Raven SR & Hyzon Motors to build up to 100 waste-to-hydrogen hubs

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a global supplier of hydrogen fuel cell-powered commercial vehicles, announced a joint venture to build up to 100 hydrogen hubs across the United States and globally. As a non-combustion process, there is no ash, no slag, build up, or hotspots in the equipment.

Waste 366

SGH2 building largest green hydrogen production facility in California; gasification of waste into H2

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The plant will feature SGH2’s technology, which will gasify recycled mixed paper waste to produce green hydrogen that reduces carbon emissions by two to three times more than green hydrogen produced using electrolysis and renewable energy, and is five to seven times cheaper.

2020 358

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Rice, C-Crete team optimizes conversion of tire waste into graphene for stronger concrete

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Rice University scientists and their colleagues at C-Crete Technologies have optimized a process to convert waste from rubber tires into graphene that can, in turn, be used to strengthen concrete. Tour (2021) “Flash Graphene from Rubber Waste,” Carbon doi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2021.03.020.

Waste 222

Fulcrum to build second waste-to-fuels plant in Gary, Indiana

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Fulcrum BioEnergy has selected Gary, Indiana as the location of its Centerpoint BioFuels Plant, which will convert municipal solid waste (MSW) into low-carbon, renewable transportation fuel. a highly efficient and economic gasification system for the conversion of the MSW feedstock to syngas. Once operational, the Centerpoint plant will divert and process approximately 700,000 tons of waste from the Greater Chicago area.

2018 219

NSF awards $2M to Rice U collaboration to explore direct conversion of CO2 into fuels

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Rice University engineer Haotian Wang has been awarded a four-year, $2-million collaborative grant by the Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation program of the National Science Foundation (NSF) to explore how waste carbon dioxide can be converted directly into pure liquid fuels using CO 2 capture, polymer engineering, DFT simulation and solid electrolyte reactor technologies. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

2020 203

Sinopec Capital to invest in and partner with LanzaTech; direct production of chemicals from wastes and residues

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Sinopec Capital, as the industrial investment arm of Sinopec Group—one of the world’s largest integrated energy and chemicals companies—announced an investment in LanzaTech with a focus on promoting direct production of chemicals from waste carbon. Of particular interest to Sinopec is LanzaTech’s synthetic biology capability which enables the production of chemicals directly from waste carbon, rather than via a building block such as ethanol.

Waste 161

Lufthansa, ETH Zürich, Climeworks & Synhelion to cooperate on Sustainable Aviation Fuels; CO2 capture & solar thermochemical conversion

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Climeworks machines consist of modular CO 2 collectors that can be stacked to build machines of any size. Climeworks direct air capture machines are powered solely by renewable energy or energy-from-waste. Aviation Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Solar Solar fuels

2020 240

Novel pathway for aviation fuel from food waste–derived volatile fatty acids (VFA) could lead to 70% blends, up to 165% reduction in GHG

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Life cycle analysis showed up to 165% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions relative to fossil jet if the food waste is diverted from landfills to produce VFA-SAF. In the process, anaerobic digestion of west waste is arrested prior to methanogensis to generate VFAs (C 3 -C 8 ).

Waste 222

Dearman-led consortium awarded $3.1M to develop waste-heat-recovery system using liquid air engine

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The tenth competition under the Low Carbon Vehicles Innovation Platform’s integrated delivery program (IDP), IDP10 is targeting the building of an integrated low-carbon-vehicle innovation chain, from the science base, through collaborative R&D to fleet-level demonstration. Ambient or low grade waste heat is used as an energy source with the cryogen providing both the working fluid and heat sink. The project builds on an earlier TSB-funded project.

