PNNL team develops onboard fuel separation technology to enable octane-on-demand for improved fuel economy

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed an onboard separation system that could support increased fuel economy and lower greenhouse gas emissions as part of an octane-on-demand fuel-delivery system.

2020 253

Latest EPA automotive trend report shows MY 2017 fleet fuel economy of 24.9 mpg; new record

Green Car Congress

The latest edition of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) annual Automotive Trends Report finds that Model Year (MY) 2017 vehicle fuel economy was 24.9 Since MY 2004, fuel economy and CO 2 emissions have improved in eleven out of thirteen years. Estimated Real-World CO 2 and Fuel Economy. Since 2004, CO 2 emissions have decreased 23%, or 104 g/mi, and fuel economy has increased 29%, or 5.6 Emissions Fuel Efficiency

2019 224

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New 2019 Toyota Avalon hybrid boosts fuel economy 10% to 44 mpg combined

Green Car Congress

Toyota estimates that the 2019 Avalon Hybrid will boost fuel economy by up to 10% over its MY 2018 predecessor, from 40 mpg (5.88 The new TNGA 2.5-liter four-cylinder Dynamic Force Engine is more fuel efficient, runs cleaner, and is more powerful than previous iterations, and excels at dissipating thermal inefficiencies. Furthering fuel efficiency are new multi-hole nozzle direct injectors (six holes per injector). Estimated combined cycle fuel economy is 26 mpg (9.04

2018 174

Ford unveils new Focus; 10% better fuel economy; focus on tech; gasoline and diesel

Green Car Congress

The new Focus features a broad suite of Ford advanced driver assistance technologies and advanced EcoBoost gasoline and EcoBlue diesel engines offering a 10% fuel-efficiency improvement across the range. Powertrains are supported by standard Auto Start-Stop for reduced running costs and a six-speed manual and a new eight-speed automatic transmission. A high-pressure fuel rail that now delivers up to 250 bar injection pressure, helping reduce particulates emissions.

2018 174

ICCT update finds real-world vehicle fuel economy gap continues to widen in Europe to 40%

Green Car Congress

The gap between official fuel-economy figures and the real world for new cars in the EU has reached 40 per cent, according to the latest update by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) to its on-going research into in-use vehicle fuel efficiency and CO 2 emissions. Running air conditioning systems and entertainment systems increases fuel consumption during real-world driving. Europe Fuel Efficiency Policy Regulations

2015 229

Toyota announces expected fuel economy and pricing for RAV4 Hybrid: 33 mpg combined, entry at $28,370

Green Car Congress

Toyota anticipates that the 2016 RAV4 Hybrid—unveiled earlier this year at the New York International Auto Show ( earlier post ) and the eighth hybrid in Toyota’s line-up—will receive EPA ratings of 34 mpg city / 31 mpg highway / 33 mpg combined (6.9, The RAV4 Hybrid offers a choice of several driving modes: ECO mode optimizes throttle response and air conditioning output to help prioritize fuel economy. Fuel Efficiency Hybrids

2015 205

ICCT: gap between official and real-world fuel economy figures in Europe reaches ~38%; call to implement WLTP ASAP

Green Car Congress

The gap between official and real-world fuel-economy figures in Europe has risen to about 38%, according to a new report published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). However, by aggregating large sets of on-road fuel consumption data, clear trends can be observed. In total, these sources furnish fuel consumption and CO 2 emission data from more than half a million vehicles. Europe Fuel Efficiency Policy Regulations

2014 268

2016 Ford Explorer SUV replaces 2.0L EcoBoost with new 2.3L EcoBoost unit; more power and torque, same fuel economy expected

Green Car Congress

The new 2016 Ford Explorer SUV is making its global debut today at Los Angeles Auto Show with a new available 2.3-liter EcoBoost four-cylinder engine that delivers more horsepower and torque than the 2.0L EcoBoost four-cylinder it replaces, with no compromise in fuel economy anticipated. EcoBoost but with expected same fuel consumption. While EPA results are not yet certified, Ford anticipates no sacrifice in overall fuel efficiency.

