Renewable Energy Group collaborates with Iowa State University on hydrotreater pilot plant for renewable diesel

Green Car Congress

Biofuels producer Renewable Energy Group joined Iowa State University (ISU) at the BioCentury Research Farm (BCRF) to mark the start of a new hydrotreater pilot plant. REG converts waste and byproduct fats and oils into biodiesel and renewable diesel. This hydrotreater pilot plant will utilize the expertise of both organizations to better understand how various biomass feedstocks can play a role in the production of renewable fuels with a specific focus on renewable diesel.

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TECO 2030 leading project to build hydrogen-powered high-speed vessel for the Port of Narvik

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Together with eight project partners, it is now seeking public funding to build one of the world’s first hydrogen-powered high-speed vessels. When completed, the boat will replace one of the port’s diesel vessels.

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In-use emissions report for Achates heavy-duty OP diesel shows substantial margin to most stringent EPA NOx proposed regulation

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Achates Power has released initial in-use NO x measurements from the cleaner, heavy-duty diesel engine it developed in a project funded by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and several partners. It is the only diesel engine operating on the road capable of meeting CARB’s 2027 regulation, which requires a 90% reduction in NO x emissions compared to current standards. Diesel Emissions Engines Heavy-duty

CUE at Ryerson University testing 150 kW Li-ion battery from Electrovaya

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The Center for Urban Energy (CUE) at Ryerson University in Canada is testing a 150 kW Li-ion battery provided by Electrovaya in collaboration with Toronto Hydro to prove how off-peak electricity can be stored. Urban energy storage has the potential to not only be a cleaner alternative to diesel generators, and to electrify buildings such as hospitals and large institutions in the downtown core but also could offer a lower-cost future for Canadian homeowners.

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Ford to collaborate with Universal Technical Institute on EV training curriculum

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Ford Motor Company and Universal Technical Insititute (UTI) are collaborating to roll out a new curriculum responsible for training students to maintain and work on electric vehicles.

Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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Researchers from Michigan State University have been awarded $2.5 The award will allow a team of MSU engineers and scientists, led by Norbert Müller, an associate professor of mechanical engineering, to begin working toward producing a vehicle-size wave disc engine/generator during the next two years, building on existing modeling, analysis and lab experimentation they have already completed. Mazda produced 150,000 Comprex diesel cars.

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Study links deterioration of concrete and asphalt to trace quantities of organic matter; diesel exhaust, windshield washer fluids

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Cement and asphalt are vital to modern construction materials; cement is used for the construction of various buildings and structures, while asphalt is primarily used for highways and runways.

DLR team develops demonstrator of free-piston linear generator as range extender for EVs; technology transfer to Universal Motor Corp.

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As one example, GM Global Technology Operations LLC and the Regents of the University of Michigan recently were recently awarded a US patent (Nº 8,261,860) for a plug-in series hybrid or range-extended electric vehicle powertrain using multiple free piston linear alternator (FPLA) engines. As another, researcher at the Nanjing University of Science & Technology has proposed a novel opposed-piston free-piston linear generator for use in series hybrid electric vehicles.

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Engineered E. coli from Rice University part of USDA-funded project to develop drop-in fuels from biomass

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A process developed by researchers at Rice University is part of a USDA-funded $6.6-million project to convert lignocellulosic biomass to infrastructure-compatible renewable diesel, bio-lubricants, animal feed and biopower. There aren’t many ways to go from sugars to a diesel-like compound. But the Rice University process is definitely the winner.

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Ricardo to display functional integration prototype of ADEPT 48V “intelligent electrification” diesel

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Ricardo will display the first functional integration prototype of the Advanced Diesel Electric Powertrain (ADEPT) collaborative research project ( earlier post ) in public for the first time this week at the Low Carbon Vehicle Event (LCV 2014) in the UK. In the earlier ‘HyBoost’ project based on a similarly sized gasoline vehicle, Ricardo and its partners demonstrated fuel economy benefits equivalent to a full hybrid—but at a projected cost premium of less than a diesel.

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DOE awards LanzaTech $4M for low-carbon jet & diesel demo plant; 3M gpy; Audi evaluating fuel properties

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LanzaTech has been selected by the Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) to receive a $4-million award to design and plan a demonstration-scale facility using industrial off gases to produce 3 million gallons/year of low-carbon jet and diesel fuels. Aviation Bio-hydrocarbons Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Diesel Fuels Vehicle Manufacturers

2016 174

Headwaters and University of Utah Form JV for Carbon Storage

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Headwaters Incorporated has formed a joint venture with the University of Utah—Headwaters Clean Carbon Services LLC (HCCS)—which will provide a full range of services for CO 2 geologic storage and CO 2 used for enhanced oil recovery and enhanced coalbed methane recovery. The University of Utah has CO 2 expertise and technology developed by a team led by Dr. Brian McPherson.

