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California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced that greenhouse gas emissions in California in 2016 fell below 1990 levels for the first time since emissions peaked in 2004—a reduction roughly equivalent to taking 12 million cars off the road or saving 6 billion gallons of gasoline a year. Highlights from the newly published inventory include: Greenhouse gas emissions dropped 13% statewide since a 2004 peak while the economy grew 26%.

2018 200
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Gasoline consumption per capita in 2020 was on par with that in 1965

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This analysis examines the effect of this downturn in driving on gasoline consumption (both total and per capita), and places the consumption in 2020 in a historical context. The results show that gasoline consumption per capita in 2020 was on par with that 55 years ago. Total gasoline consumption for highway use dropped from 136,076 million gallons in 2019 to 117,251 million gallons in 2020, a drop of 14%. by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research.

2020 327
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Achates showcases 2.7L, 3-cylinder opposed piston gasoline compression ignition engine in F-150; estimated 37 mpg combined

Green Car Congress

At the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS), Achates Power and new development parter Aramco Services ( earlier post ) showcased a Ford F-150 fitted with a 3-cylinder, 2.7-liter Opposed-Piston Gasoline Compression Ignition (OPGCI) engine. An Opposed-Piston Engine is 30-50 percent more fuel efficient than comparable diesel and gasoline engines, it is a no-excuses way to meet future efficiency and emissions standards.

2018 253
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USDA: US corn-based ethanol reduces GHG emissions by 43% compared to gasoline, with additional benefits projected through 2022

Green Car Congress

A new lifecycle analysis of corn ethanol released by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) finds that GHG emissions associated with corn-based ethanol in the United States are about 43% lower than gasoline when measured on an energy-equivalent basis. By 2022, given current trends, the GHG profile of corn-based ethanol is expected to be almost 50% lower than gasoline primarily due to improvements in corn yields, process fuel switching, and transportation efficiency.

2017 183
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US Gasoline Demand Drops 0.03% in July But Total Petroleum Demand Up 3.8%

Green Car Congress

million barrels a day, US gasoline deliveries (a measure of demand) fell slightly (0.03%)in July 2010 compared with July 2009, continuing weak deliveries for the first half of the year, according to figures from the American Petroleum Institute (API). Except for 2008, it was the lowest July gasoline demand number since 2003. from July 2009 but still higher than any other July since 2004.

2010 190
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Achates Power wins $9M from ARPA-E to develop gasoline compression ignition medium-duty multi-cylinder opposed-piston engine

Green Car Congress

Achates Power, the developer of a family of two-stroke compression-ignition opposed-piston engines ( earlier post ), has been selected by APRA-E under its OPEN 2015 solicitation ( earlier post ) for an award of more than $9 million to develop a multi-cylinder opposed piston engine operating with compression ignition that uses gasoline as the fuel. Broadly, this approach is termed Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI).

2015 150
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LadyBug Resource Group acquires gasoline and electric mini-utility vehicle maker MAG International Inc.; one focus on USPS electric retrofit

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MAG), a manufacturer of gasoline and electric mini-utility vehicles. Acquiring MAG gives us the opportunity to get in on the ground floor of the booming alternative energy vehicle market and strategically place us to capitalize on the Federal Government’s plan to transition portions of their gasoline mini-utility vehicles to electric, as well as compete for a portion of the potential USPS’ plan to retrofit their 146,000 delivery fleet to electric.

2010 190
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EPA trends report sees record levels of average new vehicle fuel economy and CO2 emissions for MY 2012; role of new gasoline vehicle technologies

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EPA projects advanced transmissions (6+ speeds and CVTs), gasoline direct injection (GDI) systems, and turbocharged engines will be installed on at least 15% of all MY 2013 vehicles. The majority of the emissions and fuel savings from current vehicles, EPA noted, is due to new gasoline vehicle technologies. Based on the final Trends data through MY 2012, CO 2 emissions have decreased by 85 g/mi, or 18%, since MY 2004, and fuel economy has increased by 4.3

2013 214
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EPA proposes waiving Federal requirements for stations to capture gasoline vapors when vehicles refuel beginning in 2013

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing a proposed rule under the Clean Air Act (CAA) that would waive requirements beginning in 2013 for systems used at gas station pumps to capture potentially harmful gasoline vapors while refueling cars. Stage I VRS apply to the gasoline distribution industry; Stage II to service stations. Stage I VRS at gasoline dispensing facilities (GDFs) route gasoline vapors into the tanker truck without releasing them into the atmosphere.

