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NEC, NEC TOKIN and Tohoku University develop spin-Seebeck thermoelectric device w/ 10x better conversion efficiency

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Ken-ichi Uchida of Tohoku University (Keio University at that time).

2016 28

Kyushu University research group develops new method for creating highly efficient gold nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells

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A team of researchers at Kyushu University’s International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I 2 CNER) reports devising a method for using a new type of catalyst support for highly active gold nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells.

University of California adopts full open access policy for research papers system-wide

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The Academic Senate of the University of California has passed an Open Access Policy, ensuring that future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of the UC will be made available to the public at no charge. Council’s intent is to make these articles widely—and freely—available in order to advance research everywhere. It follows more than 175 other universities who have adopted similar so-called “green” open access policies.

Tesla Not Disruptive, Future Is Tiny Electric 'Golf Carts': Harvard Scholar

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Friday's the day we use for the stranger and more oddball stories in our lineup, and one of the more unusual we've seen in a while comes from Harvard University. It's an article--actually a handful of articles--covering research by a scholar of "disruption" who argues that Silicon Valley startup carmaker Tesla Motors isn't disruptive.

Single Pt atom catalysts show enhanced catalytic activity for water-splitting; potential to drive down electrolysis cost

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Niancai Cheng, lead author, University of Western Ontario. Xueliang Sun, co-corresponding author, University of Western Ontario.

2016 46

Study suggests policymakers need to move beyond alt fuels hype to decarbonize transport successfully

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The team defined hype as a period with a rising number of media articles containing a growing share of positive evaluations about a particular technology.

2016 24

New high-activity, low-cost nickel-based catalyst for fuel cells exhibits performance similar to Pt; hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells

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Researchers at the University of Delaware, with a colleague at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, have developed a composite catalyst—nickel nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes—that exhibits hydrogen oxidation activity in alkaline electrolyte similar to platinum-group metals. Stephen Giles was supported by a fellowship from the University of Delaware Energy Institute.

Berkeley Lab team directly probes solid/liquid interface of electrochemical double layer

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—Hubert Gasteiger, a chemistry professor at the Technical University of Munich. Crumlin (2016) “Unravelling the electrochemical double layer by direct probing of the solid/liquid interface” Nature Communications 7, Article number: 12695 doi: 10.1038/ncomms12695.

2016 40

University of Alberta Researchers Find That Oil Sands Industry Is Releasing More Pollutants Into Athabasca River System Than Previously Estimated

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New research from a team at the University of Alberta, Canada, finds that Alberta’s oilsands industry is releasing more pollutants into the Athabasca River, its tributaries and its watershed than previously estimated. An open access article on their study was published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Cambridge team demonstrates light-driven photoreforming of unprocessed biomass to H2 at room temperature

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A team of scientists at the University of Cambridge has reported the light-driven photoreforming of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin to H 2 using semiconducting cadmium sulfide quantum dots in alkaline aqueous solution.

2017 12

NREL reveals thermoelectric potential for tailored semiconducting carbon nanotubes

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The research appears in the journal Nature Energy , and is a collaboration between NREL, Professor Yong-Hyun Kim's group at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and Professor Barry Zink's group at the University of Denver. NREL authors are ’s Andrew Ferguson and Jeffrey Blackburn, Azure Avery (now an assistant professor at Metropolitan State University of Denver), Ben Zhou, Elisa Miller, Rachelle Ihly, Kevin Mistry, and Sarah Guillot.

Avoiding Obstacles Safely at High Speed: An Optimal Control Approach for Driving Heavy Autonomous Ground Vehicles Close to their Dynamic Limits

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Of additional interest is the fact that the principles and features of this technology could find applicability in the civilian heavy duty sector, as discussed in brief at the conclusion of the article. by Paul N. Blumberg, PhD.

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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Tracy (2016) “CO 2 fixation by anaerobic non-photosynthetic mixotrophy for improved carbon conversion” Nature Communications 7, Article number: 12800 doi: 10.1038/ncomms12800.

2016 33

UC Riverside team fabricates nanosilicon anodes for Li-ion batteries from waste glass bottles

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to fabricate nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Ozkan (2017) “Silicon Derived from Glass Bottles as Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Full Cell Batteries” Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 917 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01086-8.