2014 216

Increased sales of larger vehicles in June lowered average new car fuel economy from May; increase in fuel economy year-on-year

Green Car Congress provided actual fuel economy numbers from June US light vehicle auto sales that indicate “TrueMPG” will increase to 21.6 TrueMPG computes monthly average fuel economy by brand, manufacturer, origin and vehicle segments by using actual sales data or forecasted sales data for the current month. TrueCar utilizes EPA’s average fuel economy rating using 45% highway and 55% city driving behavior.

2011 185

Major refresh on 2015 Honda CR-V with new Earth Dreams powertrain provides fuel economy gain of up to 12%

Green Car Congress

The 2015 CR-V features increased EPA fuel economy ratings of 27/34/29 mpg (8.7/6.9/8.1 The piston crowns are dished to help maintain stable combustion and to optimize distribution of the stratified fuel charge from the direct injector in each cylinder. The combustion chamber shape and valve angles have been optimized to boost fuel efficiency and power. 1 on the previous port-injected engine), yet the engine still operates on regular unleaded fuel. Fuel system.

2014 255

Update on the ACCESS fuel efficient engine project; simulations find up to 48.9% improvement in fuel economy over baseline

Green Car Congress

Robert Bosch LLC, AVL Powertrain Engineering and partners including the University of Michigan are working on a four-year, $24-million US Department of Energy (DOE)-supported project— Advanced Combustion Concepts—Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS)—to achieve a 30% fuel economy improvement in a gasoline-fueled light-duty vehicle without compromising performance while also meeting SULEV emission standards. naturally aspirated, port fuel injected V6.

2013 231

Chrysler unveils 2013 Ram with array of new systems focused on fuel economy

Green Car Congress

2013 Ram 1500 at the New York International Auto Show. Chrysler unveiled the 2013 Ram pickup, featuring an array of fuel-saving systems including a more fuel efficient and more powerful 3.6-liter V-6 engine; eight-speed automatic transmission; stop-start system; thermal management system; pulse-width modulation to reduce parasitic electrical load; and active aerodynamics, including grille shutters and air suspension. Specific fuel economy figures are note available yet.)

2012 215

Auto Alliance urges EPA to withdraw premature Final Determination on light-duty GHG regulations, resume Midterm Evaluation process with NHTSA

Green Car Congress

The Auto Alliance has sent a letter to EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt requesting that the US Environmental Protection Agency withdraw the Final Determination on the Appropriateness of the Model Year 2022-2025 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards under the Midterm Evaluation which EPA announced on 13 January 2017. In 2012, EPA and NHTSA set joint greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards over a decade in advance for MY 2022-2025.

2017 174

Center for Automotive Research calls long-run economic risk to auto industry of mandating permanent fuel economy standards very serious; recommends periodic reviews

Green Car Congress

The Center for Automotive Research (CAR) has released a new study estimating the parameters of the US motor vehicle market and industry in 2025, given the “ most likely dramatic changes ” likely to be soon mandated by the federal government for the purpose of improving the fuel economy performance of vehicles not determined by market forces, as well as additional safety and environmental mandates and regulations. the 2008 model year fuel economy ratings.

2011 179

DOT, EPA unveil joint proposal for fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards: 49.6 mpg CAFE, 163 g/mile GHG in 2025; flexibilities and incentives

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Transportation (DOT) formally unveiled their joint proposal to set stronger fuel economy and greenhouse gas pollution standards for Model Year 2017-2025 passenger cars and light trucks. The standards proposed would apply to light duty vehicles manufactured in model years 2017 through 2025. L/100km), if the vehicles were to meet this CO 2 level all through fuel economy.

2011 273

GM CEO outlines highlights of fuel economy plan through MY2016: lightweighting; more efficient gasoline and clean diesel engines, electrification

Green Car Congress

Within his talk about the need for a US energy policy at the IHS CERAWeek 2013 energy conference in Houston, GM Chairman and CEO Dan Akerson outlined some highlights of the company’s fuel economy plan through the 2016 model year. The auto industry should play a central role in the energy discussion, Akerson noted, because light-duty vehicles account for about 60% of total transportation energy usage in the United States. Natural gas as a vehicle fuel.