2011 174
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Converting Oil Shale to Gasoline via Alberta Taciuk Processor Results in Full Fuel Cycle GHG Emissions 1.5-1.75 Larger Than From Conventionally Produced Gasoline

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GHG emissions for ATP shale (low and high cases) and conventional gasoline in grams of CO 2 e per MJ of final fuel delivered. Converting oil shale to gasoline via the Alberta Taciuk Processor (ATP)—an above-ground shale retort—results in fuel-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of ~130-150 g CO 2 equivalent/MJ of gasoline produced, according to a new analysis by Dr. Adam Brandt at Stanford University. times larger than emissions from conventionally produced gasoline.

2009 209
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DOE releases final report from 6-year national fuel cell vehicle demo; key targets met, with twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles

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NREL also found that these early fuel cell vehicles achieved more than twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles. The Learning Demonstration project began in 2004 when DOE competitively selected four automaker and energy partner teams. 3/gallon gasoline equivalent (gge) hydrogen production cost (based on volume production). 1 kg hydrogen is approximately equal to the energy contained in a gallon of gasoline, or gallon gasoline equivalent (gge).

2012 254
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Per-Capita Gasoline Consumption in Pacific Northwest Fell 5% in 2008; Down 15% Since 1999

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The states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho cut back their per-capita gasoline consumption by 5% in 2008, according to a new analysis by the Sightline Institute. Total gasoline use fell by 180 million gallons in those Pacific Northwest states. gallons of gasoline per week, down from 8.6 Still, the 2008 drop in gasoline consumption was not solely a response to soaring prices; it was an acceleration of a slide that had been underway for most of the last decade.

2009 150
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Dacia Broadens Fuel Efficient and Low Emission Offerings With LPG and E85 Engines, new 1.2L Gasoline Unit

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Sandero and Logan will also be available with a new gasoline engine, the 1.2 LPG (90 hp / 67 kW) engines reduce CO 2 emissions by up to 12% compared with gasoline power, and offer lower emissions of criteria pollutants. The Dacia LPG vehicles are dual-mode gasoline/ LPG gas vehicles (the driver only has to activate a switch to select the petrol or gas mode), and are 60% quieter than diesel-powered vehicles. gasoline engine. Gasoline Engine. The Sandero 1.4

2009 210
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Bosch Analysis Finds US Light Duty Diesels Had a Consumer Take Rate of About 30% in 2009 When Both Diesel and Gasoline Engines Offered

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determined that for the 12-month period beginning January 2009, when both diesel and gasoline engine options were offered as options in a car, about 30% of the registrations had diesel engines. Similarly, the Ford Escape Hybrid introduced in 2004, had a consumer take rate of 10% in 2009. An analysis by Bosch, using new car registration data provided by R.L Polk & Co.,

2010 195
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Actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks: 1966-2019

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No change between 1991 and 2004 (19.6 A modest increase between 2004 and 2008 (from 19.6 by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research. This is the latest of my occasional updates on long-term trends in U.S. vehicle fuel economy.

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Graphene company Anaphite closes £4.1M round led by Elbow Beach Capital; enhancing EV batteries

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Graphene, only discovered in 2004, is a unique material with many desirable properties such as high electrical and thermal conductivity and significant strength. Bolstered by the upcoming ban in 2035 on all new sales of gasoline and diesel cars in the UK, Europe and US, there will be considerable and accelerated demand for reliable and inexpensive EVs.

