Study finds automobile tires are a potential source of carcinogenic dibenzopyrenes to the environment

Green Car Congress

A new study by researchers from Stockholm University concludes that automobile tires may be a potential previously unknown source of carcinogenic dibenzopyrenes—a type of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)—to the environment. Automobile tire rubber in general consists of approximately 40?60% 20% mineral oils such as extender oils/ softeners.

2012 282

Larry Burns: Holistic approach required to achieve transformational change of transportation and the automobile; the power of “And”

Green Car Congress

Larry Burns, former head of GM R&D and strategic planning and currently Professor of Engineering Practice and the University of Michigan and Director, Sustainable Mobility at the Earth Institute, Columbia University, used his presentation at the ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit (EIS) in Washington to call for a holistic approach to the transformational change required for the transportation sector in general and the automobile in particular.

2012 185
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IEA: improving efficiency of road-freight transport critical to reduce oil-demand growth; three areas of focus

Green Car Congress

Improving the efficiency of road-freight transport is critical to reducing the growth in oil demand, carbon emissions and air pollution over the next decades, according to the International Energy Agency’s latest report, The Future of Trucks: Implications for energy and the environment. Today, trucks account for almost a fifth of global oil demand, or around 17 million barrels per day—equivalent to the combined oil production of the United States and Canada.

2017 150

Rice team develops thermal nano-oil with high thermal conductivity and good insulation properties

Green Car Congress

Rice University scientists have created a nano-infused mineral oil that could greatly enhance the ability of devices as large as electrical transformers and as small as microelectronic components to shed excess heat. The approach, described in a paper in the journal ACS Nano , could increase the thermal conductivity of such thermal oils by as much as 80% without compromising the electrically insulating properties. Enhancement in thermal conductivity.

2012 210

Oxford University Study Finds Downscaling of Vehicle Size and Weight the Best Way to Reduce Transport GHG Emissions in the Short Term

Green Car Congress

An new study from the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at Oxford University suggests that best way to reduce transport greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the short term is a “drastic downscaling of both size and weight” of conventional gasoline and diesel cars. “The most significant impact that can be made in reducing CO 2 emissions from automobiles in the coming decades is reducing the average weight and engine size of vehicles.”

2010 200

University of Michigan Report Finds Focus on Fuel Economy Would Be Very Profitable for Detroit 3; Says Rapid, Wide-Reaching Change in Business Models Required for Turnaround

Green Car Congress

A new report released by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute ( UMTRI ) analyzes critical choices faced by automakers and finds that broad, deep, fast change is necessary for success in the context of the worst financial crisis in the history of the domestic automobile industry. The authors analyzed extensive literature on the successful turnaround of six international companies of comparable size, diversity and distress to the domestic automobile industry.

2009 150

USDA awards $10M in grants to spur production of biofuels, bioenergy and biobased products

Green Car Congress

Vilsack highlighted the announcement with a visit to Michigan State University, a grant awardee. The Secretary also pointed to a recent study released by Iowa State University (ISU), and funded by the US Department of Agriculture, which finds that while the use of biobased products in automobile manufacturing is increasing, there are still many parts in the top-selling automobiles manufactured in the United States that may be replaced with biobased materials.

2012 200

Mazda continues supporting algae biofuels research

Green Car Congress

To that end, Mazda is lending research-accelerating technical support to the combination of research into genome editing by long-time academic partner Hiroshima University and plant physiology by the Tokyo Institute of Technology which is intended to lead to a breakthrough in these areas.

2020 222

Electrochemical Society and Toyota announce fellowship winners for projects in green energy technology

Green Car Congress

The winners are Professor Patrick Cappillino, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth; Professor Yogesh (Yogi) Surendranath, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Professor David Go, University of Notre Dame. Today, the automotive industry faces three challenges regarding environmental and energy issues: Finding a viable alternative energy source as a replacement for oil. Patrick Cappillino, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

2015 184

Purdue researchers create hybrid technique to create nanotwinned, corrosion-resistant nickel

Green Car Congress

Now, Purdue University innovators have created a hybrid technique to fabricate a nanotwinned form of nickel that may help the future production of lifesaving medical devices, high-tech devices and vehicles with strong corrosion-resistant protection.

2020 240

New high-temperature ceramic capacitor could reduce cooling needs in power electronics for hybrids and EVs

Green Car Congress

As well as having applications in the automobile industry, HITECA capacitors could improve high temperature electronics in the aerospace, power, oil and gas sectors, and in high energy applications such as pulsed power—in which energy is stored over a period of time before being released as a high power pulse. Other partners involved in the project are Syfer, NanoForce, Valeo, Queen Mary, University of London and Queen’s University Belfast.