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Neste Oil building pilot plant to produce waste-based microbial oil for NExBTL renewable diesel fuel; commercial production possible by 2015

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Neste Oil will build a pilot plant to produce waste-based microbial oil at its Porvoo refinery. Neste Oil collaborated with Aalto University School of Chemical Technology on developing microbial oil technology. Aalto University researchers concentrated on the initial phase of identifying which microbial strains are the most suitable for industrial use and developing the systems technology needed to ensure that microbes generate sufficient levels of oil.

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Universities to take lead on carbon cuts

Green Cars News

English universities face cuts or caps to their funding from 2011 if they fail to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions under Government proposals, and they may also be expected to take the lead amongst UK institutions on emissions cuts into the longer-term future. The targets are being proposed at a time when universities are having to expand to meet growing demand for places, and when their carbon emissions have increased compared with 1990 levels by over 30 per cent.

GM Powertrain Europe strengthens collaboration with Politecnico di Torino; diesel engine focus

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The letter of intent with the Politecnico and the Regione Piemonte reinforces the research collaboration with the university through the growth of projects carried out by Politecnico and GMPT-E Turin as well as a project for the expansion of the area of GMPT-E in the campus of Politecnico named “Cittadella Politecnica”. This new building will be fully dedicated to highly specialized labs, offices and powerful computational machines.

2015 174

Audi highlights its range of electrification efforts; Q7 diesel PHEV, A7 fuel cell PHEV, BEV, 48V and more; 750 Wh/l by 2025

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TDI, a highly efficient, latest-generation V6 diesel engine, delivers 190 kW (258 hp) of power and 600 N·m (442.5 Making their world premiere in a diesel engine are active engine mounts in the Audi Q7 e-tron 3.0 The first generation of the AWC technology is ideal for use in home garages or office building parking garages. Current e-fuels are Audi e-gas, Audi e-diesel, Audi e-gasoline and Audi e-ethanol.

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NYSERDA awards $4.6M to 17 transportation projects; support for Syracuse U supercritical diesel injection project

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Among the awards is support for a Syracuse University (with BorgWarner of Ithaca) project to prepare, inject and combust supercritical (SC) diesel fuel. Salt Point) is working on a diesel additive that would increase fuel efficiency by reducing engine friction. Syracuse University (with BorgWarner of Ithaca) is working on a diesel engine fuel injection system that would create a “supercritical” mixture of fuel and carbon dioxide for a more efficient, less polluting engine.

2011 183

Neste Oil complete first phase of its microbial oil pilot plant; feedstock for NExBTL renewable diesel

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Neste Oil has completed the first phase of its project to build a pilot plant for producing microbial oil for use as a feedstock for NExBTL renewable diesel. The technology is designed to produce feedstock for NExBTL renewable diesel by using yeast and fungi to convert sugars from waste and residues into oil highly efficiently. A number of partners have been involved in this work, including Aalto University.

2012 204

UC San Diego receives $35M in state funding for new hydrogen-hybrid coastal research vessel

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California legislators have allocated UC San Diego $35 million to design and build a new coastal research vessel with a first-of-its-kind hydrogen-hybrid propulsion system. For longer missions, extra power will be provided by clean-running modern diesel generators.

Neste Oil holds grand opening of Europe’s largest renewable diesel refinery in Rotterdam

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Neste Oil celebrated the grand opening of its NExBTL renewable diesel refinery in the Port of Rotterdam. The refinery has an annual production capacity of 800,000 metric tons or 1 billion liters (264 million gallons US) of renewable diesel and cost around €670 million (US$873 million) to build. Last week, Neste Oil also announced that it will build a pilot plant to produce waste-based microbial oil at its Porvoo refinery.

2011 183

TU München researchers test behavior of OME synthetic fuels in engines, develop optimized combustion process

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In 2016, Germany launched a 3-year study of oxymethylene ethers (OME) as clean diesel fuels with €800,000 (US$894,000). OMEs are promising synthetic diesel fuels with an enormous potential for the reduction of soot and NO x emissions. Now, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) as part of a separate project—the xME-Diesel project—have tested how OMEs behave in engines and have developed an optimized combustion process. Diesel Fuels

2018 174

GM investing additional 20M in Powertrain Engineering Center in Torino; global center for passenger car diesel engines

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The Torino Center is responsible for the development of all diesel engines for General Motors passenger cars globally, including the Opel/Vauxhall products in Europe; diesel control systems; and advanced technologies on hybrids and conventional powertrains. The new investment enables the Center to build three new dynamic engine test benches, one climatic test bench, one NVH test bench and one chassis Dyno.

