Toyota Plug In

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Japan and Europe by 2010 By Yuri Kageyama, The Associated Press June 11, 2008 TOKYO -- Toyota is introducing a plug-in hybrid with next-generation lithium-ion batteries in the U.S., Event Summary Oil prices are at record highs.

Oil Hits $100 a Barrel

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NY Times reporting: Oil prices reached the symbolic level of $100 a barrel for the first time on Wednesday, a long-awaited milestone in an era of rapidly escalating energy demand. Crude oil futures for February delivery hit $100 on the New York Mercantile Exchange shortly after noon New York time, before falling back slightly. Oil prices, which had fallen to a low of $50 a barrel at the beginning of 2007, have quadrupled since 2003.

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Getting Interviewed and Finding a Car

Open Source Civic EV Kit

With the huge jump in oil prices yesterday, I received a call from the local KEX radio to ask about electric vehicles and how they could be part of the solution. A few new things have happened over the past two days. James Boggs over at Electronpirate interviewed me today for a podcast about my past conversion experiences and this Civic-EV project.

Hawaii opts for EVs and renewable energy

Revenge of the Electric Car

The rest of Hawaii’s electricity is generated by burning oil. Yes, tankers of dirty, expensive oil are brought in and boatloads of money are shipped back to the oil companies. Oil burning is one of the single biggest sources of pollution coming from the whole state. Clean base load energy is particularly important since that is usually generated by nukes, burning coal or, in the case of Hawaii, oil. Published: December 2, 2008.

Opinion: Oil Price War May Benefit both US Shale and Saudi Arabia

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Even as financial commentators on CNBC are starting to come around to the idea of a bottom in oil prices, the key question for US oil producers remains one of timing. How long will the oil price slump last? Is this a relatively short term event like 2008, or a longer term slump like the one in the mid 1980’s? After the oil price crash in 1985, it took almost twenty years for prices to revert to previous levels. Oil Opinion

US Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Declined by 2.8% in 2008; Transportation-Related Emissions Down 5.2%

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in 2008. in 2008 to 5,802 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (MMTCO 2 ), down from 5,967 MMTCO 2 in 2007, according to preliminary estimates released by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). in 2008. Transportation sector CO 2 emissions by fuel types (1990 to 2008).

Annual Increase in Global CO2 Emissions Halved in 2008; Decrease in Fossil Oil Consumption, Increase in Renewables Share

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in 2008, against 3.3% In addition to high oil prices and the financial crisis, the increased use of new renewable energy sources, such as biofuels for road transport and wind energy for electricity generation, had a noticeable and mitigating impact on CO 2 emissions.

IRENA report finds renewable power costs at parity or below fossil fuels in many parts of world

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The report, “ Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2014 ”, concludes that biomass, hydropower, geothermal and onshore wind are all competitive with or cheaper than coal, oil and gas-fired power stations, even without financial support and despite falling oil prices.

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EIA: US refineries running at record levels; gasoline demand; exports up

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Lower crude oil prices and strong demand for petroleum products, primarily gasoline, both in the United States and globally, have led to favorable margins that encourage refinery investment and high refinery runs.

EIA projects world energy use to increase 53% by 2035; oil sands/bitumen and biofuels account for 70% of the increase in unconventional liquid fuels

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The transportation sector accounted for 27% of total world delivered energy consumption in 2008, and transportation energy use increases by 1.4% per year from 2008 to 2035 in the reference case. million barrels per day in 2008, increases to 13.1 billion metric tons in 2008 to 43.2

Bill aims to boost natural gas vehicles

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Speaking at a Press conference Menendez highlighted the problems of 2008 as an indicator of the problems that wild fluctuations in oil prices can cause, as well as the obvious problems that pollutants from dirty fuels cause for the environment. Earlier this week, US lawmakers unveiled legislation introducing financial incentives for the use of vehicles fuelled by natural gas.

