California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

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The California Air Resources Board (CARB) announced that greenhouse gas emissions in California in 2016 fell below 1990 levels for the first time since emissions peaked in 2004—a reduction roughly equivalent to taking 12 million cars off the road or saving 6 billion gallons of gasoline a year.

2018 99

UN Review of Recent Climate Research Concludes That Impacts Of Climate Change Coming Faster Than Anticipated

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Significant climate anomalies 2008/2009. Source: Climate Change Compendium. A UN review of some 400 major scientific contributions to Earth systems and climate science released through peer-reviewed literature or from research institutions over the last three years, has found that the pace and scale of climate change may now be outstripping even the worst case predictions of the last report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC).

Researchers Predict Permafrost Thaw Will Intensify Climate Change More Quickly Than Previously Thought; Melting of Greenland Icesheet Could Drive More Water Than Previously Thought to North American Northeast

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As areas with permafrost thaw and more old carbon is released, the carbon balance changes. Before this study, we didn’t know how fast that carbon could potentially be released from permafrost, and how this feedback to climate would change over time.

Perspective: Why Carbon Emissions Should Not Have Been the Focus of the UN Climate Change Summit and Why the 15th Conference of the Parties Should Have Focused on Technology Transfer

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Oceans, already expanding from warmth and melting glaciers, would rise, increasing coastal flooding; a chain reaction of climate changes is projected to lead to harsher, more widespread droughts and more powerful storms. US intelligence and defense agencies say such environmental changes can lead to energy insecurity, water and food shortages, and social instability. It’s about time we changed course. COP15 , United Nations Climate Change Conference Copenhagen 2009.

EPA: US GHG fell 0.5% y-o-y in 2017; power sector down by 4.2%, transportation up 1.21%

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Between 1990 and 2004, average fuel economy among new vehicles sold annually declined, as sales of light-duty trucks increased. Climate Change EmissionsYear-over-year, US greenhouse gas emissions were 0.5%

2019 93

EEA: increase in EU GHG emissions, mostly due to transport, hampers progress towards 2030 targets

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It is published yearly by the EEA to take stock of the EU’s and Member States’ progress in meeting their climate and energy targets, which includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% compared to 1990 levels by 2020 and at least 40% by 2030.

2018 107

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions

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It found that trade among developing nations—South-South trade—more than doubled between 2004 and 2011. The study follows open-access research by some of the members of the team published last month in Geophysical Research Letters , in which the authors argue that the Chinese export-embodied CO 2 emissions have peaked due to the changing structure of Chinese production. Gt in 2004 and 2.2 Gt in 2004 to 1.1 China Climate Change Emissions

2018 63

Up close and personal with Volkswagen’s e-Golf carbon offset project: Garcia River Forest

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Emission reductions produced by the project are verified by an approved third party and registered with the Climate Action Reserve (Project ID CAR102 ). TCF acquired the 23,780-acre tract in 2004 for $18 million ($10 million California Coastal Conservancy, $3.5

2015 137

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

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MMT CO 2 ) from 1990 due, in large part, to increased demand for travel as fleet-wide light-duty vehicle fuel economy was relatively stable (average new vehicle fuel economy declined slowly from 1990 through 2004 and then increased more rapidly from 2005 through 2013).

2015 102

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 1.7% in 2016; carbon intensity of economy down 3.1%; transportation emissions up

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CO 2 emissions from petroleum and other liquids, which have been the largest source of energy-related CO 2 in recent decades, have been increasing since 2012 after remaining relatively constant from 2004 to 2007 and then generally decreasing through 2012. Climate Change EmissionsUS energy-related CO 2 emissions decreased by 89 million metric tons (MMmt), from 5,259 MMmt in 2015 to 5,170 MMmt in 2016. Although real gross domestic product (GDP) increased 1.5%

2017 60

EPA: US greenhouse gases dropped 3.4% in 2012 from 2011; down 10% from 2005 levels

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks , which is submitted annually to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, presents a national-level overview of annual greenhouse gas emissions since 1990. in 2004, and since then have declined about 10%.

