New Mexico adopts Clean Cars Rule

Green Car Congress

The New Mexico Environmental Improvement Board (EIB) and the Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board (AQCB) have each adopted the Clean Car Rule after a joint public hearing. Their independent approval of the Clean Car Rule allows California’s Advanced Clean Cars to be implemented statewide in New Mexico beginning 1 July 2022.

TOAR shows present-day global ozone distribution and trends relevant to health; public database

Green Car Congress

Ozone levels across much of North America and Europe dropped significantly between 2000 and 2014. Even so, during 2010-2014, people in parts of California, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, the Midwest and the Middle Atlantic still experienced more than 15 days a year in which ozone levels exceeded the US health-based air quality standard of 70 parts per billion (ppb) averaged over eight hours. Trends in daily maximum ozone levels (known as 4MDA8) at urban and non-urban sites.

2018 216

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Study links ambient PM2.5 and ozone specifically caused by vehicle exhaust emissions to ~361,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2010 and ~385,000 in 2015

Green Car Congress

A new study provides the most detailed picture available to date of the global, regional, and local health impacts attributable to emissions from four transportation subsectors: on-road diesel vehicles; other on-road vehicles; shipping; and non-road mobile engines such as agricultural and construction equipment. and ozone deaths, associated mortality rates, and population in G20 economies in 2015. and ozone worldwide in 2010 and ~385,000 in 2015, equivalent to 11.7%

2019 201

New EPA Rules Further Reduce HCFCs to Protect Ozone Layer

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced two final rules that will further reduce the availability and use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which are primarily used as refrigerants and harm the ozone layer. A diminished ozone layer allows more radiation to reach the Earth’s surface, leading to serious health effects, such as skin cancer, cataracts, and weakened immune systems.

Ozone 179

EPA Climate Change Adaptation Plan sees likely increase in tropospheric ozone, with more difficulty in attaining NAAQS in many areas

Green Car Congress

Among the many climate-related vulnerabilities that can impact its mission, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cites a likely increase in tropospheric ozone pollution as potentially making it more difficult to attain National Ambient Air Quality Standards ( NAAQS ) in many areas with existing ozone problems. clean air, safe drinking water) are sensitive to changes in weather and climate.

Reducing Black Carbon Emissions and Ground-Level Ozone Would Provide Immediate Benefit Against Climate Change

Green Car Congress

Reducing emissions of black carbon soot and ground-level ozone would quickly make a considerable dent in the climate change problem and would also contribute to public health and protect crop yields, according to an essay in the September/October issue of Foreign Affairs. Available technology such as diesel particulate filters for vehicles and cleaner- burning biomass and solar cookstoves can significantly reduce black carbon emissions.

US DOT to award up to $101.4M to transit projects to reduce emissions and to promote clean-fuel technologies

Green Car Congress

million to transit projects that improve emissions while supporting emerging clean fuel and advanced propulsion technologies. million from FTA’s Clean Fuels Grant Program and $49.9 The US Department of Transportation will award up to total of $101.4 The money is being provided competitively through the Federal Transit Administration’s Fiscal Year 2011 Sustainability Initiative, which includes funding from two programs: $51.5

2011 179

California ARB approves air quality plan for South Coast Air Basin ahead of 2023 deadline; calls for Federal action

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) voted to approve an updated plan for the South Coast Air Basin aimed at further cutting smog-forming emissions to attain the federal 8-hour ozone standard.

2019 212

Northwestern/Princeton study explores air quality impacts of aggressive conversion to EVs

Green Car Congress

Among the findings: Summer surface ozone (O 3 ) decreases in most locations due to widespread reductions of traffic NO x emissions. Across scenarios, we found the more cars that transitioned to electric power, the better for summertime ozone levels. No matter how the power is generated, the more combustion cars you take off the road, the better the ozone quality. Locations with clean energy sources, however, saw reductions.

2019 234

California SCAQMD petitioning EPA for national ultra-low NOx standard for trucks

Green Car Congress

The Governing Board of California’s South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) earlier this year voted to petition the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to adopt tougher emission standards for engines of heavy-duty trucks to help the region meet federal clean air goals. Nor will the region be able to meet the 2031 deadline for the 8-hour ozone standard that was adopted in 2008 and lowered to 75 parts per billion.

2016 163

CARB approves $423M plan to mitigate harm from Volkswagen defeat devices; significant investments in heavy-duty vehicles and equipment sectors

Green Car Congress

Over the next 10 years this plan will put in place not only tools to clean up VW’s excess emissions, but also to help achieve further reductions of smog-forming pollution for decades to come. As designed, the plan approved today invests about 50% of the available funds in those communities. The plan provides: $130 million for to replace eligible Class 4-8 shuttle buses, school and transit buses with new, commercially available, zero-emission technologies.

