MIT researchers use neural networks to speed materials design; 5 weeks vs 50 years for flow battery proof-of-concept

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When searching through theoretical lists of possible new materials for particular applications, such as batteries or other energy-related devices, there are often millions of potential materials that could be considered, and multiple criteria that need to be met and optimized at once.

2020 123

MIT team develops data-driven safety envelope for lithium-ion batteries for EVs

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The safety envelope refers to the the range of mechanical loading conditions ensuring safe operation of battery cells. The biggest challenge of developing such a safety envelope lies in the acquisition of a large data bank of battery failure tests. Batteries Safety

2019 127

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MIT: hybrid cathodes could boost energy capacity of lithium-sulfur batteries

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Researchers at MIT and in China are proposing a new class of dense intercalation-conversion hybrid cathodes by combining intercalation-type Mo 6 S 8 with conversion-type sulfur (HMSC) to realize a Li–S full cell. Batteries Li-Sulfur

MIT, Stanford and Toyota Research Institute use AI to predict accurately the useful life of batteries

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Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Stanford University and the Toyota Research Institute (TRI) have discovered that combining comprehensive experimental data and artificial intelligence provide the key for accurately predicting the useful life of lithium-ion batteries before their capacities started to wane. Separately, the algorithm categorized batteries as either long or short life expectancy based on just the first five charge/discharge cycles.

2019 90

MIT researchers develop method to make smaller, safer, and faster lithium-rich ceramic electrolyte

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Researchers at MIT have devised a new pulsed laser deposition technique to make thinner lithium electrolytes using less heat, promising faster charging and potentially higher-voltage solid-state lithium ion batteries. —MIT Associate Professor Jennifer Rupp, senior author.

2019 117

MIT engineers develop efficient means of carbon capture using electrochemical cell

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Researchers at MIT have developed a new, efficient way to capture carbon that addresses the inherent inefficiencies ( earlier post ) of incumbent technologies, due to their thermal energy losses, large footprint or degradation of sorbent material.

2019 124

MIT proof-of-concept demo of ionic wind propulsion for aircraft

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MIT researchers have demonstrated that an aircraft with a 5-meter wingspan can sustain steady-level flight using ionic-wind propulsion. The MIT team’s final design resembles a large, lightweight glider. The fuselage of the plane holds a stack of lithium-polymer batteries.

2018 125

Electric-car range anxiety exists, but it's overblown, says MIT study

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Range anxiety, the persistent worry about not having enough battery range to finish a journey, remains one of the major obstacles to widespread electric-car adoption. Study MIT plug-in cars range anxietyMany electric cars still have shorter ranges than comparable internal-combustion models, and that continues to spook some consumers. But could those concerns be overblown? DON'T.

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MIT, Toyota team clarifies role of iodide in Li-air batteries

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Lithium-air (or lithium-oxygen) batteries potentially could offer three times the gravimetric energy of current Li-ion batteries (3500 Wh/kg at the cell level); as such, they are looked to a potential solution for long-range EVs. Batteries Li-O2

2017 95

Tsinghua, MIT, Argonne team discovers lithium titanate hydrates for superfast, stable cycling in Li-ion batteries

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Indeed, the trapped water can promote structural diversity and nanostructuring that could be highly beneficial for battery performance in aprotic electrolytes. As noted by Jun Lu, Argonne battery scientist and co-author, “ Most of the time, water is bad for non-aqueous lithium-ion batteries.

Hardly A Vehicle, MIT's Electric Cheetah Is Still Impressive

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Meet MIT''s battery-powered robotic cheetah. While plug-in cars remain a small niche, electric power is displacing internal combustion in a completely different type of "vehicle." The school''s Biometrics Lab built it to study and replicate the movements of animals.

2014 109

MIT-led study suggests route to improving solid-state Li-ion batteries

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Researchers at MIT, and their colleagues in Germany, suggest that smooth surfaces on a solid electrolyte may prevent harmful Li infiltration, thereby improving the performance of solid-state Li-ion batteries. Craig Carter, the POSCO Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at MIT.

