USGS boosts assessment of recoverable natural gas in Marcellus Shale by 42x from 2002; now 84 trillion cubic feet

Green Car Congress

These gas estimates are significantly higher than the last USGS assessment of the Marcellus Shale in the Appalachian Basin in 2002, which estimated a mean of about 2 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCF) and 0.01 USGS is the only provider of publicly available estimates of undiscovered technically recoverable oil and gas resources of onshore lands and offshore state waters. Map of the Appalachian Basin Province showing the three Marcellus Shale assessment units.

2002 183

Water Vapor In Mid-Troposphere May Double Warming Effect

Green Car Congress

Analysis of seven years of data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on NASA’s Aqua satellite indicates that increased levels of atmospheric water vapor, a naturally occurring greenhouse gas, creates a powerful positive feedback loop which could more than double the climate warming effects from carbon dioxide, absent any yet-unidentified factor that could mitigate the effect. to installation in the Aqua satellite, launched in 2002.

2009 176

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Northern India Rapidly Depleting its Groundwater Due to Excessive Irrigation; Major Water Crisis Looms If Trend Continues

Green Car Congress

If sustained, the trend will lead to a major water crisis in the region, the researchers conclude in a paper to be published in the AGU journal Geophysical Research Letters. (A) A) Rate of change of terrestrial water storage, in cm/yr of water thickness, determined from GRACE gravity solutions. B) Same as (A) but after subtracting the naturally occurring water storage variability predicted by the CLM hydrological model.

2009 163

Nexans Secures Major Frame Agreement with BP Worth Up to $300M for Deep Water Umbilical Projects in the Gulf of Mexico

Green Car Congress

for deep water umbilical projects in the Gulf of Mexico that could be worth as much as $300 million in total. The agreement covers the design, manufacture and supply of bespoke umbilicals that will carry fluid, power, control and telecommunications services for new subsea oil and gas projects or replacements in water depths up to 1,980 meters (6,500 feet). and Nexans for the Gulf of Mexico, which ran from 2002 to 2008.

2009 176

Environmental Charter High School Gets Solar; Greenius Goes EcoMedia

Creative Greenius

Through the EcoAd grant program, advertiser Pacific Coast Termite provided a grant to support the addition of the greenhouse to the ECHS Science Center, including installation of a 3kW rooftop solar energy system on the greenhouse as well as the installation of a solar-powered water pump that will be used to supply irrigation for plants inside the greenhouse. Aquaculture (fish farming) and hydroponics (growing plants in water) becomes aquaponics when combined.

2012 150

Elon Musk-funded drinking fountains for Flint schools finally deployed


For the first time since 2016, students in Flint, Michigan, will drink clean water from water fountains installed in their schools. The hydration stations provide safe and clean water for scholars, teachers and staff.

Water 83

Study: Crop relocation can help buffer US agriculture from climate change but southern states may face massive loss of productive land

Green Car Congress

For wheat and barley, adaptation depends on water availability, with higher sensitivity in dry regions. James Rising, Naresh Devineni (2002) “Crop switching reduces agricultural losses from climate change in the United States by half under RCP 8.5”

2020 219

BuG ReMeDEE project seeks to use extremophile bacteria to convert methane to biofuels, biopolymers and electricity

Green Car Congress

This, the deepest mine in North America, began filling with water following its closure in 2002. As the water receded, Rajesh Sani, Ph.D., Extremophiles are microorganisms that live in harsh environments such as geothermal vents of the mid-Atlantic rift, the frigid waters of Antarctic lakes, or the veins of hot water found in tiny cracks deep underground.

