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Actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks: 1966-2019

Green Car Congress

vehicle fuel economy. Specifically, this study examines actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks (pickup trucks, SUVs, and vans) from 1966 through 2019. (My Calculated vehicle fuel economy is available going back to 1923.

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EPA trends report finds MY 2021 fuel economy remained flat at a record high while CO2 levels hit new low

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its annual Automotive Trends Report , which shows that model year (MY) 2021 vehicle fuel economy remained at a record high—but flat with MY 2020 fuel economy—while CO 2 emission levels reached a new record low.

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Actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks: 1966-2017

Green Car Congress

vehicle fuel economy. Specifically, this study examines actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks (pickup trucks, SUVs, and vans) from 1966 through 2017. Calculated vehicle fuel economy is available going back to 1923. The primary measure in this analysis is the average miles driven per gallon of fuel for each year. For 1966 through 1985, fuel economy was calculated from the information in a summary publication by the U.S.

2019 314
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Average fuel economy for MY 2019 light-duty vehicles was 95% better than MY 1975

Green Car Congress

The average production-weighted fuel economy for all new light-duty vehicles in model year (MY) 2019 was 95% better than in MY 1975, while average horsepower was 78% higher and weight was 1% higher, according to the 2019 EPA Automotive Trends Report. Fuel Efficiency Market Background

2020 227
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DOE: new vehicle fuel economy improved 33% from 1980-2016

Green Car Congress

According to data gathered by the US Department of Energy (DOE) from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), new vehicle fuel economy in the US has improved 33% from 1980-2016, despite a 120% increase in horsepower and 47% improvement in acceleration (measured by time to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph). In the 1990s and early 2000s, fuel economy decreased while vehicle weight increased, and fuel economy has improved nearly every year since 2004.

2017 188
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EPA’s annual automotive trends report shows slight increase in fuel economy from MY2017 to MY2018

Green Car Congress

In the US, Model Year (MY) 2018 vehicle fuel economy was 25.1 Since MY 2004, CO 2 emissions have decreased 23%, or 108 g/mi, and fuel economy has increased 30%, or 5.8 Tesla improved fuel economy (as measured in miles per gallon of gasoline equivalent, or mpge).

2020 212
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Latest EPA automotive trend report shows MY 2017 fleet fuel economy of 24.9 mpg; new record

Green Car Congress

The latest edition of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) annual Automotive Trends Report finds that Model Year (MY) 2017 vehicle fuel economy was 24.9 Since MY 2004, fuel economy and CO 2 emissions have improved in eleven out of thirteen years. Estimated Real-World CO 2 and Fuel Economy. Since 2004, CO 2 emissions have decreased 23%, or 104 g/mi, and fuel economy has increased 29%, or 5.6 Emissions Fuel Efficiency

2019 228
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EPA: preliminary data show average fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles reached a record high of 25.7 MPG in 2020

Green Car Congress

Preliminary data in EPA’s 2020 Automotive Trends Report shows average fuel economy for model year 2020 light-duty vehicles increased to 25.7 If this preliminary data holds, that will be a new record high for average new light-duty vehicle fuel economy.

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EPA Reports Fifth Consecutive Annual Increase in US New Vehicle Fuel Economy; Up 9% Since 2004, Back to Levels of Early 1980s

Green Car Congress

Adjusted CO 2 emissions and adjusted fuel economy by model year. For the fifth consecutive year, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is reporting an increase in new vehicle fuel efficiency with a corresponding decrease in average carbon dioxide emissions for new US cars and light duty trucks. For 2008, the last year for which EPA has final data from automakers, the average fuel economy value was 21.0 mpg, or 9%, since 2004.

2009 228
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Study finds rates of LDV fuel consumption in US peaked in 2004; indications of peak motorization

Green Car Congress

In a follow-up study to his earlier analysis of trends of light-duty vehicle registration and distance driven in the US ( earlier post ), Dr. Michael Sivak of The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) finds that fuel consumption rates—per person, per driver, and per household—are declining, as are ownership and driving. These rates are down 16% to 17% from their peaks in 2004, except that the rate per vehicle is down 13% (from its peak in 2003).