2017 78

Stanford, CMU, MIT team reviews challenges to practical implementation of solid-state Li-ion batteries

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Toyota, which has been working on solid-state batteries for EVs for a number of years ( earlier post ), is in the news with a report by the Wall Street Journal that it will be ready to commercialize a solid-state battery by 2022. Batteries

2017 85

MIT and Moscow State collaborating on advanced batteries, metal-air batteries and reversible fuel/electrolysis cells

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Researchers at the Skoltech Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage (CEES), a partnership between the MIT Materials Processing Center and Lomonosov Moscow State University, are focusing on the development of higher capacity batteries. CEES has three main research thrusts: the development of advanced lithium-ion and multivalent ion batteries; the development of rechargeable metal-air batteries; and Development of reversible low and elevated temperature fuel cells.

2015 83

MIT-led team devises new approach to designing solid ion conductors; implications for high-energy solid-state batteries

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The new approach, described in a paper in the RSC journal Energy and Environmental Science , could accelerate the development of high-energy solid-state lithium batteries, and possibly other energy storage and delivery devices such as fuel cells. Batteries Solid-state

2018 85

MIT team proposes process to recycle lead-acid batteries to fabricate solar cells

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Researchers at MIT have devised an environmentally-responsible process to recycle materials from discarded automotive lead-acid batteries to fabricate efficient organolead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs)—a promising new large-scale and cost-competitive photovoltaic technology.

MIT, NASA, ORNL team developing “neutron microscope”

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Among other features, neutron-based instruments have the ability to probe inside metal objects—such as fuel cells, batteries, and engines, even when in use—to learn details of their internal structure.

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MIT researchers open new direction in search for better batteries; the potential of disordered materials

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Conventional layered lithium and transition metal cathode material (top) and the new disordered material studied by researchers at MIT (bottom) as seen through a scanning tunneling electron microscope. Batteries

2014 103

MIT team proposes flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine PHEV long-haul trucks

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In a paper being presented at WCX SAE World Congress Experience in Detroit this week, a team from MIT is proposing the use of a flex-fuel gasoline-alcohol engine approach for a series-hybrid powertrain for long-haul Class 8 trucks. The new concept was developed by MIT Energy Initiative and Plasma Fusion and Science Center research scientist Daniel Cohn and principal research engineer Leslie Bromberg. The research was supported by the MIT Arthur Samberg Energy Innovation Fund.

2019 82

Volkswagen, BASF present “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. Jennifer Rupp from MIT; solid-state batteries

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The BASF and Volkswagen international “ Science Award Electrochemistry 2017” ( earlier post ) this year goes to Dr. Jennifer Rupp at MIT. Rupp is Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge (USA) and affiliated to ETH Zurich (Switzerland). Her research focuses on material and electrode designs for solid-state batteries. Batteries Solid-state

2017 60

MIT, Ford researchers find lightweight conventional vehicles could have lower lifecycle GHG impact than EVs depending upon location

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Researchers at MIT and the Ford Motor Company have found that depending on the location, lightweight conventional vehicles could have a lower lifecycle greenhouse gas impact than electric vehicles, at least in the near term. The biggest factor leading to that conclusion was the mix of generating sources going into the grid in different regions, said MIT Principal Research Scientist Randolph Kirchain. Electric (Battery) Emissions Lifecycle analysis Weight reduction

2019 80

MIT/Stanford team refines TREC battery for harvesting low-grade waste heat

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In May, researchers at MIT and Stanford University reported the development of new battery technology for the conversion of low-temperature waste heat into electricity in cases where temperature differences are less than 100 ?Celsius. Batteries Waste Heat Recovery

2014 104

Sadoway and MIT team demonstrate calcium-metal-based liquid metal battery

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Their work, reported in an open-access paper in the journal Nature Communications, could make liquid metal battery technology even more practical and affordable, and open up a whole family of potential variations that could make use of local resources. Batteries

2016 78

MIT/Tsinghua high-rate aluminum yolk-shell nanoparticle anode for Li-ion battery with long cycle life and high capacity

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A team of researchers at MIT and Tsinghua University has developed a high-rate, high-capacity and long-lived anode for Li-ion batteries comprising a yolk-shell nanocomposite of aluminum core (30 nm in diameter) and TiO 2 shell (~3 nm in thickness), with a tunable interspace (Al@TiO 2 , or ATO).