Companies 239
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Actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks: 1966-2017

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No change between 1991 and 2004 (19.6 A modest increase between 2004 and 2008 (from 19.6 This is the case because the analysis did not take into account the following factors and their changed contributions over time: greater energy content of diesel than gasoline, lower energy content of ethanol blends than pure gasoline, lower energy content of biodiesel blends than pure diesel, and electric energy consumed by plug-in electric vehicles. by Michael Sivak.

2019 314
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EPA’s annual automotive trends report shows slight increase in fuel economy from MY2017 to MY2018

Green Car Congress

Since MY 2004, CO 2 emissions have decreased 23%, or 108 g/mi, and fuel economy has increased 30%, or 5.8 Tesla improved fuel economy (as measured in miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent, or mpge). In the US, Model Year (MY) 2018 vehicle fuel economy was 25.1 miles per gallon, 0.8%

2020 212
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EPA grants approval to Icom bi-fuel propane system for Ford 6.8L engines

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liter gasoline engines for E-250, E-350 and E-450 platforms covering model years 2010 and 2011 for propane and gasoline (or bi-fuel) use. Since 2004, Icom North America has been supplying its patented JTG liquid-injection propane mono-fuel systems to leading bus, truck and commercial vehicle manufacturers in the US. More than 120,000 vehicles worldwide have utilized the Icom JTG Propane System since 2004.

2010 183
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EIA: growing octane needs widen price difference between regular and premium in US

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The difference between US average retail prices for premium and regular gasoline reached $0.50/gallon in late 2016 and it has remained near that level so far in 2017. In the US, retail gasoline is usually classified by its octane rating: regular gasoline with a typical octane rating of 87 and premium gasoline with a typical octane rating of 91 to 93.

2017 150
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Hyundai launches new Tucson with short & long wheelbases, ICE, hybrid & plug-in hybrid powertrains

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The all-new Tucson is an important launch for Hyundai as the model is among its most popular, racking up global sales of more than 7 million units since its original launch in 2004. of torque from the gasoline engine and 258 lb.-ft.

2020 212
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Looking to get in a hybrid for cheap? Used Toyota Prius 1.5 HSD 2004-2009 Review

Green Car Congress

People might be bored reading about the Prius but a review on four Priuses (2004, 2005, two 2006s) that my family owns that ran a total of 913k km (570k miles) should be interesting, right? I found a a 2004 with 247k km (154k miles) on the clock. My wife’s 2004 burns about 1 liter (1.05

2020 337
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Lifecycle CO2 emissions of new Mercedes CLS 30% lower than predecessor

Green Car Congress

Over its entire life cycle—from production and operation over more than 250,000 kilometers up to recovery— the new Mercedes-Benz CLS emits 30% less CO 2 than its predecessor did when it was launched in 2004, according to TÜV Süd. Over the entire life cycle, the primary energy savings amount to 27% compared to the predecessor; this corresponds to the energy content of 9,300 liters of gasoline. mpg US) on its market entry in 2004 to 6.8

2011 207
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EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 1.7% in 2016; carbon intensity of economy down 3.1%; transportation emissions up

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CO 2 emissions from petroleum and other liquids, which have been the largest source of energy-related CO 2 in recent decades, have been increasing since 2012 after remaining relatively constant from 2004 to 2007 and then generally decreasing through 2012. Transportation increase led by gasoline consumption. The 2016 increase in energy‐related CO 2 emissions from the transportation sector was led by motor gasoline consumption, according to EIA.

2017 150
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IEA forecasts global oil demand to reach 101.6 mb/d in 2023; non-OECD countries lead expansion

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While diesel cracks eased month-on-month in May, both jet fuel and gasoline cracks surged as demand picked up seasonally. OECD industry stocks of middle distillates have fallen by 25% since January 2021 to their lowest levels since 2004. The IEA June 2022 Oil Market Report (OMR) forecasts world oil demand to reach 101.6 mb/d in 2023, surpassing pre-pandemic levels.

