New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. In turn, the growth of CO 2 emissions embodied in Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, while the emissions embodied in exports, such as textiles, from less-developed regions like Vietnam and Bangladesh have surged.

2018 163

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). Emissions Health Market Background

2020 217
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Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5 In this latest research, the investigators used the Global Burden of Disease study methodologies to estimate the burden of CKD attributable to fine particulate matter: more than 10.7 The global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to elevated PM 2.5. The estimate for the global annual burden of incident CKD attributable to elevated PM 2.5 Emissions Health

2017 219

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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A study by an international team of researchers, led by Drew Shindell of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City, has identified 14 measures targeting methane and black carbon (BC) emissions that could reduce projected global mean warming ~0.5°C In addition, they darken ice and snow, reducing their reflectivity and hastening global warming. Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to degraded air quality and global warming.

2012 214

Study finds economic losses due to health burdens caused by in-car PM2.5 exposure inversely proportional to per capita GDP

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Surrey’s Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) set out to investigate whether the amount of PM 2.5 Our global collaborative project has confirmed that air pollution disproportionately affects developing countries. Emissions Health Market Background

Malawi 217

ADB Transport Forum: shift to greener transport in Asia key to global sustainability; investment of $2.5T needed by 2020

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In 1980, just one in 10 motorized vehicles in the world was in Asia, but by 2030 the region is expected to account for nearly half the global total. Without a change in current transport development patterns in Asia, global carbon dioxide emissions and fuel prices will keep rising, with consequences for climate change, energy security, and economic growth.

2012 186

EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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positive or negative—and magnitude of net climate forcing from BC emissions), currently available scientific and technical information provides a strong foundation for making mitigation decisions to achieve lasting benefits for public health, the environment, and climate. Reducing current emissions of BC may help slow the near-term rate of climate change, particularly in regions such as the Arctic. The United States contributes about 8% of the global emissions of BC.

2012 209

Valeo & Omega Seiki Mobility signed MoU for electric powertrains 

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Valeo, a French automotive supplier and global leader in electrification systems and Omega Seiki Mobility (OSM) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to provide electric powertrains for OSM Vehicle Range. Omega Seiki to develop an EV manufacturing facility in Bangladesh.

Low-lying and other vulnerable countries calling for fast action on non-CO2 global warming pollutants

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Led by the tiny Pacific island of the Federated States of Micronesia, a growing group of low-lying islands and other vulnerable countries are calling for fast action on the approximately 50% of global warming that is caused by pollutants other than carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). Ramanathan and Victor highlight the importance of aggressively reducing CO 2 emissions, but note that the road ahead will be long, difficult, and expensive, and that “in the meantime, a fast-action plan is needed.”

2010 174

Drivers from the world’s poorest cities who keep their windows down are exposed to 80% more air pollution

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Car users from the world’s least affluent cities are exposed to a disproportionate amount of in-car air pollution because they rely heavily on opening their windows for ventilation, according to a new global study led by researchers at the University of Surrey. In-Car Particulate Matter Exposure across Ten Global Cities.” Emissions Market Background

2020 159

Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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An analysis by a team in Bangladesh found large air quality and associated health benefits accruing to the residents of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh) as a result of the rapid conversion of the motor vehicle fleet to CNG. However, CNG conversion was apparently detrimental from a climate change perspective, as CH 4 emissions increased. vehicle emissions standards, phasing out of leaded petrol, etc.), and a major concern now is the control of GHG emissions.

2013 229

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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In general, high scorers exhibit long-standing commitments to protecting public health, preserving natural resources, and decoupling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from economic activity. India and Bangladesh come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nepal rounding out the bottom five. Seychelles ranks as the most-improved country over the past decade, due largely to its commitment to combating greenhouse gas emissions.

2018 246

HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Seven billion people, more than 95% of the world’s population, lived in areas exceeding the WHO Guideline for healthy air in 2016, according to a new global study. Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. State of Global Air 2018. Emissions Health

2018 195

UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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The eighth edition of UN Environment’s Emissions Gap report, released ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, finds that national pledges only bring approximately one-third of the reduction in emissions required by 2030 to meet climate targets, with private sector and sub-national action not increasing at a rate that would help close this gap. The Paris Agreement looks to limit global warming to under 2 ˚C, with a more ambitious goal of 1.5 ˚C

2017 150

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants, a new global initiative to seize the opportunity of realizing concrete benefits on climate, health, food and energy resulting from reducing short-lived climate pollutants. Climate Change Emissions Policy

2012 180

European Parliament calls for fast action to cut non-CO2 climate forcers

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The Resolution calls for a comprehensive climate policy and “ stresses that in addition to considering CO 2 emission reductions, it should place emphasis on strategies that can produce the fastest climate response ,” specifically strategies to cut black carbon soot, HFCs, methane, and ground-level ozone. Even cutting CO 2 emissions to zero today will not produce cooling for a thousand years.

2011 191

8 development banks commit to provide more than $175B to scale up support for sustainable transport

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Global CO 2 emissions from the transport sector are projected to increase nearly 50% by 2030 unless significant changes are adopted. Yet despite the importance of the transport sector, which also directly contributes 5-10% of GDP in most countries, it has been largely neglected in the global sustainable development agenda.

Hadley Centre: Average 4 C Warming Could Happen Within a Human Lifetime, With Even Greater Warming in Many Regions

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Comparison of surface temperature projections from the high-end emissions scenario, without carbon cycle feedbacks. F) rise in global temperatures if the current high emissions of greenhouse gasses continue. The conference, attended by 130 international scientists and policy specialists, is the first to consider the global consequences of climate change beyond 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 °F).

2009 186

ADB draft report says 3B Asians could become affluent by 2050; significant challenges

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The draft report says that as the global economy’s center of gravity shifts toward Asia, the region could account for about half of global output in 2050, up from the current 27%, as well as half of global trade and investment. In the more optimistic Asian Century scenario, the region’s gross domestic product (GDP) would soar to $148 trillion and account for 51% of global output in 2050.

2011 167

Study Finds Indian Ocean Sea-Level Rise Threatens Coastal Areas; Climate Change Partly Responsible

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The rise—which may aggravate monsoon flooding in Bangladesh and India—could have future impacts on both regional and global climate. degrees Celsius, in the past 50 years, primarily because of human-generated emissions in greenhouses gases. Global sea-level patterns are not geographically uniform. The study indicates that in order to anticipate global sea-level change, researchers also need to know the specifics of regional sea-level changes.