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HEI: 95%+ of world’s population live in areas of unhealthy air

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Air pollution is the leading environmental cause of death worldwide according to the State of Global Air 2018 , the annual report and interactive website published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI). Ozone, another important component of outdoor air pollution, whose levels are on the rise around the world, contributed to 234,000 deaths from chronic lung disease. coal, wood, and dung) for cooking and heating. million early deaths from outdoor air pollution in 2016.

2018 195

Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row

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Emissions are increasing in other developing countries: 6% for Indonesia and Malaysia; 9% for Pakistan and 12% for the Philippines. Information on the other two greenhouse gases, methane (CH 4 ) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O), is only available until 2012, as international statistics on agricultural activities—the main source of these emissions—are not updated as frequently as on energy and industry-related activities.

2017 150
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UN Environment report says national GHG pledges only bring one-third of reductions needed for Paris Agreement

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Given currently available carbon budget estimates, the available global carbon budget for 1.5 ˚C The report also covers an assessment of the potential contribution from reductions in short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). C target is 16 to 19 GtCO 2 e, higher than previous estimates as new studies have become available. There are an estimated 6,683 operating coal-fired power plants in the world, with a combined capacity of 1,964 GW.

2017 150

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

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While carbon dioxide is the primary driver of global warming over the long term, limiting black carbon and methane are complementary actions that would have a more immediate impact because these two pollutants circulate out of the atmosphere more quickly. The team considered about 400 emission control measures to reduce these pollutants by using current technology and experience. Iran, Pakistan and Jordan would experience the most improvement in agricultural production.

2012 218