OSU team develops new aqueous lithium-iodine solar flow battery; 20% energy savings over Li-I batteries

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After debuting the first solar air battery—a photo-assisted charging Li-O 2 battery—last fall ( earlier post ), researchers at The Ohio State University led by Professor Yiying Wu have now developed a new system combining a solar cell and a battery into a single device.

2015 28

Polymer microcapsules with liquid carbonate cores and silicone shells offer a new approach to carbon capture

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The team, led by scientists from Harvard University and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, employed a microfluidic assembly technique to produce microcapsules that contain liquid sorbents encased in highly permeable polymer shells.

Failed Local Paper Put Out Of Its Misery - By Creative Greenius!

Creative Greenius

I intend to read the Breeze’s few local articles of community interest for free on their highly unattractive website. Greenius Blog Fires Daily Breeze Editors, Takes Over Environmental Coverage.

Researchers boost performance of lithium-rich cathode material 30-40% by creating oxygen vacancies

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—Shirley Meng, nanoengineering professor at the University of California San Diego and one of the principal investigators.

Who is winning the green car race? The Green Piece

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In Europe, the likes of the Yaris and the iQ have kept average fuel consumption levels low, while Toyota is working on several new concepts such as the FT-EV (see article ) which has a claimed range of 50miles per charge. The Green Piece Column: Tuesday 27 October.

2003 24

ORNL, XALT show nanoscale alumina coating on layered oxide cathode materials substantially improves Li-ion battery performance

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A team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and XALT Energy , with colleagues from the University of Michigan and Energy Power Systems , have shown that atomic layer deposition (ALD) of alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) on Ni-rich full concentration gradient (FCG) NMC and NCA cathode materials can substantially improve Li-ion battery performance and allow for increased upper cutoff voltage (UCV) during charging—delivering significantly increased specific energy utilization.

2016 23

New highly selective and efficient catalyst for reduction of CO2 to CO

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Researchers at the University of Delaware have developed a highly selective nanoporous silver catalyst capable of electrochemically reducing carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide with 92% efficiency. The research team’s work is supported through funding from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund and University of Delaware Research Foundation.

U Toronto studies find traffic emissions spread farther than thought; 25% of cars causing 90% of pollution

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A trio of recently published studies from a team of University of Toronto engineers has found that air pollution could be spreading up to three times farther than thought, contributing to varying levels of air quality across cities. Source: University of Toronto.

2015 23

Researchers demonstrate electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from air and water under mild conditions

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Researchers from the University of Strathclyde and the University of St. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 1145 doi: 10.1038/srep01145. Andrews have demonstrated that ammonia can be synthesized directly from air (instead of N 2 ) and H 2 O (instead of H 2 ) under a mild condition (room temperature, one atmosphere) with supplied electricity which can be obtained from renewable resources such as solar, wind or marine.

2013 21

MIT analysis finds current EVs could replace ~90% of personal vehicles now on the road based on driver’s energy consumption

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Michalek, a professor of engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University who was not involved in this study, says the MIT team’s integration of the GPS and national survey data is a new approach “highlighting the novel idea that regional differences in range requirements are minor for most vehicle-day trips but increase as we move into higher-range trips.”

SLAC, Utrecht Univ. team visualize poisoning of FCC catalysts used in gasoline production; seeing changes in pore network materials

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—co-lead researcher Florian Meirer, assistant professor of inorganic chemistry and catalysis at Utrecht University. —Bert Weckhuysen, professor of inorganic chemistry and catalysis at Utrecht University.

UCR team finds adding even small amounts of tin to Si-based anode greatly improves charge capacity and cycling stability

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have found that adding tin nanoparticles—even in small amounts—to a silicon-based anode provides significant improvements in performance in terms of both charge capacity and cycling stability.

Chad 17

Opinion: China To Continue Expanding Its Influence In The Oil And Gas Sector

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John Manfreda received his MBA at Trinity University. Article Source: [link]. by John Manfreda for Since 2009, China has been taking a much more active role in its pursuit of international oil contracts. In 2009, for the first time, Saudi Arabia exported more of its oil to China than it did to the U.S. China also made large investments in Saudi Arabia’s oil refining industry as well.

First experimentally observed all-boron fullerene shows promise for hydrogen storage

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Researchers from Soochow University in China report that the newly found B 40 —the first experimentally observed all-boron fullerene—when coated with 6 titanium atoms (Ti 6 B 40 ) can store up to 34 hydrogen molecules, corresponding to a maximum gravimetric density of 8.7 wt%. Huilong Dong, Tingjun Hou, Shuit-Tong Lee & Youyong Li (2105) “New Ti-decorated B40 fullerene as a promising hydrogen storage material” Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9952 doi: 10.1038/srep09952.