Transportation emissions slashed in USA

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per cent in 2008 with transportation related emissions decreasing by around 5.2 Factors believed to have influenced the decrease include record-high oil prices as well as a decline in economic activity. Oil-related emissions dropped by six per cent - which accounts for the bulk of the overall reduction in energy related CO2 emissions. Yet there are some encouraging signs as in 2008, emissions from the electric power sector decreased by about 2.1

Opinion: Global Oil Supply More Fragile Than You Think

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Many oil companies had trimmed their budgets heading into 2015 to deal with lower oil prices. But the collapse of prices in July—owing to the Iran nuclear deal, an ongoing production surplus, and economic and financial concerns in Greece and China—have darkened the mood. Now a prevailing sense that oil prices may stay lower for longer has hit the markets. mb/d of spare capacity , the lowest level since before the 2008 financial crisis.

BP Statistical Review finds global oil share down for 12th year in a row, coal share up to highest level since 1969; renewables at 2%

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Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, but its 33.1% Oil demand grew by less than 1%—the slowest rate amongst fossil fuels—while gas grew by 2.2%, and coal was the only fossil fuel with above average annual consumption growth at 5.4% These shocks pushed energy prices higher in much of the world, with oil prices reaching a record annual average of more than $100 per barrel (bbl) for the first time. Prices increased in all regions.

GSI/UNEP conference report finds fossil-fuel subsidy reform complex and challenges sobering; ~1% of global GDP spent on fossil-fuel subsidies

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In 2008, a report by UNEP called for the elimination of fossil-fuel subsidies, concluding that such subsidies often lead to increased levels of consumption and waste; place a heavy burden on government finances; can undermine private and public investment in the energy sector; and do not always end up helping the people who need them most. Coal Natural Gas Oil Policy

The Real Reason for USA based Economic Recessions.

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The True Cause of Recessions: OIL. I was asked to speak about the economic impact of our oil dependency and so I began researching this topic to see if I could draw some insightful conclusions. There have been 5 recession since then until now and I wanted to see if Oil had anything to do with them, because deep in my heart, I knew the most recent recession was directly caused by the oil price spikes that started in 2007 and peaked in 2008.

California Gasoline Use Down 2.3%, Diesel Down 3.2% in November 2009

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in November 2009 compared to the same month in 2008, according to figures released by Betty T. compared to January through November of 2008. percent in November 2009 when Californians used 1.170 billion gallons of gasoline compared to 1.198 billion gallons in November 2008. The average price at the pump for gasoline in California during November 2009 was $3.01 in November 2008, a 19.9% Diesel prices in California were $2.96

EIA: world petroleum use sets record high in 2012 despite declines in North America and Europe

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The world’s consumption of gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, heating oil, and other petroleum products reached a record high of 88.9 In 2009, Asia surpassed North America as the world’s largest petroleum-consuming region as consumption rebounded from its 2008 decline.

Worldwatch Institute report finds global energy intensity increased in 2010 for second year in a row

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Between 2004 and 2008, global energy intensity experienced its sharpest decline in 30 years, with an average annual growth rate of 1.87%. In addition to technological advances, price developments play a key role in determining overall energy usage, Worldwatch notes.

New UC Davis market-based sustainability forecasting approach concludes supplanting gasoline and diesel with renewable fuels could take 131 years

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In the paper, Nataliya Malyshkina and Deb Niemeier point out that the peak of oil production is estimated to occur approximately between 2010 and 2030, and note that all those dates are considerably earlier than their estimate of the time until renewable replacement technologies are viable in the market (around 2140). “ Obviously, our results suggest that there is a potential danger that crude oil will be depleted before it can be replaced by viable substitutes.”

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Study Finds That CO2 Standards for Vehicles Can Reduce Price of Oil

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A new study by the French institute Enerdata, commissioned by the European Federation for Transport & Environment (T&E), suggests that the European CO 2 standards for new vehicles due to come into effect in 2012 will lead not only to a European savings on oil (mainly via lower oil import volumes) but also to slightly lower global oil prices. reduction in global oil consumption results in a drop in global oil prices of 1.2%.