2013 185

DOT and EPA release revised fuel economy and GHG emission standards for MY 2021-2026 light-duty vehicles

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the final Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles Rule setting corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and CO 2 emissions standards for model years 2021-2026 passenger cars and light trucks. Under the SAFE Rule, the projected overall industry average required fuel economy in MYs 2021-2026 is 40.4

2020 161

New US Poll Finds 74% of Likely Voters Favor 60 MPG Fuel Economy Standard by 2025

Green Car Congress

A new national poll of likely voters conducted by the Mellman Group found that 74% of likely voters favor having “ the federal government require the auto industry to increase average fuel efficiency…to 60 miles per gallon by the year 2025.” Among the other findings: 78% favored regulations requiring the auto industry to reduce CO 2 emissions from light duty vehicles. 88% said is was important for the US to take action now to increase fuel efficiency.

2010 185

PNNL team develops higher-strength, lower-cost titanium alloy aimed at improving vehicle fuel economy and reducing CO2 emissions

Green Car Congress

For example, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, which is one of the most fuel efficient airplanes in its class, is utilizing about 15% titanium alloys, the largest percentage of titanium used in a passenger airplane [to] date. Steel used to produce vehicles has a tensile strength of 800-900 megapascals, whereas the 10-15 percent increase achieved at PNNL puts Ti-185 at nearly 1,700 megapascals, or roughly double the strength of automotive steel while being almost half as light.

2016 150

Study concludes that automakers tweak vehicle fuel economy to qualify for more favorable treatment; focus on car notches

Green Car Congress

For more than 30 years, auto companies have done just enough to improve fuel economy of vehicles in order to lower tax rates and increase rebates imposed by governments in the United States and Canada, according to a study by Joel Slemrod, professor of business economics at the University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business, and colleague James Sallee, assistant professor at the University of Chicago’s Harris School of Public Policy.

2011 170

India Sets Fuel-Economy Rules; Could They Stem Rise Of SUVs?

Green Car Reports

India is the latest country to set stiff fuel-economy standards for new cars and light trucks. The Indian government has mandated a 14-percent increase in gas mileage beginning in 2016, The Economic Times (via Indian Autos Blog) reports. MORE: 2014 Toyota Corolla Eco LE: Gas Mileage Test Drive The 14-percent target will apply to all passenger

2014 80

Road Test: 2021 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Limited

Clean Fleet Report

Hyundai can rightly claim the Sonata Hyundai Hybrid looks like no other sedan, highlighted by a distinctive LED headlight design, which is edged by a very unique and compelling daylight running light strip. The strip appears to be chrome during the day, but lights-up at night.

EPA and NHTSA Issue Notice of Intent to Develop New Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Economy Standards for Light-Duty Vehicle Model Years 2017-2025; Proposal Expected by 30 Sep 2011

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Transportation’s (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a Notice of Intent (NOI) to begin developing new standards for greenhouse gases and fuel economy for light-duty vehicles for the 2017-2025 model years. Real-world CO 2 is typically 25% higher and real-world fuel economy is typically 20% lower than figures determined under test, the agencies noted.

2010 179

Toyota Prius AWD-e: Going light on the rear motor helps it hit 50 mpg

Green Car Reports

The all-wheel drive version of the Toyota Prius introduced last week at the LA Auto Show earns an astoundingly good EPA fuel economy rating of 50 mpg combined—nearly as good as the 52 mpg earned by much of the Prius lineup (LE, XLE and Limited). Los Angeles Auto Show all-wheel drive

2018 73

Road Test: 2021 GMC Sierra 1500 Duramax 4WD Crew Cab AT4 CarbonPro

Clean Fleet Report

Power and Torque and Fuel Sipping. This means that when you are towing up a grade, it will pull strong and still deliver good fuel economy. These numbers are a bit lower than competitor trucks, but the trade-off is better fuel economy in exchange for less payload and towing.

