Milk and gasoline: the cost of the energy they provide to fuel our bodies and automobiles

Green Car Congress

The average price of conventional (not organic) whole milk in September 2020 was $3.56 The average price of regular gasoline in September 2020 was $2.183 per gallon. Michael Sivak is the managing director of Sivak Applied Research and the former director of Sustainable Worldwide Transportation at the University of Michigan. by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research. This brief analysis examines the relative cost of the energy from milk and gasoline.

2020 260

Larry Burns: Holistic approach required to achieve transformational change of transportation and the automobile; the power of “And”

Green Car Congress

Larry Burns, former head of GM R&D and strategic planning and currently Professor of Engineering Practice and the University of Michigan and Director, Sustainable Mobility at the Earth Institute, Columbia University, used his presentation at the ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit (EIS) in Washington to call for a holistic approach to the transformational change required for the transportation sector in general and the automobile in particular.

2012 185

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Global NCAP calls for universal application of minimum vehicle safety standards in all world markets by 2020

Green Car Congress

Global NCAP has released a new policy report, “ Democratising Car Safety: Road Map for Safer Cars 2020 ”, calling for minimum vehicle safety standards to be applied universally in all world markets. With about 48% of all traffic fatalities being vehicle occupants, it is therefore essential to improve automobile safety, especially in rapidly motorizing regions, so as so to avoid a growing global burden of road injury, Global NCAP argues.

2015 185

University of Michigan Report Finds Focus on Fuel Economy Would Be Very Profitable for Detroit 3; Says Rapid, Wide-Reaching Change in Business Models Required for Turnaround

Green Car Congress

A new report released by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute ( UMTRI ) analyzes critical choices faced by automakers and finds that broad, deep, fast change is necessary for success in the context of the worst financial crisis in the history of the domestic automobile industry. The authors analyzed extensive literature on the successful turnaround of six international companies of comparable size, diversity and distress to the domestic automobile industry.

2009 150

Study Concludes Cash for Clunkers Program Is an Expensive Way to Reduce Carbon; Paying Nearly 10x the Projected Price of Carbon Credits

Green Car Congress

The federal government’s Cash for Clunkers aims to stimulate the economy, provide relief for automobile manufacturers and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. program is paying nearly 10 times the projected price of carbon credits per ton in the best-case scenario, according to an analysis of the implied cost of carbon dioxide reductions under the program by UC Davis transportation economist Christopher Knittel.

Study Finds Both Unemployment Rate and Fuel Price Influence Buyers Decisions on Fuel Economy of Vehicles Purchased

Green Car Congress

A new study by a two researchers at the University of Michigan’s Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) found that during this period both the unemployment rate and the cost of gasoline influenced buyers’ decisions concerning the fuel economy of vehicles purchased. Michael Sivak and Brandon Schoettle also found that while there was a significant negative relationship between the unemployment rate and the number of vehicles purchased, the price of gasoline did not have a major impact.

2009 150

Constellium and Groupe Renault partner on R&D project for sustainable automotive aluminum solutions

Green Car Congress

Constellium SE is leading a new R&D initiative in France, Project ISA3 (Intégration de Solutions Aluminium pour Alléger les Automobiles (Integration of Aluminium Solutions to Lightweight Automotive vehicles)). The ISA3 project aims to reduce the price per kilogram by half on aluminum doors.

France 209

Why are some EV chargers more expensive than others?

Green Charging

Do not fear, in this article, we discuss why some EV chargers are more low-priced than others. Recently, the automobile industry has developed quickly. The automobile industry is investing in protecting the environment. All these features raise its price.

First “MotorBrain” prototype shown; lightweight electric motor system with no rare earth metals

Green Car Congress

The four partners in the European research project ”MotorBrain” —Infineon Technologies, Siemens, the Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology at the Technische Universität (Technical University) Dresden and ZF Friedrichshafen—are presenting their first prototype of a lightweight electric motor system that requires no rare earth metals. Also, rare earth metal prices are high and fluctuate widely. MotorBrain prototype.

2014 205

MAHLE to acquire Spanish electronics specialist Nagares to bolster position in vehicle electronics

Green Car Congress

The purchase price will not be disclosed. Its customers include numerous international automobile manufacturers. In cooperation with the Polytechnic University of Valencia, the company has established a Chair for Mechatronics. MAHLE plans to take over Spanish electronics specialist Nagares SA. The transaction is still subject to approval by the antitrust authorities.

2017 150

European truck manufacturers call for action to prevent aftermarket manipulation of NOx emissions controls

Green Car Congress

In the wake of a report by the German television station ZDF identifying widespread aftermarket manipulation of NO x emissions control technologies on trucks, the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) is calling for government action to preclude such manipulation. There are many websites of suppliers and marketers offering such devices, in several EU member states and also outside the European Union, at a range of prices and capabilities.

