California ARB approves 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan; requires doubling the rate of GHG cuts

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board unanimously approved the 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan , which sets the state on an aggressive course to reduce greenhouse gas emissions an additional 40% below 1990 levels by 2030 under SB 32. Accelerate deployment of alternative fueling infrastructure. Develop a Low-Emission Diesel Standard to diversify the fuel pool by incentivizing increased production of low-emission diesel fuels.

2017 163

NYK Line, JMU and ClassNK partner to commercialize ammonia-fueled ammonia gas carrier

Green Car Congress

Ammonia-fueled Ammonia Gas Carrier (AFAGC). Since carbon dioxide is not emitted when ammonia (NH 3 ) is burned, it is viewed to have promise as a next-generation fuel that could mitigate shipping’s impact on global warming.

2020 366

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Study finds global oil demand likely to grow despite pandemic, climate policies

Green Car Congress

Only under the final scenario—named “Forced Revitalization”—in which the pandemic’s disruptive impact to the global economy and mobility combined with strong government intervention to accelerate alternative technologies did oil demand decline after 2025.

Multicomponent catalytic system efficiently converts carbon dioxide to methanol

Green Car Congress

Methanol is a promising renewable fuel that can be adapted to the current liquid fuel infrastructure. These properties make the multicomponent catalyst construct more industrially relevant, which may pave the way for a carbon-neutral fuel economy, the researches said.

2020 298

Diesel Fuel From Air: Neat Idea, Very Inefficient Use Of Energy

Green Car Reports

It sounds like an intriguing idea: Make diesel fuel from air rather than fossil-fuel petroleum. Diesel fuel, after all, is a hydrocarbon chain. climate change carbon dioxide alternative fuel vehicles diesel fuel renewable diesel fuelBetter yet, make it from carbon dioxide--the greenhouse gas whose concentration in the atmosphere has risen precipitously since the dawn of the Industrial Age.

2015 110

DNV GL paper suggests near-term success for LNG in shipping; alternative fuel mix to diversify over time

Green Car Congress

Well-to-Propeller GHG emissions results for marine alternative fuels. DNV GL has released a position paper on the future alternative fuel mix for global shipping. According to DNV GL, the main drivers for the use of alternative fuels in shipping in the future can be classified in two broad categories: (a) Regulatory requirements and environmental concerns, and (b) availability of fossil fuels, cost and energy security.

2014 200

Euro Parliament Environment Committee votes to include shipping CO2 in EU ETS; shipping industry to contribute to climate neutrality

Green Car Congress

The committee calls for an “Ocean Fund” for the period from 2023 to 2030, financed by revenues from auctioning allowances under the ETS, to make ships more energy-efficient and to support investment in innovative technologies and infrastructure, such as alternative fuel and green ports, to decarbonize the maritime transport sector. Climate Change Emissions Europe Market Background Ports and Marine

2020 210

Calif. Energy Commission to award more than $44M for hydrogen refueling and alternative fuel vehicle projects

Green Car Congress

In two packages of awards, the California Energy Commission approved more than $44 million to expand the hydrogen fueling infrastructure and increase the number of alter alternative fuel vehicles on the road in the state. These awards were made through the Commission’s Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program, created by Assembly Bill 118. Expanding hydrogen fueling stations in California. Alternative fuel vehicles awards.

2013 161

DLR: cleaner aircraft emissions reduce the climate impact of contrail cirrus

Green Car Congress

Fewer soot particles in the exhaust stream of aircraft reduces the formation of ice crystals and therefore the climate impact of the resulting contrail cirrus. Halving the ice particles that form in the contrail decreases the climate-warming effect of the contrail cirrus by 20%; the effect is halved if there are 80% fewer ice crystals, according to a study conducted by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR).

2019 231

Provisional agreement reached on European CO2 standards for heavy-duty trucks; 30% lower by 2030

Green Car Congress

The new targets and incentives will help tackle emissions, as well as bring fuel savings to transport operators and cleaner air for all Europeans. —Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete. We can now only call upon member states to urgently step up their efforts to roll-out the infrastructure required for charging and refuelling the alternatively-powered trucks which will need to be sold en masse if these targets are to be met.