2013 234

CMU, Ford, Drexel study suggests Chinese more receptive to adopting BEVs than Americans, regardless of subsidies

Green Car Congress

Results from a study by a team from Carnegie Mellon University, Ford and Drexel University suggest that Chinese consumers are more receptive to adopting battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) than their American counterparts, regardless of subsidies. Even though EV adoption in China might increase local emissions, global emissions from automobiles could nevertheless plausibly decrease as a result of increased development and adoption of EV technology worldwide.

2015 275

DOE awards $25M to improve natural gas operations

Green Car Congress

The University of Oklahoma (Norman, OK) plans to develop, build, and validate a low-cost, field-installable, remotely-controlled natural gas compressor retrofit kit. University of New Mexico aims to develop advanced gas sensors (mixed potential electrochemical [MPE]) coupled with advanced computation (artificial neural networks). The automobile industry deploys low-cost MPE sensors today to measure tailpipe emissions. The US.

2020 174

ECS and Toyota request proposals for 2016-2017 ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship for projects in green energy technology

Green Car Congress

Today, the automotive industry faces three challenges regarding environmental and energy issues: finding a viable alternative energy source as a replacement for oil; reducing CO 2 emissions; and. Although the demand for oil alternatives—such as natural gas, electricity and hydrogen—may grow, each alternative energy source has its disadvantages. Patrick Cappillino, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Dr. David Go, University of Notre Dame.

2016 163

U Minn seeking to license new process to produce isoprene from biomass at high yield; green tires

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University of Minnesota, with colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, have developed a new high-yield process—a hybrid of fermentation followed by thermochemical catalysis—to produce renewable isoprene from biomass. With a less expensive precursor and a high yield,; the Minnesota method is not only economically viable, but economically competitive with current petroleum processes, the University claims.

2017 150

DeCicco: Transportation GHG reduction policy should focus upstream on fuel supply rather than downstream on choice of fuels in vehicles

Green Car Congress

John DeCicco at the University of Michigan argues that to reduce transportation sector greenhouse gas emissions, the proper policy focus should be upstream in sectors that provide the fuel, rather than downstream on the choice of fuels in the automobile. A deeply embedded set of assumptions underpins the nearly universal recommendation for policies to foster adoption of alternative fuels and vehicles (AFVs), meaning non-petroleum fuels and vehicles capable of using them.

2013 204

X Prize, Electrathon teams to compete in Green Grand Prix at Watkins Glen International

Green Car Congress

Two of the vehicles are educational entries from Cornell University and West Philadelphia High School. Additionally, organizers expect vehicles powered by vegetable oil, LP and compressed natural gas. Colleges and high schools with automobile technology programs are encouraged to bring their project cars. Automotive X Prize teams from New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Indiana will compete at the 7 th Annual Green Grand Prix Friday, April 15, at Watkins Glen International.

2011 225

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

Green Car Congress

The projects selected are located in 25 states, with 50% of projects led by universities, 23% by small businesses, 12% by large businesses, 13% by national labs, and 2% by non-profits. The technology areas ( earlier post ) receiving funding are: PETRO: Plants Engineered To Replace Oil ($36 million). Plants Engineered to Replace Oil (PETRO). University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Energy Plant Design The University of California, Los Angeles, will re-engineer.

2011 242

ARPA-E awards $130M to 66 “OPEN 2012” transformational energy technology projects

Green Car Congress

The projects are based in 24 states, with approximately 47% of the projects led by universities; 29% by small businesses; 15% by large businesses; 7.5% remote oil wells burn natural gas as a by-product because it is not. University. Researchers from Colorado State University will develop a system. University. Cornell University will develop a compact reactor that distributes sunlight more efficiently for use in algae-fuel production. University of.

2012 207

Naysayer Alert – the hydrogen red herring

My Electric Car

The mandating of any system such as this would only be about looking after the interests of ‘middlemen’: oil and gas invested companies who would invariably transition into this market as both supply and/or demand for oil recede. . (Guest Post by John Murray).

2020 52

Tesla driving test hell: How DMV examiners’ biases are inhibiting the EV transition

Teslarati

After moving from the East Coast to teach at the University of California, it became pertinent for the 38-year old engineer and scientist to have his own driver’s license again. Even oil-rich Dubai is no different.

Study Finds That Tripling US LDV New Fleet Fuel Efficiency by 2035 Through Evolutionary Change is Ambitious But Doable

Green Car Congress

relying heavily on improvements in advanced engines and in the application of hybrid drive technology—rather than on revolutionary alternatives such as plug-in vehicles or hydrogen requiring extensive new infrastructure is an “ ambitious but defensible horizon ” according to a new study by John DeCicco, a senior lecturer at the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources and Environment and faculty fellow.