2017 184

Purdue researchers create hybrid technique to create nanotwinned, corrosion-resistant nickel

Green Car Congress

Now, Purdue University innovators have created a hybrid technique to fabricate a nanotwinned form of nickel that may help the future production of lifesaving medical devices, high-tech devices and vehicles with strong corrosion-resistant protection.

2020 240

Study suggests global impact of obesity may be extra ~700MT/y CO2eq: about 1.6% of worldwide GHG emissions

Green Car Congress

A new analysis led by a team from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, estimates that on a global scale, obesity contributes to extra GHG emissions of ~49 megatons per year of CO 2 equivalent (CO 2eq ) from oxidative metabolism due to greater metabolic demands; ~361 megatons per year of CO 2 eq from food production processes due to increased food intake; and ~290 megatons per year of CO 2 eq from automobile and air transportation due to greater body weight.

2019 190

NYU Researchers Pave the Way for Future Shared Mobility

Cars That Think

Department of Transportation Tier 1 University Transportation Center at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering comprised of a consortium of universities, is leading research efforts to optimize these technologies to make them effective and efficient for our lives and our environments.

CMU, Ford, Drexel study suggests Chinese more receptive to adopting BEVs than Americans, regardless of subsidies

Green Car Congress

Results from a study by a team from Carnegie Mellon University, Ford and Drexel University suggest that Chinese consumers are more receptive to adopting battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) than their American counterparts, regardless of subsidies. Even though EV adoption in China might increase local emissions, global emissions from automobiles could nevertheless plausibly decrease as a result of increased development and adoption of EV technology worldwide.

2015 275

Study finds that EV-specific factors rather than socio-demographic variables better predictors of EV uptake

Green Car Congress

A study by researchers at the Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands) examining the impact of financial incentives and other socio-economic factors on electric vehicle (both plug-in hybrids and battery electrics) adoption in 30 countries found that financial incentives; the number of charging stations (corrected for population); and the presence of a local manufacturing facility were positive and significant in predicting EV adoption rates for the countries studied.

2014 251

Study finds testing the technology the strongest initial motivation for fleet managers adopting EVs

Green Car Congress

The study by William Sierzchula at Delft University of Technology, published in the journal Transportation Research Part D , used fleet manager interviews and pilot project report to investigate 14 US and Dutch organizations that adopted EVs from 2010 to 2013 to determine which factors influenced their purchase decisions. Based on the findings, Sierzchula recommended that policymakers who want to support EV diffusion should encourage organizations to experiment with the automobiles.

2014 218

U. Maryland and Redox Power partnering to commercialize low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells for distributed generation and transportation

Green Car Congress

University of Maryland researchers have partnered with Redox Power Systems LLC to commercialize low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (LT-SOFC) technology for distributed generation—and ultimately transportation—applications at about one-tenth the cost and one-tenth the size of current commercial fuel cell systems. The fuel cells, based upon patented technology developed by professor Eric Wachsman, director of the University of Maryland Energy Research Center (UMERC) in the A.

2013 244

Potsdam/TUB/BMW report says cap-and-trade instrument for road transport fuels combined with vehicle efficiency metrics is the most promising policy approach to reduce transport GHG

Green Car Congress

A cap-and-price scheme with a target quantity and corresponding price can alleviate rebound effects and perverse incentives of fuel efficiency and low-carbon fuel standards. The study, written by scientists of the Technical University Berlin (TUB) and PIK, was commissioned and financed by the BMW Group. Here we argue for quantity instruments, regulating absolute emissions, and an associated price signal. Automobile manufacturers have no influence on that.

2010 179

Jaguar Land Rover and EPSRC announce $17M autonomous vehicle research program; 5 projects selected

Green Car Congress

The research will take place at ten UK universities and the Transport Research Laboratory. Using the two streams integrated within the sensing, information and control systems of a modern automobile, it aims to map terrain and identify hazards such as potholes and surface texture changes in all weathers, and to detect and classify other road users (pedestrians, car, cyclists etc.).

CMU Paper: Market-Based Mechanisms for CO2 Reduction Will Be Insufficient to Attain Mid-Century Goals

Green Car Congress

Although market-based mechanisms need to be implemented soon to establish a framework for emissions reductions, the Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) team argues, the range of prices for CO 2 currently under discussion will be too low to enable achieving the longer-term targets. Similar or higher prices would be needed for other types of low-carbon plant investment. Cap and trade proposals under discussion now would not reach that level of pricing for decades.

2009 174

As Electric Car Makers Ante Up Billions, Software Is Ace in the Hole

Cars That Think

While EV driving range and price are obviously key market differentiators, an EV's software suite is quickly becoming as, if not more, important.