2018 163

California 2017 GHG inventory shows 1.2% total drop from 2016; transportation sector emissions up 1%

Green Car Congress

Transportation sector emission sources include combustion of fuels utilized in-state that are used by on-road and off-road vehicles, aviation, rail, and water-borne vehicles, as well as a few other smaller sources. Emissions from transportation sources were relatively constant from 2002 through 2007, declined through 2013, then increased by 9.0

2019 200

Nissan cut CO2 emissions 22.4% over past decade

Green Car Congress

Last year, the company also formed a new team—Resource NESCO—to improve water usage and increase use of recycled materials 25% for newly-launched models in fiscal 2016. Progress on sustainability at Nissan has accelerated due to the success of the Nissan Green Program, first introduced in 2002. Nissan Motor’s newly published annual Sustainability Report shows that the global automaker’s CO 2 emissions have fallen by 22.4% over the past decade.

2016 150

GKN Driveline develops new e-drive system for PHEVs; starts production on global platform in 2019

Green Car Congress

The new module integrates a water-cooled electric motor and inverter with a single speed eAxle reduction gearbox. GKN has been advancing the development of eAxle technology since 2002 and has produced more than 300,000 units at its manufacturing facilities in Europe and Japan. GKN Driveline has developed a new, complete electric drive system for plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs). The system will start production in 2019 on a global platform from a European vehicle manufacturer.

2016 189

Argonne, Nalco strike licensing deal on resin wafer deionization technology; applications for lower-cost processing of biomass-based chemicals and fuels

Green Car Congress

Water splitting provides ions that continuously regenerate the ion exchange resin and enables electrochemical solution pH control. RW-EDI has many potential uses including direct production and separation of products, product purification, desalination, salt waste recovery, and water recycling. Argonne National Laboratory received R&D 100 Awards in 2002 and 2006 for developing the technology and has completed successful pilot tests. Top: RW-EDI stack.

2011 183

KPMG study identifies 10 sustainability “megaforces” with accelerating impacts on business; imperative of sustainability changing the automotive business radically

Green Car Congress

The KPMG study, “Expect the Unexpected: Building Business Value in a Changing World”, explores issues such as climate change, energy and fuel volatility, water availability and cost and resource availability, as well as population growth spawning new urban centers. The KPMG research finds that the external environmental costs of 11 key industry sectors jumped 50% from US$566 to US$846 billion in 8 years (2002 to 2010), averaging a doubling of these costs every 14 years.

2012 255

Toyota opens CES with strong affirmation of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles; “staggering” rate of cost reduction; FCV on sale in US in 2015

Green Car Congress

The prototype has consistently delivered a driving range of about 300 miles (~500 km), zero-to-sixty acceleration of about 10 seconds, with no emissions other than water vapor. Since 2002, Toyota has been testing and developing a series of prototypes in North America. Toyota estimates a 95% cost reduction in the powertrain and fuel tanks of the vehicle it will launch in 2015, compared to what it cost to build the original prototype in 2002.

2014 268

Oil Well Strippers Suffering From Low Oil Prices

Green Car Congress

Since 2002, according to the industry association for strippers [ National Stripper Well Association , NSWA], these marginal wells have generated more than 2.9 Stripper wells also don’t cost a lot to operate—perhaps $2,000 a month by some estimates, mostly for electricity and water disposal. Of course those costs will vary widely from state to state depending on local electricity and water costs. by Michael McDonald of

2015 183

Stanford GCEP awards $6.6M to 7 projects; focus on combining energy conversion with carbon-neutral fuel production

Green Car Congress

The 7 awards bring the total number of GCEP-supported research programs to 104, with total funding of approximately $125 million since the project’s launch in 2002. The goal is to design a novel fuel cell that uses coal and water to generate hydrogen, water and a stream of carbon dioxide gas, which can be captured and sequestered. Advanced water-splitting. Stanford’s Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) is awarding $6.6

2013 183

Novozymes and Fiberight Showcase Ethanol Produced from Waste Office Paper and Cardboard in Drive Demonstration in Washington

Green Car Congress

million was given in 2002, and the second for $12.3 Water treatment and water recovery. At the Washington Auto Show, Novozymes, in partnership with US-based advanced biofuel manufacturer Fiberight , demonstrated two flex-fuel vehicles—a Chevy HHR and a Ford F150—running on E85, with the ethanol produced from government office waste paper and waste cardboard.