2005 107

Calif. ARB releases GHG scoping plan update; more ZEVs, “LEV IV”, MD and HD regulations; ZEV for trucks; more LCFS

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The update identifies eight key sectors for ongoing action: Energy; Transportation, fuels, land use and infrastructure; Agriculture; Water; Waste management; Natural lands; Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (such as methane and black carbon); and Green Buildings. California’s vehicle GHG standards—authorized by AB 1493 (Pavley) in 2002, first approved in 2004, and extended in 2012—are delivering fuel consumption and CO 2 reductions.

2014 88

Devil in the Details: World Leaders Scramble To Salvage and Shape Copenhagens UNFCCC Climate Summit

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Although most countries have already revealed their opening emissions reduction proposals, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer pointed out Thursday that “ we still await clarity from industrialized nations on the provision of large-scale finance to developing countries for immediate and long-term climate action. Climate Change And The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. Australia is considered to be one of the most vulnerable developed nations to climate change.

2009 81

WMO: Atmospheric Concentrations of Main Greenhouse Gases in 2008 Set New Highs

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Relative contribution of major greenhouse gases to the overall change in radiative forcing between 1979 and 1984 (a) and from 2003 to 2008 (b). Since 1750, atmospheric CO 2 has increased by 38%, primarily because of emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, deforestation and land use change.

2008 99

Converting Oil Shale to Gasoline via Alberta Taciuk Processor Results in Full Fuel Cycle GHG Emissions 1.5-1.75 Larger Than From Conventionally Produced Gasoline

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This project was terminated in 2004 due to cost overruns and opposition on environmental grounds. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Lifecycle analysis Oil Shale

2009 104

EPA, DOT and California align timeframe for proposing MY 2017-2025 light-duty vehicle fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards

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In the fall of 2010, California accepted compliance with these federal GHG standards as meeting similar state standards as adopted in 2004, resulting in the first coordinated national program. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Policy

2011 64

New NASA Satellite Survey Reveals Dramatic Arctic Sea Ice Thinning

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ICESat measurements of winter multi-year ice cover in the Arctic Ocean between 2004 and 2008, along with the corresponding downward trend in overall winter sea ice volume, and switch in dominant ice type from multi-year ice to first-year ice. These are dramatic changes.

2009 83

US Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Declined by 2.8% in 2008; Transportation-Related Emissions Down 5.2%

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in 2008, continuing a trend of falling industrial sector emissions since 2004. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Energy-related CO 2 emissions declined by 2.8% in 2008. Source: EIA. Click to enlarge. US carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels decreased by 2.8%

2008 78

Annual Increase in Global CO2 Emissions Halved in 2008; Decrease in Fossil Oil Consumption, Increase in Renewables Share

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The declining increase in China’s emissions fits the trend since 2004, when its emissions increased by 17%. These changes reflect the large economic development in China, structural changes in national and global economies, and the impact of climate and energy policies.

2008 82

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

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The on-road transportation (ORT) and power generation (PG) sectors are major contributors to CO 2 emissions and a host of short-lived radiatively-active air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone and fine aerosol particles, that exert complex influences on global climate.

2009 78

Water Levels Dropping in Some of the Worlds Major Rivers

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The change in runoff inferred from streamflow records worldwide between 1948 and 2004, with bluish colors indicating more streamflow and reddish colors less. Graphic courtesy Journal of Climate, modified by UCAR.) suggests that the reduced flows in many cases are associated with climate change, and could potentially threaten future supplies of food and water. The results will be published 15 May in the American Meteorological Society’s Journal of Climate.

Water 60

Study Finds That Plankton Blooms Do Not Send Atmospheric Carbon to the Deep Ocean; Weakens Iron Fertilization as Geo-Engineering Approach

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The results weaken the applicability of the simplest version of the Iron Hypothesis as a geo-engineering approach to climate change. Martin went further, however, when he suggested that artificial iron fertilization of the oceans could change the climate.

2009 82

UK Department For Transport Study on Light Goods Vehicle CO2 Concludes that Potential CO2 Reduction from Low-Carbon Technologies Within 5 Years is Quite Low, But Much Larger by 2020

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Between 2004 and 2006, while the emissions of CO 2 from passenger cars declined by 3%, that from LGVs grew by 22%. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Europe Fleets Measured variations in CO 2 emissions for different drive cycles. Click to enlarge. The UK Department for Transport has published the findings from the Light Goods Vehicle (LGV or van) CO 2 emissions study completed earlier.