Oil 190
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EPA annual trends report finds new vehicle fuel economy at record 24.1 mpg; new powertrain technologies rapidly gaining share

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mpg increase over the previous year and an increase of nearly 5 mpg since 2004. The majority of the carbon and oil savings from current vehicles is due to new gasoline vehicle technologies, the report observed. The final MY 2013 adjusted, real world CO 2 emissions rate for all light-duty gasoline and diesel-fueled vehicles is 369 g/m—a 7 g/mi decrease relative to MY 2012.

2014 203
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China to expand production and use of ethanol; 2020 E10 mandate would make China 3rd largest ethanol consumer

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To help make use of the excess stock, China in September 2017 announced a plan for nationwide use of E10 gasoline by 2020, up from 11 trial provinces. From 2004 to 2016, the average annual production growth rate was 16.8%, according to CARD. Xinhua reports that China’s State Administration of Grain (SAG) said that China will expand production and consumption of bioethanol fuel this year as the country seeks more channels to use corn and grain stockpiles.

2018 174
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EPA fuel economy report finds weight and power leveling off, footprint stable

Green Car Congress

Since MY 2004, CO 2 emissions and fuel economy have improved in ten out of twelve years, and decreased only twice. For nearly two decades through MY 2004, on a fleetwide basis, automotive technology innovation was generally utilized to support vehicle attributes such as weight, performance, utility, and other attributes rather than fuel economy or CO 2 emissions.

2018 224
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Shell Trials Selling E10 Formulated With Cellulosic Ethanol

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For one month, starting 10 June, the regular gasoline purchased at a Shell service station in Ottawa, Ontario will contain 10% cellulosic ethanol. Iogen has been producing cellulosic ethanol at its Ottawa demonstration plant since 2004. Cellulosic ethanol, as an end fuel, is identical to ethanol but it can offer up to 90% less lifecycle CO 2 emissions than gasoline.

2009 150
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EIA: distillate yields at US refineries are rising

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The recent uptick in distillate yield can partly be explained by the significantly higher price margins over the cost of crude oil for distillate relative to gasoline, EIA said. times as much gasoline as distillate from each barrel of oil refined, up from about 2 times from the 1990s to 2004. However, calculating gasoline yields is slightly more complicated, EIA notes.

2012 183
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EPA: US GHG fell 0.5% y-o-y in 2017; power sector down by 4.2%, transportation up 1.21%

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More than 90% of the fuel used for transportation is petroleum-based, which includes primarily gasoline and diesel. Between 1990 and 2004, average fuel economy among new vehicles sold annually declined, as sales of light-duty trucks increased. Year-over-year, US greenhouse gas emissions were 0.5%

2019 183
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Small-displacement two-stroke H2 engine could address performance and emissions cost-effectively for recreational market; potential for Asian motor vehicle fleet

Green Car Congress

Comparison of brake thermal efficiency and specific fuel consumption at rated power (ICOMIA Mode 5), hydrogen vs. gasoline engines. Both problems are addressed in part with gasoline direct injection, but are only decisively eliminated (apart from trace emissions from the lube oil) using hydrogen as the energy carrier.The motivations for targeting this segment are manifold. —Faiz and Gautam (2004).

2012 269
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TRUE US database shows emissions characteristics of US fleet

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Average fuel-specific NO emissions of gasoline light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks per model year and vehicle age.

2020 212
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SwRI develops D-EGR demonstrator highlighting fuel-efficient, cost-effective engine; 10% and above fuel economy improvements

Green Car Congress

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) has built a demonstrator vehicle, based on a 2012 Buick Regal GS, incorporating the latest D-EGR (dedicated EGR) technology ( earlier post ), an outgrowth of SwRI’s HEDGE (High Efficiency Dilute Gasoline Engine) consortium projects ( earlier post ). To accomplish reformation of the gasoline in a cost-effective, energy efficient manner, a dedicated cylinder is used for both the production of EGR and reformate.

2014 235
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Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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million from the Department of Energy’s ARPA-E program ( earlier post ) to complete its prototype development of a new gasoline-fueled wave disc engine and electricity generator that promises to be five times more efficient than traditional auto engines in electricity production, 20% lighter, and 30% cheaper to manufacture. Swissauto Wenko AG of Switzerland produces a modern version of the Comprex—the Hyprex—designed for small gasoline engines. 2004). Source: Piechna, 2004.