Toyota introducing Corolla Hybrid to US at LA Auto Show; at least 50 mpg

Green Car Congress

Toyota is introducing the Corolla Hybrid to the US market at the LA Auto Show. l/100 km) combined fuel economy (projected). That makes the 2020 Corolla Hybrid the most fuel-efficient model to ever wear the model name that debuted more than a half-century ago. NORMAL mode: Allows the hybrid system to achieve an ideal combination of fuel economy and vehicle acceleration. Earlier post.).

2018 250

EPA: GHG emissions standards for cars and light trucks should be revised; joint process with NHTSA (updated with more reactions)

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt announced the completion of the Midterm Evaluation (MTE) process for the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for cars and light trucks for model years 2022-2025, and his final determination that the current standards are not appropriate and should be revised. Consumers Union: “Thanks to emissions and efficiency standards, consumers have saved billions of dollars on fuel over the last 5 years.

2018 183

EPA proposes leaving light-duty vehicle GHG standards for MY 2022-2025 unchanged

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed leaving the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for light-duty vehicle model years 2022-2025 in place, based on its technical analysis that shows automakers are well positioned to meet the targets. l/100 km), if achieved exclusively through fuel economy improvements. Cars and light trucks are the largest source of GHG emissions in the US transportation sector. Emissions Fuel Efficiency Regulations

2016 200

EPA to maintain light-duty vehicle GHG standards unchanged through 2025

Green Car Congress

In an expected ruling, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Gina McCarthy finalized her decision to maintain the current greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for model years 2022-2025 cars and light trucks. The EPA says that a wide variety of effective technologies are available to reduce GHG emissions from cars and light trucks, and that automakers are well positioned to meet the standards through model year 2025 at lower costs than the agency earlier predicted.

2017 150

Will Tighter CAFE Rules Bring More Trucks, Fewer Small Cars?

Green Car Reports

The entire auto industry was startled when Fiat Chrysler said two weeks ago it would end production of its Dodge Dart compact car and its Chrysler 200 mid-size sedan. The company intends to use the plant capacity freed up to build more light trucks, meaning its popular crossover utilities and pickup trucks. Green CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy EPA Fuel Economy regulation

2016 81

Foton Motor and motorcycle leader Piaggio Group partner on development of light commercial vehicles; EVs to come

Green Car Congress

Foton Motor and Piaggio Group signed the agreement for a joint development project for new light-duty commercial vehicle products in Italy. The new four-wheel light-duty commercial vehicle products for the European market are based on the present mini-truck product platform of Foton Motor, inherit the advantages of Foton Motor’s mini-trucks in terms of product quality, driving/riding comfort, and fuel-economy.

2018 163

Volkswagen Group of America joins LIFT for automotive light-weighting research; first automotive OEM member

Green Car Congress

Light-weighting is critical for the future of our vehicles, not only to improve on fuel economy, but also to help improve vehicle performance. Bringing an automotive OEM into membership alongside our present auto suppliers and industry OEMs members creates an enhanced robust ecosystem, allowing participants from across industries to work together and learn from each other. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.

2018 150

Achates Power building 2.7L opposed-piston light-duty engine; exceeding CAFE 2025, Tier 3 targets at lower cost

Green Car Congress

six-piston) light-duty version of its opposed piston engine (OPE) in both diesel- and gasoline-fueled versions. Achates will demonstrate the engine in 2018 in a driveable light-duty truck. The 2.7-liter compression-ignition OPE will will be 30-50% more fuel efficient than comparable diesel and gasoline direct injection engines, reduce emissions and cost less than alternative technologies under development for meeting 2025 CAFE fuel economy and Tier 3 emission targets.

2017 217

EPA re-opens Mid-Term Evaluation Process for light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas standards 2022-2025

Green Car Congress

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Department of Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao announced that EPA intends to reconsider its final determination issued on 12 January 2017 which recommended no change to the greenhouse gas standards for light duty vehicles for model years 2022- 2025. In coordination with EPA, the DOT’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is evaluating its fuel economy standards for that period.