2004 218
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NASA Glenn develops automated flywheel pulse-and-glide system; improving fuel economy up to 40-100%

Green Car Congress

Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed an automated pulse-and-glide technique using a flywheel energy storage system for on-road vehicles; the technology, which NASA Glenn says can improve fuel economy over existing internal combustion or battery hybrid systems by 40-100%, is available for licensing.

2013 305
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EPA annual trends report finds new vehicle fuel economy at record 24.1 mpg; new powertrain technologies rapidly gaining share

Green Car Congress

EPA released the latest edition of its annual report on trends in CO 2 emissions, fuel economy and powertrain technology for new personal vehicles in the US. mpg increase over the previous year and an increase of nearly 5 mpg since 2004. Fuel economy has now increased in eight of the last nine years; average carbon dioxide emissions are also at a record low of 369 g/mile in model year 2013. Adjusted fuel economy distribution by model year.

2014 203
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2011 edition of EPA Fuel Economy Trends report shows several advanced powertrain technologies making significant gains

Green Car Congress

The average fuel efficiency for new cars and light duty trucks has increased while the average carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions continue to decrease for the seventh consecutive year, according to the 2011 edition of the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) annual report, “Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2011.”. Fuel economy improvements for diesels range from 15% to 30% relative to gasoline counterparts.

2012 207
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SwRI develops D-EGR demonstrator highlighting fuel-efficient, cost-effective engine; 10% and above fuel economy improvements

Green Car Congress

D-EGR is an engine and control concept that combines fuel reforming to produce hydrogen with high levels of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to achieve very high levels of thermal efficiency. The SwRI team will report that the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) at 2000 rpm 2 bar BMEP improved from 385 g/kW-h in the series production state to 330 g/kW-h; the lowest BSFC for the engine was 212 g/kWh compared to 236 g/kW-h for the series engine.

2014 235
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EPA trends report sees record levels of average new vehicle fuel economy and CO2 emissions for MY 2012; role of new gasoline vehicle technologies

Green Car Congress

Average new vehicle CO 2 emissions rate and fuel economy in the US achieved record levels in MY 2012, and have improved in 7 of the last 8 years, according to the newly released Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 - 2013 (the annual “Trends” report) from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). MY 2012 adjusted fuel economy is 23.6

2013 214
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Panasonic develops 12V NiMH energy recovery system for start-stop vehicles; aims to double fuel economy improvement rate of start-stop systems

Green Car Congress

The system is also designed to supply power to the drive assist motor, improving fuel economy. With this 12V Energy Recovery System, Panasonic aims to approximately double the fuel economy improvement rate of existing start-stop systems over conventional gasoline-engine vehicles. Panasonic started developing Ni-MH batteries for HEVs in 1997, and has been mass producing them since 2004. Batteries Fuel Efficiency Vehicle Systems

2013 200
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EPA, DOT and California align timeframe for proposing MY 2017-2025 light-duty vehicle fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Transportation (DOT), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the state of California have announced a single timeframe for proposing fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards for model year 2017-2025 cars and light-duty trucks. In April 2010, DOT and EPA established greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy standards for model year 2012-2016 light-duty cars and trucks. L/100km) if all reductions came from fuel economy improvements.

2011 163
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EPA reports decline in CO2 and increase in fuel economy from new US LDVs in 2009; projects increase in new hybrid vehicle share to 4.3% in 2010

Green Car Congress

For the sixth consecutive year, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is reporting a decrease in average CO 2 emissions and a slight increase in the average fuel efficiency for new US light-duty vehicles (LDVs)—cars and light duty trucks—according to EPA’s annual report “Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2010”. mpg, or 16%, since 2004.