2010 64

New Study Concludes Substantial Quantities of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land-Use Change in the Boreal Forests for Oil Sands Production Are Unreported

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These land-use change emissions have not previously been measured nor reported by governments and industry. The natural ecosystems that have undergone or may undergo land use change into open pit mines, tailings ponds, mine waste, overburden piles and associated facility plants, and other major infrastructure resulting from existing and potential surface mining activities total 488,968 ha (including 209,614 ha of peatlands and mineral wetlands and 205,590 ha of upland forest).

PPIC Survey Finds Californianss Support for Policies to Curb Warming Slips With Economy and Budget Crisis; Partisan Split Widens

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But in a year that has seen both a worsening recession and state budget crisis, residents’ support for urgent action on climate change has slipped and a partisan divide on the issue has widened. But in the current economic climate their support has dropped a notch. Opinions of state and local government action to address warming have changed less dramatically. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Market Background Policy

2009 64

DoD Researchers Work to Increase the Production of Higher Chain Hydrocarbons from CO2 Using a Traditional Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst

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World-wide “peak oil” production is expected to occur from 2010 to 2025+ (by some experts estimate that we have already reached peak production since 2004). From an environmental perspective, such a process would have tremendous benefits in reducing the impact of anthropogenic CO 2 on climate change and would eliminate the emission of sulfur and nitrogen compounds that are readily produced from the combustion of petroleum-derived fuels.

2009 60

EPA Grants California Vehicle GHG Regulations Waiver

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In September 2004 the California Air Resources Board (ARB) passed regulations to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) from new passenger vehicles starting in 2009. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Policy The US Environmental Agency (EPA) has granted California’s waiver request enabling the state to enforce its greenhouse gas emissions standards (Pavley I) for new motor vehicles, beginning with the current model year.

Grant 60

Study finds 12-30% fuel consumption gap between certified and real-world use in China

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Since carbon dioxide emissions are highly correlated with fuel consumption (FC), fuel consumption regulation is a useful policy instrument to combat climate change. Although the Chinese government set fuel economy standards in 2004, like many countries it does not conduct testing to confirm real-world FC rates comply with the standards.

2019 88

UCR study finds ultra-low emission natural gas bus exceeds federal and state NOx standards; as low as 0.0007g/bhp-hr

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In both cases, the NO x emissions were surprisingly low and 99% cleaner than the current standard and 99.96% cleaner than the 2004 standard. The near-zero engine will provide immediate NO x relief to our region at a low cost, and coupled with renewable natural gas (RNG), would provide long-term stability to our energy and climate change needs.

2017 69

EPA SmartWay honors 44 freight carriers for exceptional supply chain efficiency

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EPA’s SmartWay Transport Partnership is a market-driven initiative that empowers businesses to move goods in the cleanest, most energy-efficient way possible to protect public health and reduce the emissions that contribute to climate change. Since 2004, SmartWay Partners have avoided emitting more than 72 million metric tons of carbon pollution, while saving more than 170 million barrels of oil and $24.9

2016 71

Toyota Transport begins operating first CNG-fueled car hauler

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EPA’s SmartWay Transport Partnership is a market-driven initiative that empowers businesses to move goods in the cleanest, most energy-efficient way possible, while protecting public health and reducing the impacts of climate change. Since 2004, SmartWay Partners have saved 144.3

2015 78

OP engine developer Achates Power closes $29.8M Series D; OGCI Climate Investments comes onboard

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Achates Power, the developer of next-generation two-stroke compression-ignition opposed-piston (OP) engines ( earlier post ) announced that OGCI Climate Investments has invested in the company’s Series-D round. The Oil and Gas Climate Initiative (OGCI), is a CEO-led initiative of 10 oil and gas companies that collaborate on action to lead the industry response to climate change. —Dr Pratima Rangarajan, CEO of OGCI Climate Investments.

2017 63

US State Department issues Presidential Permit to TransCanada for Keystone XL

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In November 2016, then US Secretary of State John Kerry had rejected the controversial Keystone XL, citing combatting climate change as the critical factor. The Department of State reviewed TransCanada’s application in accordance with Executive Order 13337 (30 April 2004) and the 24 January 2017 Presidential Memorandum Regarding Construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline.