2019 233

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The state’s latest Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory shows that California emitted 429 million metric tons of climate pollutants in 2016—a drop of 12 million metric tons, or three percent, from 2015. Due to the carbon price signal created by the Cap-and-Trade Program that makes fossil fuel generation more expensive, cleaner out-of-state electricity is increasingly taking the place of fuels such as coal. Climate Change Emissions Policy Regulations

2018 200

UK auto industry warns anti-diesel agenda and slow uptake of EVs could mean missing 2021 CO2 targets; rising CO2 average in 2017

Green Car Congress

The UK automotive industry warned that the current anti-diesel agenda combined with the ongoing slow take-up of electric vehicles could mean industry misses its next round of CO 2 targets in 2021, with negative consequences for the UK’s own climate change goals. Because diesel cars typically consume less fuel than gasoline equivalents they emit, on average, 15-20% less CO 2. Alternatively fueled vehicles (AFV) registrations rose by 34.8%

2018 190

JATO: new car CO2 emissions rise for the first time in a decade in Europe; diesel down, gasoline up, SUVs up

Green Car Congress

With increased negative public perception towards diesels, combined with increased government regulation and scrutiny of the fuel type, the volume of diesel cars registered fell by 7.9% percentage points lower than their peak in 2011, and the fuel type’s lowest market share since 2003, when diesels accounted for 43.4% Alternative-Fueled-Vehicles only experienced a small increase in volume. Climate Change Diesel Emissions Europe Policy Regulations

2018 212

France launches new climate plan; Euro 7 lead; targeting ending the sale of vehicles emitting GHGs by 2040

Green Car Congress

Nicolas Hulot, France’s new minister responsible for environment and energy, presented the country’s new climate plan at a press conference at the Ministry. Supporting the development of alternative fuels (electricity, biogas, hydrogen). The government will also work on laws dealing with road pricing, access to mobility, alternative modes of transportation and city traffic. Climate Change Electric (Battery) Emissions Engines Europe Oil Policy

2017 174

Audi begins initial engine testing of Global Bioenergies, Fraunhofer e-gasoline

Green Car Congress

Audi remains convinced of the potential of the fuels e-gas, “e-benzin” (e-gasoline) and e-diesel and is continuing to pursue its e-fuels strategy. Like all Audi e-fuels, the new fuel has many advantages. The fuel is free of sulfur and benzene and is therefore especially low in pollutants when it burns. Currently, only a small part of Global Bioenergies’ ton scale isobutene production is directed toward e-fuels, using Fraunhofer’s lab scale conversion unit.

2018 183

ICCT: IMO committee agrees to establish first climate framework for international shipping

Green Car Congress

This strategy, which represents the first global climate framework for shipping, includes quantitative GHG reduction targets through 2050 and a list of candidate short-, mid-, and long-term policy measures to help achieve these targets. Meeting the strategy’s 2050 target will require near-term policies to significantly improve the fuel efficiency of the global fleet and to promote the development and deployment of low- and zero-carbon fuels and propulsion technologies.

2018 163

ICAO agrees to market-based measure to address aviation CO2

Green Car Congress

These include technical and operational improvements and advances in the production and use of sustainable alternative fuels for aviation. In a statement released after the ICAO announcement, ICSA said that while it recognized the agreement as a hard-fought political compromise to see that aviation contributes its fair share in the climate change fight, critical work remains to ensure environmental integrity and broad participation.

2016 179

California ARB posts discussion document for developing Advanced Clean Transit (ACT) regulation

Green Car Congress

Require use of renewable fuels and the cleanest available engines as soon as feasible. These proposed requirements will provide near-term NO x , particulate matter, and GHG emissions reductions to help meet nearer term air quality, climate, and petroleum targets. How to encourage deployments of fuel cell buses to bring them closer to commercialization? What are potential new and creative approaches to meet climate goals with innovative transit solutions beyond buses?

2015 192

A Focus on EV Clean Fleets – Reflections from the 2021 Green Transportation Summit and Expo

EV Match

What originally started as a heavy-duty alternative fuels industry event has evolved into a broader clean fleet conference. As we wrap up a fun and productive summer, I am excited to share that last month, I attended the Green Transportation Summit and Expo (GTSE) in Tacoma, WA.

U Calgary study finds oil shale most energy intensive upgraded fuel followed by in-situ-produced bitumen from oil sands

Green Car Congress

In a paper published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology , they report that lignite is the most GHG intensive primary fuel followed by oil shale. Oil shale is the most energy intensive fuel among upgraded primary fossil fuel options followed by in-situ -produced bitumen from oil sands. How do energy and GHG emissions intensities of oil sands bitumen compare to conventional crude oil and other fuel options?

EC proposes 30% CO2 reduction from 2021 to 2030 for light-duty vehicles

Green Car Congress

The incentive covers both zero-tailpipe-emission vehicles such as battery electric or fuel cell vehicles and low-emission vehicles having tailpipe emissions of less than 50 g CO 2 per km—these are mainly plug-in hybrid vehicles. An action plan and investment solutions for the trans-European deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. Climate Change Emissions Europe Policy Regulations

2017 150

Ports of LA, Long Beach approve 2017 Clean Air Action Plan; targeted GHG reductions; zero-emissions on-road drayage by 2035

Green Car Congress

Developing infrastructure plans to support terminal equipment electrification, alternative fuels and other energy resource goals. The 2017 plan document identifies four categories of coordinated strategies: clean vehicles, equipment technology and fuels; infrastructure investment and planning; operational efficiency throughout the supply chain; energy resource planning. Climate Change Electric (Battery) Emissions Health Ports and Marine

2017 150

Europe moves forward on the Energy Union; transport key element

Green Car Congress

The European Commission has adopted the European Energy Union package —a framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy. Today, we set in motion a fundamental transition towards a low-carbon and climate-friendly economy, towards an Energy Union that puts citizens first, by offering them more affordable, secure, and sustainable energy. The EU will provide an ambitious contribution to the international climate negotiations.