2010 190
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University of Michigan Report Finds Focus on Fuel Economy Would Be Very Profitable for Detroit 3; Says Rapid, Wide-Reaching Change in Business Models Required for Turnaround

Green Car Congress

According to the study, higher fuel economy standards would benefit the Detroit 3 automakers the most. According to the report, “Fixing Detroit: How Far, How Fast, How Fuel Efficient?” Further, the report finds that the existing culture within the domestic auto companies systematically underestimates the value of fuel economy, which has crippled profitability. Fuel Economy. mpg) in fuel economy. Tags: Fuel Efficiency

2009 150
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Ford Making Aggressive Push With EcoBoost and Technologies Such as Ti-VCT for Improved Fuel Economy; Roadmap for Future Generations of EcoBoost Highlights Role as Company Strategy as Well as Product

Green Car Congress

The next-generation of EcoBoost will seek to improve performance and fuel consumption through the use of technologies such as advanced boosting and cooled EGR. As part of an aggressive deployment strategy for improving fuel efficiency across its product line-up in the near-to medium-term, Ford will offer its first-generation turbocharged, gasoline direct-injection EcoBoost engines ( earlier post ) in 90% of its product lineup by 2013.

2009 174
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Gasoline consumption per capita in 2020 was on par with that in 1965

Green Car Congress

Not coincidentally, the first Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for new cars and light trucks became effective with 1978 model-year vehicles. by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research. Because of the pandemic, there was a substantial reduction in 2020 in vehicle miles traveled. The biggest drop was in April 2020 (a reduction of 40% compared with April 2019) followed by a gradual rebound later in the year.

2020 327
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Study finds 12-30% fuel consumption gap between certified and real-world use in China

Green Car Congress

A team from the Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation (iCET) reports that while average certified fuel consumption (FC) decreased by 15% between 2008 and 2017, real-world FC remained unchanged, resulting in a fuel consumption gap increase from 12% to 30%. Since carbon dioxide emissions are highly correlated with fuel consumption (FC), fuel consumption regulation is a useful policy instrument to combat climate change. China Fuel Efficiency

2019 235
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Scuderi Group expands operations to Asia

Green Car Congress

The Japan office is located in Nagoya, the country’s automotive hub, and will serve as a regional base for the company to promote the viability of the Scuderi engine to address demands for improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions. There are more than 43 million internal combustion engines produced in Asia every year, with a majority of these engines produced for automotive applications where automakers continue to struggle to achieve higher fuel economy targets.

Asia 174
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Is Toyota RAV4 Hybrid SUV hurting Prius V wagon sales?

Green Car Reports

That was a market pioneered by the Ford Escape Hybrid, in 2004, and one that Ford walked away from for 2013. It turns out that there seems to be a market for compact crossovers with both AWD and high fuel economy. The 2016 Toyota RAV4 Hybrid is the sole mass-market crossover SUV that offers a hybrid powertrain and all-wheel drive. DON'T MISS: 2016. all-wheel drive Escape Hybrid Prius V RAV4 Hybrid

2016 70
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Mazda Launches Revamped Micro-Mini Carol in Japan

Green Car Congress

Mazda Motor Corporation has launched the fully updated the Mazda Carol micro-mini for the Japanese market, its first full remodeling since September 2004. The CVT and five-speed manual transmission grades exceed Japan’s “2010 fuel economy standard plus 25%.” The Carol’s automatic transmission grades exceed the “2010 fuel economy standard plus 15%.” The most fuel-efficient versions in the range, the front-wheel drive (FWD) grades with CVT, achieves 24.5

2009 174
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EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

Green Car Congress

The increase from 2012 to 2013 was due to an increase in the carbon intensity of fuels consumed to generate electricity due to an increase in coal consumption, with decreased natural gas consumption, according to the report. Additionally, relatively cool winter conditions led to an increase in fuels for the residential and commercial sectors for heating. MMT CO 2 in 2004, and since then have declined about 13%. US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Source: EPA.