2018 231

International study identifies 14 key measures to reduce methane and black carbon emissions; reduction in projected global mean warming of ~0.5 °C by 2050

Green Car Congress

Methane is both a potent greenhouse gas and an important precursor to ground-level ozone. Ozone, a key component of smog and also a greenhouse gas, damages crops and human health. Tropospheric ozone and black carbon (BC) contribute to degraded air quality and global warming. million annual premature deaths from outdoor air pollution and increase annual crop yields by 30 to 135 million metric tons due to ozone reductions in 2030 and beyond.

2012 218

WHO links 7 million premature deaths annually to air pollution; 12.5% of total global deaths

Green Car Congress

Cleaning up the air we breathe prevents noncommunicable diseases as well as reduces disease risks among women and vulnerable groups, including children and the elderly. The Guidelines apply worldwide and are based on expert evaluation of current scientific evidence for particulate matter (PM); ozone (O 3 ); nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ); and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), in all WHO regions. When sufficiently sensitive measurement tools are available, concentrations of fine particles (PM 2.5

2014 288

California ARB announces $24M grant solicitation for zero-emission truck and bus pilot commercial deployment projects

Green Car Congress

Up to $23,658,000 is available for this project from FY 2014-15 funds. Up to an additional $60,000,000 may be available for projects under this solicitation from future funds appropriated by the California legislature on or before 30 June 2016. microns or less (PM 2.5 ); and NO x emissions that lead to ozone and secondary PM. Transit bus pilot projects funded under this Solicitation will support updates to the Advanced Clean Transit regulations.

2015 261

Study: consumer products overtake transportation as largest source of VOCs air pollution in cities

Green Car Congress

Consumer products such as shampoo, cleaning products and paint now contribute as much to emitted volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in cities as tailpipe emissions from vehicles, according to a new study led by NOAA. The results, published in an open-access paper in the journal Science , suggest that the focus of efforts to mitigate ozone formation and toxic chemical burdens need to be adjusted, the authors suggested.

2018 226

Air Quality: Easy to Measure, Tough to Fix

Cars That Think

Alternatives are available from. Ionization can itself create ozone. The state of California has banned such ozone generators entirely. Purifiers vary widely in the pollutants they claim to clean and how they claim to clean them. Harry Campbell.

Ozone 61

FTA to award up to $24.9M to low- or no-emissions transit bus projects

Green Car Congress

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) announced the availability of $24.9 million is available for buses and $3.3 million is available for supporting facilities and related equipment. An Eligible Area for the awards is either: Designated as a non-attainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under section 107(d) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. A maintenance area, as defined in section 5303, for ozone or carbon monoxide.

2014 224

ICCT study finds that transitioning to low-GWP MAC refrigerants in China could avoid up to US$150B in costs

Green Car Congress

A new study from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) assesses the feasibility, benefits, and costs of phasing out HFC-134a as the refrigerant in mobile air conditioning (MAC) systems in the Chinese LDV fleet, focusing on three alternatives with lower global warming potential (GWP) most likely to be adopted by automakers with a global supply chain: HFO-1234yf, HFC-152a, and CO 2.

2016 191

ROUSH CleanTech develops near-zero NOx propane autogas engine; CARB-certified at 0.02 g/bhp-hr

Green Car Congress

Alternative-fuel technology company ROUSH CleanTech has developed the first available propane autogas engine certified to California Air Resources Board’s (CARB’s) optional low oxides of nitrogen emissions standard for heavy-duty engines with 0.02 NO x emissions are known to be harmful to human health and to the environment, contributing to regional ozone attainment challenges, smog and other air-quality issues.

2018 200

EPA proposes new rules to reduce global warming HFC emissions from refrigerants

Green Car Congress

Specifically, the proposed rule updates the current prohibition under section 608 of the Clean Air Act against knowingly venting, releasing or disposing of ozone-depleting (ODS) and substitute refrigerants and extends the requirements, as appropriate, to non-ozone-depleting substitute refrigerants, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). EPA has proposed a new to reduce emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), potent greenhouse gases used in refrigeration and air conditioning.

2015 192

Study finds marine workboat engines staying in service two times longer than estimated by EPA; emissions reduction implications

Green Car Congress

This finding reveals important opportunities for clean air improvements, especially in large port cities such as New York and Houston. Replacing more of these older and longer-lived engines with the latest clean diesel models, faster, will generate significant emissions reductions. A related study by DTF and EDF confirms that upgrading workboats to the newest-model clean diesel engines delivers the greatest emissions improvements for the lowest cost.