2010 204

Cal Energy Commission adopts report outlining how state transforming transportation system to meet climate goals

Green Car Congress

The PEV market continues to grow in California with 20 models of full battery-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles offered by almost every automobile manufacturer to California consumers. Oil-by-rail. California refineries have increasingly turned to foreign sources of crude oil as production in California and Alaska has declined.

2015 210

Report suggests that not following good eco-driving practices can lead to a reduction in on-road fuel economy of up to about 45% in total

Green Car Congress

a fuel economy penalty), according to a new report by Michael Sivak and Brandon Schoettle at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI). Factors related to vehicle maintenance that impact fuel economy include engine tuning, tire selection and maintenance, and weight of engine oil. Improper engine oil.

2011 214

EC makes €24.2M available to the development of electromobility in Europe

Green Car Congress

million), in partnership with 42 partners from the industries, utilities, electric car manufacturers, municipalities, universities and technology and research institutions. Transport is current 96% dependent on oil for its energy needs. The Transport 2050 Roadmap [ earlier post ] aims to break transport’s current oil dependency and allow mobility to grow. Green e-Motion electromobility projects. Click to enlarge.

2011 179

GE study finds 5% of worlds natural gas production wasted per year by flaring

Green Car Congress

Gas flaring emits 400 million metric tons of CO 2 annually, the same as 77 million automobiles, without producing useful heat or electricity. Worldwide, billions of cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas are wasted annually, typically as a by-product of oil extraction. Depending on region, these may include power generation; gas re-injection (for enhanced oil recovery, gathering and processing); pipeline development and distributed energy solutions.

2011 223

Potsdam/TUB/BMW report says cap-and-trade instrument for road transport fuels combined with vehicle efficiency metrics is the most promising policy approach to reduce transport GHG

Green Car Congress

The study, written by scientists of the Technical University Berlin (TUB) and PIK, was commissioned and financed by the BMW Group. Second, car manufacturers can react to standards through technology and innovation, shifting their automobile portfolio, but also by pushing additional fuel efficient cars into the market (e.g. This would incentivize a low-carbon biofuel infrastructure and inhibit the use of high-carbon unconventional oils.

2010 179

CAR releases study on use of bio-based materials in automotive sector; potential for the Great Lakes Region

Green Car Congress

Encouraging bio-manufacturing and its associated value chain development, and building upon its current expertise in producing conventional parts for automakers, may position the Great Lakes region at a global competitive advantage as oil prices climb, and the demand for more bio-based parts increases. The difficult issue is determining how to create a labeling system for complex products (such as automobiles) that integrate numerous components.

2012 191

Researchers develop new highly efficient core-shell catalyst for methane oxidation; potential for reducing emissions from automotive engines

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, along with collaborators from Italy and Spain, have designed new core-shell type catalysts inspired by the concepts of supramolecular chemistry that oxidize methane 30 times better than do currently available catalysts. Farrauto of Columbia University in a Perspective piece accompanying the report in Science. A representation of the newly developed catalyst on an aluminium oxide surface depicts the core-shell structure.

2012 204

UMTRI study finds US and China could turnover more than 90% of LDV fleet to alternative powertrains by 2050 under very aggressive penetration scenarios

Green Car Congress

The US and China—as well as Western Europe, Japan and Brazil—could turnover more than 90% of their vehicle fleets to alternative powertrain/fuel models by 2050 under very aggressive models (or levels) of penetration, according to a report by Bruce Belzowski and Walter McManus at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI). automotive companies introduce new technologies that reduce dependence on foreign oil or.

2010 191

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

Green Car Congress

The oil price shocks of the 1970s led the Brazilian government to address the strain high prices were placing on its fragile economy. Brazil, the largest and most populous country in South America, was importing 80% of its oil and 40% of its foreign exchange was used to pay for that imported oil. The 1979 Iranian crisis and related oil price shock accelerated Brazil’s conversion of its gasoline supply and automobile fleet. by Brian J. Donovan, CEO Renergie, Inc.

2009 258

Tires Partly Made from Microcrystalline Cellulose

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Oregon State University have found that using microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)—a product that can be made easily from almost any type of plant fibers—to partially replace silica as a reinforcing filler in the manufacture of rubber tires might decrease the energy required to produce the tire, reduce costs, and better resist heat buildup. Carbon black, however, is made from increasingly expensive oil, and the processing of silica is energy-intensive.

2009 150

Toyota Unveils Dedicated Hybrid Concept, Plan for Prius Family; Expands Fuel Cell Vehicle Demonstration Program in the US

Green Car Congress

Within the next 10 to 20 years, we will not only reach peak oil we will enter a period where demand for all liquid fuels will exceed supply. A century after the invention of the automobile, we must re-invent it with powertrains that significantly reduce or eliminate the use of conventional petroleum fuels. One of many alternatives is through what is commonly called the electrification of the automobile. The FT-CH concept. Click to enlarge.

