zero-emission trucks needed in EU fleet in 10 years to meet goals

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This includes establishing CO 2 -based road charges, energy taxation based on the carbon and energy content of fuels, a sound CO 2 emissions pricing system and, most importantly, a dense network of charging and refueling infrastructure suitable for trucks. the EU fleet, with only 0.6%

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FedEx commits to carbon-neutral operations by 2040

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home of the world’s largest cargo airline, has set a goal to achieve carbon–neutral operations globally by 2040. To help reach this goal, FedEx is designating more than $2 billion of initial investment in three key areas: vehicle electrification; sustainable energy; and carbon sequestration. Key steps toward reaching the carbon neutral goal include: Vehicle Electrification. million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions. Natural Carbon Sequestration.

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California ARB releases final version of proposed update to Climate Change Scoping Plan; LEV IV

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the final version of the proposed First Update to the Climate Change Scoping Plan (First Update). Continuing progress on light-duty vehicles beyond the scope of the Advanced Clean Cars program with a LEV IV standard targeted at achieving additional GHG emission reductions of about five percent per year beyond 2025 would reduce new vehicle emission standards to about 125 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per mile (gCO 2 e/mi) in 2030 and to below 100 gCO 2 e/mi by 2035.

Study suggests current levels of methane leakage would result in numerous decades of more rapid climate change from a shift to natural gas vehicles

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However, natural gas vehicles could produce climate benefits on all time frames if the well-to-wheels CH 4 leakage were capped at a level 45–70% below current estimates, the authors suggest. Recent reports in the scientific literature and popular press have produced confusion about the climate implications of natural gas. On the one hand, a shift to natural gas is promoted as climate mitigation because it has lower carbon per unit energy than coal or oil.

A.P. Moller - Maersk to launch methanol-fueled feeder in 2023; all future newbuilds to support carbon-neutral fuels

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Moller - Maersk is accelerating its efforts to decarbonize marine operations with the launch of the first carbon-neutral feeder vessel in 2023—seven years ahead of the initial 2030 ambition. All future Maersk owned newbuildings will have dual fuel technology installed, enabling either carbon-neutral operations or operation on standard very low sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO). Our ambition to have a carbon-neutral fleet by 2050 was a moonshot when we announced in 2018.

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Walmart to electrify fleet by 2040

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We face a growing crisis of climate change and nature loss and we all need to take action with urgency. For 15 years, we have been partnering to do the work and continually raising our sustainability ambitions across climate action, nature, waste and people.

2020 259

Porsche launches carbon offsetting program for US drivers

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PCNA) has launched Porsche Impact , an online tool that links individual CO 2 emissions to specific climate projects. The program is available to US customers after PCNA earlier this year enrolled its own Porsche Experience Center cars and its Porsche Passport subscription fleet. Customers can then follow a quick link to make financial contributions to environmental projects designed to offset their individual carbon footprint. Behavior Climate Change Emissions

2019 170

Barbados receiving 35 BYD electric buses; first electric bus fleet for public transport in the Caribbean

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BYD delivered the first electric bus fleet for public transport in the Caribbean, opening up an exciting new chapter in the region’s efforts to tackle climate change.

Study finds fleet switch from PFI to GDI engines will result in net reduction in global warming

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A new study quantifying emissions from a fleet of gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines and port fuel injection (PFI) engines finds that the measured decrease in CO 2 emissions from GDIs is much greater than the potential climate forcing associated with higher black carbon emissions from GDI engines. Widespread adoption of new engine technologies raises concerns about changes in emissions and their effects on air quality and the climate.

2017 184

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. In late April 2015, Geely Auto deployed a first-of-its-kind fleet of 150 methanol-fueled taxis in the southern Chinese city of Guiyang in cooperation with the municipal government.

2015 210

Daimler targeting carbon-neutral new passenger car fleet by 2039; PHEVs and EVs > 50% of sales by 2030

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Daimler AG aims to have a carbon-neutral new passenger car fleet by 2039, said Ola Källenius, the future Chairman of the Board of Management of Daimler AG, and currently still responsible for Group Research & Mercedes-Benz Cars Development as a member of the Board of Management. Mercedes-Benz is also striving to achieve carbon-neutral production, starting with Factory 56 in Sindelfingen. A holistic view on carbon cutting also includes the recycling of raw materials.