World Economic Forum Report: US$515 Billion Per Year Needed in Green Investments

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The report’s authors, Max von Bismarck and Anuradha Gurung from the World Economic Forum, and Chris Greenwood and Michael Liebreich from New Energy Finance, argue that “ enormous investment in energy infrastructure is required to address the twin threats of energy insecurity and climate change. Other highlights from the report include: Clean energy investments increased from around US$30 billion in 2004 to more than US$140 billion by 2008. billion) in 2004.

2009 60

Measurements of CO2 and CO in China’s Air Indicate Sharply Improved Combustion Efficiency

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The findings, published in the 21 September issue of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , are generally consistent with official Chinese government statistics and could bolster their credibility as international negotiations proceed on commitments of China and other nations to combat climate change.

2010 71

Plug In America - Links and Resources

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Romm, 2004 "Out of Gas, The End of the Age of Oil", by David Goodstein, 2004 "Hubbert's Peak: The Impending World Oil Shortage", by Kenneth S. Deffeyes "The Party's Over", by Richard Heinberg "Power Down: Options and actions for a post-carbon world", by Richard Heinberg, 2004 "The Solar Economy", by Herman Scheer "Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Oil Shock", by Matt Simmons Return to top Copyright © 2005-2009 Plug In America.

EV1 29

X PRIZE Foundation Aims to Launch $100M in Prizes Over Next 10 Years, Targeting 4 Key Areas

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X PRIZE’s Energy & Environment Prize Group intends to catalyze a new era of clean, renewable, cost-effective energy with minimal impact on the climate and environment. Areas of consideration include breakthroughs in climate change, water resource management, energy distribution & storage, clean energy, energy efficiency/use. Since 2004, public and private entities have invested more than $1.5

2010 80

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

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Black carbon is a key short-lived climate change forcer ( earlier post ) and motor vehicles are important sources of BC in the environment. 1,754 Gg by 2050 under different UN IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) scenarios, overriding residential, industry, and power sectors to become the largest anthropogenic source, the Peking University authors note. 2004) A technology-based global inventory of black and organic carbon emissions from combustion.

2012 76

How Carmakers Are Responding to the Plug-In Hybrid Opportunity

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Several dozen prototypes on 15-passenger van since 2004; now in second generation development; no production plans. The problems of changing to a plug-in fleet are not all technical. About CalCars Plug-In Hybrids FAQ How to Get a PHEV Where PHEVs are Carmakers Say.

2009 51

Report Finds Rate of Growth of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Sharply Increased Between 2000 and 2005

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The EDGAR database shows that greenhouse gas emissions have been rising faster in developing countries than in industrialized ones since 2004, even though developing countries emit lower levels of the gases. The EDGAR statistics will be used to provide a global perspective on worldwide trends in greenhouse gas emissions at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP15), which will take place in Copenhagen in December 2009.

2000 60

Marine Scientists Issue Monaco Declaration Calling for Immediate Action to Reduce Ocean Acidification

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The chemistry is so fundamental and changes so rapid and severe that impacts on organisms appear unavoidable. The ocean absorbs CO 2 from the atmosphere at a rate of more than 20 million tons per day, thus removing one-fourth of the anthropogenic CO 2 emitted to the atmosphere each year and reducing the climate-change impacts of this greenhouse gas. The rate of current acidification is much more rapid that past natural changes. 2004).

Despite a Slight Recovery in 2009, Arctic Sea Ice Remains on Downward Trend

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Multi-year Arctic sea ice changes. The average ice extent during September, a standard measurement for climate studies, was 2.07 feet between 2004 and 2008. A lot of people are going to look at the graph of ice extent and think that we've turned the corner on climate change.

2009 78

EPA: US Greenhouse Gas Emissions Rose 1.4% in 2007

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The report, Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007 , is the latest annual report that the United States has submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Tg in 2004, and since then have declined about 3%. Among new vehicles sold annually, average fuel economy gradually declined from 1990 to 2004, reflecting substantial growth in sales of light-duty trucks relative to passenger cars.

2007 60