US Vehicle Miles Traveled Increased 2% in June Year-on-Year

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US traffic volumes started declining in November 2007 as oil prices rose and experienced dramatic drops in 2008. Based on preliminary reports from the State Highway Agencies, travel during June 2009 on all roads and streets in the nation increased by 2.0% (4.9 billion vehicle miles) resulting in estimated travel for the month at 256.7 billion vehicle-miles, according to the US Federal Highway Administration.

US EIA Projects World Energy Use to Grow 44% Between 2006 and 2030, CO2 Emissions Up by 39%

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World oil prices have fallen sharply from their July 2008 high mark. As the world’s economies recover, higher world oil prices are assumed to return and to persist through 2030. Projected growth in world carbon dioxide emissions. Source: IEO2009. Click to enlarge.

NYT Editorial

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At Detroit's auto show, it unveiled a Chinese car that Geely plans to upgrade and sell in the United States in 2008. The price for what could be China's first foray into America's overheated love affair with cars: around $10,000. With the global oil market operating at close to zero excess capacity, oil prices are not coming down anytime soon.

Economic Impact Study Finds Grid-Enabled Vehicle Policies in Electrification Coalition Roadmap Would Result in Substantial Economic Benefit for US

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By 2030, the typical US household’s annual income would rise by $2,763 (2008 dollars). trillion (2008 dollars) in aggregate income—money that can be saved or spent on other goods and services. The combination of higher income and less spending on energy means that the typical household would be able to enjoy about $3,687 (2008 dollars) more in consumption of goods and services (or personal savings). Oil Imports. billion fewer barrels of foreign oil.

Evogene Castor Oil Demonstrates Suitability as Biojet Feedstock

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entered into a feasibility agreement with NASA to evaluate the potential use of castor oil as a viable and sustainable feedstock for production of biojet fuel—also known as Bio Synthesized Paraffinic Kerosene (Bio-SPK) and Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet (HRJ). Under the agreement, biojet produced from Evogene castor oil through UOP’s Green Jet technology, is expected to undergo additional advanced testing by NASA and AFRL. In 2008, Monsanto Company and Evogene Ltd.

Virent Receives Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for BioForming Process to Produce Biohydrocarbon Fuels

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Preliminary analysis suggests that Virent’s BioForming process can compete economically with petroleum-based fuels and chemicals at crude oil prices of $60 a barrel. During 2008, Virent produced more than 40 liters of biogasoline for engine testing and began fabrication of its first 10,000-gallon-per-year pilot plant to produce biogasoline. Also in 2008, Shell and Virent announced their collaboration. Overview of Virent’s BioForming process. Click to enlarge.

Annual increases in CO2 slows down

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With oil prices surging in the summer of 2008, the annual increase in global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from oil, coal, gas and cement production appear to have halved according to preliminary estimates by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. per cent in 2008, compared to 3.3 The lower CO2 emissions are primarily due to a decrease in global fossil oil consumption of around 0.6 Who said no good has come from the global financial crisis?

Perspective: Government Leadership Needed for Electric Vehicles to Succeed

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Jack Rosebro, founder of Perfect Sky in Los Angeles [and a contributor to Green Car Congress ], spoke of the need for government policy makers to move beyond incremental changes that are not providing enough incentive for the market to produce alternatives to oil as the almost exclusive source of energy for road and rail transportation. In energy, a momentary signal on the price of oil doesn’t necessarily create the genesis for a 40-year investment.

State Department issues Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement on Keystone XL Pipeline: climate change impacts

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The US Department of State (DOS) has released its Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) in response to TransCanada’s May 2012 application for the Keystone XL pipeline that would run from Canada’s oils sands in Alberta to Nebraska. 2012 Keystone XL plan vs. 2008 plan.

State Department releases Keystone XL Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement

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Incremental well-to-wheels GHG emissions from WCSB Oil Sands Crudes Compared to Well-to-Wheels GHG Emissions from Displacing Reference Crudes Click to enlarge. Market analysis: cross-border pipeline constraints have a limited impact on crude flows and prices.

