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AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 227

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5 pollution is significant, according to an analysis presented at ASN (American Society of Nephrology) Kidney Week. In this latest research, the investigators used the Global Burden of Disease study methodologies to estimate the burden of CKD attributable to fine particulate matter: more than 10.7 The global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to elevated PM 2.5. Emissions Health

2017 219
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Drivers from the world’s poorest cities who keep their windows down are exposed to 80% more air pollution

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Car users from the world’s least affluent cities are exposed to a disproportionate amount of in-car air pollution because they rely heavily on opening their windows for ventilation, according to a new global study led by researchers at the University of Surrey. The study discovered that drivers in some of the world’s poorest cities experienced higher levels of in-car pollution. In-Car Particulate Matter Exposure across Ten Global Cities.” Emissions Market Background

2020 163

Low-lying and other vulnerable countries calling for fast action on non-CO2 global warming pollutants

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Led by the tiny Pacific island of the Federated States of Micronesia, a growing group of low-lying islands and other vulnerable countries are calling for fast action on the approximately 50% of global warming that is caused by pollutants other than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Among the non-CO 2 pollutants are hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), methane, tropospheric ozone, and black carbon soot.

2010 183

Study finds economic losses due to health burdens caused by in-car PM2.5 exposure inversely proportional to per capita GDP

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Some of the world’s cities suffer disproportionate economic losses because of the health consequences of in-car air pollution, according to a new study by an international team led by researchers at the University of Surrey (UK). Emissions Health Market Background

Malawi 227

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C In addition, they darken ice and snow, reducing their reflectivity and hastening global warming. Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to degraded air quality and global warming.

2012 221

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, a new global initiative to seize the opportunity of realizing concrete benefits on climate, health, food and energy resulting from reducing short-lived climate pollutants.

2012 190

EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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positive or negative—and magnitude of net climate forcing from BC emissions), currently available scientific and technical information provides a strong foundation for making mitigation decisions to achieve lasting benefits for public health, the environment, and climate. BC is a significant component of particulate matter (PM) pollution, which has been linked to adverse health and environmental impacts through decades of scientific research. emissions in 2005.

2012 218

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Seven billion people, more than 95% of the world’s population, lived in areas exceeding the WHO Guideline for healthy air in 2016, according to a new global study. Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018.

2018 195

Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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An analysis by a team in Bangladesh found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG. However, CNG conversion was apparently detrimental from a climate change perspective, as CH 4 emissions increased. vehicle emissions standards, phasing out of leaded petrol, etc.), and a major concern now is the control of GHG emissions.

2013 237

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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Recent research cited by the EPI suggests that around five million people die prematurely every year due to air pollution, accounting for approximately one in every ten deaths annually. In general, high scorers exhibit long-standing commitments to protecting public health, preserving natural resources, and decoupling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from economic activity. EPI and Global Sustainability Data. Emissions Health

2018 250

UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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The eighth edition of UN Environment’s Emissions Gap report, released ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, finds that national pledges only bring approximately one-third of the reduction in emissions required by 2030 to meet climate targets, with private sector and sub-national action not increasing at a rate that would help close this gap. The Paris Agreement looks to limit global warming to under 2 ˚C, with a more ambitious goal of 1.5 ˚C

2017 150

8 development banks commit to provide more than $175B to scale up support for sustainable transport

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Rapid motorization is creating more congestion, air pollution, traffic accidents and greenhouse gas emissions—especially in developing countries. Global CO 2 emissions from the transport sector are projected to increase nearly 50% by 2030 unless significant changes are adopted. Many large Asian cities also suffer from the highest air pollution levels in the world, contributing to the premature death of half a million people each year.