2019 195

California ARB releases final version of proposed update to Climate Change Scoping Plan; LEV IV

Green Car Congress

Continuing progress on light-duty vehicles beyond the scope of the Advanced Clean Cars program with a LEV IV standard targeted at achieving additional GHG emission reductions of about five percent per year beyond 2025 would reduce new vehicle emission standards to about 125 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per mile (gCO 2 e/mi) in 2030 and to below 100 gCO 2 e/mi by 2035. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) has released.

2014 191

Cutting Non-CO2 Pollutants Can Delay Abrupt Climate Change; The Fast Action Climate Agenda

Green Car Congress

A “fast-action” climate agenda including reducing non-CO 2 climate change agents such as black carbon soot, tropospheric ozone, and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), as well as expanding bio-sequestration through biochar production, can forestall fast-approaching abrupt climate changes, according to Nobel Laureate Dr. Mario Molina (Chemistry, 1995) and co-authors in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Tropospheric ozone.

EPA finalizes Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (Transport Rule)

Green Car Congress

The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule replaces and strengthens the requirements of the 2005 Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR), which the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit ordered EPA to revise in 2008. reductions; annual NO x reductions; and ozone-season NO x. Ozone Season NO x Power Plant Emissions. Transport Rule states. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge.

2011 179

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

Green Car Congress

NO 2 is just one component of air pollution, which is made up of many pollutants (including particulate matter, ozone, carbon monoxide), which are known to have numerous adverse effects on health. Many of the solutions aimed at cleaning up the air would not only prevent new cases of asthma and other serious health problems but they would also attenuate global warming, Anenberg said.

2019 290

BP Products to Pay Nearly $180M to Settle Violations at Texas City Refinery; Conversion of Diesel Vehicles to Natural Gas Part of Settlement

Green Car Congress

has agreed to spend more than $161 million on pollution controls, enhanced maintenance and monitoring, and improved internal management practices to resolve Clean Air Act violations at its Texas City, Texas refinery. The settlement addresses the company’s noncompliance with a 2001 consent decree and Clean Air Act regulations requiring strict controls on benzene and benzene-containing wastes generated during petroleum refining operations. BP Products North America Inc.

2009 150

California ARB and NOAA Collaborating in $20M Research on Interaction of Air Pollution and Climate Change; One Atmosphere Approach

Green Car Congress

These connections arise because in many cases the agents of concern are the same, and in many cases the sources of the agents are the same or intimately connected.For example, surface ozone is both an air pollutant and a greenhouse gas. The complex roles that ozone and aerosols play in the atmosphere provide examples of such trade-offs. How important are chemical processes occurring at night in determining transport and / or loss of nitrogen oxides, reactive VOC and ozone?

California ARB Expands Assistance Program for Truckers to Reduce Diesel Emissions

Green Car Congress

The changes made to the statewide Voucher Incentive Program, also known as the VIP, will make funding available to a larger variety of trucks that will help owners comply early with the statewide truck and bus regulation passed in 2008. Approximately $28 million is available through the program to fund truck replacements or exhaust retrofits statewide. California is currently working toward meeting clean-air standards for ozone and particulate matter emissions.

2010 170

US EPA proposing allowing high-octane, higher ethanol content fuels as part of Tier 3 regs; E30 as example

Green Car Congress

Under the proposal, automakers could petition the EPA for approval of a higher octane, higher ethanol content test fuel if: they could demonstrate that such a fuel would be used by the operator and would be readily available nationwide; vehicles would not operate appropriately on other available fuels; and. Currently, the Clean Air Act limits the volatility of gasoline to 9.0 psi RVP in southern ozone non-attainment areas—but allows a 1 psi RVP waiver for E10.

2013 216

MECA report finds additional NOx emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks achievable and cost-effective

Green Car Congress

NO x is a precursor for both ground level ozone and secondary PM 2.5 This has resulted in higher catalyst loading per volume of substrate and led to downsizing of systems from those available in 2010.

2020 254

Report argues advanced HD natural gas vehicles foundational for California to hit air and climate goals; near zero-emission potential

Green Car Congress

Compared to the 2010 “Business as Usual” scenario—which includes all adopted emission control measures for the South Coast—NO x levels must be reduced by 65% and by 75% to meet the 2023 and 2032 ozone standards, respectively. According to the GNA report, heavy-duty diesel trucks are the largest contributors to the NO x inventories of the South Coast and San Joaquin Valley ozone non-attainment areas.