2014 210

JBI enters into 10-year agreement for commercially viable conversion of waste plastic to fuel

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has entered into an agreement with Rock-Tenn Company to convert mill by-product waste into fuel using JBI’s Plastic2Oil technology. Under the agreement, JBI has an exclusive ten-year license with a renewal option to build and operate Plastic2Oil (P2O) processors at RockTenn facilities to process RockTenn’s waste plastic at paper mills and Material Recovery Facilities (MRF) and to mine and process plastic from RockTenn’s plastic-filled monofill sites. JBI, Inc.

2011 191

American Jianye Greentech Holdings to Build Second Waste to Alcohol-Based Fuels Plant in Harbin

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a China-based developer, manufacturer and distributor of alcohol-based automobile fuels and civil-use fuels, including methanol, ethanol, and blended fuels, plans to build a second waste conversion facility, this one based in Harbin, China, that will convert municipal waste, construction waste, plant waste and sewage sludge into alcohol-based fuel. American Jianye Greentech Holdings, Ltd.,

2010 179

SITA UK and Cynar to build UKs first commercial plants to convert waste plastic to diesel

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SITA UK, one of the country’s leading recycling and resource management companies and a subsidiary of Suez Environment, has signed an exclusive agreement with Cynar Plc to build Britain’s first fully operational plants to convert end of life plastic into diesel fuel. The waste plastics to hydrocarbon fuels liquefaction technology is based on pyrolysis and distillation. Waste plastics are loaded via a hot-melt infeed system directly into main pyrolysis chamber.

2010 200

Blue Marble Biomaterials launches first zero-waste chemical biorefinery

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A photobioreactor and algae perform the “water recycling”; the pelletized solid waste material will be used in the gasifier. has launched the first zero-waste chemical biorefinery in the US in Missoula, Montana. The facility will produce 72 tons of fine chemicals a year and only purified water and pellet fuel for wood-boilers as its waste. If we have fixed feedstock [such as the waste spent grain], we have price stability.

2011 281

Global Bioenergies reports first isobutene production from waste biomass

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Various companies are presently de-bottlenecking the conversion of second-generation materials into fermentable sugars. The company initially focused its efforts on the production of isobutene, one of the most important petrochemical building blocks that can be converted into fuels, plastics, organic glass and elastomers. Global Bioenergies has produced “second-generation” isobutene, in a push to diversify accessible feedstock towards cheaper resources.

2015 185

Carbon Engineering & LanzaTech partner to produce SAF using direct air capture CO2; “air-to-jet”

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LanzaTech’s first commercial gas fermentation plant has produced more than 20 million gallons of ethanol, and the company has been working with the UK government and several industrial partners to build the world’s first commercial-scale, waste-ethanol-based Alcohol-to-Jet production facility in South Wales. Aviation & Aerospace Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

Carbon 251

DOE awards $35M to 15 projects in ARPA-E ECOSynBio program to reduce carbon footprint of biofuel production

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These fermentation processes create carbon as a byproduct, with some processes wasting more than 1/3 of this carbon as CO 2 emissions. As a result, there is a critical need to create new pathways for biofuel conversion that reduces carbon waste, prevents the loss of CO 2 emissions, and in turn, maximizes the amount of renewable fuel a conversion process yields. A Microbial Consortium Enables Complete Feedstock Conversion - $1,574,966.00.

Carbon 249

California Energy Commission awards Sierra Northern Railway team nearly $4M to demonstrate hydrogen switching locomotive; H2RAM

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To build the locomotive and demonstrate its operations in a real-world environment. Sierra Railroad Company is also the principal owner of Sierra Energy Corporation, which has developed a proprietary waste-to-clean-hydrogen technology: FastOx gasification.

Sierra 298

European consortium begins demonstration project for conversion of woody biomass to chemicals: BIOFOREVER

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BIOFOREVER (BIO-based products from FORestry via Economically Viable European Routes)—a consortium of 14 European companies—has started a demonstration project for the conversion of woody biomass to value-adding chemical building blocks such as butanol, ethanol, and 2,5–furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) on an industrial scale.