2019 201

Singapore introducing stiff new feebate scheme for low carbon cars

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Singapore will implement a new Carbon Emissions-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEV) on 1 January 2012, providing rebates to qualified new cars, taxis, and imported used cars with low carbon emissions, and imposing an equivalent surcharge on higher emitting vehicles. Cars with carbon emissions equal to or more than 211g CO 2 /km will incur a corresponding registration surcharge of between $5,000 and $20,000. Climate Change Fuel Efficiency Other Asia Policy

Next 10 report finds California must increase GHG reductions to 4.9%/year through 2030 to meet target

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California’s progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions has temporarily reversed, with pollution upticks signaling an increasingly difficult path ahead in achieving the state’s 2030 and 2050 climate targets, according to the 12 th annual California Green Innovation Index —released by the nonpartisan nonprofit Next 10 and prepared by Beacon Economics. This year’s Index highlights just how much things need to change.

2020 183

Maersk sets net zero CO2 emission target by 2050

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Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping company, has set a goal to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. To achieve this goal, carbon neutral vessels must be commercially viable by 2030, and an acceleration in new innovations and adaption of new technology is required. The only possible way to achieve the so-much-needed decarbonization in our industry is by fully transforming to new carbon neutral fuels and supply chains. Climate Change Emissions Ports and Marine

2018 236

Study: even with high LDV electrification, low-carbon biofuels will be necessary to meet 80% GHG reduction target; “daunting” policy implications

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A study by researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a Michigan State University colleague has concluded that even with a relatively high rate of electrification of the US light-duty fleet (40% of vehicle miles traveled and 26% by fuel), an 80% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2050 relative to 1990 can only be achieved with significant quantities of low-carbon liquid fuel. The reference case scenarios assume no change to GHG intensity from current levels.

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California 2017 GHG inventory shows 1.2% total drop from 2016; transportation sector emissions up 1%

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while the carbon intensity of its economy declined by 4.5%. Changes in emissions by Scoping Plan sector between 2000 and 2017. Regulations, improved fuel efficiency of the state’s vehicle fleet, and higher market penetration of zero-emission vehicles drive down emissions over time; but population growth, lower fuel prices, more consumer and economic activity, and higher overall employment are factors that increase fuel use. Climate Change Emissions

2019 201

Clean Energy and Total to create JV to develop carbon-negative RNG and infrastructure in US; $50M from bp

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will create a 50/50 joint venture to develop carbon-negative renewable natural gas (RNG) production facilities in the United States, as well as credit support to build additional downstream RNG fueling infrastructure. The companies have already partnered to expand the use of RNG in the heavy-duty truck market with its Zero Now program, which allows fleets to purchase natural gas trucks for the same price as diesel trucks. Clean Energy Fuels Corp.

2020 210

EIA projects US energy-related CO2 emissions to remain near current level through 2050; increased natural gas consumption

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Carbon dioxide emissions from S energy consumption will remain near current levels through 2050, according to projections in EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2019. USenergy-related carbon dioxide emissions and fossil fuel energy consumption. In the transportation sector, consumption and emissions trends in the past have been driven by changes in travel demand, fuel prices, and fuel economy regulations. US energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in AEO2019 Reference Case.

2019 194

UK auto industry warns anti-diesel agenda and slow uptake of EVs could mean missing 2021 CO2 targets; rising CO2 average in 2017

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The UK automotive industry warned that the current anti-diesel agenda combined with the ongoing slow take-up of electric vehicles could mean industry misses its next round of CO 2 targets in 2021, with negative consequences for the UK’s own climate change goals. The SMMT New Car CO 2 Report 2018: Driving the transition to a low carbon future showed that carbon tailpipe emissions rose last year for the first time in two decades by 0.8%

2018 190

CliMA consortium seeks to build more precise climate model from ground up

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A consortium of researchers led by Caltech, in partnership with MIT; the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS); and JPL, which Caltech manages for NASA, seeks to build a new type of climate model that is designed to provide more precise and actionable predictions. The goal is a climate model that projects future changes in critical variables such as cloud cover, rainfall, and sea ice extent more accurately, with uncertainties at least two times smaller than existing models.

2018 192

ExxonMobil expands participation in MIT Energy Initiative’s low-carbon research; Mobility of Future study

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ExxonMobil said extended its support of the MIT Energy Initiative’s (MITEI) low-carbon energy research and education mission by renewing its status as a founding member for another five years. With its renewed membership, ExxonMobil will expand its participation in MITEI’s Low-Carbon Energy Centers. The company will: Extend its membership in MITEI’s Center for Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage. Join MITEI’s Mobility Systems Center, its newest Low-Carbon Energy Center.

