California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced that greenhouse gas emissions in California in 2016 fell below 1990 levels for the first time since emissions peaked in 2004—a reduction roughly equivalent to taking 12 million cars off the road or saving 6 billion gallons of gasoline a year.

2018 104

Satellite study: livestock digestion released 70% more methane than oil and gas industry in 2004

Green Car Congress

Livestock were the single largest source of methane gas emissions in the United States in 2004, releasing 70% more into the atmosphere than the oil and gas industry as estimated by other inventories, according to a new study by a team from Harvard University, JPL/CalTech and UC Irvine. We conduct an initial inversion of emissions on the horizontal grid of GEOS-Chem (1/2°?×?2/3°) emission inventory used as a priori. emissions are 30.1?±?1.3?Tg?a

2004 81

EPA Reports Fifth Consecutive Annual Increase in US New Vehicle Fuel Economy; Up 9% Since 2004, Back to Levels of Early 1980s

Green Car Congress

Adjusted CO 2 emissions and adjusted fuel economy by model year. This marks the first time that data for CO 2 emissions are included in the annual report, Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 through 2009.

2004 119

EEA: increase in EU GHG emissions, mostly due to transport, hampers progress towards 2030 targets

Green Car Congress

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the European Union rose slightly in 2017, mostly because of the transport sector. emissions increase in 2017 from 2016. Greenhouse gas emission trends, projections and targets in the EU. drop in emissions between 1990 and 2017.

2018 113

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

Green Car Congress

A new study finds that the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a “new phase of globalization” between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions. The study, involving researchers from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and colleagues in China and the United States, investigated how complex supply chains are distributing energy-intensive industries and their CO 2 emissions throughout the global South.

2018 65

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 1.7% in 2016; carbon intensity of economy down 3.1%; transportation emissions up

Green Car Congress

US energy-related CO 2 emissions decreased by 89 million metric tons (MMmt), from 5,259 MMmt in 2015 to 5,170 MMmt in 2016. over that period, other factors contributing to energy-related CO 2 emissions more than offset the growth in GDP, leading to a 1.7% Emissions have declined in 6 out of the past 10 years, and energy‐related CO 2 emissions in 2016 were 823 MMmt (14%) below 2005 levels, according to the EIA. Climate Change Emissions

2017 60

USDA: US corn-based ethanol reduces GHG emissions by 43% compared to gasoline, with additional benefits projected through 2022

Green Car Congress

A new lifecycle analysis of corn ethanol released by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) finds that GHG emissions associated with corn-based ethanol in the United States are about 43% lower than gasoline when measured on an energy-equivalent basis. Emissions Ethanol Lifecycle analysis

2017 95

CRC ACES Phase 2 report finds emissions from modern heavy-duty diesels well below required levels

Green Car Congress

2010 engines emissions reduction relative to 2010, 2007, and 2004 US emission standards. The study, the Phase 2 Report of the comprehensive Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES). earlier post ), found that emissions of NO 2 and other nitrogen oxides—which can have direct health effects and contribute to the formation of smog—were approximately 61% below the 2010 EPA standard and 99% lower than in 2004 engines.

2013 99

Cummins Emission Solutions introduces next-gen aftertreatment system EcoFit Single Module

Green Car Congress

Cummins Emission Solutions, a subsidiary of Cummins Inc., The EcoFit Single Module is designed to be up to 60% smaller and 40% lighter compared to the EPA 2013 solution it supersedes, all while improving emissions reduction performance. Diesel Emissions Heavy-duty

2015 95

California ARB holding two workshops on developing measure to reduce emissions from TRUs

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) is developing a measure to reduce emissions from Transport Refrigeration Units (TRUs) by transitioning to zero-emission technologies. To that end, ARB staff is holding two more workshops on the development of a regulation to limit the amount of time that internal combustion engine-driven TRUs and TRU gensets operate while stationary, as well as requiring an overall zero-emission mode operating time.

2017 60

Mexico proposes new heavy-duty vehicle emission standards aligned with Euro VI and EPA 2010

Green Car Congress

Mexico’s Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) has proposed new heavy-duty vehicle emissions standards, aligned with current standards in place in the rest of North America and in the European Union. The current limit values in Mexico are equivalent to Euro IV or EPA 2004 standards. Heavy-duty diesel emissions standards in the US, European Union, and Mexico. emissions in urban areas. Emissions Heavy-duty Regulations

2014 83

European Commission fines truck producers record €2.93B for colluding to pass on emission compliance costs

Green Car Congress

The European Commission found that truck makers MAN, Volvo/Renault, Daimler, Iveco, and DAF broke EU antitrust rules by colluding for 14 years on truck pricing and on passing on the costs of compliance with stricter emission rules. The timing for the introduction of emission technologies for medium and heavy trucks to comply with the increasingly strict European emissions standards (from Euro III through to the currently applicable Euro VI). Emissions standards compliance.

