Wuhan University team proposes structure-variable sliding mode control of IPMSM in EVs

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Researchers at Wuhan University of Science and Technology in China have proposed a control method based on a speed loop structure-variable sliding mode controller (SMC) for interior permanent magnet synchronous motors in electric vehicles. Based on the existing research results, a kind of FW control system combined with the rotor field-oriented vector control algorithm is proposed in this article.

2018 75

NEC, NEC TOKIN and Tohoku University develop spin-Seebeck thermoelectric device w/ 10x better conversion efficiency

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Ken-ichi Uchida of Tohoku University (Keio University at that time).

2016 78

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Kyushu University research group develops new method for creating highly efficient gold nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells

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A team of researchers at Kyushu University’s International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I 2 CNER) reports devising a method for using a new type of catalyst support for highly active gold nanoparticle catalysts for fuel cells.

2016 84

University of California adopts full open access policy for research papers system-wide

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The Academic Senate of the University of California has passed an Open Access Policy, ensuring that future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of the UC will be made available to the public at no charge. Council’s intent is to make these articles widely—and freely—available in order to advance research everywhere. It follows more than 175 other universities who have adopted similar so-called “green” open access policies.

2013 60

University of Alberta Researchers Find That Oil Sands Industry Is Releasing More Pollutants Into Athabasca River System Than Previously Estimated

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New research from a team at the University of Alberta, Canada, finds that Alberta’s oilsands industry is releasing more pollutants into the Athabasca River, its tributaries and its watershed than previously estimated. An open access article on their study was published online in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Researchers develop high-strength nanotwinned aluminum alloy

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One type of stacking fault, called a 9R phase, is particularly promising, said Xinghang Zhang, a professor in Purdue University’s School of Materials Engineering and the corresponding author of the Advanced Materials paper.

2018 107

Ford aiming to speed up hybrid development

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With its hybrid cars enjoying a surge in popularity, the Ford Motor Company is anxious to accelerate their development and has turned to the University of Michigan to help it fulfil its goals. Together with the University of Michigan, Ford hopes to find solutions for both fuel economy and drivability. At the moment Ford has four hybrid vehicles on sale and has enjoyed a 73 per cent increase in hybrid sales this year (see article ).

2009 32

NUS-led research team develops cost-effective technique for mass production of high-quality graphene; 50x less solvent

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A research team led by the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed an economical and industrially viable strategy to produce graphene.

2018 89

Single Pt atom catalysts show enhanced catalytic activity for water-splitting; potential to drive down electrolysis cost

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Niancai Cheng, lead author, University of Western Ontario. Xueliang Sun, co-corresponding author, University of Western Ontario.

2016 118

Team discovers uncharacterized family of cellulose dergading enzymes in gut of firebrat

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Dr. Federico Sabbadin, from the University of York’s Department of Biology, said that the team found that the firebrat gut contains a group of uncharacterised proteins that make up 20% of their carbohydrate digestive enzymes.

2018 97

New nanostructured earth abundant metal catalysts rival platinum on a weight basis; diesel emissions treatment

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A development in catalysis research by academics at the Universities of St Andrews and Newcastle could lead to new systems to treat diesel emissions. In recent years a team at the University of St Andrews has been exploring metal nanoparticles prepared by redox exsolution at the surface of perovskite oxides and have shown these structures to enable new dimensions in catalysis and energy conversion and storage technologies owing to their socketed, well-anchored structure. (In

2017 60

Researchers say policies to curb short-lived climate pollutants could yield major health benefits; methane and black carbon

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Shindell, professor of climate science at Duke University’s Nicholas School of the Environment, co-authored the paper with colleagues from the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development in Washington, D.C.; In the new article, they point out that in addition to saving human lives and boosting global food security, curbing SLCPs will significantly slow the pace of climate change over the next 25 years.

2017 60

Japanese researchers estimate 16M tonnes of rare earth deposits in deep-sea mud off Japan; hundreds of years of supply

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A team of Japanese researchers from multiple institutions has calculated that an area of deep-sea mud in the western North Pacific Ocean near Minami-Torishima Island, Japan, contains more than 16 million tons of rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY).