2019 150

Lung Association report highlights health and climate costs of petroleum-based transportation and the benefits of shifting to ZEVs

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A new report produced by the American Lung Association concludes that over-reliance on petroleum-based fuels for transportation costs the 10 ZEV states in the US (California and nine other states that have adopted the California Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program) an estimated $37 billion in health expenses and climate costs every year—with California costs alone hitting $15 billion. in hidden health and climate costs. Climate benefits include $5.5

2016 210

France launches new climate plan; Euro 7 lead; targeting ending the sale of vehicles emitting GHGs by 2040

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Nicolas Hulot, France’s new minister responsible for environment and energy, presented the country’s new climate plan at a press conference at the Ministry. This measure will be part of a bonus-malus system to reduce the emissions of the French car fleet and to promote the acquisition of EVs. Climate Change Electric (Battery) Emissions Engines Europe Oil Policy

2017 174

ICCT: IMO committee agrees to establish first climate framework for international shipping

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This strategy, which represents the first global climate framework for shipping, includes quantitative GHG reduction targets through 2050 and a list of candidate short-, mid-, and long-term policy measures to help achieve these targets. of the world’s remaining carbon budget under the Paris Agreement, up from 2.3% Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Ports and Marine Regulations

2018 163

Cambridge study of near-term alternative London bus technologies finds lean-burn CNG most costly with greater climate impact than diesel

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Annual GHG emissions relative to BASE Scenario (BASE Scenario = 949 kt CO 2 e on a 100-year GWP basis) for differing London bus fleet technology options. The study considered emissions of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), CO, NO x , PM 2.5 , sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), and ammonia (NH 3 ), as well as the lifecycle climate impact of CO 2 and non-CO 2 greenhouse gases (GHG) on a CO 2 -equivalent basis. Fuel consumption changes impacted SO x emissions and resulted in a 14% reduction.

2014 191

DHL to use biofuel to neutralize carbon emissions of all ‘less-than-container’ load shipments in ocean freight globally

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DHL Global Forwarding, the air and ocean freight specialist of Deutsche Post DHL Group, says it will be neutralizing the carbon emissions of all less-than-container load (LCL) ocean freight shipments from 1 January 2021. To fight against climate change, the transport sector needs true decarbonization. For us at DHL Global Forwarding, sustainable fuel solutions are the key lever to change the fuel mix and ultimately reduce carbon emissions in ocean freight.

2020 184

World Bank to focus on reducing short-lived climate pollutants; transport projects

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A new report prepared by the World Bank at the request of the G8 identifies ways that the World Bank can do more through its projects to reduce the emission of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs): black carbon, methane, tropospheric ozone, and fluorinated gases known as HFCs. It could also have a direct impact on climate change, with the potential to reduce the warming expected by 2050 by up to 0.5 Black carbon Climate Change Emissions

2013 185

Study Finds Availability of Low-CO2 Electricity and Hydrogen May Paradoxically Delay Large-Scale Transition to Electric and/or Hydrogen Vehicle Fleet

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Left, global light-duty fleet in the electric-favoring case; right, the hydrogen-favoring case. In both electric- and hydrogen-favoring cases, availability of low-carbon electricity and hydrogen prolonged the use of petroleum-fueled ICE vehicles. For example, the study found that the availability of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology has a major impact on the lowest cost passenger vehicle fuel and technology choice.

2010 204

Study suggests operational optimization can maximize the health and climate benefits of public transit investments in new bus technologies

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A study by a team from the University of British Columbia and Metro Vancouver suggests that optimized operational control strategies for transit bus fleets ultimately offer transit agencies a way to maximize the benefits of their capital investments in new, cleaner technologies. First, they have typically analyzed public health and climate impacts independently and not explicitly considered how control strategies targeting one impact may affect another. minimizing climate impacts).

2013 196

US EIA Reports Record-setting 7% Overall Decline in US Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2009; Transport Emissions Down 4.1%, Lowest Percentage Reduction of the End-UseSectors

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In 2009, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in the United States saw their largest absolute and percentage annual decline (405 million metric tons or 7.0%) since the start of US Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) comprehensive record of annual energy data that begins in 1949. and the carbon intensity of the energy supply (carbon dioxide per unit of energy consumed) declined by 2.3%. Carbon intensity changes in the electric power and industrial end use sectors.