2014 218

California Air Resources Board Unveils $3.7M in Rebates for Plug-in Hybrid and Zero-Emission Vehicles

Green Car Congress

Rebates are available to individuals, business owners and government entities in California that purchase or lease new eligible zero-emission or plug-in hybrid electric light-duty vehicles now. In October 2007, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed AB 118 which provides approximately $200 million annually through 2015 to the California Energy Commission, the Bureau of Automotive Repair and the ARB to fund air quality improvement projects that will accelerate clean engine technologies.

2010 196

Federal Judge rules that Washington State must regulate refinery GHG emissions under State Implementation Plan

Green Car Congress

Pechman for the Western District of Washington has ruled that the Washington Department of Ecology, Northwest Clean Air Agency, and Puget Sound Clean Air Agency must regulate greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from the five oil refineries operating in Washington State. Washington’s SIP was adopted pursuant to the US Clean Air Act (CAA). matter, sulfur dioxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and lead. Federal Chief Judge Marsha J.

2011 179

EPA Administrator Reinstates Role of Staff Paper in Reviewing National Ambient Air Quality Standards

Green Car Congress

EPA sets NAAQS for six key pollutants known as “criteria pollutants” that are commonly found across the United States: ozone, particle pollution (particulate matter), lead, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide. The staff paper will be made available to the agency’s science advisors and the public prior to the initiation of formal rulemaking.

2009 150

EPA proposes air pollution standards for oil and gas drilling operations; focus on capture of escaping natural gas

Green Car Congress

This significant reduction would largely be accomplished by capturing natural gas that currently escapes to the air and making that gas available for sale through technologies and processes already in use by several companies and required in some states. The VOC reductions in the proposal are expected to help reduce ozone nonattainment problems in many areas where oil and gas production occurs.

2011 170

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

Green Car Congress

Many of the strategies employed to reduce GHG emissions will also work to meet the national ambient air quality standard for ozone in 2032. Recommendations are based on technologies currently available or expected in the near term, and on planning and investment steps that can be taken now. However, to achieve the needed transportation GHG reductions and the corresponding 2032 ozone standards, the market uptake of advanced technologies will need to be accelerated.

2014 229

Climate Expert: Don't Call It Geoengineering

Cars That Think

We see it as similar to the ozone hole problem, where we really needed a tight, science-based focus on the limits to human inputs to the system--and howthose inputs affected the ozone layer's ability to keep people safe.

California Energy Commission adopts $100M investment plan for 2013-2014 for green vehicles and fuels

Green Car Congress

The program is an important component of California’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050, as required by AB 32; decrease petroleum fuel use to 15% below 2003 levels by 2020; increase the use of alternative fuels to 26% of all fuel consumed by 2022; and reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides to 80% of 2010 levels by 2023 to help meet federal ozone standards in areas of California such as the San Joaquin Valley and South Coast air basins.

2013 246

HEI ACES study of lifetime animal exposure to New Technology Diesel Engine exhaust finds no lung cancer

Green Car Congress

Earlier ACES reports (available at ) found substantial reductions in particulate matter and other pollutants in the emissions from both 2007 and 2010 engines. —Bob O’Keefe, Vice President of HEI and Chair of Clean Air Asia. The first study to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of lifetime exposure to new technology diesel exhaust (NTDE)—i.e.,

2015 245

EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

Green Car Congress

positive or negative—and magnitude of net climate forcing from BC emissions), currently available scientific and technical information provides a strong foundation for making mitigation decisions to achieve lasting benefits for public health, the environment, and climate. Clean clouds and non-light-absorbing (transparent) particles scatter or reflect sunlight, reducing the amount of solar energy that is absorbed by the surface.

2012 214

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

Green Car Congress

The radiative forcing affects of a reduction in non-CO 2 pollutants (dominated by ozone and black carbon) can outweigh CO 2 effects, depending on the replacement energy source, according to a multi-pollutant study by researchers from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and the Environmental Defense Fund that examined the impact of a 50% reduction in on-road transportation emissions. Radiative forcing from the global and US ORT and PG sectors.

2009 150

The #1 working mum’s guide to buying the perfect electric car

My Energi

What I do know, is how fossil fuel vehicles have contributed heavily to poor air quality in our towns and cities, damage to the environment, soil and water quality and have contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer! Who wants to hear yet another article on ‘daddy owns a flash car’?…

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

Green Car Congress

Under the Proalcool Program, sugar companies were ordered to increase production and the state-run oil company, Petrobras, was required to make álcool (ethanol) available at its fuel stations. In Brazil, there are currently two fuel types available at the fuel station for passenger vehicles: E100 (AEHC) that is the derived from a simple distillation process and has about 4.9% by Brian J. Donovan, CEO Renergie, Inc.

2009 258