2010 176

Singapore Company Trialing Natural Gas Econic Waste Collection Vehicle

Green Car Congress

The Econic, introduced in 1998, has been available with natural gas drive since 2002. This is the case in Stockholm, where experience with this technology has been gained over more than six years, and the biogas is produced from waste water and to an extent also from household waste.

GKN Driveline presents fully integrated compact eDrive system in Shanghai; less weight, lower cost, easier integration

Green Car Congress

GKN’s complete eDrive system packages the water-cooled electric motor, power inverter and single-speed eAxle reduction gearbox within a single casing. GKN has been advancing the development of eDrive technology since 2002. GKN Driveline has presented an advanced technology concept for a fully integrated, compact eDrive system at the 2017 Auto Shanghai motor show.

2017 163

New discovery of how carbon is stored in the Southern Ocean

Green Car Congress

A team of British and Australian scientists has discovered an important method of how carbon is drawn down from the surface of the Southern Ocean to the deep waters beneath. Winds, currents and massive whirlpools that carry warm and cold water around the ocean—eddies—create localized pathways or funnels for carbon to be stored. In 2002, 80 floats were deployed in the Southern Ocean to collect information on the temperature and salinity.

2012 198

ORNL assessment finds >65 GW of untapped hydropower in US rivers and streams

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TWh/year, roughly 128% of the average 2002–2011 net annual generation from existing plants (272 TWh/year; EIA, 2013). Some of the environmental, technical and socioeconomic factors variables included: Endangered species; Federally protected lands; Water use and water quality concerns; Fishing and boating access. A new assessment conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has identified more than 65 gigawatts of untapped hydropower potential in US rivers and streams.

2014 182

MECA report assesses technology feasibility for heavy-duty diesel trucks to meet lower NOx standards by 2024

Green Car Congress

Other technologies that are being demonstrated on vehicles include 48V electrical architectures combined with regenerative braking and small batteries that can electrify auxiliary components on the engines such as air conditioning compressors, water and oil pumps, EGR pumps, electric assist turbochargers, electrically heated catalysts, 48V motor-generators, 48V electric fans and auxiliary power units to take the load off the engines.

2019 173

DOE finalizes $96.8M loan guarantee for Oregon Geothermal Project; supercritical binary geothermal cycle

Green Car Congress

The geothermal fluid heats a working fluid, such as isobutane or other organic fluids such as pentafluoropropane, which boils at a lower temperature than water. The two liquids are kept completely separate through the use of a heat exchanger, which transfers the heat energy from the geothermal water to the working fluid. All of the produced geothermal water is injected back into the reservoir. The US Department of Energy (DOE) finalized a $96.8

2011 160

Report: Toyota to begin sales of fuel cell sedan in Japan this December

Green Car Congress

Since 2002, when Toyota began renting Highlander SUV-based fuel cell vehicles to Japanese and North American customers, technology has advanced considerably. The humidity required for its operation is derived directly from the production of water inherent in the chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. The Nikkei reports that Toyota will begin sales of its new hydrogen fuel cell vehicle (FCV), reportedly named Mirai, in Japan in December.

2014 206

Driving on sunshine

Plug in America

My ex and I got solar at home on his birthday in 2002, then our first EV, the RAV4, a couple months later, on the winter solstice. “I’ve had solar hot water since 1985 and solar electric since 1990,” he says.

MECA report finds additional NOx emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks achievable and cost-effective

Green Car Congress

CO 2 and NO x certification test data for heavy-duty diesel engines certified from 2002 through 2019.