2015 103

MIT team develops first supercapacitor made entirely from neat MOFs, without conductive additives or binders

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Researchers at MIT have shown that a MOF (metal-organic framework) with high electrical conductivity—Ni 3 (2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene) 2 (Ni 3 (HITP) 2 )—can serve as the sole electrode material in a supercapacitor. Batteries

2016 106

MIT team reveals inner workings of LiFePO4 cathodes in Li-on batteries; direct observation of predicted SSZ

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New observations by researchers at MIT have revealed the inner workings of a lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO 4 ) cathode—a material widely used in lithium-ion batteries. Nanostructured LiFePO 4 (LFP) electrodes have attracted great interest in the Li-ion battery field.

2014 119

MIT/Stanford team develops battery technology for the conversion of low-grade waste heat to power; TREC

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Researchers at MIT and Stanford University have developed new battery technology for the conversion of low-temperature waste heat into electricity in cases where temperature differences are less than 100 degrees Celsius. Batteries Waste Heat Recovery

2014 106

MIT teams receiving $10M from TRI for next-gen battery materials

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Three MIT-affiliated research teams will receive about $10M in funding as part of a $35M materials science discovery program launched by the Toyota Research Institute (TRI). Provided over four years, the support to MIT researchers will be primarily directed at scientific discoveries and advancing energy storage. Gilliland Professor, two other MIT-affiliated projects will receive support from TRI. Batteries Fuel Cells Materials

2017 60

DOE awards MIT researchers $1.9M to advance electrolytic production of copper; direct production of copper wire

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded MIT associate professor of metallurgy Antoine Allanore a $1.9-million grant to run larger scale tests of a new one-step, molten electrolysis process ( earlier post ) to produce copper from sulfur-based minerals—the main source of copper. An electrolysis cell is a closed circuit, similar to a battery, but instead of producing electrical energy, it consumes electrical energy to break apart compounds into their elements—e.g.,

2018 76

Lamborghini presents electric super sports car design concept, developed in collaboration with MIT labs

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Automobili Lamborghini, a member of the Volkswagen Group, unveiled its new design concept for a future Lamborghini electric super sports car: the “Lamborghini of the Terzo Millennio”, developed in collaboration with two MIT laboratories. Two MIT labs—the Dinca Research Lab, led by Prof.

2017 78

New MIT metal-mesh membrane could solve longstanding problems with liquid metal displacement batteries; inexpensive grid power storage

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A new metal mesh membrane developed by researchers at MIT could advance the use of the Na–NiCl 2 displacement battery, which has eluded widespread adoption owing to the fragility of the ?"-Al A battery, based on electrodes made of sodium and nickel chloride and using thea new type of metal mesh membrane, could be used for grid-scale installations to make intermittent power sources such as wind and solar capable of delivering reliable baseload electricity. Batteries

2018 60

MIT team calls initial performance results of magnesium-antimony liquid metal battery “promising”

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Sectioned Mg||Sb liquid metal battery operated at 700 °C showing the three stratified liquid phases upon cooling to room temperature. Antimony is less costly and more earth-abundant than Bi and Te, but until now had not been demonstrated in a liquid metal battery.

