Analysis finds air-quality justification for CNG vehicle conversion in developing cities, despite negative climate impact

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Impact pathway approach for modeling policy interventions in (a) air quality and (b) climate impacts. However, CNG conversion was apparently detrimental from a climate change perspective, as CH 4 emissions increased. Global warming factors for OC and SO 2 are negative—i.e.,

2013 121

New international Climate and Clean Air Coalition to focus on reduction of short-lived climate pollutants

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Global benefits from full implementation of measures for reduction of short-lived climate pollutants in 2030 compared to the reference scenario. The climate change benefit is estimated for a given year (2050) and human health and crop benefits are.

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New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. The study, involving researchers from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and colleagues in China and the United States, investigated how complex supply chains are distributing energy-intensive industries and their CO 2 emissions throughout the global South.

2018 65

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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Circle areas are proportional to values for (A and B) climate change, (C and D) human health (values for population over age 30), and (E and F) agriculture. In addition, they darken ice and snow, reducing their reflectivity and hastening global warming.

2012 113

European Parliament calls for fast action to cut non-CO2 climate forcers

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The European Parliament is calling for fast action to reduce non-CO 2 climate forcers including black carbon soot, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), methane, and ground-level ozone, which together are responsible for nearly half of climate forcing. Because these climate forcers are short-lived, reducing them produces a fast climate response. A follow-up technical meeting will be hosted by Bangladesh in October, with further ministerial meetings likely in the future.

2011 78

ADB Transport Forum: shift to greener transport in Asia key to global sustainability; investment of $2.5T needed by 2020

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In 1980, just one in 10 motorized vehicles in the world was in Asia, but by 2030 the region is expected to account for nearly half the global total.

2012 99

Study Finds Indian Ocean Sea-Level Rise Threatens Coastal Areas; Climate Change Partly Responsible

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finds that the sea-level rise is at least partly a result of climate change. The rise—which may aggravate monsoon flooding in Bangladesh and India—could have future impacts on both regional and global climate. Global sea-level patterns are not geographically uniform. The study indicates that in order to anticipate global sea-level change, researchers also need to know the specifics of regional sea-level changes.

EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has submitted its final Report to Congress on Black Carbon , in response to an October 2009 request from Congress to advance efforts to understand the role of black carbon (BC) in climate change. Effects of BC on climate, as compared to GHGs.

UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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The eighth edition of UN Environment’s Emissions Gap report, released ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, finds that national pledges only bring approximately one-third of the reduction in emissions required by 2030 to meet climate targets, with private sector and sub-national action not increasing at a rate that would help close this gap. The Paris Agreement looks to limit global warming to under 2 ˚C, with a more ambitious goal of 1.5 ˚C

2017 60

2018 Environmental Performance Index: Air quality top public health threat

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Switzerland’s top ranking reflects strong performance across most issues, especially air quality and climate protection. India and Bangladesh come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nepal rounding out the bottom five.

2018 129

Hadley Centre: Average 4 C Warming Could Happen Within a Human Lifetime, With Even Greater Warming in Many Regions

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One of the UK’s leading climate scientists has presented new research findings on the increasing potential for a 4 degrees Celsius (7.2 °F) F) rise in global temperatures if the current high emissions of greenhouse gasses continue. Dr Richard Betts, Head of Climate Impacts at the UK Met Office Hadley Centre, presented the findings at a special conference called “ 4 degrees and beyond ” at Oxford University. Tags: Climate Change

2009 76

Toyota Environmental Activities Grant Program accepting application for 2017 awards

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Toyota established the annual program in 2000 in commemoration of Toyota’s receipt of the Global 500 Award in 1999 from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); this year marks the program’s 18 th year. The program aims to contribute to the resolution of environmental concerns and cultivate a new generation of leaders who will drive change on both a local and global basis. This year’s theme will be “Biodiversity Conservation” or “Climate Change”. Climate Change.

2017 60

Study of emissions from CNG- and gasoline-fueled autorickshaws suggests measurements and data, not assumptions, should drive policy

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mass, B: organic carbon fraction (OC/PM), C: elemental carbon fraction (EC/PM)), global warming commitment (D: GWC-Kyoto, E: GWC-All), and F: fuel consumption. and THC, less CO than PET-4S) and climate benefits (lower fuel consumption, less GWC than CNG-2S).

2011 123

ADB draft report says 3B Asians could become affluent by 2050; significant challenges

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The draft report says that as the global economy’s center of gravity shifts toward Asia, the region could account for about half of global output in 2050, up from the current 27%, as well as half of global trade and investment. In the more optimistic Asian Century scenario, the region’s gross domestic product (GDP) would soar to $148 trillion and account for 51% of global output in 2050.

2011 68

Northern India Rapidly Depleting its Groundwater Due to Excessive Irrigation; Major Water Crisis Looms If Trend Continues

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Although future climate change is expected to intensify the precipitation and thus increase water availability in this region, evaporation will likely also increase due to the warmer climate. It is of immediate concern to recharge the aquifers of north India, Nepal and Bangladesh through suitable management of surface water for the sustainable availability of water and the preservation of ecosystems.

2009 65