2009 260
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Shell and Iogen Increase Investment to Accelerate Commercialization of Cellulosic Ethanol

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The fuel is made from raw materials such as wheat straw and promises to reduce CO 2 emissions by greater than 80% compared to gasoline. Iogen Energy, a 50-50 joint venture between Shell and Iogen Corporation, is a leading biotechnology firm specializing in cellulosic ethanol, which it has been producing from wheat straw at its Ottawa demonstration plant since 2004.

2010 190
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2011 edition of EPA Fuel Economy Trends report shows several advanced powertrain technologies making significant gains

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In terms of market share, gasoline direct injection doubled in MY 2010 (from 4.2% Conventional gasoline vehicles continue to account for more than 95% of all light-duty vehicles. Fuel economy improvements for diesels range from 15% to 30% relative to gasoline counterparts. From MY 2004 to MY 2010, CO 2 emissions decreased by 67 g/mi (15%), and fuel economy increased by 3.3 kg) compared to MY 2009, but the second lowest average weight since MY 2004.

2012 207
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U Alberta spin-off Forge Hydrocarbons commercializing pyrolytic lipids-to-hydrocarbons process

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Further processing converts the hydrocarbon liquid into the desired fuel such as gasoline, natural gas, jet fuel, diesel, lubricating oil, solvents or diluents. Bressler made his initial discovery in 2004 with funding from an NSERC Discovery grant. Simplified process flow of LTH. Click to enlarge.

2013 203
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Hyundai completes development of 3rd generation fuel cell vehicle; targeting mass production in 2015

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The SUV has a full-tank range of 650 kilometers (404 miles)—equal to that of a gasoline-powered car. The new model gets gasoline equivalent fuel efficiency of 31 kilometers per liter (73 mpg US), a 15% improvement over the previous version. Hyundai took part in the Learning Demonstration Program organized by the US Department of Energy between 2004 and 2009. Gasoline equivalent fuel efficiency. Tucson ix Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle. Click to enlarge.

2010 204
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OP engine developer Achates Power closes $29.8M Series D; OGCI Climate Investments comes onboard

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A $9-million award from the Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) to develop an Opposed-Piston, gasoline compression ignition engine, in partnership with Argonne National Laboratory and Delphi Automotive. Since inception in 2004, Achates Power has secured more than $136 million in investor funding and has established its market leading position with more than 200 issued patents and more than 200 pending patent applications.

2017 163
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Cumulative worldwide sales of Honda hybrids passes 1 million units

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15 mode with a 5-speed MT vehicle—at the time the world’s highest fuel economy among all mass-production gasoline-powered vehicles. Honda Motor Co., announced that its cumulative worldwide sales of hybrid vehicles surpassed 1 million units as of the end of September 2012. This milestone was reached 12 years and 11 months after the start of sales of the first generation Insight in Japan November 1999, which realized fuel economy of 35 km/liter (82.3 mpg US, 2.86 L/100k m) on the 10?15

2012 212
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FedEx Express Orders 51 Azure Dynamics Hybrid Electric Delivery Vans, Establishes First All-Hybrid Facility

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will purchase 51 additional gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles from Azure Dynamics Corporation. Most of the new FedEx gasoline-electric vehicles will be put into service at a Bronx, NY, station, making it the first FedEx all-hybrid facility with about 100 trucks. With electric-launch assist, engine-off at idle, and regenerative braking, the FedEx Azure gasoline-electric step-vans are well-suited for the tough start-and-stop conditions endured in the everyday traffic.

2009 190
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2020 Ford Escape to offer hybrid and PHEV variants

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Gasoline engine-powered models as well as the standard hybrid are available with all-wheel drive. Between 2004 and 2012, 114,000 Escape Hybrids were sold. Ford has revealed the 2020 Escape; the small SUV will make its first public appearance at the New York International Auto Show.

2019 257