Study finds 2008 recession contributed to increase in age of US LDV fleet, slowing of emission reductions

Green Car Congress

The global economic recession of 2008—which severely depressed light-duty vehicle sales—resulted in an increase in the age of the light-duty vehicle fleet in the US that likely slowed the rate of decrease of fleet average emissions, according to a study by Gary Bishop and Donald Stedman at the University of Denver. A remote vehicle exhaust sensor (Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test, FEAT), developed at the University of Denver, collected the data sets.

2014 210

Ford targeting smart parking as element of Smart Mobility; vehicle sensors, connectivity and big data

Green Car Congress

Congestion is one of the most prevalent transport problems in large urban agglomerations, usually above a threshold of about 1 million inhabitants, notes Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue at Hofstra University. Dr. Rodrigue sits on the international editorial board of the Journal of Transport Geography and the Cahiers Scientifiques du Transport , and acts as the Van Horne Researcher in Transportation and Logistics at the university.

2015 218

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

Green Car Congress

The projects selected are located in 25 states, with 50% of projects led by universities, 23% by small businesses, 12% by large businesses, 13% by national labs, and 2% by non-profits. University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Development of a Dedicated, High-Value Biofuels Crop The University of Massachusetts, Amherst will develop an. Energy Plant Design The University of California, Los Angeles, will re-engineer. University of Illinois. University.

2011 242

Working paper argues new US energy efficiency regulations are ineffective at GHG reduction and incorrectly override consumer preference

Green Car Congress

Instead, according to a new working paper by a duo from The Brookings Institution and Vanderbilt University, the bulk of the estimated benefits from the regulations stem from private benefits such as fuel savings to consumers, based on the regulators’ presumption of consumer irrationality. Kip Viscusi, Vanderbilt University Distinguished Professor, with primary. 12-21, Mercatus Center, George Mason University.

2012 224

UB study finds passenger car drivers more likely to die in crashes with SUVs, regardless of crash safety ratings

Green Car Congress

A new University at Buffalo (UB) study of crashes involving cars and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) has found that in head-on collisions between passenger cars and SUVs, drivers in passenger cars were nearly 10 times more likely to die if the SUV involved had a better crash rating. Along with price and fuel efficiency, car safety ratings are one of the things that consumers rely on when shopping for an automobile, Jehle notes.

2013 179

Survey Finds Many Americans Have a Very Poor Understanding of Energy Use and Savings

Green Car Congress

A new survey by researchers from Columbia University, Ohio State University and Carnegie Mellon University finds that many Americans have a very poor understanding of energy use and savings. Mean perceptions of energy used for automobile-related activities (A), and saved via modes of transporting goods (B). Recent research indicates that investments in non–price-based behavioral interventions can be effective in decreasing energy use.

2010 255

ETH Zürich Developing Pneumatic Hybrid Engine; Approaches Hybrid-Electric Performance at Lower Cost

Green Car Congress

The fuel saving achieved by the air hybrid is about 80% of that of a full electric hybrid, but the price-performance ratio is “ distinctly better ”, according to the research team. Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering pp. Pneumatic hybrid engine on the test bench. Photo: P. Rüegg / ETH Zurich. Click to enlarge.

2009 183


Revenge of the Electric Car

From the article: ‘The New York study anticipates that by 2015, electric vehicle prices should decline because of reduced battery costs, that there will be a sufficient supply of electric vehicles to purchase, and that consumers will take advantage of the existing federal tax credit of $7,500 for new electric cars. Last week, the Obama administration announced new fuel economy standards for automobiles that provides some incentives for electric cars.

2010 144

GE study finds 5% of worlds natural gas production wasted per year by flaring

Green Car Congress

Gas flaring emits 400 million metric tons of CO 2 annually, the same as 77 million automobiles, without producing useful heat or electricity. If half of this flare gas (25 bcm per year) was captured and sold at prevailing domestic prices in Russia, the economic opportunity may exceed US$2 billion (65 billion rubles). Low natural gas prices and higher costs related to capturing flare gas in the Middle East inadvertently encourage the wasteful burning of unused gas.

2011 223

UC Davis, ITDP study suggests global shift to public transport, NMT and away from cars could save $100T through 2050 and cut GHGs

Green Car Congress

One of the more affordable ways to cut greenhouse gas emissions is to design cities to give people clean options for using public transportation, walking and cycling and to move away from car-centric development, according to a new report released by the University of California, Davis, and the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP).

2014 229

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

Green Car Congress

The oil price shocks of the 1970s led the Brazilian government to address the strain high prices were placing on its fragile economy. The government assisted the shift by giving sugar companies subsidized loans to build ethanol plants, as well as guaranteeing prices for their ethanol products. The 1979 Iranian crisis and related oil price shock accelerated Brazil’s conversion of its gasoline supply and automobile fleet. by Brian J. Donovan, CEO Renergie, Inc.