2016 60

New data indicate 57% decline in carbon emissions resulting from 78% drop in deforestation In Amazon

Green Car Congress

Carbon emissions from deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon have dropped 57% from 2004 to 2011, according to new data recently released by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) in São José dos Campos, São Paulo. This decrease in emissions is a result of a 78% drop in deforestation in the region during the same period, as measured by INPE’s PRODES satellite monitoring system.

2012 88

Latest EPA automotive trend report shows MY 2017 fleet fuel economy of 24.9 mpg; new record

Green Car Congress

Since MY 2004, fuel economy and CO 2 emissions have improved in eleven out of thirteen years. The report also assesses compliance performance for individual automakers and for the US fleet as a whole with the greenhouse gas emissions standards for light-duty vehicles.

2019 119

US Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Declined by 2.8% in 2008; Transportation-Related Emissions Down 5.2%

Green Car Congress

Energy-related CO 2 emissions declined by 2.8% US carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels decreased by 2.8% This is the largest annual decline in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions since EIA began annual reporting on greenhouse gas emissions.

2008 78

Comparative study finds that B20 increases emission rates of a number of pollutants in both light- and medium-duty diesel engines at idle

Green Car Congress

Emission rates for the 1.7 A new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan compared regulated and unregulated emissions from both light-duty passenger car (1.7 L engine was operated under both 2004 and 2007 calibrations. brake-specific emissions increased.

2012 106

California greenhouse gas emissions up 2% in 2012; driven by economic growth, closing of San Onofre, and drought

Green Car Congress

According to the most recent greenhouse gas emissions inventory from the California Air Resources Board (ARB), the state’s total greenhouse gas emissions rose 1.7% Since 2000, GHG emissions have decreased by 1.6% (from 466 to 459 MMTCO 2 e) after reaching a peak of 493 MMTCO 2 e in 2004. In 2012, the transportation sector was the largest source of emissions in California, accounting for approximately 37% of the total emissions.

2014 81

California ARB to hold workshop on future of Zero Emission Bus regulation

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) is holding a public workshop on 17 September 2013, in Diamond Bar, California, to discuss updates to the Zero Emission Bus (ZBus) regulation and to explore the status of, and future developments to, ZBus technology and related systems. In February 2000, ARB established a new transit fleet rule for transit agencies which included the zero emission bus (ZBus) regulation.

2013 90

ICCT paper finds $123B benefit to Mexico from tighter heavy-duty diesel emission standards

Green Car Congress

A new working paper by the the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) concludes that tighter heavy-duty diesel vehicle emissions standards in Mexico (NOM 044 standards) would result in a net benefit to Mexico of US$123 billion (1.6 trillion Mexican pesos), taking into account the value to society of 55,000 avoided early deaths from air pollution and the reduced climate impact from lower emissions of black carbon.

2014 81

EPA Releases New Mobile Source Emissions Model

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has released an updated version of the Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator (MOVES) model—MOVES2010—for use to estimate air pollution from cars, trucks, and other on-road mobile sources. The EPA considers MOVES2010 the best tool EPA it currently has for estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. emissions factor model. MOVES (Motor Vehicle Emission Simulator).

2009 65

California ARB to hold public workshop on new GHG and emissions standards for heavy-duty engines and vehicles

Green Car Congress

In September 2011, US EPA adopted a new regulation for controlling GHG emissions from new medium and heavy-duty engines and vehicles. This new regulation would be the first California regulation to set GHG emission limits for heavy-duty truck and engine manufacturers. The recently adopted federal regulation establishes national GHG emission standards for 2014 and newer model year heavy-duty tractors. Emissions Heavy-duty Policy

2013 73

Study: California will hit climate targets >100 years too late at current pace of reductions; transportation, wildfires & landfills

Green Car Congress

California will meet its 2030 climate targets more than three decades late, in 2061, and could be more than 100 years late in meeting its 2050 target if the average rate of emissions reductions from the past year hold steady, according to a new study tracking more than a decade of environmental and economic indicators in the state. The state’s per capita GDP has grown more than 41 percent while per capita greenhouse gas emissions have fallen by just over 25 percent since 1990.