EIA Estimates 2.1% Growth in Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions in US in 2010; Still Below 1999-2008 Levels

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However, even with increases in 2010 and 2011, projected CO 2 emissions in 2011 are lower than annual emissions from 1999 through 2008. EIA projects that world oil consumption will grow by 1.5 This growth is the result of an expected recovery in the global economy, with world gross domestic product (GDP, on an oil-weighted basis) assumed to rise by more than 3 percent per year. Most of the growth in oil consumption is expected in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions.

Perspective: Ending Oils Monopolya Blueprint for Mobility Choice

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Oil is a strategic commodity second to none—it underlies the global economy and even the American way of life. Of course, other countries benefit from this fact, with about $900 million flowing out of the US to buy foreign oil every day, and about 40% of that going to OPEC. [

Biosyncrude Gasification Process Could Produce Motor Fuel at Cost of Around $3/gallon

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A crude oil price of US$100/bbl results in an approximate cost of €0.56/L (US$2.72/gallon US) without tax for conventional motor fuel. Biomass is pyrolized to a pyrolysis oil. Overview of the Bioliq process. Source: Henrich et al. Click to enlarge.

EIA Energy Outlook 2011 more than doubles estimates of US shale gas resources; higher production at lower prices

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The Annual Energy Outlook 2011 (AEO2011) Reference case released yesterday by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) more than doubles the technically recoverable US shale gas resources assumed in AEO2010 and added new shale oil resources. US crude oil production increases from 5.4

Syncrude to Expand Its Oil Sands Synthetic Crude Output to 425,000 Barrels per Day by 2020

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Canadian Oil Sands Trust, the largest stakeholder (36.74%) in the Syncrude oil sands project, announced plans to increase the synthetic crude oil production capacity at Syncrude Mildred Lake upgrader to 425,000 barrels per day by 2020 from 350,000 now. Decisions regarding further upgrading capacity will be considered in the future in the context of evolving heavy/light crude oil price spreads. Marcel Coutu, Canadian Oil Sands’ President and CEO.

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

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The oil price shocks of the 1970s led the Brazilian government to address the strain high prices were placing on its fragile economy. Brazil, the largest and most populous country in South America, was importing 80% of its oil and 40% of its foreign exchange was used to pay for that imported oil. The government assisted the shift by giving sugar companies subsidized loans to build ethanol plants, as well as guaranteeing prices for their ethanol products.

US National Research Council Report Finds Plug-in Hybrid Costs Likely to Remain High; Fleet Fuel Consumption and Carbon Emissions Benefits Will Be Modest for Decades

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Penetration rates for the PHEV-10 and the PHEV-40 were compared to a Reference Case that assumes high oil prices and fuel economy standards specified by EISA 2007 (with modest increases after 2020, when those standards level off), as described in the 2008 Hydrogen Report from NRC. Gasoline use for PHEV-10s and PHEV-40s introduced at the Maximum Practical rate and the Efficiency Case from the 2008 Hydrogen Report.

Heard At The Show: Snippets from SAE 2009 World Congress

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How did the high fuel prices impact customer behavior in 2008? A $1 change in gas prices can lead to a 4-6% shift in take rates (i.e. Alexander Edwards, President, Automotive Strategic Vision believes the exodus from full size SUVs was caused by economic caution as much as higher gas prices. Skalny, Director, US Army TARDEC shared the following insights on fuel usage within the Department of Defense (DOD): Every $10/barrel increase in oil prices adds $1.3

GAO Report Concludes Industry and Government Face Significant Challenges in Meeting RFS Target While Minimizing Unintended Adverse Effects; Suggests Federal Research Give Priority to Non-Ethanol Biofuels

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Biofuels production has had mixed effects on US agriculture with respect to land use, crop selection, livestock production, rural economies, and food prices, the report found. For example, while increasing demand for corn for ethanol contributed to higher corn prices, thereby providing economic incentive for some corn producers, they also increased feed costs for livestock producers.