2010 205

Oberon Fuels partners with SHV Energy to accelerate use of renewable DME (rDME) for low-carbon propane blends

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Oberon Fuels, a producer of ultra-low-carbon, renewable dimethyl ether (rDME) transportation fuel, and SHV Energy, the world’s largest distributor of propane fuel, are partnering to accelerate the use of renewable DME to reduce the carbon footprint of transportation fuel.

2020 209

Aramco opens R&D center in Detroit area; fuels research with focus on novel fuels/engines systems for reduced CO2

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A planned outcome of Aramco’s research is to generate vehicle and fleet demonstrations to showcase the benefits of novel fuel/engine systems. The research center is tasked with developing, demonstrating and showcasing low-carbon-footprint transportation technologies, in support of reducing CO 2 emissions from transport sources. Climate Change Emissions Engines Fuels

2015 192

Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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Impact pathway approach for modeling policy interventions in (a) air quality and (b) climate impacts. An analysis by a team in Bangladesh found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG. However, CNG conversion was apparently detrimental from a climate change perspective, as CH 4 emissions increased. 18% of vehicle fleet).

2013 234

EC proposes 30% CO2 reduction from 2021 to 2030 for light-duty vehicles

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The proposal also includes the already established EU fleet wide targets for 2020/2021 of 95 g CO 2 /km for passenger cars and 147 g CO 2 /km for light commercial vehicles, both of which are based on the NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) test procedure. Climate Change Emissions Europe Policy RegulationsAs part of a newly released Clean Mobility package, the European Commission is proposing a 30% reduction in average CO 2 emissions for new cars and vans from 2021 to 2030.

2017 150

UK Department For Transport Study on Light Goods Vehicle CO2 Concludes that Potential CO2 Reduction from Low-Carbon Technologies Within 5 Years is Quite Low, But Much Larger by 2020

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The study judged that the potential CO 2 emissions reductions from low-carbon technologies within the next five years is “ quite low ” (around a 6% improvement), although in the longer term, i.e. between now and 2020, the potential CO 2 emissions reduction is much larger (up to 30% on a well-to-wheels basis). Tags: Climate Change Emissions Europe Fleets Measured variations in CO 2 emissions for different drive cycles. Click to enlarge.

2010 161

ICCT study finds GHGs from shipping on the rise

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These flags account for 66% of the global shipping fleet’s deadweight tonnage. Change in CO 2 emissions and CO 2 intensity for key ship classes. The study also identifies black carbon as the second most important climate pollutant after CO 2 , representing between 7% to 21% of the total climate impact of shipping. International shipping was not included in the 2015 Paris climate agreement. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Ports and Marine

2017 150

Ford researchers: global light-duty CO2 regulatory targets broadly consistent with 450 ppm stabilization

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An analysis by researchers at Ford Motor Company Research and Advanced Engineering in Dearborn and Ford Forschungszentrum in Germany concludes that existing global light-duty vehicle CO 2 regulations through 2025 are broadly consistent with the light-duty vehicle (LDV) sector contributing to stabilizing CO 2 at an atmospheric concentration of approximately 450 ppm—a target often proposed in the literature as preventing dangerous climate change.

2014 221

EPA annual US GHG inventory shows 1.6% drop in 2011 from previous year; transportation CO2 down 1.1%

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Recent trends can be attributed to multiple factors including reduced emissions from electricity generation, improvements in fuel efficiency in vehicles with reductions in miles traveled, and year-to-year changes in the prevailing weather, EPA said. Total emissions of the six main greenhouse gases in 2011 were equivalent to 6,702 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. The treaty sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to address the challenge posed by climate change.

2013 191

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

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Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In coming months, the plan notes, the Department of Transportation will work with other agencies to further explore strategies for integrating alternative fuel vessels into the US flag fleet. Providing a toolkit for climate resilience.

2013 212

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

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Total US greenhouse emissions were 6,673 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2013, an increase of 2% (127.9 The increase from 2012 to 2013 was due to an increase in the carbon intensity of fuels consumed to generate electricity due to an increase in coal consumption, with decreased natural gas consumption, according to the report. Climate Change Emissions US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge.

2015 196

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

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Among the actions proposed or considered in the transportation sector include aggressive implementation of the light-duty Zero Emission Vehicle standard; LEV IV emissions regulations for the light-duty fleet post-2025 (GHG reductions of about 5% per year); Phase 2 GHG regulations for medium and heavy-duty (MD and HD) vehicles; a possible ZEV regulation for trucks; more stringent carbon reduction targets for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard; and others. Low-Carbon Fuels.

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