Number of vehicles in the United States: Did we reach the peak in 2006?

Green Car Congress

Distance driven per person reached a maximum in 2004. While this rate has been on a rebound since 2013, the 2017 rate is still down from 2004 by 5.2%. In comparison, distance driven per person is down by 5.2% by Michael Sivak.

2006 119

Actual fuel economy of cars and light trucks: 1966-2017

Green Car Congress

No change between 1991 and 2004 (19.6 A modest increase between 2004 and 2008 (from 19.6 In comparison, the change between 2008 and 2017 (from 4.59 by Michael Sivak. This is the latest of my occasional updates on retrospective, long-term trends in U.S. vehicle fuel economy.

2019 163

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The Real Reason for USA based Economic Recessions.

DIY Electric Car

This was mild in comparison to the prior two recessions however there was still high unemployment and raising interest rates. During 2006 Oil was trading around $60/Barrel for most of that year going up and down but for the most part the oil price had been trending up since 2004?.but During 2004 and into 2006 the Federal Reserve was acting in the best interest of the American People by trying to control inflation. The True Cause of Recessions: OIL. By Douglas A. Stansfield.

USA 153

IIHS study suggests late-model SUVs are still more lethal to pedestrians than cars

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To provide an updated comparison, IIHS researchers analyzed detailed crash data compiled by the International Center for Automotive Medicine Pedestrian Consortium. The median model year for the vehicles involved was 2009, and three-quarters of them were built between 2004 and 2013.

2020 117

Fraser Institute: pipelines 2.5x safer than rail for oil transportation; tankers have safest record

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accidents per million barrels of oil shipped by pipeline between 2004 and 2015, compared to 0.08 Marine tankers, by comparison, have a spill rate of less than 0.001 per million barrels of oil shipped. Transporting oil by pipelines is more than twice as safe as using rail, and marine tankers are safer still with a markedly improved safety record over the past 40 years, according to a new study released by the Fraser Institute, a Canadian policy think-tank.

2017 60

Compare: Ford Escape

Hybrid SUV Blog

By comparison, the hybrid version of this small sport utility gets 34 MPG in the city and 31 miles per gallon outside of town. That was in 2004. Ford Escape Still on Top. Few car or SUV models have the staying power to remain a best seller and top performer for several years.

Achates showcases 2.7L, 3-cylinder opposed piston gasoline compression ignition engine in F-150; estimated 37 mpg combined

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A comparison between the 2.7L Achates has been developing diesel-fueled (compression ignition) opposed piston engines since its founding in 2004.

2018 130

Plug-In Hybrids (or Plugin Hybrids)

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

The comparison keeps being raised, though studies are conclusive: The "well-to-wheel" emissions of electric vehicles are lower than those from gasoline internal combustion vehicles. A PHEV with only a 20-mile all-electric range is 62% lower (see printed page 95 in the 2004 study ).

NOAA greenhouse gas index continues climbing; 1.29 in 2010

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Started in 2004, the AGGI reached 1.29 the combined heating effect of long-lived greenhouse gases added to the atmosphere by human activities has increased by 29% since 1990, the index year used as a baseline for comparison.

2010 91

Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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The WDG also can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 95 percent in comparison to modern internal combustion vehicle engines. In axial-flow configurations, noted Müller and co-authors in a 2004 paper, pure scavenging is a challenging task. 2004). Source: Piechna, 2004.

2009 132

Ford’s Key Life Battery test for Li-ion batteries simulates 10 years, 150K miles in 10 months, under different conditions

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The company offered a limited release of the Ranger EV in 1998, the Escape Hybrid in 2004 and the Fusion Hybrid in 2009. For example, 50 million battery cells have been produced since 2004 in previous-generation production Ford hybrid vehicles such as the Escape Hybrid and Fusion Hybrid.

2012 93

NASA Glenn develops automated flywheel pulse-and-glide system; improving fuel economy up to 40-100%

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The fuel economy results of a 2004 Toyota Prius from simulation and testing showed 24-90% fuel economy improvement with PnG drive cycles compared to steady speed results. Using the pulse and glide approach, the vehicle speed will have a mean value around the threshold speed, but the fuel consumption will be reduced in comparison to a constant fueling regime.