2011 183

Achates Power awarded $14M military single-cylinder engine project; partnering with Cummins

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This award builds upon 10 years of extensive development by Achates Power to modernize and optimize the opposed-piston engine. With Cummins as our partner on the Single Cylinder Advanced Combat Engine Technology Demonstrator program, we have the opportunity to combine Cummins’ strengths in diesel engine leadership with our strengths in opposed-piston engine technology to deliver a superior engine for combat and tactical vehicles for the US Army. Diesel Engines Fuel Efficiency

2015 246

Hydrogen Opposed Piston Engine Working Group formed

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—James Turner, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Clean Combustion Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). According to Achates, a heavy-duty opposed-piston diesel engine (configured for ultralow NO x ) has peak thermal efficiency of just below 50%, centered around high load areas of the operating map, with broad areas of high efficiency (>45% brake thermal efficiency). Engine Research Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI.

US DOE to award nearly $18M to 4 biorefinery projects for mil-spec renewable hydrocarbon fuels

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award nearly $18 million to four innovative pilot-scale biorefineries in California, Iowa and Washington that will produce and test drop-in renewable biofuels that meet military specifications for jet fuel and shipboard diesel. Several organizations are participating in this consortium led by Mercurius Biorefining, including Purdue University, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Incitor. Aviation Bio-hydrocarbons Diesel Ports and Marin

2013 204

Cummins and Peterbilt to team up on SuperTruck II

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Building on the solid foundation of SuperTruck I, Cummins will develop and demonstrate 55% or greater engine Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) at a 65 mph cruise condition and the full team will demonstrate a greater than 100% improvement in vehicle Freight-Ton Economy (FTE) over the 2009 baseline vehicle. Diesel Engines Fuel Efficiency Heavy-duty

International team uncovers mechanisms of VW, Fiat software defeat device code

Green Car Congress

An international team of researchers has uncovered the mechanisms of two families of software defeat devices for diesel engines: one used by the Volkswagen Group to pass emissions tests in the US and Europe, and a second found in Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Both the Volkswagen and Fiat vehicles use the EDC17 diesel ECU manufactured by Bosch, the researchers noted. Controls and controllers Diesel Emissions Regulations

2017 183

Ricardo advancing with two novel heavy-duty vehicle technologies: cryogenic split-cycle engine and microwave fuel reforming

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Rather than merely refine the existing four-stroke diesel, the Ricardo cryogenic split-cycle engine concept seeks to redefine the engine and its combustion process through the use of a recuperated split-cycle with isothermal compression. (In With the success of the simulation-led feasibility study commenced in 2011, which itself builds upon our previous work in power generation sector, we are now very pleased to be able to progress this research with Technology Strategy Board support.

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Argonne VERIFI researchers applying GSA to investigate combustion engine parameters; seeking cleaner and more efficient engines

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By gaining a better understanding of how these parameter uncertainties affect outcomes, the VERIFI researchers, along with colleagues at the University of Connecticut, are seeking to create cleaner and more efficient engines. These techniques were further refined in the last two years to allow their efficient application to engine simulations, leading to the present study, which involves the collaboration with the University of Connecticut.

2014 190

Volkswagen of America temporarily withdraws application for US certification of MY 2016 vehicles; AECDs

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Cold temperature: cold coolant and/or cold intake air Engine overheat Extended idle Transient operation: air/fuel control during accelerations Altitude: air density; turbocharger protection EGR modulation: protect EGR valve or cooler; condensation protection Diesel particulate filter regeneration: automatic or manual SCR dosing control: dosing threshold; thermal management Sensor failure: how failure effects emission control. diesel engine. Diesel Emissions Engines Regulations

2015 188

Scottish Government investing £300K in new hydrogen accelerator at Univ. of St. Andrews

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The Scottish Government is investing £300,000 (US$391,000) in a new hydrogen accelerator which will be located at the University of St Andrews. Drawing on the expertise of the University, and in partnership with institutions across Scotland, the new initiative will propel innovations in hydrogen technology and encourage knowledge-sharing to support transport applications and sustainable mobility.