2010 191

SAE New Energy Vehicle Forum: China’s focus on NEVs may have profound impact on future of transportation

Green Car Congress

These include the increasingly problematic pollution and haze in cities; China’s projected increased reliance on imported oil; the need for rationalized multimodal transportation systems in ever more congested and space-limited cities; the growing dominance of the China auto market; and the desire to have China become the leader in the next generation of automotive technology, vehicles and mobility systems. The key threat to China’s trade balance is oil and LNG imports.

2013 229

Volkswagen Joins Model Fuels Consortium II

Green Car Congress

Increasing fuel efficiency and reducing emissions have become the driving forces in the automobile industry. These represent important additions, since there are significant quantities of cycloparaffins in conventional fuels and even higher quantities in fuels under development, such as those derived from oil sands. Volkswagen has joined the Model Fuels Consortium II (MFC-II) ( earlier post )—the first German automaker to do so.

2009 170

KLM Testing MDI AirPod Compressed Air Cars at Schiphol; UC Berkeley Study Finds Compressed Air Cars Significantly Less Efficient than Battery Electric Vehicles

Green Car Congress

A recent study by researchers from UC Berkeley and colleagues from ICF International and Stanford University analyzed the thermodynamic efficiency of a compressed-air car powered by a pneumatic engine and considered the merits of compressed air versus chemical storage of potential energy. Batteries are common and improving almost daily, while the compressed-air cycle has no present role in any popular automobile platform. The AirPod. Click to enlarge.

2009 224

Toyota "Moves"

Plug In Partners

The technology would "conserve more oil and slice smog and greenhouse gases to nearly imperceptible levels ". Four years ago, the professor at the University of California at Davis and a team of engineering students created a plug-in vehicle. The university students reversed the roles by combining a more powerful electric motor that went 50 miles without using any gasoline. Frank's studies suggest a major impact on US oil dependence if most vehicles were plug-ins.

2006 100

NYC Goes EV

Revenge of the Electric Car

Last week, the Obama administration announced new fuel economy standards for automobiles that provides some incentives for electric cars. The policy, intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and oil consumption, is geared to a nation where most people rely on cars for transportation. “We can see a role for more efficient vehicles in a New York City with vastly diminished automobile use.&#. This Tesla is one of a number of electric cars coming on the market.

2010 144

Maritz study finds growing but still low US consumer awareness about alternative fuel technologies; knowledge gap and confusion a sales challenge for OEMs

Green Car Congress

When asked to name an alternative fuel technology other than gasoline powered automobiles, 56% said electric vehicles while nearly a third identified gasoline-electric hybrids. However, even some of the Prius’ product characteristics were not universally understood.

2011 191

Air Products to Supply H2 Fueling Equipment for Transportation Demo Project in India

Green Car Congress

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Delhi, a pioneer in hydrogen research in India, will oversee the project’s management, and the vehicles will be developed by Mahindra & Mahindra, one of the major automobile manufacturers in India, in collaboration with IIT-Delhi. ICHET’s aim is to support developing countries leap-frog the use of hydrogen as a clean energy carrier by helping in the development and demonstration of such technologies by supporting universities and industries.

2009 150

One Million and 300 Million

Plug In Partners

I ask you to join me, in November and in the years to come, to ensure that we will not only control our own energy , but once again control our own destiny and forge a new and better future for the country that we love,” he said at Michigan State University in Lansing. John McCain Will Propose A $300 Million Prize To Improve Battery Technology For Full Commercial Development Of Plug-In Hybrid And Fully Electric Automobiles.

2008 100

New Comprehensive Lifecycle Energy and Emissions Inventory Includes Non-Operational Components; Large Aircraft Can Perform Better than Light Rail

Green Car Congress

A new comprehensive lifecycle energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and selected criteria air pollutant emissions inventory by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley that includes vehicles, infrastructure, fuel production, and supply chains found that find that total life-cycle energy inputs and greenhouse gas emissions contribute an additional 63% for onroad, 155% for rail, and 31% for air systems over vehicle tailpipe operation.

2009 150

Energy Learning Curve Survey Finds Americans Support Wide Array of Proposed Energy Policies, But Are Not Yet Ready to Make Tradeoffs

Green Car Congress

Worried about energy costs, oil scarcity and global warming, they favor conservation, regulation and development of alternative energy sources. The second largest cluster, the Greens, represent 24% of the public, strongly favors conservation and developing renewable energy over drilling for oil. They are politically conservative and support more nuclear power and expanded domestic oil drilling. Energy prices, oil dependence and climate change.

2009 150