BNL team develops very high capacity ternary metal fluoride cathode material for Li-ion batteries

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In this latest work, Feng Wang, a physicist in Brookhaven''s Sustainable Energy Technologies Department, and colleagues Sung-Wook Kim, Liping Wang, and Dong Su of Brookhaven Lab; Dong-Hwa Seo and Kisuk Kang of Seoul National University (Korea); and John Vajo, John Wang, and Jason Graetz of HRL Laboratories investigated the synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of ternary metal fluorides (M 1 y M 2 1-y F x : M 1 , M 2 =Fe, Cu).

2015 24

Stanford team develops new low-voltage single-catalyst water splitter for hydrogen production

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Researchers at Stanford University have developed a new low-voltage, single-catalyst water splitter that continuously generates hydrogen and oxygen.

2015 20

NREL LCA Harmonization Project delivers meta-analyses of lifecycle GHG emissions for energy technologies

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Each article describes the details of the calculations for each step of harmonization. It has been applied in a rigorous manner to estimates of life cycle GHG emissions from many categories of electricity generation technologies in articles that appear in this special supplemental supplemental issue, reducing the variability and clarifying the central tendency of those estimates in ways useful for decision makers and analysts.

Black carbon is a much larger cause of climate change than previously assessed; about twice previous estimates, and 2/3 the effect of CO2

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The JGR-Atmospheres Editors decided to provide a platform for this article because we believe that there is great scientific value in reviewing, assessing, and synthesizing a large body of existing literature, and by going beyond the conclusions that any individual paper can reach.

Porous V2O5 cathode material for Li-ion batteries shows excellent low-temperature behavior

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Researchers from the University of California, Riverside and the University of Science and Technology of China synthesized monodisperse V 2 O 5 microspheres with a porous structure. 2011, Advance Article doi: 10.1039/C0JM04398B.

Prius Vs Volt Video, Tesla Reliability, Mercedes On Electric Cars: The Week In Reverse (Video)

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Who answered questions from French university students about renewable energy and the climate--and gave us our longest article ever? And, how long does Mercedes-Benz think it will be before long-range electric cars are both desirable and profitable?

Harvard Faculty Advisory Council: “major periodical subscriptions cannot be sustained”

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Even though scholarly output continues to grow and publishing can be expensive, profit margins of 35% and more suggest that the prices we must pay do not solely result from an increasing supply of new articles. Consider submitting articles to open-access journals, or to ones that have reasonable, sustainable subscription costs; move prestige to open access (F).

Price 11

USC researchers outline their proposed anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle; the Methanol Economy

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In a Perspective published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society , researchers from the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California describe their work on developing the feasible anthropogenic recycling of carbon dioxide.

2011 28

TU Graz researchers identify singlet oxygen as major cause of deleterious side reactions in Li-air batteries; suggested approach to counter

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Researchers led by a team from Graz University of Technology (TU Graz) in Austria have shown that singlet oxygen ( 1 O 2 ) forms in the cathode of a Li–O 2 battery during discharge and from the onset charge, and that it is responsible for a major fraction of side products that cause fast ageing in the battery.

Global biofuels production up 17% in 2010 to hit all-time high of 105 billion liters

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per gallon blenders’ credit would reduce the ethanol industry’s profits by 7% and its margins by 20% , according to the University of Missouri’'s Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute. World ethanol and biodiesel production, 1975-2010. Source: Worldwatch Institute.

New KOSi method for ultra-deep desulfurization of fuels to ~ 2ppm S

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Scientists led by a team at Caltech and BP, and in collaboration with researchers at UCLA, ETH Zürich, and China’s Nanjing University, have developed a new method for potentially removing nearly all sulfur compounds (down to ~2 ppm) from gas and diesel fuel.

New nanoparticle copper compound cathode could enable low-cost, long-life and high-power potassium-ion batteries for grid storage

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Funding for the research was provided by the US Department of Energy and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Nature Communications 2, Article number: 550 doi: 10.1038/ncomms1563. A team at Stanford led by Prof. Yi Cui has developed nanoparticle copper hexacyanoferrate (CuHCF) battery cathode materials that demonstrate long cycle life and high power for use in grid storage applications.