2012 125

CMU/MIT study finds large-scale battery manufacturing will do little to reduce unit costs past a 200-300 MWh annual production level

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That’s comparable to the amount of batteries produced for the Nissan Leaf or the Chevy Volt last year ,” said CMU’s Dr. Jeremy Michalek, the corresponding author of a paper on the research published in the Journal of Power Sources. Batteries Electric (Battery) Manufacturing Plug-ins

2014 135

MIT team improves liquid metal batteries for grid-scale storage; lower operating temperature, cost

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Researchers at MIT have improved a proposed liquid battery system that could enable renewable energy sources to compete with conventional power plants. Professor Donald Sadoway and colleagues have already started a company, Ambri (initially Liquid Metal Battery Corporation), to produce electrical-grid-scale liquid batteries, which comprise layers of molten material which automatically separate due to their differing densities. Batteries

2014 87

MIT team synthesizes all carbon nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li-air batteries

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A team at MIT, led by Carl V. The carbon nanofiber electrodes are substantially more porous than other carbon electrodes, and can therefore more efficiently store the solid oxidized lithium (Li 2 O 2 ) that fills the pores as the battery discharges. Batteries Electric (Battery

2011 116

MIT study finds lithium sulfide solid electrolyte more brittle than ideal for batteries

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Researchers at MIT have probed the mechanical properties of Li2 S –P 2 S 5 —thought to be a promising amorphous lithium-ion-conducting solid electrolyte—to determine its mechanical performance when incorporated into batteries. The study, published in the journal Advanced Energy Materials , found that the material is more brittle than would be ideal for battery use. Batteries Materials

2017 60

MIT researchers pursuing increasing human-vehicle collaboration

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Researchers at MIT are developing systems that could allow humans, robots and other autonomous vehicles to collaborate on everything from navigation to trip planning, and eventually pave the way for the operation of personal aircraft and driverless cars. The researchers are also investigating the use of their algorithm in battery electric vehicles to alleviate range anxiety.

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Liquid Metal Battery Corp secures patent rights from MIT

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Liquid Metal Battery Corporation (LMBC), a Cambridge, Massachusetts company founded in 2010 to develop new forms of electric storage batteries that work in large, grid-scale applications, has secured the rights to key patent technology from MIT. Earlier this year, the company announced it had received financing from France’s Total—which earlier had funded research on the technology at MIT ( earlier post )—and from a personal investment by Bill Gates.

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Berkeley Lab/MIT team identifies promising multivalent cathode materials for high energy-density batteries

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A team from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and MIT has used high-throughput first-principles calculations to evaluate systematically the performance of spinel-structure compounds as multivalent intercalation cathode materials. Batteries using multivalent ions—such as Mg 2+ and Ca 2+ (e.g., However, finding electrode materials that reversibly store and release these multi-valent cations is a major challenge for enabling such multi-valent battery technology.

2014 74

MIT team discovers two mechanisms at work in Li dendrite formation

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Researchers at MIT have carried out the most detailed analysis yet of lithium dendrite formation from lithium anodes in batteries and have found that there are two entirely different mechanisms at work. The work was supported by Robert Bosch LLC through the MIT Energy Initiative.

2016 85

Study finds cobalt supply can meet demand for EVs and electronics batteries through 2030

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Half of the current supply of cobalt is incorporated into cathodes for lithium-ion batteries, and many of those batteries are used in consumer electronics and electric vehicles. Batteries Electric (Battery) Materials Sustainability

2020 116

MIT and Harvard team develop material that stores sun’s heat

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Researchers from MIT and Harvard University have developed a material that can absorb the sun’s heat and store that energy in chemical form, ready to be released again on demand. In essence, it makes the sun’s energy, in the form of heat, storable and distributable, siad Jeffrey Grossman, the Carl Richard Soderberg Associate Professor of Power Engineering at MIT, and co-author. The work was supported by BP though the MIT Energy Initiative and the US.

2014 98

Angela Belcher wins $500,000 2013 Lemelson-MIT Prize

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MIT professor Angela Belcher has been named the recipient of this year’s $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, which honors an outstanding inventor dedicated to improving the world through technological invention. Belcher, who heads up the Biomolecular Materials Group at MIT, combines organic and inorganic materials to create novel electronic materials for a variety of applications, such as solar cells, fuel, environmentally friendly batteries and medical diagnostics.

2013 66