2015 200
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EPA: US GHG fell 0.5% y-o-y in 2017; power sector down by 4.2%, transportation up 1.21%

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This decrease was largely driven by a decrease in emissions from fossil fuel combustion, which was a result of multiple factors including a continued shift from coal to natural gas and increased use of renewables in the electric power sector, and milder weather that contributed to less overall electricity use. More than 90% of the fuel used for transportation is petroleum-based, which includes primarily gasoline and diesel. Year-over-year, US greenhouse gas emissions were 0.5%

2019 183
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DOE awards $1.5M to Gentherm (Amerigon) for thermoelectric-based energy recovery system for heavy-duty vehicles; expands existing LDV program

Green Car Congress

The TEG technology, which converts waste heat from gas exhaust into electric energy and has the potential to improve passenger car fuel efficiency by as much as 5%. The project, to be completed by early 2015, will scale up the passenger car TEG and integrate it with a 15-liter diesel engine to provide fuel economy improvement and auxiliary power for combat vehicles. This follow-on light-duty vehicle project, funded in 2011, has a target of a 5% fuel economy improvement.

2012 277
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Cumulative worldwide sales of Honda hybrids passes 1 million units

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This milestone was reached 12 years and 11 months after the start of sales of the first generation Insight in Japan November 1999, which realized fuel economy of 35 km/liter (82.3 15 mode with a 5-speed MT vehicle—at the time the world’s highest fuel economy among all mass-production gasoline-powered vehicles. Honda Motor Co., announced that its cumulative worldwide sales of hybrid vehicles surpassed 1 million units as of the end of September 2012.

2012 212
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OP engine developer Achates Power closes $29.8M Series D; OGCI Climate Investments comes onboard

Green Car Congress

It has proven industry-best fuel economy gains of up to 30 percent and significant emissions reductions. In addition to continued research and development, the company has engine development programs underway, including: The development of an engine for a light-duty truck demonstration vehicle, which will surpass the United States 2025 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) targets. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2017 163
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New Mazda Demio posts 13,500 orders in first month, more than 2x target; 1.3L SKYACTIV engine driving popularity

Green Car Congress

This is the first Mazda model to surpass 10,000 registrations in a single month since March 2004, seven years and four months ago. The 13-SKYACTIV delivers fuel efficiency of 30.0 Customer feedback indicates that the main reasons for choosing the facelifted Demio are its fuel economy, advanced technologies and quiet cabin.

2011 183
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UMTRI analysis finds distance driven per GDP has been decreasing steadily since early 1990s

Green Car Congress

The amount of fuel consumed per GDP peaked in the early 1970s, and then decreased by 47% by 2012. The relatively steep decline in the value of this measure reflects the added contribution of the improvement in vehicle fuel economy from the 1970s on. In the previous five reports in this series, I examined recent changes in the number of registered light-duty vehicles (cars, SUVs, pickups, and vans), and the corresponding changes in distance driven and fuel consumed.

2014 209
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EIA: growing octane needs widen price difference between regular and premium in US

Green Car Congress

On the demand side, the premium gasoline share of total motor gasoline sales has steadily increased in recent years, reaching a high of nearly 12% in August 2016—the highest share since 2004. EIA suggested that the upward trend in premium gasoline sales is likely driven by changes in fuel requirements for light-duty vehicles in response to increasing fuel economy standards. Engines Fuel Efficiency High Octane Fuels

2017 150
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Ford’s Key Life Battery test for Li-ion batteries simulates 10 years, 150K miles in 10 months, under different conditions

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Battery reliability ranks as the single-most important purchase consideration by potential hybrid customers, topping 17 other factors such as fuel economy and number of safety features, according to a recent Ford-commissioned survey. The company offered a limited release of the Ranger EV in 1998, the Escape Hybrid in 2004 and the Fusion Hybrid in 2009.

2012 237
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Ford embeds researchers in new U-M robotics lab to accelerate autonomous vehicle research

Green Car Congress

Dr. Johnson-Roberson is an assistant professor of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, and has worked in autonomous vehicles since the first DARPA Grand Challenge in 2004. A U-M professor of engineering since 1987, Grizzle has spent nearly two decades as a Ford consultant working on programs such as environmentally friendly emissions, enhanced fuel economy and hybrid-electric vehicles.