2015 203

NASA begins ACCESS flight research to study effects of biojet fuels on engine performance, emissions and contrails

Green Car Congress

NASA researchers have begun a series of flights using the agency’s DC-8 flying laboratory to study the effects of alternate biofuel on engine performance, emissions and aircraft-generated contrails at altitude. The Alternative Fuel Effects on Contrails and Cruise EmiSSions (ACCESS) research involves flying the DC-8 as high as 40,000 feet while an instrumented NASA Falcon HU-25 aircraft trails behind at distances ranging from 300 feet to more than 10 miles.

2013 196

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

Green Car Congress

Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. Preparing the US for the impacts of climate change.

2013 212

DeCicco: Transportation GHG reduction policy should focus upstream on fuel supply rather than downstream on choice of fuels in vehicles

Green Car Congress

John DeCicco at the University of Michigan argues that to reduce transportation sector greenhouse gas emissions, the proper policy focus should be upstream in sectors that provide the fuel, rather than downstream on the choice of fuels in the automobile. More specifically, he suggests that other than supporting fundamental R&D, programs to promote alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) “ are not currently warranted for climate protection. In a new working paper, Prof.

2013 204

DOE and Air Force issue RFI on Mil-Spec jet fuel production using coal-to-liquid technologies

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with the US Air Force has issued a request for information (RFI)— DE-FOA-0000981 —on research & development aimed at greenhouse gas emissions reductions and cost competitiveness of Mil-Spec jet fuel production using coal-to-liquid (CTL) fuel technologies. Aviation Climate Change Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Emissions Fuels

2013 184

California Air Resources Board unanimously adopts Advanced Clean Cars Package

Green Car Congress

In a unanimous vote on Friday, the California Air Resources Board (ARB) adopted the Advanced Clean Cars (ACC) regulatory package ( earlier post ), launching California into another round of major automotive regulations for model years 2015-2025 that are designed to deliver cleaner air, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and to help build the future market for battery-electric and fuel-cell electric vehicles. credits, while a 300-mile fuel-cell electric vehicle receives 3.5

2012 224

Study concludes significant additional transport policy interventions will be required for Europe to meet its GHG reduction goal

Green Car Congress

EU climate policy aims to limit the global mean temperature increase from anthropogenic climate change to below 2 °C. A detailed survey of these technologies, their likely future techno-economic characteristics, and the uncertainty involved was carried out by the Technology Opportunities and Strategies toward Climate-friendly Transport (TOSCA) project. This step was iterated with an estimation of demand changes. R&D plus fuel cell electric vehicle subsidy.

2012 179

California’s Advanced Clean Cars program: transforming the light-duty fleet to zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell and electric vehicles with an eye on 2050

Green Car Congress

Beyond 2025, ARB notes, the driving force for lowering emissions in California will thus be climate change. To meet the 2050 target, the new vehicle feet will need to be primarily composed of advanced technology vehicles such as battery electric and fuel cell vehicles by 2035 in order to have nearly an entire advanced technology fleet—that is, both new and used vehicles—by 2050. Clean Fuels Outlet (CFO) Regulation.

2011 196

Study Finds Availability of Low-CO2 Electricity and Hydrogen May Paradoxically Delay Large-Scale Transition to Electric and/or Hydrogen Vehicle Fleet

Green Car Congress

In both electric- and hydrogen-favoring cases, availability of low-carbon electricity and hydrogen prolonged the use of petroleum-fueled ICE vehicles. For example, the study found that the availability of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology has a major impact on the lowest cost passenger vehicle fuel and technology choice. The cost-effectiveness of measures to address climate change is enhanced through a multisector perspective.

2010 204

EPAs GHG Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles; Special Credits To Encourage PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs

Green Car Congress

Yesterday, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National High Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) jointly established increasingly stringent greenhouse gas emission standards under the Clean Air Act for 2012 through 2016 model-year vehicles and fuel economy standards under the Corporate Average Fuel Economy program, respectively. mpg if all improvements came from fuel economy) and 34.1 L/100km) fuel economy level, respectively.

2010 204

California ARB formally considers 28 proposed new lower-carbon transportation fuel pathways

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board formally considered the first 28 proposals for new ways to make low carbon transportation fuels under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS). Data related to the manufacture and production of the proposed fuels were presented by staff to ARB Executive Officer James Goldstene at the first public hearing held to consider fuel production techniques not currently assigned a carbon intensity score in the LCFS regulation.