2020 251

Mascoma Announces Feedstock Processing and Lignin Supply Agreement with Chevron Technology Ventures; Chevron Working on Converting Lignin to Hydrocarbon Fuel Components

Green Car Congress

Lignin is a complex chemical compound (a cross-linked amorphous phenolic polymer) and is the biomass component with highest energy content (9,000 - 11,000 Btu/lb compared to 7,300 - 7,500 for cellulose, Johnson 2002). Unlike coal or heavy crude oil hydroprocessing, significant amounts of water are produced as a result of lignin hydroprocessing, due to the fact that lignin is oxygenated to a much greater degree than coal or heavy crude oil.

2009 209

E-Waste is a Cybersecurity Problem, Too

Cars That Think

John Shegerian: When we got into the industry [in 2002], Al Gore had not yet won his awards for “ An Inconvenient Truth.” If they get back into the land and water, it has very negative effects on the health of our vegetation, our animals, and our people.

Waste 104

Volkswagen introduces new Coasting 2.0 micro hybrid system and new natural gas engine at Vienna Motor Symposium

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen has been represented in the marketplace with CNG engines since 2002. We use the term e-gas to describe synthetically produced CNG that is made out of water and CO 2 from renewable power generation’s excess current. At the 38 th Vienna Motor Symposium Volkswagen is introducing a new, more fuel-efficient “Coasting - Engine off” micro hybrid system—which shuts off the engine completely—as well as a new, compact three-cylinder natural gas engine for the Polo.

2017 182

NRC approves rule to certify amended AP1000 reactor design; Chu: “an important milestone”

Green Car Congress

The AP1000 is a 1,100 megawatt electric pressurized-water reactor that includes passive safety features that would cool down the reactor after an accident without the need for human intervention. Westinghouse submitted an application for certification of the original AP1000standard plant design on 28 March 2002; the NRC issued a rule certifying that design on 27 January 2006. additional waste-water monitor tanks.

2011 183

Shell Becomes Founding Member of MIT Energy Initiative with $25M Investment

Green Car Congress

The agreement establishes Shell as a Founding Member of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI), an extension of the collaborative projects Shell has been conducting with MIT in a variety of basic and applied research areas since 2002. Other focus areas will include research into water treatment improvements, greater fuel efficiency, new solar energy applications and enhanced catalytic technology for advanced fuel cells and smart grids.

2010 183

Satellite altimeter data study finds global ship traffic up 4x over past 20 years

Green Car Congress

Maritime traffic on the world’s oceans has increased four-fold over the past 20 years, likely causing more water, air and noise pollution on the open seas, according to a new study quantifying global ship traffic. The number of ships traversing the oceans grew by 60% between 1992 and 2002. Ships powered by fossil fuels dump oil, fuel and waste into the water and pump exhaust into the air.

2014 194

30 millionth VW Golf rolls off assembly line in Wolfsburg

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen moves from the Beetle to the Golf, converting from an air-cooled rear engine to a water-cooled front engine and from rear-wheel drive to front-wheel drive. This Golf introduced technologies such as ESC (1998) and the dual clutch gearbox (2002). The 30 millionth VW Golf has come off the assembly line at the Volkswagen plant in Wolfsburg. Production of the original Golf began in early 1974.

2013 173

My Cycling trip from Agra to Bikaner

Plug In India

The outer one was filled with water, the inner between the two walls supposedly had wild animals roaming around. The problem - lack of water. Rain water harvesting was tried out. An artificial lake, Moti jheel, was also made for storing water.

BP Announces Giant Oil Discovery in the Deepwater Gulf of Mexico

Green Car Congress

The well, located in Keathley Canyon block 102, approximately 250 miles (400 kilometers) south east of Houston, is in 4,132 feet (1,259 metres) of water. Major BP developments in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico include: Pompano, 1994; Marlin, 2000; Horn Mountain, 2002; Na Kika, 2003; Holstein, 2004; Mad Dog, 2005, Atlantis, 2007, Thunder Horse 2008. BP announced a giant oil discovery at its Tiber Prospect in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico (GOM).