2016 150

US$105M WESTKÜSTE100 green hydrogen project receives funding approval from German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs

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Starting from today, the WESTKÜSTE100 partners will be working together to create this green future and build an ecologically and economically sustainable business model. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Wind

2020 349

Perspective: Drive Star Conversion Program Could Cut US Oil Use in Half by 2020

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When our country was attacked at Pearl Harbor, no one believed we could build 30,000 planes and tanks in just one year. But it will take decades to shift most freight from trucks to trains, design walkable communities, shorten our commutes, and build better mass transit and high-speed rail networks. It helps that the auto industry will be building more efficient new vehicles. Cash for Conversions” will start by fixing many of our 100 million trucks, vans, and buses.

2010 214

DOE to award ~$96M for bioenergy research and development

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Topic areas within this FOA will advance DOE’s Bioenergy Technology Office’s objectives of reducing the price of drop-in biofuels; lowering the cost of biopower; and enabling high-value products from biomass or waste resources. Scalable CO 2 Electrocatalysis (up to $8M): Developing low temperature and low pressure CO 2 electrocatalysis technologies for generating chemical building blocks. Algae Algal Fuels Bio-hydrocarbons Biorefinery Biotech Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2020 170

DOE to Award $106M to Six CO2 Conversion Projects; $156M in Matching Private Funding

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Converting captured CO 2 into products such as chemicals, carbonates, plastics, fuels, building materials, and other commodities is an important aspect of carbon capture and storage technology, the DOE said. Phycal will design, build, and operate a CO 2 -to-algae-to-biofuels facility at a nominal thirty acre site in Central O’ahu (near Wahiawa and Kapolei), Hawaii. Tags: Algae Algal Fuels Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels

2010 196

Researchers Demonstrate Quantum-Coupled Thermal to Electric Conversion With Efficiency as High as 40% of Carnot Limit, With Calculated Potential of Up to 90%

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Researchers from MIT, with colleagues from IISc in Bangalore, India and HiPi Consulting in Maryland have experimentally demonstrated the conversion of heat to electricity using thermal diodes with efficiency as high as 40% of the Carnot Limit. A key to the improved throughput was reducing the separation between the hot surface and the conversion device. Next, we examine thermal to electric conversion with a lossy dielectric (aluminum oxide) hot-side surface layer.

2009 210

NextFuels introduces hydrothermal process to produce biofuels from wet, unprocessed waste; solution for palm plantation residue

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Biofuels company NextFuels introduced its hydrothermal process for economically producing transportation and industrial fuels from wet, unprocessed agricultural waste. to 6 metric tons of agricultural waste is generated for each metric ton of oil. Within two to three years, NextFuels anticipates it will start to build its first commercial scale modules capable of producing 250 barrels of oil equivalent a day. There is no such thing as waste.

2013 192

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Cool Planet has devised a biomass-to-liquids thermochemical conversion process that simultaneously produces liquid fuels and sequesterable biochar useful as a soil amendment. Catalytic Conversion: The catalysts are selected from the group of dehydration catalysts; aromatization catalysts; and gas-upgrading catalysts to produce different types of renewable fuel. One of the catalytic conversion processes creates the high-octane gasoline blendstock.

2014 255

CoolPlanet BioFuels claims conversion yield of 4K gallons gasoline per acre biomass

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CoolPlanet BioFuels, a start-up developing technology to convert low-grade biomass into high-grade fuels including gasoline, and carbon that can be sequestered ( earlier post ), claims it has achieved a conversion yield of 4,000 gallons gasoline/acre biomass in pilot testing using giant miscanthus, an advanced bioenergy crop. Agricultural waste from food crops can also produce up to 1,000 gallons of gasoline/acre using this new technology.

