article thumbnail

CalCars and PHEVs Frequently Asked Questions

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Despite this, a 2003 EPRI study , assuming only $2/gallon gas , zero buying incentives, and a PHEV premium of $3-$5,000 more than standard hybrids, shows that the total lifetime cost of ownership for a PHEV will be lower than that of any other vehicle type -- so the payback will be there. Power and Associates 2004 report ].