2016 207
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Chrysler and EPA to partner on hydraulic series hybrid powertrain for light duty vehicles

Green Car Congress

The technology has shown substantial increases in fuel economy when compared with traditional powertrains in the same type of vehicles. In 2004, EPA had combined a full series hydraulic hybrid system with a diesel engine in a 2003 Ford Expedition SUV. This vehicle was announced and displayed to the public in 2004 SAE World Congress. The prototype showed an 85% improvement in fuel economy.

2011 195
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Valeo highlighting its micro-hybrid solutions for the US market: i-StARS and ReStart

Green Car Congress

Both solutions enable stop-start functionality and can help reduce the fuel consumption of a traditional internal combustion engine by 2-3% during the standard driving cycle and by up to 15% in congested urban traffic. Valeo launched its first belt-driven starter generator on the Citroen C3 in 2004 and programs with Mercedes, Nissan and PSA followed. Allowing the engine to stop before the vehicle does, maximizes the fuel economy benefits of a vehicle coasting to a stop.

2012 183
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Study: California will hit climate targets >100 years too late at current pace of reductions; transportation, wildfires & landfills

Green Car Congress

This year’s Index finds that 2017 marked the first time that a greater portion of California’s power mix came from renewable sources such as wind and solar than it did from fossil fuels. The Index notes that the 2018 wildfires in California produced an estimated nine times more emissions than were reduced across the entire state’s economy the year prior, with wildfires contributing more than the commercial, residential or agriculture sectors did in 2017.

2019 232
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Infiniti to introduce hybrid version of 2014 QX60 crossover; first application of new FF-Hybrid system

Green Car Congress

The new Infiniti QX60 Hybrid is projected to realize fuel economy of 26 mpg US (9.0 l/100 km) combined city/highway driving—a 24% increase over non-hybrid QX60 models and is projected to have best 7-passenger fuel efficiency in the segment. The result is a delivery of power equivalent to the 3.5-liter V6 but with 4-cylinder fuel economy. QX60 Hybrid. Click to enlarge. Infiniti Motor Company Ltd.

2013 195
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Achates: LD opposed-piston, 2-stroke diesel can meet 2025 final CAFE, Tier 3 standards for full-size pickup; 30% better FE than Cummins ATLAS

Green Car Congress

Brake specific fuel consumption map for the LD Achates opposed-piston engine. Furthermore, the study shows the potential for a 30% improvement in fuel economy over the equivalent performance Cummins ATLAS Tier 2 Bin 2 engine ( earlier post ) as well as a significant improvement in NO x and PM (42-74%, depending upon drive cycle and pollutant). Results of the study for the LA-4 cycle and the highway fuel economy cycle were: LA-4 Cycle. Fuel economy (mpg).

2014 188
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DeltaWing to develop GT race car concept; step toward street-legal DeltaWing sports car

Green Car Congress

The racer will be designed to demonstrate that with far less horsepower than many of today’s best sports cars, a two-seat performance car based on the DeltaWing architecture would deliver the same performance, yet with previously unattained fuel economy and efficiency. The coupe competes with about half the weight and aerodynamic drag, half the horsepower, and half the fuel consumption while delivering the same performance. Enzymes Fuel Efficiency Motorsport Weight reductio

2015 197
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Panasonic to supply Li-ion battery cells for Ford’s hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles

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Atkinson and the optimization of gear ratios for fuel economy. Ltd, which was acquired by Panasonic last year, has been supplying Ni-MH battery systems for the Ford Escape hybrid vehicle since 2004. Lithium-ion battery cell for plug-in hybrid vehicles (left) and. hybrid electric vehicles (right). Click to enlarge.

2012 200
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California ARB awards $7M for ultra-low NOx heavy-duty diesel truck demo project with Achates opposed-piston engines

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resource Board (CARB) is awarding $7 million to CALSTART to develop a Class 8 truck that will achieve a 90% reduction in NO x along with a 15-20% fuel efficiency improvement. The project will build and install diesel-fueled two-stroke compression-ignition Achates Power Opposed-Piston Engines into Class 8 demonstration trucks that will be road-road ready in 2019 and operate in fleet service in California in 2020.

2018 203