2012 250

TMO Renewables Signs 20-Year, Multi-site Waste-to-Ethanol Plant Contract with Fiberight

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UK-based TMO Renewables Ltd, the developer of a novel thermophilic bacterium and process for converting biomass into fuel ethanol ( earlier post ), has entered into an exclusive contract with Fiberight LLC to design and build waste to bioethanol plants in the US. Fiberight’s process recovers potentially over 80% of residential waste into valuable biofuels and recyclables with no external energy or water inputs.

2010 170

Libertine LPE free piston technology targeting power generation, waste-heat recovery and range-extended EV applications; feasibility study with PETRONAS

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UK startup Libertine LPE has developed a free piston linear power generator technology that it says overcomes the key challenges faced by earlier free piston engine schemes of motion control, emissions and power conversion efficiency. At the SAE 2014 World Congress, a team from Toyota Central R&D Labs presented their own work on a prototype 10 kW Free Piston Engine Linear Generator (FPEG) featuring a thin and compact build, high efficiency and high fuel flexibility.

2015 196

Cool Planet and Acritaz Greentech to build $60M commercial biorefinery in Malaysia

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Cool Planet Energy Systems, a developer of small-scale bio refineries for the conversion of non-food biomass into drop-in biofuels and soil enhancing biochar ( earlier post ), and Acritaz Greentech, a group of companies that bring biomass processing and bio-technology innovation to plantations, signed an agreement to explore the building of multiple commercial biorefineries in Malaysia.

Canada backs demonstration-scale algal biorefinery project in the oil sands; Algal Carbon Conversion

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The Algal Carbon Conversion (ACC) Pilot Project is a partnership among the National Research Council of Canada (NRC); Canadian Natural Resources Limited, one of the largest independent crude oil and natural gas producers in Canada; and Pond Biofuels. The demonstration facility will be integrated into the Canadian Natural’s operations with direct access to industrial flue gas emissions, wastewater and waste heat.

LLNL report lays out technology pathways for California to become carbon-neutral and then -negative by 2045; 3 pillars of negative emissions

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The three main pathways to negative emissions (removing CO 2 from the atmosphere) for California are restoring natural ecosystems, converting waste biomass to fuels while capturing the CO 2 generating during processing, and direct air capture machines.

2020 240

BlueFire Renewables subsidiary and Caltex to build cellulose to sugar plant in Korea

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OTC BB: BFRE.OB), has signed agreements with GS Caltex—a joint venture between GS Holdings and Chevron, and a leading Korea-based petroleum company—to build a cellulose to sugar plant in Korea. Once the initial facility is validated, SucreSource will work with GS Caltex to develop and build larger commercial scale facilities in Korea and throughout the world. SucreSource, a wholly owned subsidiary of BlueFire Renewables, Inc.

2012 257

Syntec Biofuel and EERC Enter Joint Development Program to Convert Biomass and Waste to Bio-Butanol

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has entered into a joint development program with the Energy & Environmental Research Center ( EERC ) at the University of North Dakota (UND) in Grand Forks for converting a wide variety of biomass and waste into bio-butanol. In a joint venture with DuPont, BP is building a demonstration plant in the United Kingdom to convert sugar into bio-butanol. Overview of Syntec’s B2A process. Click to enlarge. Syntec Biofuel Inc.

2010 191

DOE to award $35M to 24 projects to support early-stage, innovative technologies and solutions in advanced manufacturing

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The team will apply atomic layer deposition technology to fabricate and modify the catalyst at the atomic level, with the goal of more than doubling catalyst lifetime, improving selectivity and conversion efficiency at reduced costs. Colorado State University will develop a novel, low-cost turbo-compression cooling system that utilizes the ultra-low-grade waste (less than 150°C) heat available in many industrial processes, the energy from which is not traditionally recovered.

2018 150

RWE Power, BRAIN to Cooperate on Conversion of CO2 to Microbial Biomass or Biomolecules

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Possible applications, now being explored, include building and isolation materials and the production of fine and specialty chemicals. Working with RWE Power, we want to advance into a new era of CO 2 conversion. Both lead to more efficient CO 2 conversion, using these powerful designer micro-organisms. The plant utilizes internal waste heat, and a REAplus high-performance scrubber, to improve the separation of dust and sulphur dioxide from the flue gas.