2011 191

Fiat, MINI and smart Beat 130 gCO2/km New Car Average in Europe for First Half of 2009

Green Car Congress

The figures underline how incremental improvements to high-volume vehicles can have an impact that far exceeds that of low-volume hybrid or alternative fuel vehicles, JATO noted. One important contribution to Fiat’s result is the growth of natural gas as an alternative fuel for passenger cars, according to the company. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Europe Fuel Efficiency

2009 191

MIT Report Outlines System-Oriented Coordinated Polices for Reduction in Light-Duty Vehicle Petroleum Use and Emissions

Green Car Congress

The approach balances reducing the fuel consumption of both new and in-use vehicles, while encouraging the displacement of petroleum by less carbon-intensive, non-petroleum alternatives. The recommended policies would require manufacturers to make more fuel-efficient cars; encourage consumers to buy them; and then drive them in a fuel-efficient manner. Vehicle fuel consumption depends on the combination of powertrain and fuel used, as well as how the vehicle is driven.

2010 179

IEA working paper highlights potential role of natural gas in reducing global road transport CO2

Green Car Congress

The global natural gas vehicle fleet has grown rapidly in the last 10 years, but still represents less than 1% of global transport fuel consumption. The paper, which evaluates the potential costs and benefits of using natural gas as a vehicle fuel for road transportation, as well as the policy related to its market development, is intended to elicit comments and debate. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Heavy-duty Natural Gas

2010 184

Dr. James Hansen Has Something To Tell You

Creative Greenius

This just in from Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi , via her blog (thanks to Joe Romm of Climate Progress ). I strongly encourage Speaker Pelosi to join the Capitol Climate Action civil disobedience protest and get arrested on March the 2nd to show where she stands. Today, Speaker Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid sent the following letter to the Acting Architect of the Capitol, Stephen T.

2009 150

Senators Kerry and Lieberman Release Details of Energy and Climate Bill; Incentives for Electric Drive and Natural Gas Vehicles

Green Car Congress

Chairman of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, released the details of their long-anticipated energy and climate change legislation on Wednesday, 12 May. In the event that no global agreement on climate change is reached, the bill requires imports from countries that have not taken action to limit emissions to pay a comparable amount at the border to avoid carbon leakage and ensure we are able to achieve our environmental objectives.

2010 185

California Energy Commission Adopts $176M Green Transportation Plan

Green Car Congress

The Alternative and Renewable Fuels and Vehicle Technology Program’s Investment Plan allocates $176 million over the next two years to stimulate green transportation projects and encourage innovation to help meet the state’s aggressive climate change policies. Investment Plan for the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program. Tags: Climate Change Hydrogen Plug-ins Policy

2009 150

Refiners and Truckers Associations Challenge California LCFS in Federal Court

Green Car Congress

The National Petrochemical & Refiners Association (NPRA) filed a legal challenge to California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) with the US District Court, Eastern District of California, Fresno Division. The California LCFS calls for at least a 10% reduction from 2006 levels in the carbon intensity (measured in gCO 2 e/MJ) of California’s transportation fuels by 2020. 1492, and the federal Renewable Fuels Standard.

2010 179

EIA Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projects Moderate Growth in US Energy Consumption, Greater Use of Renewables, and Reduced Oil and Natural Gas Imports

Green Car Congress

Assuming no new policies, growth in energy-related CO 2 is driven by electricity and transportation fuel use. Existing US policies that stress energy efficiency and alternative fuels, together with higher energy prices, will curb energy consumption growth and shift the energy mix toward renewable fuels, according to the reference case for the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 ( AEO2010 ) released by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA).

2009 179

California Adopts Low Carbon Fuel Standard, with Indirect Land Use Change Effects for Biofuels

Green Car Congress

At its meeting on Thursday, the California Air Resources Board adopted a regulation that will implement Governor Schwarzenegger’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard ( earlier post ) calling for at least a 10% reduction from 2006 levels in the carbon intensity (measured in gCO 2 e/MJ) of California’s transportation fuels by 2020. ARB has agreed to continue its study of indirect effects, including indirect land use change as well as the indirect effects of all other transportation fuels.

2009 150

UC Davis buys 6 NFI electric Xcelsior CHARGE buses using California state contract

Green Car Congress

Unitrans has pursued alternative fuels for nearly a decade, a strategy accelerated by the California Air Resources Board’s adoption of the Innovative Clean Transit regulation in 2018, which mandates the state’s public transit agencies to transition to 100% zero-emission bus fleets by 2040. Unitrans, the University of California, Davis transit system, has purchased six Xcelsior CHARGE battery-electric, forty-foot heavy-duty transit buses from NFI subsidiary New Flyer of America Inc.

Davis 191