2013 120

Hyundai completes development of 3rd generation fuel cell vehicle; targeting mass production in 2015

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Hyundai took part in the Learning Demonstration Program organized by the US Department of Energy between 2004 and 2009. Comparison of new Tucson ix FCEV (3rd generation) and Tucson FCEV (2nd generation). Tucson ix Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle. Click to enlarge.

Tucson 103

Report finds comparable safety records for railways and pipelines moving crude oil

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These analyses have used as their basis of comparison what is known as the “incident rate,” which is based on how many separate release incidents each mode has experienced.

2015 78

OSU team demonstrates concept of potassium-air battery as alternative to lithium-air systems

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In a 2004 paper published in the Journal of Power Sources , Ali Eftekhari noted that “ the potential of the potassium anode and lithium anode are approximately the same with only a 0.12V difference. For comparison, they built a Li?O Voltage curves of the first discharge?charge

CalCars and PHEVs Frequently Asked Questions

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Power and Associates 2004 report ]. About CalCars Plug-In Hybrids FAQ How to Get a PHEV Where PHEVs are Car-Makers Say.

2009 44

Comparative study finds that B20 increases emission rates of a number of pollutants in both light- and medium-duty diesel engines at idle

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L engine was operated under both 2004 and 2007 calibrations. For the 2004 calibration, the engine was operated under idle and two load conditions (600 kPa BMEP at 1500 rpm and 900 kPa BMEP at 2500 rpm), without the DOC and catalyzed DPF, each with the two fuels.

2012 103

Small-displacement two-stroke H2 engine could address performance and emissions cost-effectively for recreational market; potential for Asian motor vehicle fleet

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Comparison of brake thermal efficiency and specific fuel consumption at rated power (ICOMIA Mode 5), hydrogen vs. gasoline engines. In 2004, Asif Faiz and Surhid Gautam, both of the World Bank, published a paper in the International Journal of Vehicle Design exploring different technical and policy options for reducing emissions from 2-stroke engines. —Faiz and Gautam (2004).

2012 105

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

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Methanotrophs are bacteria that can use methane as a sole carbon and energy source for growth; however, it wasn’t until 2004 that the first complete genome sequence from an obligate methanotroph, Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) (which is featured on Calysta’s website) was obtained (Ward et al. ). Comparison of biofuel platform efficiency (source: Calysta Energy). 2004) Genomic insights into methanotrophy: The complete genome sequence of Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath).

EPA trends report sees record levels of average new vehicle fuel economy and CO2 emissions for MY 2012; role of new gasoline vehicle technologies

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Based on the final Trends data through MY 2012, CO 2 emissions have decreased by 85 g/mi, or 18%, since MY 2004, and fuel economy has increased by 4.3 These comparisons were based on current powertrain designs, assuming improvements only in air conditioner refrigerants and efficiency.

2013 108

Ricardo and QinetiQ Demonstrate New Iron-Sulphide Li-ion Pack for HEVs

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Furthermore, QinetiQ estimates that significant cost savings are possible in comparison with current commercial production Li-Ion chemistries through cheaper raw materials and a more energy-efficient patented manufacturing process.

2009 98

DOE releases final report from 6-year national fuel cell vehicle demo; key targets met, with twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles

Green Car Congress

In 2009, NREL expanded this CDP to include a comparison of the efficiency at full power, for which DOE’s target was 50% net system efficiency. The Learning Demonstration project began in 2004 when DOE competitively selected four automaker and energy partner teams. More recently, the significant on-road data that have been obtained from second- and first-generation vehicles allowed a comparison of the real-world driving ranges of all the vehicles in the project.

2012 99

LiquidPiston To Unveil Compact High Efficiency Engine at 2010 SAE World Congress

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It provides an air-standard analysis of efficiency, including a comparison to conventional engine technologies. Since its founding in 2004, the company has used only a small amount of venture capital to achieve multiple design iterations and a working prototype. In a paper to be presented at next week’s 2010 SAE World Congress in Detroit, LiquidPiston, Inc. will publicly reveal the architecture of its High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle (HEHC) engine. Earlier post.)