2009 194

IPCC Chairman To Head Climate and Energy Institute At Yale

Green Car Congress

Speaking at the International Scientific Congress on Climate Change (ISCCC), which opened today in Copenhagen, Yale University president Richard Levin announced that the university’s new Yale Climate and Energy Institute (YCEI) will be led by Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, who has headed the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 2002.

2009 150

PARC building cleantech portfolio; co-extrusion printing of novel battery electrodes and carbon-neutral renewable liquid fuels from atmospheric CO2

Green Car Congress

PARC was founded in 1970 at Xerox; in 2002, it was incorporated as a wholly owned independent research and development subsidiary of Xerox Corporation, providing services to external customers as well as to Xerox. PARC is developing a non-biological approach for producing liquid fuels from renewable energy, air, CO 2 and water. Schematic of the HP-BPMED device used in the renewable fuels research. (a) a) Atmospheric CO 2 separation using a continuous-flow electrodialysis system. (b)

2011 202

US-Netherlands Research Finds Greenland and Western Antarctica Icecaps Melting at Approximately Half the Speed Previously Expected

Green Car Congress

The melting of the ice caps has been charted since 2002 using the measurements produced by the two GRACE satellites. These changes are related to the exact distribution of mass on Earth, including ice and water. 2010) Simultaneous estimation of global present-day water transport and glacial isostatic adjustment.

2010 176

EIA: China’s use of methanol in liquid fuels has grown rapidly since 2000; >500K bpd in 2016

Green Car Congress

Methanol, like ethanol, is an alcohol with inherent issues such as its solubility in water and corrosiveness. Starting in the 1990s, MTBE was used as an oxygenate and octane enhancer in reformulated gasoline sold in the United States, with domestic production exceeding 200,000 b/d from 1998 to 2002. China is the global leader in methanol use and has recently expanded its methanol production capacity.

2017 150

BP announces significant resource extension of Mad Dog Field in deepwater Gulf Of Mexico; total hydrocarbons estimated at up to 4B barrels of oil equivalent

Green Car Congress

in about 4,500 feet (1,371 meters) of water. Major BP developments in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico include: Pompano, 1994; Marlin, 2000; Horn Mountain, 2002; Na Kika, 2003; Holstein, 2004; Mad Dog, 2005, Atlantis, 2007, Thunder Horse, 2008. BP announced today the drilling of a successful appraisal well in a previously untested northern segment of the Mad Dog field in the deepwater US Gulf of Mexico.

2011 190

MIT team finds lead levels higher in Indian Ocean than northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans

Green Car Congress

Most recently, Boyle and his students in MIT’s Trace Metal Group have analyzed water and coral samples from the Indian Ocean, using the coral to trace the history of anthropogenic lead over the last 50 years. Boyle and his students began collecting water and coral samples from the Indian Ocean three years ago. The team also measured the lead in each band—an amount proportional to the lead in the surrounding water at the time the band grew.

2012 176

NOAA Forecast Predicts Large Dead Zone for Gulf of Mexico this Summer

Green Car Congress

The dead zone is an area in the Gulf of Mexico where seasonal oxygen levels drop too low to support most life in bottom and near-bottom waters. The largest one on record occurred in 2002, measuring 8,484 square miles. Dead zones are caused by nutrient runoff, principally from agricultural activity, which stimulates an overgrowth of algae that sinks, decomposes, and consumes most of the life-giving oxygen supply in the water.

2009 150

Noble Energy announces significant natural gas discovery at Leviathan offshore Israel

Green Car Congress

Leviathan-1, located in approximately 5,400 feet (1,645 meters) of water, is about 80 miles (130 kilometers) offshore of Haifa and 29 miles (47 kilometers) southwest of the Tamar discovery. From 2002 to 2003, Wurmser served as senior advisor to Under Secretary of State John Bolton. Noble Energy’s Eastern Mediterranean exploration. Source: Noble Energy. Click to enlarge. Texas-based Noble Energy, Inc.

2010 189