2017 150

Flash Drive: 2022 Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross

Clean Fleet Report

The front light gray leather seats with black contrasting accents were heated and power adjustable. Apple CarPlay, Android Auto, USB ports and Bluetooth are standard, with the head-up display and power panoramic sunroof part of the SEL Touring package.

Road Test: 2021 Buick Envision Avenir FWD

Clean Fleet Report

To aid in fuel economy the Envision has the automatic stop/start feature where the engine shuts off when coming to a stop. Fuel economy numbers reported by Clean Fleet Report are non-scientific and represent the reviewer’s driving experience using the dash gauge computer.

Buick 52

Road Test: 2021 Hyundai Venue

Clean Fleet Report

To maximize fuel economy, selecting the Normal drive mode is key to equaling or besting the EPA rating of 30 mpg city/34 highway/32 combined. These are attractive economy numbers, and if you commute 50 miles daily, you will use about a gallon to a gallon-and-half of unleaded.

President Obama announces 54.5 mpge, 163 gCO2/mile target for MY2025 light-duty vehicles; California on board

Green Car Congress

Light-duty vehicle fuel economy standards, 1978-2025. President Barack Obama announced an agreement with 13 major automakers to pursue the next phase in the Administration’s national vehicle program ( earlier post ) , increasing fuel economy to a fleetwide average 54.5 L/100km) or 163 g/mile of CO 2 for cars and light-duty trucks by Model Year 2025. Stringency of standards for pick-ups and other light-duty trucks would increase an average of 3.5%

2011 240

Volvo Cars’ 90 Series cars receive powertrain, safety and connectivity updates including Android Auto

Green Car Congress

The new Drive-E powertrain variants include a D3 4-cylinder diesel engine coupled to a new manual 6-speed transmission; estimated fuel economy is 4.3 The Swedish carmaker’s smartphone integration offer, which already includes Apple CarPlay, will now come with Android Auto functionality in Volvo’s large driver interface. Connected vehicles Driver Assistance Systems Engines Fuel Efficiency Safety

2016 205

Light duty RCCI can deliver engine-out Tier 2 Bin 5 NOx; potential for 52% gross indicated efficiency

Green Car Congress

Rolf Reitz of the University of Wisconsin found that reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) ( earlier post ) in a light-duty engine can meet Tier 2 Bin 5 NO x levels without aftertreatment, while offering a 4% improvement in fuel consumption and 7.3% RCCI is a promising low-temperature combustion strategy offering a pathway to high-efficiency clean combustion using in-cylinder blending of fuels with different auto-ignition characteristics.

2013 184

CALSTART survey of major auto suppliers finds 70% don’t want US to change CAFE targets; split on amount of electrification needed

Green Car Congress

Major automotive suppliers see national fuel economy standards as important for long-term planning and investment and don’t want to see them altered by US policymakers, according to a first-of-its-kind industry survey commissioned by CALSTART and conducted by Ricardo Energy & Environment. 59% said that fuel-economy standards help spur job growth. Overall, federal agencies project a fleet-wide fuel economy average of between 50 and 52.6

2016 250

Hyundai introduces 2018 Sonata Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid models at Chicago Auto Show

Green Car Congress

Hyundai unveiled the redesigned 2018 Sonata Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid models at the Chicago Auto Show. Sonata Hybrid’s Transmission-Mounted Electrical Device (TMED) delivers the same responsive, engaging driving characteristics Sonata owners expect while improving fuel economy through the use of a larger electric motor. Drivers are first alerted of a vehicle in the blind spot by warning lights in the side mirrors. Real-time fuel range.

2018 195

New Ford Escape launching with two new EcoBoost engines with standard Auto Start-Stop

Green Car Congress

The new Ford Escape, being showcased at the Los Angeles Auto Show, is the first Ford vehicle to make Auto Start-Stop standard with either of two EcoBoost engines new to the model—a 1.5-liter and 2.0-liter twin-scroll. The start-stop technology senses when the vehicle is sitting idle and shuts off the engine to conserve fuel, resulting in a 4 percent to 6 percent improvement in fuel economy in stop-and-go traffic. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2015 212