2019 88

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

Green Car Congress

Geographical distributions of global BC emissions from motor vehicles in 1976 (A) and 2006 (B). Researchers at Peking University have developed a new methodology to model black carbon (BC) emissions from diesel and gasoline motor vehicles. The team’s review of the literature found 385 BC emissions factors for motor vehicles—excluding motorcycles and super-emitters—varying over 4 orders of magnitude.). An earlier global BC emission inventory by Bond et al.

2012 78

EPA: US GHG fell 0.5% y-o-y in 2017; power sector down by 4.2%, transportation up 1.21%

Green Car Congress

Year-over-year, US greenhouse gas emissions were 0.5% In 2017, US greenhouse gas emissions totaled 6,456.7 Since 2005, national greenhouse gas emissions have fallen by 13%, and power sector emissions have fallen by 27.6%. of 2017 greenhouse gas emissions.

2019 95

California ARB Seeks Further Reductions of Diesel Emissions at State Rail Yards

Green Car Congress

The California Air Resources Board directed its staff to take steps to provide further locomotive and rail yard emission reductions beyond those achieved by existing US Environmental Protection Agency and state regulations and agreements. Tags: Emissions Policy Rail

2009 85

Lifecycle CO2 emissions of new Mercedes CLS 30% lower than predecessor

Green Car Congress

Over its entire life cycle—from production and operation over more than 250,000 kilometers up to recovery— the new Mercedes-Benz CLS emits 30% less CO 2 than its predecessor did when it was launched in 2004, according to TÜV Süd. Nitrogen oxide emissions have been reduced by 21% overall. mpg US) on its market entry in 2004 to 6.8

2011 83

EPA trends report sees record levels of average new vehicle fuel economy and CO2 emissions for MY 2012; role of new gasoline vehicle technologies

Green Car Congress

The majority of the emissions and fuel savings from current vehicles, EPA noted, is due to new gasoline vehicle technologies. The final model year (MY) 2012 adjusted, real world CO 2 emissions rate is 376 g/mi—a 22 g/mi decrease (-5.5%) relative to MY 2011.

2013 111

Annual Increase in Global CO2 Emissions Halved in 2008; Decrease in Fossil Oil Consumption, Increase in Renewables Share

Green Car Congress

Global CO 2 emissions from fuel use and cement production by region. Emissions increased by 1.7% Global CO2 emissions increased from 15.3 Moreover, had 2008 not been a leap year—giving it an extra day—fuel consumption and emissions would have been even 0.3

2008 85

Converting Oil Shale to Gasoline via Alberta Taciuk Processor Results in Full Fuel Cycle GHG Emissions 1.5-1.75 Larger Than From Conventionally Produced Gasoline

Green Car Congress

GHG emissions for ATP shale (low and high cases) and conventional gasoline in grams of CO 2 e per MJ of final fuel delivered. These emissions are 1.5 times larger than emissions from conventionally produced gasoline. Full-fuel-cycle GHG emissions are estimated to be 129 g CO 2.

2009 108

Graphene May Double Solar Cell Power, Harvest Hydrogen From Air

Green Car Reports

As tough global emissions standards put more pressure on carmakers to produce larger numbers of zero-emission vehicles, the race is on to improve systems of electricity generation and storage. Graphene is a graphite-like substance first isolated in 2004. Some analysts view it as useful in improving the efficiency of batteries, but now it appears

2014 87

Small-displacement two-stroke H2 engine could address performance and emissions cost-effectively for recreational market; potential for Asian motor vehicle fleet

Green Car Congress

However, it has been blighted by very high unburned hydrocarbon (HC) emissions that, as a result of ever more stringent regulations, have caused it to be almost entirely forced out of the market in favor of four-stroke replacements. Both problems are addressed in part with gasoline direct injection, but are only decisively eliminated (apart from trace emissions from the lube oil) using hydrogen as the energy carrier.The motivations for targeting this segment are manifold.

2012 107

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

Green Car Congress

US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Total US greenhouse emissions were 6,673 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2013, an increase of 2% (127.9 over the prior year, according to the EPA’s newly published Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2013.