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UW-Madison engineer collaborating with entrepreneur on 6-cycle, external combustion engine; could be up to 30% more efficient than standard diesel

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Timothy Shedd, associate professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison is collaborating with entrepreneur Gerald Kashmerick of Kashmerick Engines LLC to produce a new multi-fuel, 6-cycle, external combustion engine that could be a quieter, more efficient power source for a variety of household and industrial applications. Shedd said the engine could be up to about 30% more efficient than a standard diesel engine, depending on the engine load and speed.

2011 174

National Academies release third review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership

Green Car Congress

These projects have brought together a wide variety of companies, the national laboratories, and universities. The fundamental diesel engine research program pursuing advanced technologies and combustion processes and engine architectures to achieve 55 percent BTE should continue to be a focus of the 21CTP engine activities. However, the experiments and modeling should maintain a focus on dynamometer R&D, as opposed to attempting to build a demonstration vehicle.

2015 188

MAN presents hydrogen roadmap; use in fuel cells and combustion engines

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MAN plans to build prototype vehicles as early as next year in line with the currently ongoing development projects. Cooperation with universities is also planned. MAN Truck & Bus outlined its roadmap for the development of CO 2 -free mobility solutions for longer-distance transport.

2020 377

PNNL, OSU, Lanzatech improving efficiency and cost of ethanol-to-jet process

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Using sustainably derived n-butene as a starting point, existing processes can further refine the chemical for multiple commercial uses, including diesel and jet fuels, and industrial lubricants. Image: Oregon State University). a hard carbon-based coating that can build up over time.

ExxonMobil, UW-Madison partner on biomass-to-transportation fuel research

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The University of Wisconsin-Madison and ExxonMobil announced a two-year agreement to research the fundamental chemistry of converting biomass into transportation fuels. UW-Madison long has been known for its expertise in biomass conversion, and the project leverages the university’s expertise alongside the resources and technology development of ExxonMobil. The challenge is to make biomass-derived fuels cost-competitive with petroleum-derived diesel fuels.

2015 183

New Mo-doped Ni catalyst for SOFCs enhances use of fuels such as gasoline

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Researchers led by a team at Washington State University (WSU) have developed a unique and inexpensive nanoparticle catalyst that allows a solid-oxide fuel cell to convert logistic liquid fuels such as gasoline to electricity without stalling out during the electrochemical process.

2020 292

Wabtec signs MOUs with CMU, Genesee & Wyoming to decarbonize freight rail & improve safety; battery and fuel cell locomotives

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The announcements, which are based on a joint vision of building a more sustainable freight transportation network, were made during a ceremonial gathering on Carnegie Mellon’s campus. —Farnam Jahanian, President of Carnegie Mellon University.

Top 5 electric vehicles books you must read

Electric Vehicles India

Amity Institute of Social Sciences, Amity University, Noida, India and from the Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Australia’s collaborative work led this work. Build Your Own Electric Motorcycle (Tab Green Guru Guides).

ExxonMobil and UW Madison extend research collaboration on conversion of biomass to transportation fuels

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The University of Wisconsin-Madison and ExxonMobil announced a two-year renewal of an agreement to research the fundamental chemistry of converting biomass into transportation fuels. The project leverages the university’s expertise with ExxonMobil’s resources and strong technological capabilities. We look forward to continuing our collaboration with the university as we enhance our scientific understanding of advanced biofuels and explore potential new technologies.

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DOE awards $4M to two DME projects

Green Car Congress

The funded projects include: University of Wisconsin Madison for “Efficiency Mixing Controlled Compression Ignition Combustion of Propane DME Blends”. This new round of funding for DME builds on its June 2021 award and is continued validation of renewable DME as an enabling molecule to decarbonize transportation.Oberon Fuels generates value from waste resources, creates family-wage jobs in rural areas, and reduces both pollution and greenhouse gas emissions through our rDME.

Researchers propose using AC and ventilation systems for decentralized production of carbon-neutral synthetic fuels

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the University of Toronto have proposed a method enabling air conditioning and ventilation systems to produce synthetic fuels from CO 2 and water from the ambient air. Compact plants are to separate CO 2 from the ambient air directly in buildings and produce synthetic hydrocarbons which can then be used as renewable synthetic oil.

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NSF launches $20M engineering research center aimed at converting natural gas into transportation fuels: CISTAR

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The NSF Engineering Research Center for Innovative and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources ( CISTAR ) will develop technologies for responsible conversion of alkanes—light hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and propane—into more valuable liquid fuels, including gasoline and diesel fuels. Research will also occur at all of the universities involved.

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