2009 258

CAR releases study on use of bio-based materials in automotive sector; potential for the Great Lakes Region

Green Car Congress

Encouraging bio-manufacturing and its associated value chain development, and building upon its current expertise in producing conventional parts for automakers, may position the Great Lakes region at a global competitive advantage as oil prices climb, and the demand for more bio-based parts increases. The difficult issue is determining how to create a labeling system for complex products (such as automobiles) that integrate numerous components.

2012 191

Toyota Unveils Dedicated Hybrid Concept, Plan for Prius Family; Expands Fuel Cell Vehicle Demonstration Program in the US

Green Car Congress

A century after the invention of the automobile, we must re-invent it with powertrains that significantly reduce or eliminate the use of conventional petroleum fuels. One of many alternatives is through what is commonly called the electrification of the automobile. A total of 20 first generation fuel cell hybrid vehicles (FCHV) are in service in California with universities, corporations and government agencies. The FT-CH concept. Click to enlarge.

2010 191

Minnesota Plug-in Law

Plug In Partners

The new law instructs the state to buy plug-in hybrids on a preferred basis when they become available and also it encourages Minnesota State University at Mankato to develop a flex-fueled hybrid. R epresentative Frank Hornstein reports that House File 3718 has passed, and that Minnesota is the first state to join the push for plug-in hybrids.

2006 100

Coulomb Technologies to Provide 4,600 Free Home and Public Charging Stations Through ChargePoint America Program

Green Car Congress

The ChargePoint America project will collect data characterizing vehicle use and charging patterns, and Purdue University and Idaho National Labs will analyze the data. This grant will bring thousands of networked charging stations to nine US regions that are slated to receive the first electric vehicles from our automobile partners. Integrating with the utility Smart Grid for demand side management and preferred pricing. Locations for the ChargePoint America program.

2010 192

Cal Energy Commission adopts report outlining how state transforming transportation system to meet climate goals

Green Car Congress

The PEV market continues to grow in California with 20 models of full battery-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles offered by almost every automobile manufacturer to California consumers. Oil producers have discounted prices to allow the traditionally more expensive mode of rail delivery to become economically viable for oil refiners outside production areas.

2015 210

NRC report finds Federal analysis to set LD CAFE and GHG standards generally of high quality; some technologies and issues should be re-examined

Green Car Congress

In a new survey of 674 vehicle owners across the country, Brandon Schoettle and Dr. Michael Sivak of the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) examined several topics related to fuel economy and advanced vehicle technologies. The U-M survey also asked vehicle owners which advanced technology they would prefer at two different gasoline price points: $2.50/gallon and $5/gallon.

2015 199

New German High-Energy Li-ion Battery Consortium Headed by BASF; 21M Investment from German Government

Green Car Congress

Under the leadership of BASF Future Business GmbH, eighteen partners from industry and science have formed the cross-sector consortium “HE-Lion” to develop and bring to market safer, more affordable high-energy lithium-ion batteries over the next four to six years for use in plug-in hybrid automobiles and electric-vehicles. Key factors for the success of the new batteries are high safety, high effectiveness and an affordable price.

2009 179

Worldwatch Institute study expects number of countries running high-speed rail nearly to double by 2014

Green Car Congress

A 2006 study, High Speed Rail and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the US , released by the Center for Neighborhood Technologies, found that HSR lines in Europe and Japan released 30-70 grams of carbon dioxide per passenger-kilometer, versus 150 grams for automobiles and 170 grams for airplanes. Although there is no universal speed definition for HSR, the threshold is typically set at 250 kilometers per hour (155 mph) on new tracks and 200 km/h (124 mph) on existing, upgraded tracks.

2011 196

Renault presents the 235 mpg EOLAB prototype; plug-in “Z.E. Hybrid”; targeting production

Green Car Congress

All-aluminium and aluminium/carbon solutions already exist but, in addition to the high cost associated with such materials, they often necessitate an in-depth review of assembly and production processes, and there is a price to pay for that, Renault noted. You can always save weight if you’re prepared to pay the price, but that would be contrary to Renault’s philosophy. Renault said that EOLAB breaks new ground in the automobile industry by using magnesium sheeting. EOLAB.

2014 293

Perspective: Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Programs May be the Solution

Green Car Congress

Cantwell said that cap-and-trade had been discredited by the Wall Street crisis, the Enron scandal and the rocky start to a carbon credits trading system in Europe that has been subject to dizzying price fluctuations and widespread fraud. RGGI proves that a regional market-based price on power-sector emissions is both possible and effective in the United States. Pricing GHGs will increase the prices consumers pay for greenhouse-gas-intensive products. Price Discovery.

2010 210