2015 104

EPA: US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Rose 1.4% in 2007

Green Car Congress

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has released the national greenhouse gas inventory, which finds that overall emissions during 2007 increased by 1.4% The report, Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007 , is the latest annual report that the United States has submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Total emissions of the six main greenhouse gases in 2007 were equivalent to 7,150 Tg of carbon dioxide.

2007 60

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

Green Car Congress

The on-road transportation (ORT) and power generation (PG) sectors are major contributors to CO 2 emissions and a host of short-lived radiatively-active air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone and fine aerosol particles, that exert complex influences on global climate.

2009 78

US EPA Proposes New Emissions Rules for Category 3 Marine Diesel Engines, Tighter Fuel Sulfur Restrictions; Harmonization with International Standards

Green Car Congress

As the next steps in a strategy to cut harmful emissions from ocean-going vessels, the US Environmental Protection Agency is proposing new engine emissions and fuel standards for large marine diesel engines on US-flagged ships that would harmonize with international standards. The proposed rulemaking follows on a proposal last March by the United States and Canada to designate thousands of miles of the two countries’ coasts as an Emission Control Area (ECA).

2009 65

Achates showcases 2.7L, 3-cylinder opposed piston gasoline compression ignition engine in F-150; estimated 37 mpg combined

Green Car Congress

An Opposed-Piston Engine is 30-50 percent more fuel efficient than comparable diesel and gasoline engines, it is a no-excuses way to meet future efficiency and emissions standards. Emissions Engines Fuel Efficiency

2018 131

New Study Concludes Substantial Quantities of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land-Use Change in the Boreal Forests for Oil Sands Production Are Unreported

Green Car Congress

These land-use change emissions have not previously been measured nor reported by governments and industry. The resulting analyses, maps and report give further insights into the growing impacts of oil sands development on Alberta’s and Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions. The resulting annual average emissions of 8.7 megatonnes of CO 2 will substantially raise the normally-reported emissions from the oils sands industry activities. megatonnes of CO 2 eq in 2004, 35.8

Dacia Broadens Fuel Efficient and Low Emission Offerings With LPG and E85 Engines, new 1.2L Gasoline Unit

Green Car Congress

Dacia, a member of the Renault group, is broadening its offerings of fuel-efficient and low-emissions engines. 16V 75 hp, with CO 2 emissions of 139 g/km. LPG (90 hp / 67 kW) engines reduce CO 2 emissions by up to 12% compared with gasoline power, and offer lower emissions of criteria pollutants. E85 flexfuel engine emits up to 70% less well-to-wheel (WTW) CO 2 emissions compared with an all-gasoline engine. The Sandero 1.4 Click to enlarge.

2009 84

Report Finds Rate of Growth of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Sharply Increased Between 2000 and 2005

Green Car Congress

Anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions increased by 15% between 2000 and 2005, a sharp increase in the expected rate of growth, according to a new report from the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). It also showed that global annual emissions of greenhouse gases increased from 24 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents in 1970 to 33 billion tonnes in 1990 and 41 billion tonnes in 2005.

2000 60

Study: air pollution may shorten telomeres in newbornsa sign of increased health risks

Green Car Congress

A study conducted before and after the 2004 closure of a coal-burning power plant in Tongliang, China, found that children born before the closure had shorter telomeres than those conceived and born after the plant stopped polluting the air. In May 2004, high levels of air pollution in Tongliang prompted the government to shut down. Emissions Health

2018 65

Study Concludes That Smaller Capacity PHEVs Would Be a “Robust” Option for Minimizing Fuel Consumption, Cost and GHG Emissions

Green Car Congress

Best vehicle choice for minimum fuel consumption, cost, or greenhouse gas emissions as a function of distance driven between charges across sensitivity scenarios.

2009 95

EPA: US greenhouse gases dropped 3.4% in 2012 from 2011; down 10% from 2005 levels

Green Car Congress

US greenhouse gas emissions by gas. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its 19 th annual report of overall US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, showing a 3.4% Annual US greenhouse gas emissions relative to 1990 (1990=0). Climate Change Emissions

2005 113

Volkswagen: new EU 6 diesels clear of software cheat, but up to 11M EA189 diesels worldwide affected

Green Car Congress

The engine control software in those vehicles does not affect handling, consumption or emissions, the company said. When the engine control software detected regulatory testing on a dyno, it ran a different, more emissions-stringent engine calibration to meet test requirements than when it detected regular use. As a result, real-world NO x emissions increased by a factor of 10 to 40 times above the EPA compliant levels, depending on the drive cycle.

2015 89