2018 117

UWO team discovers new conductive phase during carbon-coating process of lithium iron phosphate; potential to improve performance

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Researchers at The University of Western Ontario (UWO) have discovered a new conductive phase during the carbon-coating process of lithium iron phosphate (LFP) cathode material that can improve the electrochemical performance of lithium-ion batteries.

2018 89

WMG researchers use graphene girders to improve performance of Si anodes in Li-ion batteries

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Researchers at WMG (Warwick Manufacturing Group), The University of Warwick (UK) have developed Silicon-Few Layer Graphene (Si-FLG) composite electrodes as an effective approach to replacing graphite in the anodes of lithium-ion batteries.

2018 91

Study offers new insights into solidification cracking during welding of steel

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New research led by the University of Leicester in the UK has made a novel breakthrough in understanding how solidification cracking occurs during the welding of steel, an important engineering alloy. —Professor Hong Dong from the University of Leicester Department of Engineering. C s (2017) “Initiation and growth kinetics of solidification cracking during welding of steel” Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 40255 doi: 10.1038/srep40255.

2017 60

UMD-led study finds China’s SO2 emissions down 75% since 2007, India’s up 50%; India may now be the top SO2 emitter

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Although China and India remain the world’s largest consumers of coal, a new University of Maryland-led study found that China’s sulfur dioxide emissions fell by 75% since 2007, while India’s emissions increased by 50%.

India 84

Study of 7 years of production data supports billion-ton biofuels feedstock estimate

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South Dakota State University was the lead institution for the more than $20-million project which began in 2007. An article on environmental mapping of biomass resources in the continental United States will also be published in that issue.

2018 94

QUB team converts aluminum foil waste to highly active alumina; biofuel catalyst, other applications

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Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast have developed a novel green route to convert aluminium foil waste into highly active nano-mesoporous alumina (γ-Al 2 O 3 ) (designated as ACFL550). Ahmed Osman, an Early Career Researcher from Queen’s University’s School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, worked with engineers at the university to create an innovative crystallisation method, which obtains 100% pure single crystals of aluminium salts (AlCl 3.6H

2017 69

Study finds drone-based delivery could reduce GHG emissions and energy use in the transportation sector, if deployed sensibly

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New research by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Carnegie Mellon University, SRI International and the University of Colorado at Boulder shows that drone-based delivery could reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy use in the transportation sector.

2018 84

UNIST/Stanford team develops new Li-ion anode with silicon-nanolayer-embedded graphite/carbon; 1,043?Wh/l full LiCoO2 cell

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Researchers affiliated with Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea, and Stanford University have demonstrated the feasibility of a next-generation hybrid anode for high-capacity Li-on batteries using silicon-nanolayer-embedded graphite/carbon.

2016 101

Baker Institute expert suggests assumptions about oil’s influence on politics in the Middle East should be reversed

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Assumptions about oil’s influence on politics in the Middle East should be reversed, according to a new article from an expert at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. Instead of oil buttressing autocracy, the article argues that autocracy among oil exporters buttresses oil by encouraging consumption. A Reader,” which was co-edited by Raphael Heffron and Gavin Little and published by Edinburgh University Press.

2016 60

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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The difficulty and high cost of making CNT membranes has confined them to university laboratories and has been frequently cited as the limiting factor in their widespread use. He has a PhD in Environmental Engineering from Yale University.

2018 94

Pollutant emitted by biomass burning found to cause DNA damage and lung cell death; the role of retene

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In fact, this manuscript is a sequel to an article published recently by our group characterizing in detail the chemical composition of the inhalable material whose health effects are investigated here. The study was conducted under the supervision of Carlos Menck, a professor at the University of São Paulo’s Biomedical Science Institute (ICB-USP), and Silvia Regina Batistuzzo, a professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN).

2017 65

Researchers in Japan propose a more efficient method to reduce radioactive waste; fast reactor system shortens the lifetime of LLFPs

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A team of scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) working in collaboration with Tohoku University, Tokyo City University and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has proposed a novel, more efficient method to reduce radioactive waste.