2010 88

Behind Audi’s new “rightsized” efficient EA888 Gen.3B family

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Audi initially deployed its turbocharged, direct injection TFSI technology in 2004; the second generation followed in 2007, followed by the third generation, currently on the market, in 2011. Audi’s new “rightsized” 2.0L engine maintains the displacement of the 2.0L

2015 112

Study of Sustainable Value in Automobile Manufacturing Finds Mixed Performance for Most OEMs, BMW and Toyota as the Clear Leaders

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Ford has also languished in negative territory from 2001 onwards, and only temporarily showed signs of recovery in 2004 and 2005 (although still not managing to create positive Sustainable Value).

Up close and personal with Volkswagen’s e-Golf carbon offset project: Garcia River Forest

Green Car Congress

TCF acquired the 23,780-acre tract in 2004 for $18 million ($10 million California Coastal Conservancy, $3.5 Applying a -10% uncertainty factor to this outcome, over 100 years (2004 to 2104) the GRF will have 3,745,208.7

2015 138

First drive: Volvo XC90 T8 Drive-E Twin Engine PHEV sets a high bar for full-size luxury SUV plug-ins in US

Green Car Congress

1 Given that US EPA fuel economy figures for the vehicles are not yet available, we are using the ECE fuel consumption figures from Europe as a means to provide a comparison across vehicles, and are providing the estimated EPA figure where available.

2015 131

ICCT study finds increasing gap between rated and actual passenger car fuel consumption in Europe

Green Car Congress

Looking at the unadjusted data reveals that, up until about 2003 the discrepancy between real-world and type-approval CO 2 values was consistently around 20%; from 2004 onward it steadily increased to about 35% in 2012.

2013 91

Converting Oil Shale to Gasoline via Alberta Taciuk Processor Results in Full Fuel Cycle GHG Emissions 1.5-1.75 Larger Than From Conventionally Produced Gasoline

Green Car Congress

This project was terminated in 2004 due to cost overruns and opposition on environmental grounds. For comparison, upstream consumption for reformulated gasoline produced from conventional oil is ~0.2-0.25

2009 105

Norway-US Project Developing Diesel/Biodiesel, Cool Flame Reformer and Solid-Acid Fuel Cell APU

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The conditions whether cool flames can be stabilised or not is related to the heat release of the pre-reactions in comparison to the heat losses of the system. 2004) High-Performance Solid Acid Fuel Cells Through Humidity Stabilization. Norway’s Nordic Power Systems (NPS) and California-based SAFCell Inc.,

UK Department For Transport Study on Light Goods Vehicle CO2 Concludes that Potential CO2 Reduction from Low-Carbon Technologies Within 5 Years is Quite Low, But Much Larger by 2020

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Between 2004 and 2006, while the emissions of CO 2 from passenger cars declined by 3%, that from LGVs grew by 22%. A comparison of regulatory test cycles with the real-world operating conditions of vans in the United Kingdom, with particular reference to the accuracy of the regulatory cycles as predictors of real-world CO 2 emissions. Measured variations in CO 2 emissions for different drive cycles. Click to enlarge.

2010 64

EPA Posts Peer Review of Renewable Fuel Standards Lifecycle Analysis

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Winrock International determined the extent of land use change using MODIS imagery from 2001 and 2004 and estimating emission factors for each type of land use conversion for a number of key agriculturally producing countries around the world.).

2009 78

Abt life-cycle analysis of different Li-ion chemistries for PHEVs and EVs identifies opportunities for improving environmental profile of batteries

Green Car Congress

The authors emphasized that their study— as well as data contained in a previous study—suggest that, in comparison to internal combustion engine vehicles, there are significant benefits in GWP for both EVs and PHEV-40s, regardless of the carbon intensity of the grid.

2013 95

Perspective: US Needs to Transition to Hydrous Ethanol as the Primary Renewable Transportation Fuel

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The first such vehicles were introduced by Volkswagen in 2003, and by 2004, they accounted for more than 17% of the Brazilian auto market. Essentially, the lower energy content of hydrous ethanol is counteracted by increasing engine performance due to higher heat of vaporization of ethanol and water in comparison with gasoline and anhydrous blends. by Brian J. Donovan, CEO Renergie, Inc. This opinion piece originally appeared in the Field-to-Pump blog, published by Renergie, Inc. ].

2009 102