2010 170

CSIRO joins US sCO2-based power generation project STEP demo

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The pilot plant has been designed, building construction has been completed, and equipment installation is underway on the SwRI campus in San Antonio, TX. Supercritical CO 2 cycles can operate using a wide range of heat sources, including fossil fuel (natural gas), renewables (concentrated solar, biomass, geothermal), next-generation nuclear, industrial waste heat recovery, and shipboard propulsion. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Market Background Power Generation

2020 161

DOE awarding nearly $65M for biofuels research to reduce airplane and ship emissions

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The 22 selected projects fall into five topic areas for the “Bioenergy Technologies Office Scale-Up and Conversion” funding opportunity ( earlier post ): Scale-Up of Biotechnologies. Affordable, Clean Cellulosic Sugars for High Yield Conversion. Separations to Enable Biomass Conversion. Quasar Energy Group will use an anaerobic digestor to convert food waste to SAF precursors.

ACS Meeting Symposium Focuses on Conversion and Utilization of CO2 for Fuels and Chemicals

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Researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) led off a day-long symposium on advances in CO 2 conversion and utilization being held at the 238 th American Chemical Society (ACS) national meeting, which began today in Washington, DC. Robert Dorner and his colleagues are looking at converting CO 2 and hydrogen (both won from sea-water) over catalysts, using the CO 2 as a building block to form synthetic fuel.

2009 200

Velocys’ Bayou Fuels project set to produce negative emission fuels; partnering with Oxy

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The Bayou Fuels project will take waste woody biomass and convert it into transportation fuels—such as diesel for heavy trucks and sustainable aviation fuel—using Velocys’ proprietary Fischer Tropsch process. The proposed CCUS solution can be replicated at other sites under development, including Velocys’ UK project which recently submitted a planning application to build Europe’s first commercial scale waste-to-jet fuel facility. Velocys, Inc.,

2019 150

Leeds Researchers Working on More Energy-Efficient Steam Reforming Process for Hydrogen from Waste Materials

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Researchers at the University of Leeds (UK) investigating a more energy-efficient steam-reforming process for hydrogen production from waste materials, including vegetable oil and the glycerol by-product from biodiesel production ( earlier post ), recently reported optimal H 2 production from the steam reforming of glycerol at 500 °C, with in situ CO 2 removal using calcined dolomite as the sorbent.

2009 150

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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Gas Technology Institute (GTI) will design and build an engineering-scale CO 2 capture system using the Ohio State University transformational membrane process. Electricore plans to build and operate a 30 kg per day DAC system that combines Climeworks’ process and hardware with Svante’s transformational structured adsorbent laminate filter, advancing the process and identifying optimization options for this DAC configuration.

2020 203

Cobalt Technologies and American Process partnering to build first cellulosic biobutanol refinery

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API) are partnering to build an industrial-scale cellulosic biorefinery to produce biobutanol. Funded in part by an $18-million US Department of Energy (DOE) grant and a $4-million grant from the State of Michigan, the API Alpena Biorefinery will demonstrate the conversion of hemicelluloses extracted from woody biomass to fermentable sugars that can be used for production of ethanol. Overview of Cobalt’s process. Click to enlarge.

2011 200

Calysta Energy and NatureWorks partner on R&D to transform methane into the lactic acid building block for bioplastics

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Calysta Energy and NatureWorks have entered into an exclusive, multi-year collaboration to research and develop a practical production process for fermenting methane into lactic acid, the building block for Ingeo , lactide intermediates and polymers made from renewable materials. Calysta Energy is developing its BioGTC (biological gas-to-chemicals) platform for biological conversion of methane to high value chemicals, as well as a BioGTL platform for liquids.

2013 161