2017 65

New low-cost bio-inspired nanostructured MoS2 catalyst performs almost as efficiently as Pt for hydrogen production

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories and the University of California, Merced has developed an efficient molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) catalyst for driving the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Work at UC Merced was supported by a university startup fund.

2017 84

Cambridge team demonstrates light-driven photoreforming of unprocessed biomass to H2 at room temperature

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A team of scientists at the University of Cambridge has reported the light-driven photoreforming of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin to H 2 using semiconducting cadmium sulfide quantum dots in alkaline aqueous solution.

2017 107

New bio-inspired macro-meso-microporous material offers significant improvement in battery performance

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Jeffrey Brinker & Bao-Lian Su (2017) “Bio-inspired Murray materials for mass transfer and activity” Nature Communications 8, Article number: 14921 doi: 10.1038/ncomms14921.

2017 101

Researchers demonstrate new nickel selenide catalyst for more efficient water splitting

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A team of researchers from Missouri University of Science and Technology and National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in Greece have developed a highly efficient transition metal selenide-based coordination complex, [Ni{(SePiPr 2 ) 2 N} 2 ] for oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions (OER and HER, respectively) in alkaline solution.

2016 70

New cathode design and understanding of electrolyte delivers greater efficiency in magnesium-ion batteries

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The work was first conceived by Yan Yao, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Houston and postdoctoral fellow Hyun Deog Yoo in 2014; the project spanned several years and involved scientists from three universities and three national laboratories, working both experimentally and theoretically.

2017 76

Porous V2O5 cathode material for Li-ion batteries shows excellent low-temperature behavior

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Researchers from the University of California, Riverside and the University of Science and Technology of China synthesized monodisperse V 2 O 5 microspheres with a porous structure. 2011, Advance Article doi: 10.1039/C0JM04398B.

2011 78

Toyota R&D study finds drivers show significantly more gray matter in brain regions than non-drivers

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The team recruited university students with either a few years’ or no driving experience and collected structural brain images for a whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis to examine between-group differences in regional gray matter volume.

2017 94

Tsinghua, MIT, Argonne team discovers lithium titanate hydrates for superfast, stable cycling in Li-ion batteries

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Polymer microcapsules with liquid carbonate cores and silicone shells offer a new approach to carbon capture

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The team, led by scientists from Harvard University and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, employed a microfluidic assembly technique to produce microcapsules that contain liquid sorbents encased in highly permeable polymer shells.

2015 78

Purdue study highlights lifecycle benefits of neodymium-iron-boron magnet-to-magnet recycling for electric vehicle motors

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That article quoted Roskill’s David Merriman as saying that global demand of 31,700 tonnes for neodymium last year already outstripped supply by 3,300 tonnes.

2018 78

UC Riverside team fabricates nanosilicon anodes for Li-ion batteries from waste glass bottles

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to fabricate nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Ozkan (2017) “Silicon Derived from Glass Bottles as Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Full Cell Batteries” Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 917 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01086-8.

2017 60

Study finds EV deployment in China to increase Environmental Justice challenge there

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A new study by a team from the University of Tennessee, Tsinghua University and the University of Minnesota has found that the wide-scale deployment of electric vehicles in China can increase the Environmental Justice (EJ) challenge in that country.

2015 124

OICR-led study shows that environmental exposures such as air pollution are more determinant of respiratory health than inherited genetics

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Principal Investigator, Computational Biology, OICR, the Executive Scientific Director of the Ontario Health Study (Ontario’s CPTP cohort), Director of the Genome Canada, Canadian Data Integration Centre and Professor, Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto.

2018 78

Study suggests policymakers need to move beyond alt fuels hype to decarbonize transport successfully

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The team defined hype as a period with a rising number of media articles containing a growing share of positive evaluations about a particular technology.

2016 84

SJTU team finds way to reduce platinum loading in three-way catalyst without sacrificing performance

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A team at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) in China reports on a way to reduce the platinum loading in automotive three-way catalysts (for CO, NO x and hydrocarbon treatment) without sacrificing performance. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 2349 doi: 10.1038/srep02349.

2013 65